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How to Write a Concept Paper for a PhD: A 10-Step Guide
Table of contents
You’re ready to enroll for your Ph.D. studies but feeling anxious. You don’t know whether your application will be accepted or what it would take to be accepted.
Aside from your academic qualifications, a concept paper is one of the most critical determinants. If you’re planning to pursue a Ph.D., you need to learn how to write an effective concept paper to convince your professors.
Writing a concept paper requires strong analytical skills, advanced research knowledge, and excellent writing skills.
This blog post will give you a step-by-step guide on how to write a concept paper for a Ph.D. to get you a step closer to becoming a doctor of philosophy.
What is a concept paper for Ph.D.?
A concept paper for a Ph.D. is a written statement outlining the objectives and concepts of a proposed research study. It acts as an introduction to your dissertation or full thesis.
It is also an important part of the application process for Ph.D. programs and helps the admissions committee evaluate a student's research potential.
It typically includes background information on the topic to be studied, an overview of existing research, and the proposed research design. It also highlights potential results from the proposed study and their practical applications.
Ultimately, concept papers for Ph.D. programs help determine whether a student is qualified to pursue doctoral-level work in their chosen field.
How long is a Ph.D. concept paper?
The length of your concept paper will depend on your field of study and the requirements set by your university. Generally speaking, most universities expect concept papers to be between 3-5 pages long. Some papers may be longer or shorter depending on how much detail your project entails.
A concept paper for Ph.D. includes:
- Background information on the topic;
- Overview of existing research;
- Proposed research design;
- Potential results from the study;
- Practical applications of the study.
How to Write a Concept Paper for Ph.D.?
An effective concept paper will help you get approval from your professor or adviser to begin your doctoral work.
What are the characteristics of a good concept paper?
A good concept paper should present an idea or topic in a clear and concise manner. It should provide an overview of what the research project will cover and explain why it’s important.
Additionally, it should highlight any potential implications of the research study and how they can be addressed or minimized. The goal of the paper is to convince the reader that your proposed project is worth pursuing and that it contributes new knowledge to your field of study.
What are the 5 elements of a concept paper?
The five elements of a concept paper are:
- Purpose statement;
- Problem statement;
- Research questions or hypotheses;
- Significance or implications for practice.
These elements work together to provide a comprehensive overview of your proposed research project and show why it’s worth pursuing.
Here are the steps to write an outstanding concept paper that stands no chance of being rejected.
1. Define the title and purpose of your study
The first step in writing a concept paper is defining the title and purpose of your study. What will your research be about? And what are you trying to accomplish through it?
The title and purpose of your study will set the foundation for your concept paper. This part should be concise and clear so that readers understand the basis and significance of your research. When formulating the title, ensure it accurately reflects the main focus of your entire research study.
2. Describe the background and scope of your study
The next step is to provide an overview of the background information of your study topic and explain how it relates to your proposed project.
When describing the background of your study, you need to provide some context about why this topic is important enough to warrant academic inquiry.
Highlight any existing studies or theories related to your topic so that readers understand why you have chosen it as part of your dissertation research.
3. Identify the problem statement
Next, identify a problem statement that outlines what issue or gap in the knowledge you are attempting to address through your research project. Every good concept paper should include a well thought problem statement.
Your problem statement should be precise and concise so readers can easily understand what they can expect from reading further.
Here, you should make it clear why there’s a need for further investigation in your chosen field and how your research will contribute new insights into existing knowledge.
4. List your goals and objectives
Now that you’ve established your problem statement, you need to outline the specific goals and objectives that will guide you through your research.
Here, you outline what steps you’ll take and what specifically you hope to achieve in every stage of the study. This could mean anything from creating new theories, testing existing theories or models, exploring the techniques used in other studies, etc.
Your goals and objectives will give the readers a heads-up about what outcomes they can expect from the project.
Ensure whatever goals and objectives you list are measurable and achievable within the scope of your research study.
