Submitting your ETD

  • Article Number: 000034727

Providing Publishing and Contact Information

Providing information about your dissertation/thesis, submission & payment.

Congratulations on completing your dissertation or thesis! We are honored that you are publishing your work with us. ProQuest Dissertation Publishing has been publishing dissertations and theses since 1938. In that time, we have published over 2 million graduate works from graduate schools around the world. We make this collective resource available to researchers in libraries through ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Database. After it is published, your work will become part of this important repository.

ETD Administrator is a site for students to submit their ETD (electronic thesis or dissertation) for publishing. The ETD homepage provides a high-level view of the submission process.

Here is a summary:

  • You create your submission, a process during which you:
  • Provide your contact information
  • Provide a PDF version of your manuscript
  • Make decisions about publishing options and restrictions
  • Your submission is then assigned to an administrator at your graduate school for review.
  • The assigned administrator reviews your submission to ensure that your information—including your abstract and the PDF of your manuscript—is accurate, correct, and complete. You may be asked to make either minor or major revisions.
  • When your submission passes review, the administrator will approve (accept) it.
  • Your ETD is then delivered to ProQuest for publishing.

Publishing Information

Traditional Publishing versus Open Access Publishing PLUS

These options allow you to decide how your dissertation/thesis should be published and distributed. For help determining which option to select, view our Publishing Guides.

After selecting a publishing option, we will ask you to review and accept the corresponding publishing agreement. NOTE: this is a non-exclusive agreement; ProQuest does not require exclusive distribution rights.

Reviewing and Agreeing to Your School's University Agreement

Institutions have the option of including their University Agreement as part of the ETD Administrator workflow. Generally, this agreement will ask for your permission to include your dissertation or thesis in your school's institutional repository. If your institution opts in to this feature, we will ask you to review and accept your school's University Agreement.

"I want my work to be available as soon as it is published"

  • If you want to delay access to the full text of your dissertation or thesis (for example, if there is a patent pending), select No and then select one of the time period options provided.
  • If you want a delayed release (embargo period) that does not match the options shown, select the closest available option and then use the " Note to administrator " field to request the preferred time frame.  

"I want major search engines (e.g. Google, Yahoo) to discover my work"

You can indicate whether or not you want your dissertation/thesis to be available to search engines such as Google. If you select No , your work will be available for discovery only by users of the ProQuest Dissertations & Thesis database. NOTE: Internet search engines are likely to find your dissertation or thesis through other access points, especially through the library or institutional repository at your graduate institution. If you truly need exclusion from search engines, you will need to petition for restriction at your graduate institution in addition to restricting such access through ProQuest.

"I want my graduate work to be sold by third party retailers in addition to ProQuest"

You can indicate whether or not you would like your dissertation/thesis to be available to third party retailers. If you select Traditional Publishing and select Yes to this option, you will be eligible to receive royalty payments (see the Traditional Publishing agreement for more details).

Contact Information

Your contact information allows ProQuest to contact you with any questions regarding your submission, and to send you any royalty payments. NOTE: If you are unsure what your 'permanent mailing address' will be in the future, consider providing your parents' address or another permanent address.

Dissertation/Thesis details

This page allows you to add details about your degree and dissertation/thesis. Abstracts, subject categories, and keywords help other researchers discover your dissertation/thesis in ProQuest Dissertations & Theses.

Abstract formatting — You can format an abstract using formatting codes to control how it appears (for example, making it bold or superscript).

PDF files are used for publishing. To ensure that a dissertation/thesis is published as intended, please review your PDF before uploading.

Check your PDF settings — Your PDF must have all fonts embedded and security settings showing 'No security.' See instructions for embedding fonts and for checking security settings .

Creating a PDF — If you do not have a PDF, you can create one by uploading your manuscript using ProQuest ETD Administrator. Alternatively, you can use other sources like Create Adobe® PDF Online . Your institution's computer or writing centers may offer additional alternatives.

Supplemental Files (optional)

You can submit supplementary materials (such as audio, video, and spreadsheets) that are part of your dissertation or thesis. These files will be made available in ProQuest when your work is published.

Supplemental file requirements:

  • Do not upload files that someone else holds rights to, such as third party software. For example, do not upload a copy of Microsoft Excel software (however uploading an Excel spreadsheet is OK).
  • When uploading any file, please provide a brief description that clearly describes what is in the file, and select the appropriate media type.
  • Zip large files (i.e. files over 10 MB)
  • Zip large numbers of files or files that have a directory structure.

Notes (optional)

You can include a note to your graduate school administrator. For example, you may want to write a note if you have a patent pending and need to delay the release of your work.

Before submitting your work, you can:

  • Optionally choose to request that ProQuest register for copyright on your behalf.
  • Optionally order copies of your dissertation or thesis.

Register U.S. Copyright

A fee will apply if you would like ProQuest to register for United States Copyright for you.

Order Copies

  • If you want copies of your dissertation/thesis, select the type and quantity. Your copies will be shipped approximately 8–12 weeks after we receive the dissertation/thesis from your graduate school.
  • If you have questions about the status of an order, contact ProQuest Dissertations Support .
  • Submit your dissertation/thesis when all required steps have been completed.
  • A list of the items you selected (including copies, copyright fee, publishing fee, etc.) will display for your review.
  • You will be prompted to pay any applicable fees.
  • After you submit, your dissertation/thesis will be sent to your graduate school administrator for review, approval, and delivery to ProQuest.

Soumettre votre ETD

Vue d'ensemble.

  • Fournir des renseignements d'édition et des coordonnées

Fournir des renseignements sur votre thèse

Soumission et règlement.

