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Decision Making and Problem Solving

Last updated on December 10, 2023 by Alex Andrews George

Decision Making and Problem Solving

ClearIAS.com is dedicated to providing aspirants with essential tools to successfully navigate the UPSC Civil Services Prelims .

One such tool is the ability to think decisively, which is critical for effectively tackling the CSAT (Civil Services Aptitude Test) Paper .

This blog will delve into the importance of decision-making and problem-solving skills, further illuminated through Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) examples with detailed solutions.

Table of Contents

Importance of Decision Making & Problem Solving

Decision making and problem-solving are pivotal skills tested in the CSAT paper . As future civil servants, aspirants need to develop these skills to address complex, multifaceted problems efficiently and ethically.

1. Decision Making

Decision making is the process of making choices by evaluating alternatives. It requires analytical and critical thinking skills, alongside an understanding of the implications and consequences of each option.

2. Problem Solving

Problem-solving entails identifying, analyzing, and resolving problems in a systematic manner. It often requires innovative thinking and the ability to apply learned concepts to novel situations.

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MCQ Examples of Decision-Making Questions

Below are MCQ examples that demonstrate decision-making skills:

Scenario: An area is affected by severe flooding. You, as a district magistrate, have limited resources. Which of the following should be your immediate priority?

  • A. Repairing roads
  • B. Distributing food and water
  • C. Rebuilding houses
  • D. Organizing entertainment to lift people’s spirits

Answer: B. Distributing food and water

Solution: Immediate needs like food and water are crucial for survival in disaster scenarios, making them the top priority.

Scenario: You are working on a project with a tight deadline. Your team member is consistently delivering work late, affecting the timeline. What should be your immediate step?

  • A. Report the member to higher authorities
  • B. Remove the member from the team
  • C. Discuss the issue with the member
  • D. Ignore the issue and adjust the project timeline

Answer: C. Discuss the issue with the member

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Solution: Communication is key in resolving team disputes. Before taking drastic measures, understanding the member’s perspective and finding a solution collaboratively is advisable.

Scenario: Your city is facing a significant rise in COVID-19 cases. As an officer, you are assigned to create awareness. Which approach is most effective?

  • A. Distribute pamphlets
  • B. Organize large public awareness events
  • C. Implement awareness through social media and local networks
  • D. Ignore the situation, assuming people are already aware

Answer: C. Implement awareness through social media and local networks

Solution: Social media and local networks provide wide reach without risking further spread through large gatherings.

Scenario: There is a proposal for a new dam which will provide water and electricity but will displace a local tribe. What should you consider first?

  • A. Proceed with the construction immediately
  • B. Reject the proposal outright
  • C. Assess alternative solutions and engage with the tribe for their input
  • D. Delay the decision indefinitely

Answer: C. Assess alternative solutions and engage with the tribe for their input

Solution: It is essential to balance development and the welfare of all stakeholders involved, necessitating a thorough assessment and inclusive decision-making process.

Scenario: As a civil servant, you receive two projects. Project A will benefit a large number of people slightly. Project B will significantly benefit a smaller group. Which project should be prioritized?

  • A. Project A
  • B. Project B

Answer: C. Both

Solution: Civil services work for the welfare of all. An ideal approach would be finding a way to implement both projects effectively, balancing the broader good with significant impact where needed.

Scenario: You have a limited budget for a healthcare initiative. What is the crucial factor to consider when deciding which health programs to fund?

  • A. Popularity of the program
  • B. Political backing
  • C. Program’s potential impact on public health
  • D. The novelty of the program

Answer: C. Program’s potential impact on public health

Solution: The primary consideration for any healthcare initiative should be its potential positive impact on public health, ensuring that it addresses the community’s most pressing health needs efficiently.

John needs to choose between two job offers. Offer A has a higher salary but is located in a city with a high cost of living. Offer B has a lower salary but is situated in a town with a lower cost of living. Which job offer should John choose?

  • D. Cannot be determined

Answer: D. Cannot be determined

Solution : This question requires decision-making skills. Without knowing John’s priorities and values, the answer cannot be determined. Each offer has its pros and cons, and the decision rests on John’s personal preferences and circumstances.

MCQ Examples of Problem-Solving Questions

What is the next number in the series: 2, 6, 12, 20?

Answer: B. 30

Solution : This is a series problem. The series is progressing by adding consecutive even numbers (4, 6, 8, etc.). Thus, 20 + 10 = 30.

If all Ps are Qs, and some Qs are Rs, which of the following must be true?

  • A. All Ps are Rs
  • B. Some Ps are Rs
  • C. No Ps are Rs
  • D. None of the above

Answer: D. None of the above

Solution : Without definite information, we cannot confirm any of the given options. It is possible that some Ps are Rs, but it is not necessarily true.

Three individuals have to be selected from a group of 6 people. How many different combinations are possible?

Answer: C. 20

Solution : This is a combination problem. The number of ways to choose 3 individuals from 6 is given by the combination formula: 6C3 = 6! / (3!*(6-3)!) = 20.

If a shirt costs Rs.40 after a 20% discount, what was its original price?

Answer: B. Rs.50

Solution : Let the original price be X. The shirt is sold for 80% of its original price after a 20% discount. So, 0.80X = Rs.40. Solving for X gives X = Rs.50.

A train covers a distance of 150 km in 2.5 hours. What is its average speed?

Answer: A. 60 km/h

Solution : Average speed is obtained by dividing the total distance by the total time taken. So, 150 km / 2.5 hours = 60 km/h.

How to study Decision Making and Problem Solving for CSAT?

Students may note that this article on Decision Making and Problem Solving is just an overview of the topic. There is a lot more to learn about Decision Making and Problem Solving in the CSAT paper.

We recommend the below sources to learn the subject.

  • Join the ClearIAS CSAT Course .
  • Join ClearIAS Prelims Test Series .
  • Join ClearIAS Prelims cum Mains Course.
  • Go through ClearIAS YouTube Classes on CSAT.
  • Read books on CSAT .

Also read:   CSAT Course: UPSC Prelims Paper 2 Program

Decision-making and problem-solving are vital skills for the UPSC CSAT Prelims and for effective functioning as a civil servant .

As you have seen the decision-making and problem-solving section is not limited to scenario-based questions!

Aspirants should keep in mind that any questions which are problem-solving or decision-making in nature can be asked from this section.

Further, questions may not be limited to the Class X level, as is the case with the basic numeracy section or data interpretation.

Practising decision-making and problem-solving questions not only improves these skills but also boosts your confidence in tackling the diverse set of problems presented in the examination.

For more resources and practice questions, continue exploring ClearIAS.com. Happy studying!

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Part A—Preliminary Examination Paper I - (200 marks)

Duration: Two hours

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
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  • General Science.

Paper II-(200 marks) CSAT

Duration : Two hours

  • Comprehension;
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability;
  • Decision making and problem solving;
  • General mental ability;
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level),
  • Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. — Class X level);

Note 1 : Paper-II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will be a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.

Note 2 : The questions will be of multiple choice, objective type.

Note 3 : It is mandatory for the candidate to appear in both the Papers of Civil Services (Prelim) Examination for the purpose of evaluation. Therefore a candidate will be disqualified in case he/she does not appear in both the papers of Civil Services (Prelim) Examination

The main Examination is intended to assess the overall intellectual traits and depth of understanding of candidates rather than merely the range of their information and memory. The nature and standard of questions in the General Studies papers (Paper II to Paper V) will be such that a well-educated person will be able to answer them without any specialized study. The questions will be such as to test a candidate’s general awareness of a variety of subjects, which will have relevance for a career in Civil Services. The questions are likely to test the candidate’s basic understanding of all relevant issues, and ability to analyze, and take a view on conflicting socio-economic goals, objectives and demands. The candidates must give relevant, meaningful and succinct answers. The scope of the syllabus for optional subject papers (Paper VI and Paper VII) for the examination is broadly of the honours degree level i.e. a level higher than the bachelors’ degree and lower than the masters’ degree. In the case of Engineering, Medical Science and law, the level corresponds to the bachelors’ degree.

Syllabi of the papers included in the scheme of Civil Services (Main) Examination are given as follows :—

Qualifying Papers on Indian Language and English

The aim of the paper is to test the candidates’ ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian language concerned. The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows :

(i) Comprehension of given passages.

(ii) Precis Writing.

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.

(iv) Short Essays.

Indian Languages :—

(i) comprehension of given passages.

(v) Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa.

Note 1 : The papers on Indian Languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking.

Note 2 : The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved).