5. Formulate research questions
Next, formulate detailed research questions (and accompanying hypotheses) based on the topic you plan to explore.
These questions should include the variables you plan to manipulate or measure during data collection. Ensure the questions are clear and written in simple language so readers can understand what you’ll address through the study.
Also, don’t forget to create hypotheses for every research question you write. These are specific claims that will act as the starting points for further inquiry and potential conclusions for the study.
6. Explain the theoretical framework of the study
Once you’ve formulated your research questions, the next step is to explain the theoretical framework or foundational concept of the study.
Identify and briefly explain the theories that inspired you and connect them back to your intended study.
This will set out the context of your project and show that you’ve read and understood existing knowledge on the subject. This theoretical knowledge will come in handy if your application is accepted.
7. Write the literature review
The next step is to write the literature review . Here, you identify information and existing knowledge from previous studies and other published articles.
Your literature review should also include summaries or reviews of key texts related to your topic. You can get information for this section from peer-reviewed articles and online journals like OpenDOAR and CORE.
Remember, all the facts, statistics, and other relevant information must be accompanied by appropriate citations and references.
8. Describe the proposed research methodology
After writing the literature review, go ahead and describe the research design and methodology you’ll be employing.
Some of the critical details to include in this section include:
- What data collection methods you’ll use? (e.g., surveys, interviews, or questionnaires).
- How many participants will form your sample size?
- What data analysis methods will you use? (e.g., qualitative versus quantitative).
Be sure to highlight any ethical considerations involved in your research methodology. For instance, explain the informed consent procedures you’ll use if your research involves human participation.
Also, explain how you’ll minimize the potential risks associated with participating in your research activities.
9. Explain the significance of the study (and its implications)
Now that you’ve explained the methodology, it’s time to let the readers understand why this study is important and why it makes a significant contribution to existing research.
Additionally, explain how this study will impact theory development and its significance for policymakers or practitioners in your field of study.
You should also discuss any potential implications of conducting this research (e.g., ethical considerations or political ramifications).
10. Include references/bibliography
Finally, include references or a bibliography at the end of your concept paper to build credibility for your research paper.
A bibliography enables you to give credit where it belongs by recognizing the owners of your reference materials.
Ensure you format references properly according to the style specified by the institution you’re applying to. This could be for example APA , MLA, or Harvard referencing style .
What is the difference between a concept paper and a research paper?
A concept paper outlines what you plan to do (in future tense), while a research paper explains what you did (in past tense) after completing your research project. In other words, a concept paper serves as an introduction to your research, while a research paper provides evidence-based results from experiments conducted during your study.
The thought of writing a concept paper for your Ph.D. can be intimidating at first. However, once you know the right approach to take and invest enough time, the writing process becomes hassle-free.
Start by brainstorming your ideas, researching related topics, and creating an outline. Also, ensure you clearly define your concept and know the exact approach you’ll be taking. This way, you won’t find yourself stuck when your concept paper has been approved for further research.
After completing the paper, revise it to ensure everything is clear and accurate with no typos. In the end, you’ll have an excellent concept paper that will pave the way for you to pursue your doctoral studies.
If you need help writing a concept paper for your Ph.D., turn to Writers Per Hour for assistance. With expert Doctoral writers on the team, we can draft a compelling concept paper that is 100% original and written from scratch as per your requirements.
Last edit at Jul 27 2023
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How to Write a PhD Concept Paper
A concept paper – or concept note – is one of the initial requirements of a PhD programme. It is normally written during the PhD application process as well as early on in the programme once a student has been admitted.
A concept paper is basically a shorter version of a research proposal – in most cases between 2,000 and 2,500 words – that expresses the research ideas of the potential PhD student.
Besides being short, it should be concise yet have adequate details to convince the Department the student is applying to that he/she is worth being admitted to the programme.
Example of a title with a sub-title
References/bibliography, why do phd programmes require applicants to submit a concept paper.