Félicitations pour avoir terminé votre thèse! Nous sommes honorés de votre confiance pour l'édition de votre travail. Le Bureau de Publications ProQuest édite des dissertations et des thèses depuis 1938. Depuis lors, nous avons édité plus de 2 millions de travaux de fin d'études pour des écoles d'études supérieures dans le monde entier. Nous mettons cette ressource collective à la disposition des chercheurs dans les bibliothèques à l'aide de la base de données de Dissertations et thèses de ProQuest. Une fois édité, votre travail fera partie de ce référentiel important.

ETD Administrator est un site permettant aux étudiants de soumettre leurs ETD (thèses électroniques) pour leur édition.

Le schéma suivant illustre le chemin qu'une soumission peut suivre. Cliquez pour agrandir.

Voici un résumé du processus :

  • fournir vos coordonnées
  • fournir une version PDF de votre document
  • déterminer les options d'édition
  • Votre soumission est alors affectée à un administrateur de votre école d'études supérieures pour sa révision.
  • L'administrateur affecté révise votre soumission pour s'assurer que vos renseignements, y compris votre résumé et le PDF de votre document, sont exacts, corrects et complets. Il vous sera peut-être demandé d'apporter des modifications mineures ou majeures.
  • Lorsque la révision de votre soumission est terminée, l'administrateur "l'acceptera".
  • Votre ETD est alors envoyé à ProQuest pour son édition.

Fournir des renseignements d'édition et vos coordonnées

Renseignements sur l'édition, examination et acceptation de l'accord entre auteur et université.

Les universités ont le choix d'ajouter leur Accord entre auteur et université au site ETD Administrator. En règle générale, cet accord demandera votre autorisation de dépôt de votre thèse dans le dépôt institutionnel de votre université. Si votre université fait ce choix, nous vous prions de lire et d'accepter l'Accord entre auteur et université, tel qu'il est conçu par votre université

"Je veux que mon travail soit disponible dès qu'il est édité"

  • Si vous souhaitez différer l'accès au texte intégral de votre thèse (par exemple, s'il existe un brevet en instance), sélectionnez Non, puis sélectionnez l'une des options de période fournies.

Remarque : Si vous ne voyez pas cette question, cela signifie que votre institution n'a pas choisi de l'inclure. Utilisez la section Notes pour rédiger un message adrésseé aux administrateurs de votre établissement demandant un embargo.  

  • Si vous souhaitez une publication retardée (période d'embargo) ne correspondant pas aux options affichées, sélectionnez l'option disponible la plus proche, puis utilisez la période souhaitée.

"Je veux que les moteurs de recherches principaux (par ex. Google, Yahoo) puissent trouver mon travail"

Vous pouvez indiquer si vous souhaitez ou non que votre thèse soit disponible pour les moteurs de recherche tels que Google. Si vous choisissez "Non", votre travail ne sera accessible que par les utilisateurs de Dissertations et thèses ProQuest.

Veuillez noter toutefois que les moteurs de recherche en ligne risquent de trouver votre thèse via d'autres points d'accès, en particulier par la bibliothèque ou l'espace de stockage institutionnel de votre institution d'études supérieures. Si l'exclusion des moteurs de recherche est vraiment nécessaire, vous devrez demander une restriction auprès de votre institution d'études supérieures en plus de la restriction d'accès via ProQuest.

"Je veux que mon travail de fin d'études soit vendu par des revendeurs tiers en plus de ProQuest"

Vous pouvez indiquer si vous souhaitez ou non que votre thèse soit disponible à la vente par des revendeurs tiers. Si vous choisissez "Non", nous ne mettrons pas votre travail à la disposition des revendeurs tiers.

Coordonnées

Nous respectons votre confidentialité. Vos coordonnées permettent à ProQuest de vous contacter pour toute question concernant votre soumission.

Nous ne collecterons que les coordonnées nécessaires au traitement de votre soumission, à la réalisation des commandes d'impression et/ou à l'inscription de votre travail auprès de la protection du droit d'auteur aux États-Unis.

Contrat ProQuest

Le Contrat ProQuest est une licence non exclusive entre vous-même et ProQuest. Veuillez noter qu'il s'agit d'un contrat non exclusif, ProQuest n'exige pas de droits de distribution exclusive.

Veuillez suivre les étapes ci-dessous:

  • Remplissez le formulaire.
  • Imprimez le formulaire.
  • Signez et datez le formulaire.
  • Remettez le formulaire à votre école d'études supérieures.

Détails de la thèse

Cette page vous permet d'ajouter des détails à propos de votre diplôme et de votre thèse. Les résumés, catégories et mots clés aident les autres chercheurs à découvrir votre thèse dans Dissertations et thèses ProQuest.

Formatage de résumé : vous pouvez formater un résumé en utilisant des codes de formatage pour contrôler la manière dont il apparaît (for exemple, le faire apparaître en gras ou en indice supérieur). Apprenez-en davantage à propos du formatage de résumés.

Les fichiers PDF sont utilisés pour l'édition. Afin de garantir qu'une thèse sera éditée comme souhaité, veuillez réviser votre PDF avant de procéder à son téléversement.

  • Vérification de vos paramètres PDF : votre PDF doit avoir toutes les fontes incorporées et les options de protection indiquant 'Aucune protection'. Consultez les instructions pour l'incorporation de fontes et le contrôle des options de protection .
  • Création d'un PDF : si vous n'avez pas de PDF, vous pouvez en créer un en téléversant votre document en utilisant l'outil de Conversion PDF disponible depuis ProQuest ETD Administrator. Alternativement, vous pouvez utiliser d'autres sources telles que Créer un Adobe® PDF en ligne . Les centres d'écriture ou informatiques de votre institution peuvent également proposer d'autres alternatives.

Fichiers supplémentaires (optionnel)

Vous pouvez soumettre du matériel supplémentaire (tel que des fichiers audio, vidéo et des feuilles de calcul) comme partie intégrante de votre thèse. Ces fichiers seront rendus disponibles dans ProQuest lorsque votre travail sera édité.