PAPER-I Essay :

Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

PAPER-II General Studies-I:

  • Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.
  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society.
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

PAPER-III General Studies- II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations

  • Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
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  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighborhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

PAPER-IV General Studies-III: Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
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  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
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PAPER-V General Studies- IV: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

  • This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society.
  • Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues.

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decision making and problem solving upsc syllabus

UPSC CSAT Syllabus 2024: Subject-wise Syllabus & Marking Structure

decision making and problem solving upsc syllabus

Master the UPSC CSAT Syllabus 2024 with detailed subject-wise breakdown, marking structure, and preparation strategies. Get ready to ace the CSAT exam!

decision making and problem solving upsc syllabus

The CSAT paper in UPSC is getting harder, which has posed new challenges for aspirants to prepare for. Let’s understand the nature of the CSAT paper and explore effective strategies to tackle it.

UPSC CSAT Syllabus , Marking Structure, and Preparation Strategies

The UPSC Prelims is the first stage of the Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission. The Prelims consist of two papers : General Studies Paper-I and General Studies Paper-II ( CSAT ), both of which are objective-type multiple-choice exams .  

The General Studies Paper-II i.e., the CSAT Paper (Civil Services Aptitude Test), is qualifying in nature, which means the student has to clear the predetermined cutoff (33%). It is mandatory for students to qualify for the CSAT to get on the merit list of the UPSC for the preliminary examination. To understand the nature of the CSAT paper, candidates should thoroughly go through the UPSC CSAT syllabus in 2024 to secure the pass mark. This article details the UPSC CSAT Syllabus 2024 with detailed marking structure , and preparation strategies .

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UPSC CSAT Syllabus 2024 Overview

The CSAT (Civil Services Aptitude Test) evaluates various aptitude skills essential for civil service aspirants. These are comprehension , interpersonal skills like communication, logical reasoning, decision-making , problem-solving , general mental ability , basic numeracy , and data interpretation. Learning and mastering these skills is very important for doing well in the CSAT exam because they help you understand and deal with the challenges you’ll face in the civil service selection process. The following table depicts the details of the UPSC CSAT Prelims Paper Exam.

UPSC CSAT Syllabus 2024: Subject-wise Syllabus Breakdown

Along with the official UPSC Notification 2024, the Union Public Commission has also released the UPSC CSAT Syllabus 2024 pdf.  The following table shows the CSAT syllabus officially released by UPSC in 2024.

CSAT Syllabus

UPSC CSAT Syllabus in Detail

Unlocking the CSAT syllabus is essential for aspirants aiming to crack the UPSC Civil Services exam. By analyzing previous year question papers and consulting various aptitude books , we can derive a comprehensive overview of the CSAT syllabus. This helps candidates prepare effectively and focus on key areas to maximize their chances of success. 

By understanding this syllabus, candidates can effectively strategize their preparation , ensuring a solid foundation in the aptitude skills crucial for navigating the complexities of the exam. Some problems may overlap between the quantitative and reasoning syllabuses in CSAT. The detailed syllabus outlined below  serves as a valuable resource for candidates preparing for the CSAT exam, offering thorough coverage of key topics essential for success.

1. Quantitative Aptitude Syllabus

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2. Reasoning Syllabus

3. Decision Making, Problem Solving and Interpersonal Skills

  • Decision-making and Problem-Solving: These questions aim to evaluate candidates’ logical thinking , analytical skills , and ability to apply reasoning in practical scenarios. It can include problems that test candidates’ ability to prioritise tasks, assess risks, devise strategies, and resolve complex issues efficiently. 
  • Interpersonal Skills: It evaluates proficiency in a range of essential abilities, including communication skills, listening skills, stress management, assertiveness, verbal communication, and non-verbal communication.

4. Reading Comprehension Syllabus

  • Reading passages or text Answering questions related to content , context , and inference-making skills .
  • Passages in CSAT cover diverse topics, such as social issues, political, scientific advancements, historical events, philosophical debates, current affairs, etc. 
  • Candidates encounter various types of questions based on given passages, such as  assumptions , inferences , and conclusion based questions.
  • These passages are designed to test candidates’ ability to understand and analyze complex information from various fields.

UPSC CSAT Syllabus 2023: Topic Wise Weightage

The CSAT 2023 Question Paper covered a wide range of subjects to evaluate applicants’ aptitude skills and comprehension abilities. The UPSC CSAT 2023 exam’s topical weighting is shown in the table as follows:

UPSC CSAT Syllabus: Questions Trend Analysis

Analysis of the UPSC CSAT subject-wise syllabus and formulation of a great study plan are vital parts of passing this paper. The weightage of sectional questions from 2011 to 2023 for UPSC CSAT GS paper II is listed here:

UPSC CSAT Syllabus: Exam Structure and Marking System

  • The students preparing for the UPSC CSAT should be familiar with its test format and its scoring system:
  • Exam Format: The CSAT paper includes 80 questions, which total 200 marks. It is a two-hour-long examination similar to Prelims Paper 1. In both papers, the questions are objective and multiple-choice .
  • Scoring Structure: The CSAT has a total of 200 points for the entire paper, with a correct answer getting 2.5 points for each question. It therefore ensures consistency in the scoring, as all questions receive the same score per correct response.
  • Negative marking: deduction of 1/3rd (0.83 marks) for every wrong answer .
  • Qualifying marks: The GS Paper-II (CSAT) stands as a qualifying paper, which every candidate should pass. The minimum pass score for UPSC CSAT is 33%, or 67 . To qualify for the next round of the Civil Services Exam, candidates may have to fulfil this criterion.

UPSC CSAT Syllabus: Best Books to Follow

It is clear to you now that if you study well and are dedicated , completing the UPSC CSAT syllabus won’t be too difficult. There are various books available on the market. You must select books that align well with your learning style and cover all topics comprehensively . It is beneficial to seek recommendations from experienced candidates or mentors who have successfully cleared the exam. To help you prepare for the CSAT Prelims, we have included the list below with some of the top and tried-and-true UPSC materials for the UPSC CSAT syllabus:

  • “A Modern Approach to Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning – R.S. Aggarwal Analytical Reasoning” by M K Pandey
  • “Comprehension, Decision Making & Problem-Solving Compendium for UPSC IAS Prelims CSAT Paper 2” by Disha Experts
  • “Basic Numeracy & Data Interpretation Compendium for UPSC IAS Prelims CSAT Paper 2” by Disha Experts
  • “Cracking The CSAT (Civil Services Aptitude Test) Paper-2” by Arihant Experts
  • “The Mantra of CSAT Paper II” by Gautam Puri
  • “General Studies Paper-II Manual for Prelims” by Tata McGraw Hill
  • “CSAT Manual” by Pearson 
  • “High School English Grammar And Composition” by Wren & Martin
  • “CSAT Conceptual Approach (Paper 2)” by P. N. Roy Chowdhury

UPSC CSAT Exam Preparation Strategies

A planned method is necessary to efficiently cover the CSAT syllabus preparation. Start by self-assessing your level of preparation using the UPSC CSAT previous year’s question papers . To determine your areas of strength and growth, aim for a subject-wise benchmark score. 

  • Create a Study Schedule: Establish a well-structured schedule and allocate a minimum of 4-5 hours to your CSAT preparation initially. Consider your skills and learning pace when allocating enough time for each topic. Practice mock exams and go over the material in the notes again and again.
  • Regular Practice: Regular practice helps candidates improve their speed , accuracy , and confidence in solving aptitude questions. Consistent practice ensures familiarity with various question types and enhances problem-solving abilities, leading to better performance on exam day.
  • Solve Previous Year Questions: You must solve the previous year questions of CSAT within a time limit . It will simulate exam conditions , improve time management skills, and help identify weak areas for focused revision. It will also enhance familiarity with the exam pattern and boost confidence, leading to better performance on the actual exam day.
  • Mock Test: Practice exams should be taken carefully. Give your full effort and concentration while taking mock exams, and practice well without distractions. Evaluate how well you performed and make necessary adjustments to your study methods. Assess your accuracy , speed, and ability to function under pressure during the exam.
  • Learn Shortcuts and Tricks: To answer basic numeracy and reasoning problems more quickly and efficiently, you must become familiar with a few shortcuts and tricks. You can answer syllogism problems, data sufficiency problems, direction and blood relation problems, and diagrams using Venn diagrams and elimination techniques.
  • Time Management: Set aside time for each segment according to its weight, the questions’ level of complexity, and your areas of strength. Find the most successful method by using this approach in practice exams.