A concept paper serves four main purposes:
- It gives the Department the student is applying to an idea of the student’s research interests.
- Based on point one, it informs the Department whether the student will be a good fit to the Department or not. To be a good fit, the research interests of the applicant should match those of the Department’s faculty.
- Based on the two points above, it enables the Department to offer support to the student throughout his/her PhD studies in the form of supervision and mentorship.
- Because the concept paper is written – and must be accepted – before the full proposal, it saves the student time and effort that would otherwise be spent on topics that may end up being rejected by the Department. A concept paper is therefore the first step to writing the PhD thesis/dissertation (see the figure below).
Format of a PhD Concept Paper
The format of a concept paper might vary from one university to another. A PhD student should therefore read the guidelines provided by his/her University of interest before writing a concept paper.
In general, the following is a common format of a concept paper:
Title of proposed study
The title of the proposed study is the first element of a concept paper.
The title should describe what the study is about by highlighting the variables of the study and the relationship between the variables if applicable.
The title should be short and specific: it is best to have a title that is not more than 15 words’ long.
Example of a title:
Use of Mobile Phone Applications for Weight Management in the United States
In order to add more specificity to the title, you can add a subtitle to the main title. The title and subtitle should be separated by a full colon.
Use of Mobile Phone Applications for Weight Management in the United States:
A Behavioural Economics’ Analysis
Background to the study
The background to the study contains the following elements:
- The history of the topic, both globally and in the proposed location of your study.
- What other researchers have found out from their own studies.
- What the gaps in the existing literature are, that is, what the other researchers have not addressed.
- What your study will contribute towards filling the identified gaps.
The implication of the above is that one must have conducted some literature review prior to writing the background to the study.
Statement of the problem
The statement of the problem is a clear description of the issue that the study will address, the relevance of the issue, the importance (benefits) of addressing the issue, and the method the researcher will use to address the issue.
Goal and objectives of the study
Once you have identified the problem of your study, the next step is to write the goal and objectives of the study. There is a difference between these two:
The goal of the study is a broad statement of what the researcher hopes to accomplish at the end of the study. The goal should also be related to the problem statement.
Any given project should have one goal because having many goals would lead to confusion. However, that one goal can have multiple elements in it, which would be accomplished through the project’s objectives.
The objectives of the study, on the other hand, are specific and detailed statements of how the researcher will go about accomplishing the stated goal.
The objectives should:
- Support the accomplishment of the goal.
- Follow a sequence, that is, like a step-by-step order. This will help you frame the activities needed to be undertaken in a logical manner so that the goal is achieved.
- Be stated using action verbs, for instance, “to identify”, “to create”, “to establish”, “to measure”, etc.
- Be about 3-4: having too few of objectives will limit the scope of your PhD dissertation, while having too many objectives may complicate the dissertation.
- Be SMART, that is, Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, and Time-bound.
The video below clearly explains how to set SMART goals and objectives:
Important tip 1: depending on your PhD programme, you may be required to have at least 3 journal papers to qualify for graduation. Each of your objectives can be converted into a separate journal paper on its own.
Research questions and hypotheses
Every PhD dissertation needs research questions. Research questions will help the student stay focused on his/her research.
The aim of the research is to provide answers to the research questions. The answers to the questions will form the thesis statement.
Examples of research questions:
In the title example given earlier about use of mobile phone applications for weight management in the United States, a student may be interested in the following questions:
- To what extent do adults in the United States use mobile phone applications to manage their weight?
- Is there any gender disparity in the use of mobile phone apps for weight management in the United States?
- How effective are mobile apps for weight management in the United States?
Good research questions are those that can be explored deeply and widely as well as defended using evidence. Questions with ‘yes” or “no” responses are not academic-worthy.
When developing research questions, you also need to think about the data that will be required to answer the questions. Do you have access to that data? If no, will your time and financial resources allow you to collect that data?