Exigences relatives aux fichiers supplémentaires :

  • Ne téléversez pas de fichiers dont vous n'êtes pas détenteur de tous les droits, tels que des logiciels de tierces parties. Par exemple, ne téléversez pas une copie du logiciel Microsoft Excel (toutefois, téléverser une feuille de calcul Excel ne pose pas de problèmes).
  • Pour tout fichier que vous téléversez, veuillez fournir une brève description qui indique clairement ce que le fichier comprend et sélectionnez le type de média approprié.
  • Votre signature
  • Une adresse de courriel
  • Une adresse
  • Un numéro de téléphone
  • Compressez les gros fichiers (c.-à-d. les fichiers de plus de 10 Mo)
  • Compressez les grandes quantités de fichiers ou les fichiers présentant une structure de dossier.
  • La taille de fichier maximum pour un fichier unique est de 1000 Mo.
  • La taille maximum pour l'ensemble des fichiers soumis est de 1000 Mo. En d'autres mots, lorsque vous soumettez le PDF de votre thèse avec des fichiers supplémentaires, la taille combinée de tous les fichiers doit être inférieure à 1000 Mo.

Notes (optionnel)

Vous pouvez inclure une note à l'administrateur de votre école d'études supérieures. Par exemple, vous souhaiterez peut-être écrire une note si vous avez un brevet en attente et que vous devez retarder la publication de votre travail.

Avant de soumettre votre travail, vous pouvez choisir de l'inscrire pour la protection du droit d'auteur aux États-Unis ou commander des copies imprimées de votre thèse. Remarque : ceci est optionnel.

Inscrire un droit d'auteur aux États-Unis

Si vous souhaitez que ProQuest inscrive un droit d'auteur aux États-Unis pour vous, vous pouvez le demander ici. Cela occasionnera des frais supplémentaires.

Commander des copies

Si vous désirez recevoir des copies de votre thèse, choisissez-en le type et la quantité ici. Vos copies seront livrées environ 8 à 12 semaines après réception de la thèse envoyée par votre école d'études supérieures.

Pour toute question éventuelle quant à l'état d'une commande, veuillez contacter l' Assistance à la rédaction de dissertations .

Soumettez votre thèse lorsque toutes les étapes ont été terminées.

Une liste des éléments que vous avez sélectionnés (y compris les copies, les frais de droit d'auteur, etc.) s'affichera pour révision. Le système vous demandera de payer tous les frais applicables.

Suite à la soumission, votre thèse sera envoyée à l'administrateur de votre école d'études supérieures pour sa révision.

e dissertation student login

https://support.proquest.com/s/article/Submitting-your-ETD?language=en_US

Privacy regulations require that we get your consent to continue to collect, store and use the personal information submitted for account creation or collected while using our services.

I consent to the collection and use of my personal information consistent with the Privacy Policy . I acknowledge that use of the service is subject to the Terms & Conditions .

Report a Problem with this Article

Submit a case.

Having an issue? Submit a Support Case and we'll get right on it.

Chat with Us

Chat is now available. If you are looking for quick feedback, chat with us now.

We're here to help. Give us a call if you aren't finding answers to your questions.

e dissertation student login

ProQuest ExLibris is committed to empowering researchers and librarians around the world.

Copyright © 2023 ProQuest LLC

Banner

ETD Administrator- Electronic Submissions

  • What is ETD Administrator?

Webinar Recordings

  • Powerpoint Presentations

Quick User Guides

Support center articles.

  • Submission Process
  • Unique Features

Product Access & Information

  • Additional Language Resources
  • ProQuest Support Center
  • Platform Status Page
  • Upcoming Webinars

The ETD Administrator web-based tool saves time and builds efficiency into your dissertation approval process. Configurable to each institution’s workflow needs, it provides an online submission, review, and approval process for electronic theses and dissertations.

Using this tool, authors of dissertations or theses can now publish with ProQuest without the need to produce paper copies of their work. Authors can submit their manuscripts to the appropriate institutional staff for review, approval, and delivery to ProQuest in an efficient and cost effective way.

This tool is freely available to any institution to use.  Request a local site setup by submitting a case to ETD Support .   To review the tool, access the Demo Site :

  • ETD Support

For more information, navigate to the Submission Process and Unique Features pages.

Video icon for Webinar recordings

  • ProQuest Electronic Thesis and Dissertation (ETD) Administrator Student Submission
  • ProQuest Electronic Thesis and Dissertation (ETD) Administrator Administration
  • ETD Committee Review
  • ETD Administrator_Guide_2023
  • ETD Administrator: Frequently asked questions
  • ETD Administrator help: student table of contents
  • ETD Administrator help: administrator table of contents
  • Submit a Support Case for ETD Administrator

If you would like to inquire about the status of your submission after it has been approved and sent by the graduate school, you may contact our Author and School Relations group at  [email protected] . Please include your manuscript ID with your query; the ID will have been included in the confirmation email sent to you by the ETD Administrator.

  • Next: Submission Process >>
  • Last Updated: Jul 28, 2023 1:27 PM
  • URL: https://proquest.libguides.com/proquest_etd

Electronic Theses and Dissertations @ Baylor University: Home

  • ETD Glossary

Graduate School Resources

The following resources are provided from personnel in the Graduate School and are available from their website .

  • Convert to a PDF/A and Embed Fonts
  • Copyright and Availability Form
  • ETD Resources
  • Forms for ETD Process
  • Formatting Workshops
  • Preliminary Technical Review
  • Outstanding Dissertation Awards

ETD Overview

Since Fall 2005, the Graduate School at Baylor University has required that all theses and dissertations be electronic only and submitted online to the Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Collection in the BEARdocs institutional repository. The purpose of this guide is primarily to provide general information related to ETD issues and information about the process of submitting ETDs to BEARdocs. The primary audience is graduate students who are preparing to submit their thesis to BEARdocs and the faculty who work with these students.  