Importance of CSAT Mock Tests in UPSC Exam Preparation

The most effective approach to scoring well is through mock practice tests. It is a useful tool to self-check the level of the applicant’s preparedness for the UPSC exam. The mock exams assist the candidates in facing the real examination setting in a replicated environment. 

UPSC candidates are highly encouraged to participate in mock tests offered by online platforms . Learning insider secrets and methods is needed to answer UPSC CSAT questions with ease. Preparing for the exam with the professional advice of a mentor will help with your results. Finding your preparation gaps and boosting your self-confidence can be achieved with the aid of the UPSC CSAT Mock Test Series conducted by institutions.

Join the UPSC CSAT 2024 Mock Exams conducted by institutions or online platforms, and it will help you score better in the main exams.

UPSC CSAT GS Paper 2 Model Questions:

Upsc csat maths questions.

1. The sum of the first two terms of a geometric progression is 16. The third and fourth terms add up to 64. What is the third term in the geometric progression, if the terms have alternately positive and negative values.

Answer: D (-64)

2. From a group of 500 people, 60% speak English , 40% speak Hindi , and 20% speak both languages. How many people speak neither English nor Hindi?

Answer: A (100)

UPSC CSAT Questions on Comprehension

1. “In recent international developments, India signed a strategic partnership agreement with Country X to enhance cooperation in the defence and security sectors. This move is expected to strengthen India’s position in the region.”

According to the passage, what is the expected outcome of India’s strategic partnership agreement with Country X?

A) To weaken India’s position in the region

B) To maintain the status quo

C) To strengthen India’s position in the region

D) To focus on economic cooperation

Answer: C (To strengthen India’s position in the region)

UPSC CSAT Reasoning Questions

1. Eight boys A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and H are seated around a circular table. A and B are opposite to each other. F is neither next to H nor next to G. H is to the immediate left of B and opposite of G. D is to the immediate right of B.

Who is to the immediate right of A? 

Answer: C (F)

2. If all cats are dogs, and some dogs are birds, which of the following statements is true?

A) Some birds are cats.

B) All cats are birds.

C) Some dogs are cats.

D) All birds are cats.

Answer: C (Some dogs are cats)

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decision making and problem solving upsc syllabus

CSAT Decision Making Questions

Decision making questions describe a situation followed by four possible responses. You have to indicate most appropriate response. There is no penalty of wrong answers, so you must attempt all these questions. These questions are part of CSAT Paper 2.

CSAT Decision Making Questions

CSAT 2011 had 8 such questions, CSAT 2012 had 7 such questions and CSAT 2013 had 6 such questions. The objective of decision making is to judge your character, mindset and personality.

CSAT 2012 Questions

1. You have differences of the opinion regarding the final report prepared by your subordinate that is to be submitted urgently. The subordinate is justifying the information given in the report. You would

  • a) Convince the subordinate that he is wrong
  • b) Tell him to reconsider the results
  • c) Revise the report on your own
  • d) Tell him not to justify the mistake

2. You are competing with your batch-mate for the prestigious award to be decided based on an oral presentation. You have been asked by the committee to finish on time. Your friend however, is allowed more than the stipulated time period.

  • a) Lodge a complaint to chairperson against the discrimination.
  • b) Not listen to any justification from the committee
  • c) Ask for withdrawal of your name
  • d) Protest and leave the place

3. You are handling a time bound project. During the project review meeting, you find that project is likely to get delayed due to lack of cooperation of the team members. You would

  • a) Warn the team members for their non-cooperation
  • b) Look into the reasons for non-cooperation
  • c) Ask for the replacement of the team members
  • d) Ask for the extension of time citing reasons

4. You are a chairperson of a state sports committee. You have received a complaint and later it was found that an athlete in junior age category who has won a medal has crossed the age criteria by 5 days. You would

  • a) Ask the screening committee for a clarification
  • b) Ask the athlete to return the medal
  • c) Ask the athlete to get an affidavit from the court declaring his/her age.
  • d) Ask the members of the committee for their views

5. You are handling a priority project and have been meeting all the deadlines and planning your leave during the project. Your immediate boss does not grant leave citing the urgency of the project. You would

  • a) Proceed on leave without waiting for the sanction
  • b) Pretend to be sick and take leave
  • c) Approach higher authority to reconsider the leave application.
  • d) Tell the boss that it is not justified.

6. You are involved in setting up a water supply project in remote area. Full recovery of cost is impossible in any case. The income levels in the area are low and 25% of the population is below poverty line (BPL). When a decision has to be taken on pricing you would

  • a) Recommended that the supply of water be free of charge in all respects
  • b) Recommended that the users pay a onetime fixed sum for installation of taps and the usage of water be free
  • c) Recommended that a fixed monthly charges be levied on the non-BPL families and for BPL families water should be free
  • d) Recommended that the users pay a charge based on the consumption of water with differentiated charges for Non-BPL and BPL families.

7. As a citizen you have some work with a government department. The official calls you again and again; and without directly asking you, sends out feelers for a bribe. You want to get your work done. You would

  • a) Give a bribe
  • b) Behave as if you have not understood the feelers and persist with your application
  • c) Go to the higher officer for help verbally complaining about feelers.
  • d) Send in a formal complaint

CSAT 2011 Questions

8. You have been asked to give an explanation for not attending an important official meeting. Your immediate boss who has not informed you about the meeting is now putting pressure on you not to place an allegation against him/her. You would

  • a) Send a written reply explaining the fact.
  • b) Seek an appointment with the top boss to explain the situation.
  • c) Admit your fault to save the situation.
  • d) Put the responsibility on the coordinator of the meeting for not informing.

9. A local thug (bad element) has started illegal construction on your vacant plot. He has refused your request to vacate and threatened you of dire consequences in case you do not sell the property at a cheap price to him. You would

  • a) Sell the property at a cheap price to him.
  • b) Go to the police for necessary action.
  • c) Ask for help from your neighbours.
  • d) Negotiate with the goon to get a higher price.

10. You have to accomplish a very important task for your Headquarters within the next two days. Suddenly you meet with an accident. Your office insists that you complete the task. You would

  • a) Ask for an extension of deadline.
  • b) Inform headquarters of your inability to finish on time.
  • c) Suggest alternate person to headquarters who may do the needful.
  • d) Stay away till you recover.

11. You are an officer-in-charge for providing basic medical facilities to the survivors of an earthquake affected area. Despite your best possible effort, people put allegations against you for making money out of the funds given for relief. You would

  • a) Let an enquiry be set up to look into the matter.
  • b) Ask your senior to appoint some other person in your place.
  • c) Not pay attention to allegations.
  • d) Stop undertaking any initiative till the matter is resolved.

12. You have been made responsible to hire boats at a short notice to be used for an area under flood. On seeing the price mentioned by the boat owners you found that the lowest price was approximately three times more than the approved rate of the Government. You would

  • a) Reject the proposal and call for a fresh price.
  • b) Accept the lowest price.
  • c) Refer the matter to the Government and wait.
  • d) Threaten the boat owners about a possible cancellation of the licence.

13. You are the officer-in-charge of a village administering distribution of vaccine in an isolated epidemic hit village, and you are left with only one vaccine. There is a requirement of that vaccine from the Gram Pradhan and also a poor villager. You are being pressurized by the Gram Pradhan to issue the vaccine to him. You would

  • a) Initiate the procedure to expedite the next supply without issuing the vaccine to either.
  • b) Arrange vaccine for the poor villager from the distributor of another area.
  • c) Ask both to approach a doctor and get an input about the urgency
  • d) Arrange vaccine for the Gram Pradhan from the distributor of another area.

14. You have taken up a project to create night-shelters for homeless people during the winter season. Within a week of establishing the shelters, you have received complaints from the residents of the area about the increase in theft cases with a demand to remove the shelters. You would

  • a) Ask them to lodge a written complaint in the police station.
  • b) Assure residents of an enquiry into the matter.
  • c) Ask residents to consider the humanitarian effort made.
  • d) Continue with the project and ignore their complaint.

15. You, as an administrative authority, have been approached, by the daughter-in-law of an influential person regarding harassment by her in-laws on account of insufficient dowry. Her parents are not able to approach you because of social pressures. You would

  • a) Call the in-laws for an explanation.
  • b) Counsel the lady to adjust, given such a circumstance.
  • c) Take action after her parents approach you.
  • d) Ask her to lodge a complaint with the police.