Important tip 2: Your PhD study is time-limited therefore data requirement issues need to be thought through at the initial stages of your concept paper writing so that you don’t waste too much time either collecting the data in the future or trying to access the data if it already exists elsewhere.
Preliminary literature review
At the concept paper stage, a preliminary literature review serves three main purposes:
- It shows whether you have knowledge of the current state of debate about your chosen topic.
- It shows whether you are familiar with the experts in your chosen topic.
- It also helps you identify the research gaps.
Proposed research design, methods and procedures
This sections provides a brief overview of the research methodology that you will adopt in your study. Some issues to consider include:
- Will your study use quantitative, qualitative or mixed-methods approach?
- Will you use secondary or primary data?
- What will be the sources of your data? Will you need any ethical clearance from your university before collecting data?
- Will the data sources be readily accessible?
- Will you use external assistance for data collection? Or will you do all the data collection yourself?
- How will the data be analysed? Which softwares will you use? Are you competent in those softwares?
While the above issues are important to think through, please note that the research design and methods will be informed by your research objectives and research questions. As an illustration:
A research question that aims to measure the effect of one (or more) variable(s) on another variable will definitely require quantitative research methods.
On the other hand, a research question that aims to explain the existence of a phenomenon will render itself to the use of qualitative research methods.
Contribution to knowledge
This is perhaps the most important aspect of a PhD dissertation. Your concept note needs to briefly highlight how your project will add value to knowledge.
Making significant contribution to knowledge at the PhD level does not mean a Nobel prize standard of knowledge (this you can do after your PhD when you’ll have all the time in the world to do so). You can achieve this in various ways:
- New applications of existing ideas.
- New interpretations of previous ideas.
- Investigating an existing issue in a new location.
- Development of a new theory.
- Coming up with a new technique, among others.
The last section of the concept paper is the reference list or bibliography. This is the section that lists the literatures that you have reviewed and cited in your paper.
There is a slight difference between a reference list and a bibliography:
A reference list includes all those studies that have been directly cited in the paper.
A bibliography, on the other hand, includes all those studies that have been directly cited in the paper as well as those that were reviewed and consulted but not cited in the paper.
When creating the reference list/bibliography, one should be mindful of the referencing style that is required by their PhD department (that is, whether APA, MLA, Chicago, Havard, etc).
Final Thoughts on Writing a PhD Concept Paper
The concept paper is the first step to writing the PhD dissertation. Once accepted, the student will proceed to writing the proposal, which will then be defended before proceeding with writing the full dissertation.
The concept paper is a mini-proposal and has most of the components expected in the proposal.
However, the concept paper should be short and precise while at the same time have adequate information to enable the PhD Committee of the PhD Programme the student is applying to judge if the student will be a good fit to the programme or not.
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Grace Njeri-Otieno is a Kenyan, a wife, a mom, and currently a PhD student, among many other balls she juggles. She holds a Bachelors' and Masters' degrees in Economics and has more than 7 years' experience with an INGO. She was inspired to start this site so as to share the lessons learned throughout her PhD journey with other PhD students. Her vision for this site is "to become a go-to resource center for PhD students in all their spheres of learning."
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How to Write PhD Concept Paper Assignment?
Table of Contents
A PhD concept paper is a paper written by a PhD aspirant to summarize the research project for the benefit of the dissertation committee that examines the validity of the project across at least four dimensions. They are:
- Does the candidate present his research aims and objectives clearly?
- Has the candidate shown his or her proficiency in understanding the theoretical aspect of the research area?
- Does the candidate show a clear understanding of the research methodology which is selected to answer the research questions formulated in the concept paper?
- Is the contribution original? Does it make a relevant contribution to the larger field of research?
Sounds serious? No need to worry as MyAssignmenthelp.com now brings you a complete guide to writing a PhD concept paper .