Advantages of holding theses and dissertations in an open and online environment include:

  • ETDs are more easily discoverable because the repositories are accessible to search engines like Google and others.  Google also adds content pulled from institutional repositories to Google Scholar .
  • Scholars and researchers can more easily find other scholars and researchers who share similar interests.
  • New research is more quickly encountered than it is in the traditional print publishing environment.
  • Potential to make your name and your work more well known, which may enable getting employed more quickly.
  • Plagiarism of openly accessible work is easier to detect than plagiarism of print works.
  • Within the BEARdocs system, you can demonstrate interest in your thesis via the usage data provided.

For detailed information on the practices of other institutions with ETDs, the ETD community maintains this  spreadsheet .  To find electronic theses and dissertations at other institutions use the Global ETD Search  provided by the  Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations .

Using the ETD Submission System

The submission of your thesis to the ETD submission system, is a simple process and should require very little time.  Below are the basic steps for this process.  If you have any questions or encounter any problems, contact [email protected]

  • Login -- with your Bear ID and password -- to the Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Submission System at: http://baylor-etd.tdl.org .
  • More than one entity at the university can use this submission system. To submit to the Graduate School, make sure you select Baylor -- Graduate School and make sure the button says Start Graduate School Submission before you start your submission. 
  • Some personal information about you will be supplied automatically because of your Bear ID/password login. If this information is not accurate (usually issues with name changes), contact  personnel in the Graduate School so they can correct this information after you have completed your submission.
  • Read the sticky notes on each page before you complete the information on that page.
  • Place your mouse over the " information icon " to see the help information for each part of the submission form.
  • Any part of the form flagged with an asterisk ( * ) is an area that must be completed.
Sticky Note Information Icon  
  • You must agree to the license agreement .  The license agreement gives Baylor University and the Texas Digital Library (the host of the ETD submission system) non-exclusive rights to distribute (if not embargoed) the thesis and to make copies (for preservation purposes, in case we need to convert it to another format in the future).   The author/creator of the work retains all copyrights.   The license also asks that the person submitting the work guarantees that s/he is the copyright holder and that s/he has permission to use any third-party (copyright-protected) material used in the work.
  • Degree Date -- Use the calendar function to select the appropriate graduation date, either May, August, or December and the appropriate year.
  • Defense Date -- Use the calendar function to select the exact date of your defense.
  • Submission Type -- Several options display; select either Dissertation or Thesis , whichever is appropriate for your degree.
  • Committee Chairperson -- This part of the form provides the option to identify more than one person.   Only provide one name -- the name of the person who served as your advisor/mentor/chairperson/supervisor during the writing of your thesis/dissertation. Start typing that person's name. If the name appears on the list, select it. If it doesn't appear on the list, type the full name as you know it -- LastName, FirstName .
  • Previously Published Material -- This section refers primarily to students whose theses have chapters that -- as a departmental requirement for graduation -- consist of the word-for-word full text of articles that have been published in peer reviewed journals . In this field, provide the complete citation for each work  using this format: Author1Lastname, Author1Firstname; Author2Lastname, Author2Firstname.  "Title of Article.  Journal Title (year) volume#: issue#, page numbers. Separate multiple citations with a semicolon.  For example: Smith, James; Jones, Sarah.  "This is the Title".  This is the Journal Title (2015) 35:4, 23-35; Smith, James.  "This is Another Title".  This is Another Journal Title (2014) 24:2, 38-50.  
  • Embargo Options -- Select the same embargo option that you and your advisor selected on your " Copyright and Availability " form.  You may want to view the " Embargo " section of this guide for information on making that decision. 
  • Primary Document -- Thesis document in the  PDF/A  format.
  • Supplemental Document -- " Copyright and Availability " form and all documents that give permission for the use of third-party (copyright-protected) content in your thesis -- i.e., previously published journal articles that are also chapters in your work.
  • Confirm and Submit -- You are provided one more opportunity to review the information and documents you've provided.  You can click on the " [edit your...] " link associated with each section if you need to make changes.  Once you have clicked on the " Confirm and Submit " button, you will not be able to make changes unless Graduate School or library personnel send you a " Needs Correction " notice.  
  • At any point, you can login to the submission system to see the current status of your submission, as well as a log of comments related to your submission.  Although you can't make any changes in your submission, you can send a message to Graduate School or library personnel from within the system.
  • Early in the semester after you graduate , your thesis will be " published " to the BEARdocs Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection , which means the descriptive information (including the abstract) will be findable by search engines and the full text of your thesis will be accessible -- if you have not embargoed the work .  
  • Once the thesis is published in BEARdocs, the thesis will be assigned a permanent URL that you can use in your CV, on web pages, or anywhere you want to promote your thesis.  
  • To obtain that URL, look for your thesis by your name in the BEARdocs  Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection  a couple of months after you have graduated.

Subject Guide

Profile Photo

  • Next: ETD Glossary >>
  • Last Updated: Sep 23, 2022 2:07 PM
  • URL: https://libguides.baylor.edu/etd

University Libraries

One Bear Place #97148 Waco, TX 76798-7148

(254) 710-6702

   Ask a Question

Copyright © Baylor® University . All rights reserved.

Report It | Title IX | Mental Health Resources | Anonymous Reporting | Legal Disclosures

  • Public Lectures
  • Faculty & Staff Site >>

Thesis/Dissertation

To graduate with a master’s (thesis program) or doctoral (dissertation program) degree, students are required to submit an Electronic Thesis/Dissertation (ETD) and a Committee Approval Form to the Graduate School through the  UW ETD Administrator Site . ETDs are distributed by ProQuest/UMI Dissertation Publishing and made available on an open access basis through UW Libraries  ResearchWorks Service .