CSAT 2013 Questions

16. You are the head of your office. There are certain houses reserved for the allotment to the office staff and you have been given the discretion to do so. A set of rules for the allotment of the houses has been laid down by you and has been made public. Your personal secretary, who is very close to you, comes to you and pleads that as his father is seriously ill, he should be given priority in allotment of a house. The office secretariat that examined the request as per the rules turns down the request and recommends the procedure to be followed according to the rules. You do not want to annoy your personal secretary in such circumstances, what would you do?

  • (a) Call him over to your room and personally explain why the allotment cannot be done.
  • (b) Allot the house to him to win his loyalty.
  • (c) Agree with the office note to show that you are not biased and that you do not indulge in favoritism.
  • (d) Keep the file with you and not pass any orders.

17. While travelling in a Delhi-registered commercial taxi from Delhi to an adjacent city (another State), your taxi driver informs you that as he has no permit for running the taxi in that city, he will step at it Transport Office and pay the prescribed fee of Rs. forty for a day. While paying the fee at the counter you find that the transport clerk taking an extra fifty rupees for which no receipt is being given. You are in a hurry for your meeting. In such circumstances, what would you do?

  • (a) Go up to the counter and ask the clerk to give bark the money which he has illegally taken.
  • (b) Do not interfere at all as this it a matter between the taxi driver and the tax authorities.
  • (c) Take note of the incident and subsequently report the matter to the concerned authorities
  • (d) Treat it as a normal affair and imply forget about it.

18. A person lives in a far off village which is almost two hours by bus. The villager's neighbor is a very powerful landlord who is trying to occupy the poor villager's land by force. You are the District Magistrate and busy in a meeting called by a local Minister. The villager has in all the way, by bus and on foot, to see you and give an application seeking protection from the powerful landlord. The villager keeps on waiting outside the meeting hall for an hour. You come out of the meeting and are rushing to another meeting. The villager follows you to submit his application. What would you do?

  • (a) Tell him to wait for another two hours till you come back from your next meeting.
  • (b) Tell him that the matter is actually to be dealt by a junior officer and that he should give the application to him.
  • (c) Call one of your senior subordinate officers and ask him to solve the villager's problem.
  • (d) Quickly take the application from him, ask him a few relevant questions regarding his problem and then proceed to the meeting.

19. There is a shortage of sugar in your District where you are the District Magistrate. The Government has ordered that only a maximum amount of 30 kg sugar is to be released for wedding celebrations. A son of your close friend is getting married and your friend requests you to release at least 50 kg sugar for his son's wedding. He expresses annoyance when you tell him about the Government's restrictions on this matter. He feels that since you are the District Magistrate you can release any amount. You do not want to spoil your friendship with him. In such circumstances, how would you deal with the situation?

  • (a) Release the extra amount of sugar which your friend has requested for.
  • (b) Refuse your friend the extra amount and strictly follow the rules.
  • (c) Show your friend the copy of the Government instructions and then persuade him to accept the lower amount as prescribed in the rules.
  • (d) Advise him to directly apply to the allotting authority and inform him that you do not interfere in this matter.

20. You are in-charge of implementing the Family Planning programmes in an area where there is a strong opposition to the present policy. You want to convince the residents of the need for keeping small families. What would be the best way of communicating this message?

  • (a) By logically explaining to the residents the need for family planning to improve the health and living standards.
  • (b) By encouraging late marriages and proper spacing of children.
  • (c) By offering incentives for adopting family planning devices.
  • (d) By asking people who have been sterilized or are using contraceptives to directly talk to the residents.

21. You are a teacher in a University and are setting a question paper on a particular subject. One of your colleagues, whose son is preparing for the examination on that subject, comes to you and informs you that it is his son's last chance to pass that examination and whether you could help him by indicating what questions are going to be in the examination. In the past, your colleague had helped you in another matter. Your colleague informs you that his son will suffer from depression if he fails in this examination. In such circumstances, what would you do?

  • (a) In view of the help he had given you, extend your help to him.
  • (b) Regret that you cannot be of any help to him.
  • (c) Explain to your colleague that this would be violating the trust of the University authorities and you are not in a position to help him.
  • (d) Report the conduct of your colleague to the higher authorities.
  • UPSC History Notes
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UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2024

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The UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) Preliminary Examination is the starting and first stage of the Civil Service Examination. To clear the UPSC Examination aspirants must have a deep understanding of the syllabus of UPSC Prelims. The UPSC Preliminary Syllabus Examination consists of two papers General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper- II( CSAT) . In this article, we will understand the syllabus of UPSC Prelims , providing a proper overview of the subjects and topics to be covered. Candidates need to clear this stage of UPSC Prelims as this stage is a screening test that qualifies aspirants for the UPSC Mains exams which is the second stage of the Exam.

Table of Content

Upsc prelims syllabus: general studies paper – i, upsc prelims syllabus: general studies paper – ii (csat), faqs on upsc prelims syllabus.

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts the Civil Service Examination (CSE) to select candidates for the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), and other civil services. The CSE consists of three stages: Preliminary Examination, Main Examination, and Personality Test.

The Preliminary Examination is the first stage of the CSE. It consists of two compulsory papers: General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II (CSAT).

The General Studies Paper – I of UPSC Prelims covers a wide range of subjects that aim to get the knowledge and understanding of candidates in various aspects.

The Syllabus for General Studies Paper – I Covers the following given topics:

  • Current events of national and international importance: It is important to mainly focus on events of significance from a social, economic, political, and environmental standpoint. Candidates must stay updated with the latest happenings at the international and national levels.
  • History of India and the Indian National Movement: understanding Indian history, including ancient, medieval, and modern periods, is important. Aspirants should also be well-versed in the Indian freedom struggle and the contributions of various leaders.
  • Indian and World Geography – Indian and World Geography generally covers the physical, social, and economic geography of India and the world. The main topics that are included are the physical features of India, climate, urbanization, resources, population, global geography, transportation, and regional geography.
  • Indian Polity and Governance – Candidates should have a deep knowledge of the Indian Constitution, governance structures, political systems, and public policies. Having an understanding of topics like Panchayati Raj, political ideologies, and rights issues is essential.
  • Economic and Social Development – This segment focuses on India’s economic development, social issues, and government initiatives for inclusive growth. Topics include sustainable development, poverty, demographic trends, social sector schemes, and economic planning.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity, and Climate Change – Topics that come under this are environmental concepts, biodiversity conservation, ecological balance, climate change, and related national and international initiatives. Candidate must have a better understanding of these topics accordingly.
  • General Science – This particular section covers basic scientific concepts, recent developments in science and technology, and their uses in everyday life. Aspirants should be familiar with topics from biology, chemistry, physics, and environmental science.

Aspirants preparing for General Studies Paper – I should learn and understand every topic of these subjects. It is also important for them to solve previous year’s question papers that enhance their time management and familiarity with exam patterns. Candidates need to keep themselves updated with the latest development by reading newspapers, going through online resources, reading magazines, and other reliable news outlets.

The General Studies Paper-II is also known as the Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT). General Studies Paper- II is developed to check the aptitude and reasoning ability of the candidate.

The syllabus for CSAT includes the following topics:

  • Comprehension : The reading and Comprehension skills of the aspirants will be tested through passages and questions based will be based on them. It shows their ability to analyze and understand their written information.
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills: In this section, one must evaluate aspirants’ communication abilities, both verbal and non-verbal, and their knowledge of effective interpersonal skills.
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability: Aspirants thinking ability and analytical abilities will be tested through various questions, including syllogisms, analogies, logical deductions, and data interpretation.
  • Decision-making and problem-solving: Questions are framed in this section to evaluate their approach to critical situations and their ability to find effective solutions. This particular section checks the candidate’s problem-solving and decision-making skills.
  • General mental ability: Candidates’ general mental ability, including logical, numerical, and verbal reasoning, will be tested in this section. Topics that are included in this General mental ability are series, coding-decoding, direction sense, blood relations, etc.
  • Basic numeracy: Candidates should have a good grasp of basic numerical concepts, such as numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, and data interpretation using charts, graphs, tables, and data sufficiency. Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc.)

Candidates Preparing for General Studies Paper – II(CSAT) should enhance their Comprehension, Decision-making, and problem-solving skills and Basic numeracy ability. Regular practice and solving previous question papers will help candidates to excel in exams.

Preparing with a correct strategy a having a proper roadmap will help candidates to excel in examinations. Candidates must stay updated with the latest news and development all around the world. Furthermore, there are certain topics from prelims that are part of the UPSC Syllabus for the main examination. Aspirants must analyze the proper topic and prepare properly with the help of previous papers and mock interviews.