Understanding the ‘concept’ behind a concept paper
A concept paper is like a proposal which is submitted to the PhD committee in order to seek its approval for starting the research project. A candidate must be able to convince the committee through its concept paper that:
- He or she is capable of handling the research project
- He or she has a good command over all the theoretical and practical aspects of the research to be undertaken
- He or she willread the relevant secondary literature on the subject and is cognizant of the debates in his or her area of specialization
- Finally the research will make an original contribution to the field of study.
Timeline for a PhD concept paper
Each country has its own set of rules for PhD. For instance, in the US, a PhD takes anywhere between 5 to 7 years of study. This includes one to two years of coursework or graduate study along with independent research for the rest of the time period under the supervision of a professor. However, this set of rules is applicable only for science and humanities subjects. For MBA and law, separate set of rules is followed. The time limit for a PhD project in management and law is typically shorter.
A PhD concept paper is usually submitted at the end of the coursework and before the beginning of the independent research work. By that time, the student must have a clear idea about the research topic, the research question he is going to undertake and the research methodology he is going to follow.
Components of a PhD concept paper
A concept paper must contain all the major components of a proposal. The major parts include:
1. Introduction :
Introduction or exposition is the most crucial property of your concept paper. It introduces the topic of research and narrates an introductory account of your research. There are few tips you must keep in mind while writing a concept paper:
- Never make an introduction lengthy
- Avoid writing convoluted sentences which can confuse your readers
- After making few general comments, come straight to the point
- Try to avoid errors (proofing or factual) since they create a negative impression on your readers
- Try not to make any ambitious claims while writing your introduction. Keep your aims and objectives realistic.
2. Research aims or objectives :
Next, we come to the research aim. A research aim is a statement which justifies the very purpose of conducting the research. Research aim should be clear and unambiguous. It is best not to make any grandiloquent statement which defies the purpose of carrying the research. Here are a couple of things which you must keep in mind:
- Research aim should be clear to you. If you are not convinced about your own project no one else will be either
- The written statement should reflect your personal conviction
- You should be able to justify the validity of the project and let your committee know why conducting a research work on the mentioned subject is so important.
3. Research question :
A research question must contain the gist of your argument. It can either be framed as a question or may be formulated as a statement. Here is the way forward:
- Try framing a question that summarizes the whole project in one or two lines
- The research question or statement (if you prefer to call it that) must not contain the details of your research. Those may come later
- Finally, the research question must contain the essence of the project.
4. Research methodology :
Methodology refers to the method or the set of methods which you would be using while writing your PhD dissertation. They are the tools which you would be using in order to conduct your research. A variety of tools are now available. You can choose from the following list:
- Interviews – Interviews are usually preferred tools of research in subjects like psychology, marketing, sociology, anthropology etc. They reveal the insights into the psychological aspects of human behaviour.
- Questionnaires – This method is preferred when a behavioral pattern is to be noted among a number of respondents. This method is preferred in subjects like psychoanalysis which analyses various patterns of human behavior.
- Surveys – When quantitative data is preferred from a large number of respondents (typically a large sample group), then surveys are used. Sample surveys are preferred in marketing, statistics, demography etc.
- Theoretical analysis – It is preferred in subjects like philosophy, languages, comparative literature and cultural studies. Theoretical analysis tries to grapple with a problem by using a set of existing theories.
- Lab based experiments – Almost all science based subjects prefer laboratory experiments. Scientific hypotheses are established on the basis of direct inference on the basis of the findings of a lab based research.
- Archival research – An archive is a place where old historical documents are kept. Historical research often requires analysis on the basis of a thorough exploration of the archive.
5. Chapter structure :
Your concept proposal must contain the skeleton of all the proposed chapters and the major points of research you are about to undertake in that chapter. Here is a list of things you might consider while preparing the chapter summaries:
- No details are required since the chief aim is to give an idea about what the research is all about
- Chapters summaries should be brief and to the point
- Each chapter summary must contain its own research question that it seeks to answer.