The Graduate School partners with the UW Libraries to provide comprehensive resources for students as they write, submit, and publish academic theses or dissertations. These pages outline information and policies related to preparing your thesis/dissertation, including formatting, deadlines, copyright and distribution decisions, and, ultimately, graduation. We also encourage you to review the  ETD Library Guide  for additional information.

For comprehensive information on preparing to graduate, please refer to our graduation requirements information page .

Writing Your Thesis or Dissertation

Etd resources.

As a starting point, students submitting an ETD are encouraged to review the below resources:

  • Hacking the Academy: UW Theses & Dissertations (Recording of July 29, 2020 event) This session helps students think through their options for how and when to share their work, including the copyright and publishing considerations they may need to take into account.
  • Electronic Theses & Dissertations with the UW Libraries The University Libraries welcomes you to this self-guided course on electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs) at the UW. In this five-part learning experience, you will learn a lot about the ETD process including how the submission process works, how to give and receive recognition for your work, how to find and interpret publisher policies and how to read and inspect publishing contracts.

Formatting Guidelines

After you submit your ETD, the Graduate School will review your document as part of the graduation process at the end of each quarter. We will review for information accuracy, consistency, and to ensure your ETD meets the formatting requirements described below. There are three required sections (pages) that must be included at the beginning of your manuscript: 1) Title Page, 2) Copyright Page, 3) Abstract. Templates for these sections are provided below.

Apart from these first three pages, the Graduate School does not adhere to any specific formatting or publishing requirements unless explicitly stated by the ProQuest Author Guide: Preparing Your Manuscript for Submission (provided below). You should refer to the citation, formatting, and style specifications of your discipline and the guidance of your supervisory committee.  Note: theses and dissertations must be submitted in PDF format.

For a complete overview of the graduation process, please review  Preparing to Graduate .

Required Sections:

  • Must include all items listed in the sample title page and placed in the same order
  • May be the first or second page of your document
  • Title of document
  • Author’s Full Name
  • Name of degree as it will appear on your diploma
  • Year of graduation
  • Names of chair/committee members (do not include signatures or professional titles, e.g. Dr. or PhD, before/after faculty names)
  • Program authorized to offer degree (school or department)
  • Name and year must match title pages
  • List the year of graduation
  • Place abstract after copyright and title page

Master’s Thesis Approval Form:

You are required to upload a completed and signed Master’s Thesis Approval Form into the UW ETD Administrator (ProQuest) site; the Approval Form is part of your ETD submission. This Approval Form is a separate PDF and should not be included as a page in the thesis or dissertation itself.

  • Master’s Thesis Approval Form

Electronic Doctoral Dissertation Approval:

Final Exams scheduled after March 3, 2020 include a link for Reading Committee Members to approve the dissertation online at MyGrad Committee View.

ETD Formatting Resources:

  • Thesis/Dissertation Formatting Checklist  – a quick reference guide of the formatting do’s and don’ts provided below.
  • ProQuest Dissertation Publishing — Author Guide: Preparing Your Manuscript for Submission
  • ProQuest Online Submission FAQs
  • Master’s Thesis Title Page – Fillable PDF Template 
  • Doctoral Dissertation Title Page – Fillable PDF Template
  • Word Templates  – Alex Mamishev, Professor in Electrical Engineering maintains a Word file that other students may find useful when formatting their document.

Common ETD Formatting Revisions Requested

To ensure timely graduating, take some time before you submit to review this information and ProQuest’s document formatting guidelines. These are all common errors and revisions the Graduate School will request when reviewing ETD formatting. You will be required to resubmit if revisions are needed. Be precise, and consistent as you format your document.  Many formatting errors result from following a fellow or former student’s example, so it’s important to review the most current templates and guidelines.

Title Page, Copyright Page, Abstract

Language requirement.

Your document must be written in English ( policy 1.1.4.3 ). If you need to write your document in another language to accommodate the main audience, you must get prior approval to do so by  submitting a petition the dean via MyGrad . If the petition is approved, the required sections (title page, copyright page, abstract) must still be written in English.

Plagiarism is using words, ideas, diagrams, and other content from publicly available work without appropriately acknowledging the sources of these materials. This definition constitutes plagiarism whether it is intentional or unintentional and whether it is the work of another or your own, previously published work.

Plagiarism is a very serious offense that the University of Washington does not tolerate. Evidence of plagiarism may prevent granting of your degree.

Submitting and Publishing

Submitting for dissemination and access.

The Graduate School and the Libraries require that all UW theses and dissertations be submitted electronically for management efficiency, cost control, ease of dissemination, and long-term preservation reasons. In addition, your ETD must eventually be made available openly on the web. Your ETD will be hosted in both UW’s institutional repository,  ResearchWorks , and in  ProQuest’s ETD Database .  Consequently, you will need to indicate your choices in two sections about how your ETD is made available. Most students choose to make their work available immediately, but you can choose to limit access  temporarily  before making it available openly.

Students may restrict access to their theses and dissertations…

  • while seeking to publish journal articles or books based on them,
  • to protect intellectual property during the patent application process, or
  • to prevent the disclosure of sensitive or classified information.

During the submission process, you will select ProQuest and ResearchWorks (Institutional Repository, or IR) publication options. The options are summarized on a table below, followed by selected scenarios to assist you in making your decisions.

IMPORTANT: The metadata describing your ETD, including the citation and abstract, is openly available  immediately— regardless of the embargo or restriction status. This information is searchable by Google, Bing and other search engines, so take care that neither the descriptive information nor the text contain confidential or sensitive information.

Selecting Access Options

Selected etd access scenarios.