1. Can I appear for UPSC Prelims multiple times?

Answer: Yes,One can appear for UPSC Prelims multiple times, there is no limitation for applying for the examination. However, there is a certain age limit and certain restrictions on different categories on the number of attempts as mentioned by UPSC.

2. What is the duration of the General Studies (CSAT) paper?

Answer: Candidates are required to complete their examination of the CSAT (General Studies) paper is generally Two hours (120 minutes).

3. Is UPSC Prelims bilingual?

Answer: Yes, Candidates can choose the medium in which they wish to attempt the exam.UPSC Prelims question papers are provided in both Hindi and English Language.

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What is CSAT in UPSC? Full Form, Pattern, Syllabus and CSAT Scores

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  • Mar 4, 2024

What is CSAT in UPSC?

What is CSAT in UPSC? CSAT full form is Civil Services Aptitude Test, is an integral part of the UPSC examination process.

The UPSC CSE Exam is a highly competitive exam in India that selects candidates for various civil services. The Preliminary exam has two papers, Paper 1 and Paper 2, with Paper 2 being the Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) .

The CSAT (Civil Services Aptitude Test) was introduced in the year 2011 and is designed to test a candidate’s aptitude, logical reasoning, analytical ability, decision-making skills, and comprehension ability. To pass the CSAT exam, candidates are required to obtain a minimum of 33% marks.

In this article, we will provide you with a concise guide to the UPSC CSAT 2024 Exam, including CSAT Subjects, CSAT syllabus , UPSC CSAT pattern, CSAT Scores, and preparation tips to help you clear this critical exam/paper. Let’s start answering your question: What is CSAT in UPSC?

What is CSAT in UPSC? Why is it so Important?

The UPSC CSAT exam is very important for aspirants dreaming of qualifying for civil service positions in India. It evaluates their aptitude, comprehension, and analytical abilities, essential for effective administration. The importance of the UPSC CSAT Exam typically includes:

  • Determining Final Order of Merit: Both UPSC Prelims Paper-1 (General Studies Paper) and Paper-2 (CSAT Paper) were considered for the final order of merit to qualify for the UPSC mains examination.
  • Response to Candidate Objections: In response to objections from some aspirants, UPSC made CSAT a qualifying paper in 2015, altering its weightage in the ranking order.
  • Passing Requirement: Candidates must score a minimum of 33% (66 out of 200 marks) in the CSAT paper to pass the Civil Services Preliminary Examination, as per the current UPSC examination structure.
  • Eligibility for Mains Examination: Only candidates who score 66 or more in GS Paper-2 and exceed the UPSC-mandated cut-off marks in GS Paper-1 are eligible to appear for the civil services mains examination.

UPSC CSAT Pattern

If we are talking about What is CSAT in UPSC.It is incomplete wothpu the discussion on UPSC CSAT Pattern.Ensure to practice regularly and refer to previous years’ question papers to get a better understanding of the exam pattern and types of questions asked. Below we have stated UPSC CSAT Pattern 2024:

UPSC CSAT Scores – Minimum Qualifying Marks

The Union Public Service Commission has fixed the minimum qualifying marks for the UPSC CSAT paper at 33%. The paper is worth 200 marks, and candidates must score at least 66 marks to pass.

CSAT Exam Strategy

Although passing the UPSC Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) requires preparation, you can succeed if you use the appropriate strategy and methods. Find out more with this simple-to-follow strategy created with UPSC CSAT Preparation in mind.

CSAT Subjects – Detailed Syllabus

It is crucial to understand the CSAT syllabus topic-wise to avoid encountering unfamiliar question types that may cause a mental block during the exam. The following are the CSAT subjects that an aspirant must cover:

CSAT Syllabus: Maths

The CSAT detailed syllabus Maths includes fundamental arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and statistics. Proficiency in these areas is very important for scoring well in the quantitative section of the Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT).

  • Basic Numeracy
  • General Mental Ability
  • L.C.M & H.C.F
  • Rational Numbers & Ordering
  • Square Roots & Cube Roots
  • Decimal Fractions
  • Ratio & Proportion
  • Simplification
  • Number System
  • Surds & Indices
  • Divisibility Rules
  • Percentages
  • Remainder Theorem
  • Probability
  • Boats & Streams
  • Time & Work
  • Partnership
  • Mensuration & Area
  • Time and Distance
  • Profit & Loss
  • Work & Wages
  • Pipes & Cisterns
  • Permutations and Combinations
  • Allegation & Mixtures

CSAT Syllabus: Reasoning

The CSAT detailed syllabus reasoning syllabus includes topics like logical reasoning, analytical ability, data interpretation, and decision-making skills. Mastery of these areas is very important for success in the Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) conducted by the UPSC.

Logical Reasoning & Analytical Ability (LR & AA)

  • Mathematical puzzles and patterns
  • Statements and conclusions
  • Cubes and dice
  • Deriving conclusions
  • Inserting the missing character
  • Eligibility tests
  • Analytical reasoning
  • Statement and assumptions
  • Cause and effect
  • Statements and arguments
  • Table charts
  • Situation reaction tests
  • Number ranking
  • Time sequence tests
  • Arithmetical reasoning
  • Punch lines

Data Interpretation & Data Sufficiency (DI & DS)

  • Alphabet test
  • Coding-decoding
  • Blood relation
  • Seating arrangement
  • Logical Venn diagram
  • Direction sense test
  • Mathematical operations
  • Classification

CSAT Question Paper

Hope you have understood What is CSAT in UPSC. Now let us discuss the importance of CSAT Question Paper.UPSC CSAT Question Paper are a valuable tool to ace the Civil Services Examination. They provide information about the format, kinds of questions, areas of importance, and time management techniques of the test. Additionally, they give candidates a way to evaluate their development and boost self-esteem. Candidates should make tackling UPSC past year examinations a regular part of their preparation regimen by including it in their study schedule. By doing this, people increase their chances of passing this difficult exam and fulfilling their ambition to work in prominent administrative positions for the country. Let’s practice the CSAT Question Paper:

CSAT Trend Analysis

The UPSC CSAT (Civil Services Aptitude Test) trend analysis reveals evolving question patterns that require critical thinking, analytical skills, and comprehension. It reflects a shift towards assessing problem-solving abilities and logical reasoning rather than rote memorization. Adaptability to changing exam patterns is very important for aspirants to excel in this competitive examination.

Changes in CSAT Patterns Till Now

The UPSC Preliminary stage underwent significant changes over the years, particularly regarding the Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT). The below timeline shows the evolution and alterations in the CSAT within the UPSC Preliminary examination framework.

  • Before 2011, the Prelims comprised two papers: General Studies (GS) and an optional subject paper.
  • In 2010-2011, UPSC revamped the system, making both papers worth 200 marks each. The former GS Paper II transformed into the CSAT, focusing on analytical skills. \
  • Initially introduced in 2011, the CSAT paper counted similarly to GS Paper I. However, in 2014, controversy erupted, particularly among rural candidates, alleging unfairness in CSAT.
  • Responding to this, the Central Government announced in August 2014 that CSAT marks would not be counted, making it a qualifying paper with a 33% qualifying criterion from 2015 onwards. Since then, the CSAT pattern in UPSC Prelims has remained unchanged, serving as a qualifying paper with no marks counted.

CSAT Book for UPSC

The UPSC CSE Prelims CSAT Paper covers subjects like basic numeracy (up to class X), data interpretation (up to class X), decision-making, problem-solving, communication skills, general mental capacity, logical reasoning, analytical ability, and English comprehension. These subjects require excellence in both reasoning and numbers. Here, some reputed CSAT Book for UPSC are essential because they help in preparation in a shorter amount of time.

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The difficulty of UPSC CSAT varies for each candidate based on their aptitude and preparation. With thorough study and practice, candidates can overcome challenges and perform well.

To qualify for CSAT, candidates need to achieve the minimum qualifying marks set by UPSC, which is typically 33%. It is essential to prepare comprehensively and understand the exam pattern thoroughly.

To pass UPSC CSAT, focus on understanding the syllabus, practice regularly, and manage time effectively during the exam. Utilize study materials, solve previous year papers, and seek guidance if needed.

UPSC does not specify a minimum number of questions for CSAT. However, candidates must aim to answer enough questions correctly to surpass the qualifying marks threshold, typically set at 33%.

This was all about the “ What is CSAT in UPSC? ”. For more such informative blogs, check out our UPSC Exams Section , or you can learn more about us by visiting our   Indian exams page.