6. Bibliography and References :
Although concept paper does not require a detailed list of works consulted or to be consulted, a small bibliography appended to the paper cannot hurt. If anything, it is sure to impress your committee. Beware of certain things though:
- Never mention books which you have not read or do not plan to read. You would be asked questions on them
- Always mention the primary reference texts which are essential for your research
- Secondary reference works or works which are not directly related may be mentioned briefly
- Try to stick to the standard referencing styles. You may choose from the following:
- Harvard referencing style which incorporates the name of the author along with the publication date within the text
- Chicago style which includes the reference details as foot notes or endnotes
- MLA style which includes just names and page numbers within the text.
Writing a concept paper
Now that you are well aware of how to write a paper , here is how you should proceed.
- Think of a research topic. You may come up with an original idea or can come up with the same by consulting your supervisor
- Read the primary and secondary texts to have an idea of the subject
- Set a time table of preparing a concept paper
- After you have written the first draft, show it to your supervisor to make necessary changes
- Incorporate the changes in your paper
- Give it a thorough reading for detecting possible proofing errors
- Submit and wait for your interview.
- Your committee will go through the copy and make useful suggestions. Once they are done, they give the green signal to the project.
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How to Write a Ph.D. Concept Paper
A concept paper is an initial stage of a Ph.D program where the candidate student submits a proposal of what they wish to study and research as part of their doctorate. A concept paper is typically two to three pages in length and covers, broadly, the research problem, the context and methods of research. The concept paper is submitted to the Ph.D. candidate's doctoral committee, who may provide some feedback on the concept paper.
Describe the setting of your study or research. Identify geographical locations relevant to your research, as well as individuals, groups or communities that you will be studying or who will be affected by your study.
Identify questions that you will attempt to answer with your research. Consider developing a central question to pursue, as well as several subquestions that will contribute to an overall understanding of the central question.
Describe what method you will use to conduct your research or study. Describe the activities, such as interviews or observational studies, that you will use to gather data and insights.
Research relevant literature on your proposed area of research and list any relevant literature that you will be consulting when writing your dissertation. Similarly, research any studies or other relevant research that has already been completed.
Identify experts, researchers and professionals in your area of study that may be able to provide you with insights and information.
Describe the hypothesis of your research, if you have developed one. At this stage a hypothesis is not necessary, but is something that you should at least be thinking about.
Develop a time line for your research or study. Set goals and dates at which you will have certain aspects of your research completed.
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MBAZIIRA CONCEPT PAPER 2015 Phd
The general objective to the study is to analyse the spatial and temporal changes of land use cover; causes, implications and ways of restoring the local base level of wetlands in Uganda from 1980 to 2014
Land use and land cover change is driven by human actions and also drives changes that limit availability of products and services for humans and livestock, and it can undermine environmental health as well. Therefore, this study was aimed at understanding land use and land cover changes in aregion, Nakasongola District. Two time-series satellite images that included Landsat TM, and ETM+ which covered the time frame between 1987 to 2005, were used. Socio-economic Survey and review of documents was carried out to understand historical trends, collect ground truth and other secondary information required. Analysis of data and other data was accomplished through integrated use of ILWIS 3.3 version and GIS software packages along with Microsoft office analytical tools. Remote sensing analysis revealed landscape level change of cultivated land to have a net increase while a decline is found for Woodlands. However, socio-economic surveys showed that household level cultivated land has decreased from 2.2ha to 1.8ha over the last 18 years. Major contributing factors included population increase, occurrence of drought, land redistribution, and land degradation. Similarly, average land holding per household has decreased from 1.6ha to 1.5ha. This has jeopardized the capacity of individuals to provide land for their siblings further leading to landlessness, which is becoming a common phenomenon among rural youths. In Kakooge, dense woodlands decreased at an annual rate of 3.4. %, while open grass land increased at a rate of 0.68%; as opposed to this, dense shrub/bush land decreased at a rate of 0.11% and wetlands declined at annual rate of 0.83%; Built up showed a net increase at a rate of 45.7% due to population increase. Along with the observed decrease in vegetation cover, Limited availability and extinction of some tree/shrub species is also reported and research is required to quantify changes and understand the real impacts brought about. Key words: Land Use and land Cover Change, Land degradation, satellite imagery, implication for management of rangelands ecosystem, Kakooge ,Nakasongola District Uganda.