The UW Libraries and the Graduate School are committed to the goal of sharing graduate students’ research as soon and as widely as possible, while allowing students to temporarily limit access to their theses and dissertations for such reasons as to support formal publication in journal article or book form or to allow time for filing patents. Below are some examples of how students may wish to use these options to support their publishing or intellectual property-protection goals.

Discussion of Scenarios

  • Journal Article Publishing. In recent years graduate students – especially in scientific, medical and technical fields — have increasingly been publishing results of their research in journals.
  • The “Research Article” Dissertation. In some disciplines students may be expected to publish 2 or more journal articles during the course of their studies and submit them as the core of their thesis or dissertation — along with an introduction, literature review, and conclusions. Because this has become so common, most journals now permit authors to immediately republish their articles within their theses or dissertations as long as they provide the full article citation and a statement that an article is being “reprinted with permission” of the journal. However, some other journals allow the practice but require that an article not appear on an open access basis before a delay of 6 or 12 months. The Libraries strongly suggests that students become familiar with the policies in place at the journals in which they would like to publish their work, and choose appropriate access restrictions if needed when they submit their ETD’s.
  • Book Publishing. Some students in such humanities and social science disciplines as history and political science may hope to publish a revised version of their dissertation as their first book. As they consider that possibility they may be concerned they might undermine their prospects by making their dissertations widely available via ProQuest and/or on an open access basis.Before deciding whether or for how long to limit access to their work based on these concerns, The Libraries recommends students become familiar with the arguments and evidence put forward on these issues. For example, Cirasella and Thistlethwaite 3 and Courtney and Kilcer 4 provide excellent discussions of issues and review recent literature, while William Germano’s classic From Dissertation to Book 5 and Beth Luey’s Revising Your Dissertation 6 offer important insight into what might be involved during the dissertation revision process. While the Libraries recommends that most students hoping to publish their dissertations as books make them widely available while they work toward that goal, they should feel free to consider choosing otherwise, such as “Immediate Access” for ProQuest and limiting to UW for five years – at the end of which students may request additional time.
  • Patent Protection Strategies. Students whose theses or dissertations describe work for which patent protection might be appropriate should contact Jesse Kindra at CoMotion ( [email protected] or 206 616-9658) prior to submitting their work to ProQuest and choosing access restrictions. Depending on the circumstances, a student may choose to completely withhold access for one year, but should recognize that doing so will prevent anyone else at the UW from having access to it during the restricted access period. To exercise this option, students should delay releasing their work to ProQuest for 1 or 2 years, and then choose “No access for 1 year, then make Open Access” from the Institutional Repository (IR) Publishing Options menu for the UW copy. In unusual circumstances, requests for access to be withheld an additional year may be considered. To make such a request, students should describe the reason(s) for it in an email to [email protected] prior to expiration of the original embargo period.

1 Marisa L. Ramirez, Joan T. Dalton, Gail McMillan, Max Read and Nancy H. Seamans, “Do Open Access Electronic Theses and Dissertations Diminish Publishing Opportunities in the Social Sciences and Humanities,” College and Research Libraries 74 (July 2013): 368‐80, http://crl.acrl.org/content/74/4/368.full.pdf+html .

2 Marisa Ramirez, Gail McMillan, Joan T. Dalton, Ann Hanlon, Heather S. Smith and Chelsea Kern, “Do Open Access Electronic Theses and Dissertations Diminish Publishing Opportunities in the Sciences?” College and Research Libraries 75 (November 2014): 808-21, http://crl.acrl.org/content/75/6/808.full.pdf+html .

3 Jill Cirasella and Polly Thistlethwaite, “Open Access and the Graduate Author: A Dissertation Anxiety Manual,” pp. 203-224 in Open Access and the Future of Scholarly Communication: Implementation (Kevin L. Smith and Katherine A. Dickson, eds.: Rowman and Littlefield, 2017), http://academicworks.cuny.edu/gc_pubs/286/ .

4 Kyle K. Courtney and Emily Kilcer, “From Apprehension to Comprehension: Addressing Anxieties about Open Access to ETD’s,” pp. 225-244 in Open Access and the Future of Scholarly Communication: Implementation (Kevin L. Smith and Katherine A. Dickson, eds.: Rowman and Littlefield, 2017).

5 William Germano. 2013. From Dissertation to Book, 2d. ed. : University of Chicago Press.

6 Beth Luey (ed.). 2008. Revising Your Dissertation: Advice from Leading Editors. University of California Press.

Publishing Agreements

When you submit your ETD for review and publication, you will be required to read and accept two separate publishing agreements. You will also have to decide whether to publish your work right away or to delay its release. Additional pages within this section will outline all the considerations to keep in mind, when deciding how to make your work available to the scholarly community.

All students writing a thesis or dissertation should review the UW Libraries Copyright Research Guide . Understanding copyright law is another critical aspect as you write your thesis or dissertation.  As you compose your work, ask yourself the following questions:

  • Have you referenced others’ work? If so, you either need to get explicit permission from the rights holder or to determine that your use is Fair.
  • Have you previously published any part of the work? If you’ve signed your copyright over to your publisher, you will need permission to use your material in your thesis.

Ordering Paper Copies

There are no required fees , although you have the option to register your copyright via ProQuest for a fee. If you want to order bound (paper) copies of your document, you may do so through the UW Copy Centers or through ProQuest. Questions should be directed to the UW Copy Centers or to ProQuest at 1.800.521.0600 ext. 77020 — available 8 a.m.–5 p.m. EST, Monday through Friday (excluding U.S. holidays).

Frequently Asked Questions

I created an account in the etd administrator site, but i’m not ready to submit my etd. can i come back to my account later.

Yes. If you need to finish your submission later (for instance, if you need to update your PDF file before uploading it), you can save your information and come back to finish. No information will be lost.

I submitted my ETD but would like to make an edit to the document. How can I edit my submission?