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UPSC CSAT Syllabus 2024, Details Syllabus Topics

decision making and problem solving upsc syllabus

By Kritika Mittal

UPSC CSAT Syllabus 2024

UPSC CSAT Syllabus 2024

UPSC CSAT Syllabus 2024: UPSC CSAT Syllabus is a roadmap for the candidate. Syllabus is a complete guide for the candidates who is preparing for the UPSC CSAT 2024 Exam. UPSC CSAT 2024 provides the valuable insights into the topics & the sub topic. UPSC CSAT Syllabus is vast in itself as it cover a broad range of topics, the UPSC CSAT 2024 syllabus includes comprehension, interpersonal skills, logical reasoning, decision making, problem solving, general mental ability, basic numeracy, and data interpretation. In this article, we are present the deep insights on the UPSC CSAT Syllabus 2024.

UPSC CSAT 2024 Syllabus Topics

The UPSC CSAT 2024 Syllabus cover a huge range of the topic. As you all are very well aware about the competitive nature of the UPSC CSAT 2024 exam. Candidate are advised to cover each and every topic & sub topics from the UPSC CSAT Syllabus to score at least qualifying marks i.e. 33%. As mentioned in UPSC CSAT 2024 notification, we are presenting the topics that are included in UPSC CSAT 2024 Exam.

UPSC CSAT 2024 Syllabus Topics & Sub Topics

The UPSC CSAT Syllabus covers the topics like comprehension, Interpersonal Skills Including Communication Skills, Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability, Decision Making and Problem Solving, General Mental Ability, Basic Numeracy and Data Interpretation. The list for the UPSC CSAT Syllabus Topics & their sub topics are as follows.

Comprehension

For the Comprehension section the candidate need to understand and analyze written passages. The candidates should be dive into to understand the passage is about. Here are the list of the topics that are covered in Comprehension section:

  • Science and Technology
  • Social Issues
  • Economics and Finance
  • Politics and Governance
  • Environment and Ecology:
  • Arts and Culture
  • Philosophy and Ethics
  • Current Affairs
  • International Relations
  • Health and Medicine

Interpersonal skills including communication skills

The “Interpersonal Skills Including Communication Skills section judges the ability of the candidate in effective communication, understanding interpersonal relationships, and dealing with various situations. Here is the list of sub topics that are covered in UPSC CSAT Syllabus 2024.

  • Communication Skills
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Interpersonal Relationships
  • Leadership and Motivation
  • Listening Skills
  • Social Influence and Persuasion
  • Negotiation Skills
  • Assertiveness
  • Crisis Communication
  • Feedback and Criticism
  • Cross-Cultural Communication

Logical reasoning and analytical ability

The “Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability” section is structured to examine the candidate’s ability to understand the information and make logical decisions. The UPSC CSAT Syllabus 2024 Logical Reasoning & Analytical ability covers the list of the subtopics. Have a look on the list mentioned below.

  • Analytical Reasoning
  • Blood Relations
  • Directions and Distances
  • Coding-Decoding
  • Data Sufficiency
  • Ordering and Ranking
  • Seating Arrangement
  • Statement and Arguments
  • Number Series and Sequences

Data Interpretation

  • Logical Connectives
  • Critical Reasoning
  • Venn Diagrams

Decision making and problem solving

The “Decision Making and Problem Solving” section examine the candidate’s ability to make effective decisions, and solve problems. Here is the list of the topics that are covered in Decision Making and Problem Solving section.

  • Decision Making
  • Problem Solving
  • Interpersonal Skills in Decision Making
  • Logical Decision Making
  • Ethical Decision Making
  • Decision-Making under Uncertainty
  • Quantitative Techniques in Decision Making
  • Group Decision Making
  • Creative Thinking
  • Strategic Decision Making
  • Prioritization and Time Management
  • Crisis Management
  • Resource Allocation
  • Conflict Resolution
  • Feedback and Evaluation

General Mental Ability

The “General Mental Ability” section assess the candidate’s on the basis of the abilities, logical reasoning, and analytical skills. Here is the complete list mentioned below for UPSC CSAT 2024 General Mental Ability.

  • Number Series
  • Alphabet Series
  • Direction Sense
  • Clocks and Calendars
  • Order and Ranking
  • Percentages
  • Profit and Loss
  • Simple and Compound Interest
  • Time and Work
  • Time, Speed, and Distance
  • Ratios and Proportions
  • Mathematical Operations
  • Analytical and Logical Reasoning

Basic numeracy

The “Basic Numeracy’ section judge the candidate’s numerical and analytical skills. Here are the detailed topics for Basic Numeracy part:

  • Number System
  • Mensuration
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Simplification
  • Ratio and Proportion

The UPSC CSAT Covers the Data Interpretation parts that includes charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency

  • Tabular Data
  • Bar Graphs and Pie Charts
  • Line Graphs
  • Data Comparison
  • Problem-Solving through Data
  • Percentage and Average Calculation

This comprehensive UPSC CSAT Syllabus 2024 that cover the detailed topics. This will prove as a road map for the candidates who are preparing for the UPSC CSAT 2024 Exam. Understanding and mastering these topics & sub topics plays an important role in achieving success in the UPSC CSAT 2024.

UPSC CSAT Syllabus 2024 Syllabus Completion Tips

Completing the UPSC CSAT 2024 syllabus is a bit challenging but with a well designed Strategy & tips the candidate can complete it successfully. Here are the tips to complete the UPSC CSAT Syllabus. 

Understand the Syllabus: The 1st step should be to understand the detailed UPSC CSAT Syllabus 2024. Understand the topics and sub-topics. This will help the candidate to plan their preparation. 

Create Study Plan: Develop a UPSC CSAT 2024 study schedule that allocates specific time to each and every topic & subtopic. Make a study plan in such a way that it will cover the complete syllabus. 

Break it Down: Break the UPSC CSAT Syllabus 2024 into several parts. This will help the candidate to allot individual time to every topic. With this, the candidate will be able to concentrate on each topic. 

Prioritize Topics: Prioritize the topics on the basis of the weightage. Give more time to the topics whose chances & the weightage of the marks are more. Allot specific time for the revision also for such topics. 

Take Notes: Make short notes. Summarize formulas, important points. These notes will be the valuable revision material at the end of the preparation. 

Practice Regularly: Practice makes perfect & UPSC is all about the practice. So practice as much as you can. This is the key to success in UPSC CSAT 2024. 

Time Management: From day 1 of your preparation the candidate must work on time management skills to complete the syllabus within the limited time. The candidate has to plan in such a way that they can complete the syllabus within a time frame & with proper revision. 

By following these tips the candidate effectively completes the UPSC CSAT syllabus for 2024 and will increase the chances to succeed in the exam. 

UPSC CSAT Syllabus 2024 FAQs

The UPSC CSAT 2024 Exam covers topics like comprehension, logical reasoning, general mental ability, and basic numeracy

The UPSC CSAT Syllabus is huge in itself. Yes it us difficult but with the proper dedication, the candidate can cover it.

No, try to cover each and every topic from the UPSC CSAT Syllabus. The question in UPSC CSAT exam can be asked from any topic.

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The hindu editorial vocabulary 12th may 2024, the hindu editorial vocabulary 11th may 2024, ecgc po syllabus 2024, check the latest pattern and syllabus.

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UPSC Prelims 2024: Check out the detailed syllabus of Civil Services Preliminary exams, Important points to remember

T he UPSC Civil Service Prelims Exams 2024 is set to be held from June 16, 2024. The examination was postponed owing to the impending General Elections 2024. The exam was scheduled to be held on May 26 earlier.

Candidates who are preparing for their exam preparations or are aspiring to take the exam in the future need to cover a range of topics to qualify the preliminary examinations. In this article, we will look at this year's syllabus and time allotment of both papers of the Preliminary examinations – Paper I or Paper II.

Candidates need to keep in mind that it is mandatory for them to appear in both the Papers of Civil Services (Prelim) Examination for the purpose of evaluation. A candidate will be disqualified in case he/she does not appear in both the papers of Civil Services (Prelim) Examination

Also read: NIFT Patna to close the application process for 30 group C vacancies today

We will first look at the components of Paper I:

The Paper I will consist of 200 marks, and candidates will be allotted 2 hours to complete the paper.

The Paper will consist of the following topics:

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization.
  • General Science.

Also read: CA Inter, Final May exams 2024: ICAI to reopen correction window for some changes

The Paper II of the Preliminary examination will be a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%. Besides, the questions will be objective type. The Paper II too will include 200 marks and will be held for two hours.

The subjects included Paper II include the following:

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision making and problem solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. — Class X level).