The rangeland Kakooge subcounty and Nakasongola District at large has witnessed remarkable Land use cover changes driven by human actions and also drivers changes that limit availability of products and services for specific ecosystems, Two time-series satellite images of TM and ETM+ between 1987 to 2005 along sisde ILWIS 3.3 version and Deichmann 2001 steps of smoothening data were used. Remote sensing analysis revealed high level landuse cover change of cultivated land to have a net increase of 2.2% while a decline is found for Woodlands of 2.2ha to 1.8ha, dense woodlands decreased at an annual rate of 3.4. %, while open grass land increased at a rate of 0.68%; as opposed to this, dense shrub/bush land decreased at a rate of 0.11% and wetlands declined at annual rate of 0.83%; over the last 18 years resulting from population increase, occurrence of drought, land redistribution, and land degradation which jeopardized the capacity of rangeland ecosystems to regenerate.
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management
Aerin L Jacob
Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
Paul Vedeld , Jens Aune
Journal of Environmental Management
Jon D Unruh
Najib Lukooya Bateganya
Abstract In East Africa where wetlands are becoming essential systems for waste water treatment and potable water supply, hydrological characterisation is crucial to understand the dynamics of their functioning on a spatial and temporal scale. Beside ecosystem services, basic ecological properties such as vegetation structure and nutrient cycling of wetland ecosystems depend on hydrology. Nabajjuzi wetland, in central Uganda, East Africa is internationally recognised as a Ramsar site and currently used for potable water supply in addition to other essential ecological and social economic services to the riparian communities. To contribute to the limited and scanty information of this ecosystem, the study focussed on hydrological and water quality characterisation using a water-nutrient mass balance as the major output. Also, the flow dynamics of Fe and allochthonous suspended solids loading into the wetland were investigated. Results show that the water balance of Nabajjuzi wetland is dominated by surface flow, which is influenced by rainy and dry periods. During peak flow, the estimated hydraulic retention time was found to be 1 month compared to 1.5 months during the low flow period. Also, water loss flux due to evapotranspiration in this region is high and in Nabajjuzi wetland, it is twice the daily rate of abstraction. Analysis of long term flow data also revealed that the current water abstraction rate can potentially result in hydrological stress to the system during extremely low flow periods. However, the wetland N and P loading is very low compared to other urban disturbed wetlands. Consequently, high concentration of Fe and suspended solids loading are the major constraints to the surface water quality hence potable water supply. Generally, there is need for a more comprehensive hydrological-water quality study and careful planning of the future catchment land use strategies. This can enhance management and conservation of the wetland to guarantee the crucial ecosystem services it provides. Keywords: Hydrology, Riverine wetland, Hydrological gradient, Surface-flow, Nutrients, Iron, Mass-balance, Lake Victoria basin.
Journal of Sustainable Development
Listowel Abugri Anaba
African Journal of …
African journal of agricultural research
Sustainable Agriculture Research
Rachel V E Cooper
John Bosco Isunju , John Bosco Isunju , Jaco Kemp
John Bosco Isunju , Jaco Kemp , John Bosco Isunju
Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice
oliver wasonga , joseph Kyagulanyi , Laban MacOpiyo
Land Use Policy
Sadie J Ryan
Anton Van Rompaey
International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Jezzy Awoke , Gezahegn Aweke Abebe
Journal of Weather and Climate Extremes
Ronald Twongyirwe , Barbara Rita Naggayi , Grace Mutoni
Gezahegn Aweke Abebe
Colin A Chapman , Sadie J Ryan
Jennifer M Olson
Colin A Chapman
Jennifer M Olson , Milline Mbonile
Land Use Change …
Anne van Dam
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