Once your thesis/dissertation is submitted, no additional changes to the document are allowed with the exception of a major data error in the document. In this circumstance, a letter outlining the necessary changes is required from your supervisory committee chair.

What will the Graduate School be reviewing after I submit my ETD?

Submissions are reviewed by GEMS advisors for formatting requirements for the three required sections — title page, copyright page, abstract — before they are delivered to ProQuest for publication. We are checking for accuracy and consistency. Refer to the Formatting Guidelines section on this page for detailed information.

I submitted my ETD and haven't heard anything yet. When will it be reviewed?

We try to review all ETDs as they are received, but if you submit early in the quarter it may not be acted on immediately. If you need to confirm completion of your degree requirements to an external agency or employer, please access the request for letter of certification in the forms section of our Additional Resources page (once your degree has posted to your UW transcript, we can no longer issue this letter). In general, ETDs are reviewed in the last two to three weeks before the quarter ends and after the last day of the quarter. When your submission has been accepted by a GEMS advisor, you will receive email confirmation.

How can I tell if my ETD was submitted and received by the Graduate School?

When your ETD is successfully submitted and pending review, the status will read “submission in review.”

When will my ETD be made available for access?

This depends on the type of access restrictions you selected when creating your account. However, your submission will be delivered to ProQuest for publishing four to six weeks after graduation and you will receive email confirmation when this has occurred. It should be available in UW ResearchWorks around the same time.

When will the printed dissertation / thesis copies I ordered from ProQuest be ready?

After you receive the email confirmation that UW has “delivered” your submission (ETD) to ProQuest, you should please refer to the ProQuest customer service guidelines for the expected delivery date of your order.

What if I am missing a faculty signature for my thesis or dissertation, or I have encountered difficulties in uploading my ETD? Must I pay the graduate registration waiver fee and graduate in the following quarter?

If you encounter these types of situations, contact Graduate Enrollment Management Services (206.685.2630 or  [email protected] ) as early as possible and no later than the last day of the quarter in which you intend to graduate.

Additional Resources

  • Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs) Guide  (start here!)
  • Copyright and Fair Use
  • Open Access
  • Scholarly Publishing
  • ProQuest/UMI Agreement — Traditional Publishing Agreement
  • University Agreement — UW Libraries Thesis and Dissertation Submission Agreement
  • UW Human Subjects Division (HSD)
  • UW CoMotion

Jump to navigation

Search form

Home

The Graduate School

  • Faculty/Staff Resources
  • Programs of Study Browse the list of MSU Colleges, Departments, and Programs
  • Graduate Degree List Graduate degrees offered by Michigan State University
  • Research Integrity Guidelines that recognize the rights and responsibilities of researchers
  • Online Programs Find all relevant pre-application information for all of MSU’s online and hybrid degree and certificate programs
  • Graduate Specializations A subdivision of a major for specialized study which is indicated after the major on official transcripts
  • Graduate Certificates Non-degree-granting programs to expand student knowledge and understanding about a key topic
  • Interdisciplinary Graduate Study Curricular and co-curricular opportunities for advanced study that crosses disciplinary boundaries
  • Theses and Dissertations Doctoral and Plan A document submission process
  • Policies and Procedures important documents relating to graduate students, mentoring, research, and teaching
  • Academic Programs Catalog Listing of academic programs, policies and related information
  • Traveling Scholar Doctoral students pursue studies at other BTAA institutions
  • Apply Now Graduate Departments review applicants based on their criteria and recommends admission to the Office of Admissions
  • International Applicants Application information specific to international students
  • PhD Public Data Ph.D. Program Admissions, Enrollments, Completions, Time to Degree, and Placement Data
  • Costs of Graduate School Tools to estimate costs involved with graduate education
  • Recruitment Awards Opportunities for departments to utilize recruitment funding
  • Readmission When enrollment is interrupted for three or more consecutive terms
  • Assistantships More than 3,000 assistantships are available to qualified graduate students
  • Fellowships Financial support to pursue graduate studies
  • Research Support Find funding for your research
  • Travel Funding Find funding to travel and present your research
  • External Funding Find funding outside of MSU sources
  • Workshops/Events Find opportunities provided by The Graduate School and others
  • Research Opportunities and programs for Research at MSU
  • Career Development Programs to help you get the career you want
  • Teaching Development Resources, workshops, and development opportunities to advance your preparation in teaching
  • Cohort Fellowship Programs Spartans are stronger together!
  • The Edward A. Bouchet Graduate Honor Society (BGHS) A national network society for students who have traditionally been underrepresented
  • Summer Research Opportunities Program (SROP) A gateway to graduate education at Big Ten Academic Alliance universities
  • Alliances for Graduate Education and the Professoriate (AGEP) A community that supports retention, and graduation of underrepresented doctoral students
  • Recruitment and Outreach Ongoing outreach activities by The Graduate School
  • Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Funding Funding resources to recruit diverse students
  • Graduate Student Organizations MSU has over 900 registered student organizations
  • Grad School Office of Well-Being Collaborates with graduate students in their pursuit of their advanced degree and a well-balanced life
  • Housing and Living in MI MSU has an on and off-campus housing site to help find the perfect place to stay
  • Mental Health Support MSU has several offices and systems to provide students with the mental health support that they need
  • Spouse and Family Resources MSU recognizes that students with families have responsibilities that present challenges unique to this population
  • Health Insurance Health insurance info for graduate student assistants and students in general at MSU
  • Safety and Security MSU is committed to cultivating a safe and inclusive campus community characterized by a culture of safety and respect
  • Why Mentoring Matters To Promote Inclusive Excellence in Graduate Education at MSU
  • Guidelines Guidelines and tools intended to foster faculty-graduate student relationships
  • Toolkit A set of resources for support units, faculty and graduate students
  • Workshops Workshops covering important topics related to mentor professional development
  • About the Graduate School We support graduate students in every program at MSU
  • Strategic Plan Our Vision, Values, Mission, and Goals
  • Social Media Connect with the Graduate School!
  • History Advancing Graduate Education at MSU for over 25 years
  • Staff Directory
  • Driving Directions

Electronic Theses and Dissertation Submissions

Thesis/Dissertation Office, 466 West Circle Drive, 2nd floor, Chittenden Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824

Phone: 517-353-3220; Email: [email protected] .