Also read: Vocabulary Made Easy series: Work on your strategies to crack competitive exams

Read more news like this on HindustanTimes.com

UPSC Prelims 2024: Important topics and syllabus of Civil Services (Preliminary) Exams 2024

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Comprehension, Decision Making & Problem Solving Compendium for UPSC IAS Prelims CSAT Paper 2 & State PSC Exams 3rd Edition Paperback – 14 July 2022

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Comprehension, Decision Making & Problem Solving Compendium for IAS Prelims General Studies Paper 2 & State PSC Exams is the 2nd of the 3 books for Paper 2.

• It is an exhaustive work capturing all the important topics being asked in the last few years of the IAS Prelim exam. The book has separate units for Comprehension and English Language Comprehension.

• English Language RC passage covers all literary styles.

• Exhaustive exercise of situation-based questions to test decision making and administrative course of action.

• Vast variety of situation-based questions to test Interpersonal Skills including Communication Skills.

• The book is divided into chapters which contains detailed theory explaining all concepts with proper examples along with Practice Exercise.

• The Exercise covers the fully solved past CSAT questions from 2011 onwards.

In all the book contains 5 Chapters & 1500+ MCQs (Past + Previous) with detailed solutions.

  • ISBN-10 9355641052
  • ISBN-13 978-9355641052
  • Publisher Disha Publication
  • Publication date 14 July 2022
  • Part of series English Edition NCERT based Compendium Series for IAS Prelims (Papers 1 & 2) & Mains
  • Language English
  • Dimensions 20.3 x 25.4 x 4.7 cm
  • Print length 204 pages
  • See all details

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  • Language ‏ : ‎ English
  • Paperback ‏ : ‎ 204 pages
  • ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 9355641052
  • ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-9355641052
  • Item Weight ‏ : ‎ 360 g
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The Hindu Editorial Analysis - 10th May 2024 | Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly - UPSC PDF Download

The Hindu Editorial Analysis - 10th May 2024 | Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly - UPSC

AI-infused world needs matching cybersecurity 

Why in news.

Last year, an incident of a frantic mother who had received an ominous call from “kidnappers” who had ‘kidnapped’ her daughter, raised an alarm in the U.S. Senate about the detrimental impact of artificial intelligence. The news took the nation by a storm as the said “kidnappers” and the daughter’s voice were nothing but hackers utilising generative AI to extort money. With such instances on the rise, the human perception of what is real and what is merely generative AI is slowly eroding.

What is AI?

  • Definition of AI: AI refers to the capacity of computers or computer-controlled robots to perform tasks typically requiring human intelligence.
  • Capabilities: While AI cannot replicate the breadth of human abilities, certain AI systems can equal humans in specific tasks.
  • Characteristics of AI: The primary characteristic of AI is its capacity to reason and make decisions aimed at achieving particular objectives effectively.
  • Subset: Machine Learning (ML): ML is a subset of AI that enables automatic learning from vast amounts of unstructured data, including text, images, and videos.
  • Deep Learning (DL): DL techniques facilitate this automatic learning process by processing extensive amounts of unstructured data.

What are the Differences Between AI, ML and DL?

  • ML algorithms can analyze data, identify patterns, and make predictions based on the patterns they find.
  • DL  is a subset of ML that uses artificial neural networks to learn from data in a way  that is similar to how the human brain learns.

What are the Different Categories of AI?

Weak AI/Narrow AI:

  • Definition: This type of AI is restricted to a specific domain and simulates human cognition within that domain.
  • Benefits to Society: Weak AI can streamline tasks that are time-consuming for humans and can analyze data in ways beyond human capacity.
  • Examples: Video games such as chess and personal assistants like Amazon's Alexa and Apple's Siri.
  • Definition: Strong AI systems are capable of human-like tasks and are more intricate and complex.
  • Functionality: They are programmed to handle situations autonomously, without human intervention, and can engage in problem-solving tasks.
  • Examples: Applications like self-driving cars utilize strong AI capabilities.

What are the Different Types of AI?

Reactive AI:

  • Definition: Reactive AI utilizes algorithms to optimize outputs based on given inputs, such as in chess-playing AI.
  • Characteristics: It operates based on predefined strategies and is static, producing consistent outputs with identical inputs.
  • Example: Chess-playing AI optimizes strategies to win games but cannot adapt to new situations.

Limited Memory AI:

  • Definition: This AI type can adapt to past experiences or update based on new data but with limitations on updating and memory length.
  • Characteristics: It can learn from past experiences and adapt to novel situations within its memory constraints.
  • Example: Autonomous vehicles can read the road and learn from past experiences to navigate effectively.

Theory-of-Mind AI:

  • Definition: These AI systems are highly adaptive and possess extensive learning capabilities, retaining past experiences.
  • Characteristics: Advanced chatbots are an example, capable of passing the Turing Test by convincingly imitating human behavior.
  • Example: Chatbots that simulate human-like conversations to the extent of fooling people into believing they're interacting with a human.

Self-aware AI:

  • Definition: This AI type achieves sentience and awareness of its own existence, though currently confined to science fiction.
  • Characteristics: Speculative experts debate whether AI can ever attain consciousness or life.
  • Example: Instances in science fiction depict AI reaching a level of self-awareness akin to human consciousness, though this remains theoretical.

What is the Difference Between Augmented Intelligence and AI?

  • Artificial Intelligence (AI): AI focuses on developing machines capable of autonomous task performance, minimizing or eliminating the need for human intervention.
  • Augmented Intelligence: Augmented Intelligence aims to enhance human intelligence using technology rather than replacing it.

Goal Difference:

  • AI Goal: The goal of AI is to create machines capable of tasks requiring human intelligence, such as decision-making and problem-solving, often without human involvement.
  • Augmented Intelligence Goal: Augmented Intelligence seeks to improve human capabilities by providing tools and technologies that aid in making better decisions and solving problems more efficiently, working in tandem with humans.

What are the Applications of AI in Different Sectors?

Healthcare:

  • Objectives:  Enhance diagnosis accuracy, personalize treatment, improve patient outcomes, streamline operations, and accelerate medical research.
  • Recent Development:  The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) released ethical guidelines for AI application in healthcare, emphasizing patient-centric principles.
  • Functions:  Optimizing operations, improving decision-making, automating tasks, enhancing customer service, enabling personalized marketing, analyzing big data, detecting fraud, managing supply chains, and fostering innovation.
  • Example Collaboration:  IIT Kharagpur partnered with Amazon Web Services to develop the National AI Resource Platform (NAIRP), which holds potential for personalized teaching and learning methods.
  • Opportunities:  AI enables innovative and personalized learning approaches catering to diverse abilities.
  • Example Application:  Initiatives like the National AI Resource Platform (NAIRP) aim to monitor student engagement through eye movement and motion analysis.
  • Applications:  Improving legal research, automating documentation, enhancing court processes, facilitating online dispute resolution, aiding legal decision-making, and increasing access to justice through virtual legal assistance.
  • Notable Systems:  SUVAS assists in translating judgments into regional languages, while SUPACE was launched by the Supreme Court of India to improve court efficiency.

Cybersecurity/Security:

  • Uses:  Detecting and preventing cyber threats, identifying anomalies, analyzing data for vulnerabilities, strengthening security measures, automating threat response, and providing real-time intelligence.
  • Importance:  AI plays a crucial role in enhancing security measures and defending against cyber attacks.

What are the Advantages of AI?

  • Enhanced Accuracy: AI algorithms can analyze vast amounts of data with precision, reducing errors and improving accuracy in various applications, such as diagnostics, predictions, and decision-making.
  • Improved Decision-Making: AI provides data-driven insights and analysis, assisting in informed decision-making by identifying patterns, trends, and potential risks that may not be easily identifiable to humans.
  • Innovation and Discovery: AI fosters innovation by enabling new discoveries, uncovering hidden insights, and pushing the boundaries of what is possible in various fields, including healthcare, science, and technology.
  • Increased Productivity: AI tools and systems can augment human capabilities, leading to increased productivity and output across various industries and sectors.
  • Continuous Learning and Adaptability: AI systems can learn from new data and experiences, continually improving performance, adapting to changes, and staying up-to-date with evolving trends and patterns.
  • Exploration and Space Research: AI plays a crucial role in space exploration, enabling autonomous spacecraft, robotic exploration, and data analysis in remote and hazardous environments.

What are the Disadvantages of AI?

  • Job Displacement: AI automation may lead to the displacement of certain jobs as machines and algorithms can perform tasks that were previously done by humans. This can result in unemployment and require re-skilling or retraining of the workforce.
  • Ethical Concerns: AI raises ethical concerns such as the potential for bias in algorithms, invasion of privacy, and the ethical implications of autonomous decision-making systems.
  • Reliance on Data Availability and Quality: AI systems heavily rely on data availability and quality. Biased or incomplete data can lead to inaccurate results or reinforce existing biases in decision-making.
  • Security Risks: AI systems can be vulnerable to cyber attacks and exploitation. Malicious actors can manipulate AI algorithms or use AI-powered tools for nefarious purposes, posing security risks.
  • Overreliance: Blindly relying on AI without proper human oversight or critical evaluation can lead to errors or incorrect decisions, particularly if the AI system encounters unfamiliar or unexpected situations.
  • Lack of Transparency: Some AI models, such as deep learning neural networks, can be difficult to interpret, making it challenging to understand the reasoning behind their decisions or predictions (referred to as the "black box" problem).
  • Initial Investment and Maintenance Costs: Implementing AI systems often requires significant upfront investment in infrastructure, data collection, and model development. Additionally, maintaining and updating AI systems can be costly.

How Vulnerable is India to Cyber Attacks?

Internet Usage in India:

  • In 2022, over 52% of India's population, approximately 759 million people, accessed the internet at least once a month.
  • India ranks as the second-largest online market globally, trailing only China.

Growth Projection:

  • By 2025, internet usage in India is expected to increase to 900 million individuals, indicating substantial growth in online activity.

Digital Economy Expansion:

  • Various sectors including healthcare, education, finance, retail, and agriculture are increasingly relying on online platforms and services, contributing to India's rapidly expanding digital economy.

Cybersecurity Challenges:

  • Despite the growth in digitalization, India faces cybersecurity challenges due to outdated or inadequate infrastructure, policies, and awareness.
  • These deficiencies make it easier for hackers, including state-sponsored and non-state actors, to exploit vulnerabilities in the system.

Threat Landscape:

  • India encounters sophisticated and persistent cyber threats targeting its strategic, economic, and national interests.
  • Hackers exploit gaps and weaknesses in India's cybersecurity infrastructure, posing significant risks to the nation's digital security.

What are the Challenges Posed by Cyber Attacks on India?

Critical Infrastructure Vulnerability:

  • India's critical infrastructure, including power grids, transportation systems, and communication networks, is susceptible to cyber attacks that could disrupt essential services and jeopardize public safety and national security.
  • Example: In October 2019, there was an attempted cyber-attack on the Kudankulam Nuclear power plant, highlighting the potential risks to critical infrastructure.

Financial Sector Threats:

  • The financial sector in India faces a significant risk of cyberattacks from cybercriminals aiming to profit from stealing or extorting money.
  • Example: In March 2020, a malware attack on the City Union Bank's SWIFT system resulted in unauthorized transactions totaling USD 2 million, underscoring the financial sector's vulnerability.

Data Breaches and Privacy Concerns:

  • The move towards a digital economy in India increases the risk of data breaches, where hackers access and leak sensitive information, posing serious privacy and security concerns.
  • Example: In May 2021, personally identifiable information (PII) and test results of 190,000 CAT exam candidates were leaked, raising alarms about data security.

Cyber Espionage:

  • India is a target for cyber espionage activities seeking to steal confidential information for strategic advantage, potentially affecting national security, foreign policy, and economic development.
  • Example: In 2020, Operation SideCopy, attributed to a Pakistani threat actor, targeted Indian military and diplomatic personnel with malware and phishing emails, highlighting the risk of cyber espionage.

Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs):

  • APTs, sophisticated and prolonged cyber attacks by well-resourced groups, pose a significant challenge by infiltrating networks to steal or manipulate data.
  • Example: In February 2021, a China-linked APT group targeted entities in India's power sector with malware that could cause power outages, showcasing the severity of APT attacks.

Supply Chain Vulnerabilities:

  • Weaknesses in software or hardware components used by government and businesses create supply chain vulnerabilities, which cyber attackers exploit to compromise systems and cause widespread damage.
  • Example: In December 2020, a global cyberattack on SolarWinds affected several Indian organizations, including NIC, MeitY, and BHEL, highlighting the impact of supply chain vulnerabilities on India's cybersecurity.

What are the Initiatives Regarding Cyber Security?

National Cyber Security Policy:

  • Objective: To establish a secure and resilient cyberspace for citizens, businesses, and the government.
  • Strategies: Protect cyberspace information and infrastructure, build capabilities to prevent and respond to cyber attacks, and minimize damages through coordinated efforts.

Cyber Surakshit Bharat Initiative:

  • Aim: Raise awareness about cyber crimes and implement safety measures for Chief Information Security Officers (CISOs) and frontline IT staff across government departments.

Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C):

  • Purpose: Provide a comprehensive framework for law enforcement agencies to address cyber crimes.
  • Components: National Cyber Crime Threat Analytics Unit, Reporting Portal, Training Centre, Ecosystem Management Unit, Research and Innovation Centre, Forensic Laboratory Ecosystem, and Joint Cyber Crime Investigation Team Platform.

Cyber Swachhta Kendra (Botnet Cleaning and Malware Analysis Centre):

  • Mission: Detect botnet infections in India and facilitate cleaning and securing systems to prevent further infections, thereby ensuring a secure cyberspace.

Computer Emergency Response Team - India (CERT-In):

  • Role: Collect, analyze, and disseminate information on cyber incidents, and issue alerts on cybersecurity threats and incidents.

Critical Information Infrastructure (CII) Protection:

  • Definition: Computer resources whose destruction would significantly impact national security, economy, public health, or safety.
  • National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre (NCIIPC): Established to safeguard CII sectors such as power, banking, telecom, transport, government, and strategic enterprises.

Defence Cyber Agency (DCyA):

  • Mission: A tri-service command of the Indian Armed Forces responsible for handling cyber security threats.
  • Capabilities: Conduct cyber operations including hacking, surveillance, data recovery, encryption, and countermeasures against various cyber threat actors.

What Should India Do Further to Save Itself from Cyber attacks?

  • However, the IT Act still has some gaps and limitations, such as the lack of clear definitions, procedures, and penalties for various cyber offences, and the low conviction rate of cyber criminals.
  • India needs to enact comprehensive and updated laws that cover all aspects of cyber security, such as cyber terrorism, cyber warfare, cyber espionage, and cyber fraud.
  • However, these efforts are still inadequate and fragmented, as India faces a shortage of technical staff, cyber forensics facilities, cyber security standards, and coordination among various stakeholders.
  • India needs to invest more in developing its human and technological resources, establishing cyber security centers of excellence, adopting best practices and standards, and fostering collaboration and information sharing among different agencies and sectors.
  • Adopt a zero-trust architecture, and mandate a standardised playbook for responding to cybersecurity vulnerabilities and incidents. Urgently execute a plan for defending and modernising state networks and updating its incident response policy.
  • India needs to engage more with other countries and international organisations, such as the  United Nations , the International Telecommunication Union , the Interpol , and the Global Forum on Cyber Expertise, to exchange best practices, share threat intelligence, harmonise cyber laws and norms, and cooperate in cyber investigations and prosecutions.
  • India also needs to participate more actively in regional and bilateral dialogues and initiatives, such as the ASEAN Regional Forum , the BRICS , and bilateral forums it has like Indo-US Cyber Security Forum, to build trust and confidence, and to address common cyber security issues and interests.

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  1. Guidelines to Problem Solving and Decision Making

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  6. Problem-Solving Strategies: Definition and 5 Techniques to Try

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    UPSC current affairs. 2. General Studies II or CSAT (Generally conducted between 2:30 PM to 04:30 PM) • This UPSC Prelims syllabus for CSAT intends to assess the aptitude of the candidate in solving 'Reasoning and Analytical' questions, apart from 'Reading Comprehension' and the occasionally asked'Decision Making' questions.

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    3. Decision Making, Problem Solving and Interpersonal Skills. Decision-making and Problem-Solving: These questions aim to evaluate candidates' logical thinking, analytical skills, and ability to apply reasoning in practical scenarios. It can include problems that test candidates' ability to prioritise tasks, assess risks, devise strategies, and resolve complex issues efficiently.

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  15. What is CSAT in UPSC? Full Form, Pattern, Syllabus and CSAT Scores

    The UPSC CSE Prelims CSAT Paper covers subjects like basic numeracy (up to class X), data interpretation (up to class X), decision-making, problem-solving, communication skills, general mental capacity, logical reasoning, analytical ability, and English comprehension. These subjects require excellence in both reasoning and numbers.

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