The links below provide instructions on what needs to be completed and approved by the Graduate School in order to graduate.

Each semester has a firm submission deadline by which students must submit their thesis/dissertation to ProQuest. The document must have been successfully defended, corrections from the committee addressed and is to be a final version. After submission it may take several days for the Graduate School to review and approve the documents, especially if formatting revisions are needed. Each semester has a final deadline (usually 2 weeks later) by which students must have all required paperwork turned in, all milestones completed and their thesis/dissertation accepted by the Graduate School. 

  • Printable Formatting Guide (PDF) Note the absence of List of Tables and List of Figures in the new formatting guide. These sections are generally not necessary and leaving them out helps quicken the review process. Also note that the Table of Contents is more useful when entries are limited to chapter-level headings or chapter-level headings and first-level subheadings.
  • Printable Sample Pages (PDF) This includes examples of the title page, abstract, copyright, dedication page, preface, bibliography, table of contents, etc.
  • Master’s Title Page Template
  • Dissertation Title Page Template
  • Dissertation Title Page with Dual Degree Template
  • Fall 2023 Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Formatting Tutorial (PDF)
  • Fall 2023 Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Formatting Tutorial (Video)
  • All Plan A Master’s and all Doctoral students must turn in the Approval form.
  • The Approval form is taken as evidence that the document has been examined and approved by the major professor or thesis/dissertation director. It also serves to document compliance with the appropriate Institutional Review Board for the use of human and vertebrate animals for research.
  • Supplemental files may be included with the electronic submission of the thesis or dissertation in the student’s ProQuest account ONLY if the files have been approved by the faculty advisor/committee on the Approval Form.
  • ETD Approval Form

Human Research Protection Program

  • If human subjects were used in your research, the IRB letter (on letterhead from the Human Research Protection office) should be uploaded with your electronic Approval Form.
  • The IRB number that is to appear your approval form is the “Approved” number on the IRB letter (e.g. STUDY00004871 or AMEND202100608), not the application number (e.g. i45603).
  • Sending a screenshot from the “CLICK” site where you are listed as a researcher (CLICK photo must start at the green box that says “APPROVED” and extend so it includes information in the “Contacts” tab below the flow chart) OR
  • Having your PI send an email to [email protected] stating the IRB number, the project title, and that you are an approved researcher on the project.  (If you used animal subjects, your name does not need to appear on the IACUC letter.)  

MSU Requirements

MSU IRB review and approval or an exempt determination is required for all projects that involve research or clinical investigations with human subjects conducted by faculty, staff, students, or agents of MSU before initiation of any human subject research activities.

For those projects that may qualify as exempt from IRB approval, an exempt determination must be obtained from the MSU IRB office prior to initiation of the human subject research. For those projects that do not qualify as exempt, IRB approval must be obtained prior to initiation of the human subject research.

Please note: your thesis or dissertation may be rejected if you did not obtain IRB approval prior to the start of your research, if your IRB request was backdated or if your review request was denied by the Human Research Protection office. For further information, please see the Human Research Protection Program website at:  https://hrpp.msu.edu/ . Phone: 517-355-2180. Email:  [email protected] .

Animal Care Program

  • If vertebrate animals were used in your research, the IACUC (AUF) letter (on letterhead from the Animal Care Program office) should be uploaded with your electronic Approval Form.
  • The IACUC (AUF) number that is to appear on your approval form is the “IACUC ID” number on the IACUC letter (i.e.: PROTO201800030).

Activities Needing Approval

Any ownership or use of animals for research, teaching, testing, or public outreach by or for MSU must be approved by the IACUC. Some activities are exempt but check first.

Check with the IACUC before you do any of these:

  • breed, buy, or conduct research involving animals
  • study wild animals
  • conduct farming and food production with animals
  • euthanize an animal
  • import or export animals
  • test products, procedures, or treatments on animals
  • transport animals
  • initiate a new project
  • add a new procedure or controlled substance
  • change your protocol
  • change the breed you are using
  • schedule a public performance or demonstration with animals

Get approval before you begin ANY activities involving animals.

The  laws and guidelines  for using animals are numerous. Non-compliance can affect animal care. Non-compliance will be costly to the investigator and the University (such as damage to our reputation and funding). The IACUC committee and staff have up-to-date information on legislation and regulations and contacts with agencies providing guidelines for the care and use of animals.

Please note: your thesis or dissertation may be rejected if you did not obtain IACUC approval prior to the start of your research, if your IACUC request was backdated or if your review request was denied by the Animal Care Program office. For further information, please see the Animal Care Program/IACUC website at:  https://animalcare.msu.edu/iacuc/index.html . Phone: 517-432-8103. Email:  [email protected] .

  • Please take a few moments to complete this survey the semester that you plan to graduate. Only students who have applied for graduation will have access to this online survey. Your participation is important and is greatly appreciated by the Graduate School. The survey will ask you questions about your educational experience in your graduate program. The Graduate School uses data from this survey when reviewing graduate programs and to guide decisions about services and initiatives for graduate students.
  • Doctoral students:  https://www.egr.msu.edu/doctoral/survey
  • Master’s students:  https://msu.12twenty.com
  • Enter your MSU NetID (Login name) and password.
  • Complete all items on the survey. When finished, click Submit.
  • If you cannot open the survey, please contact the Graduate School by email at  [email protected]  and include your name, student ID#, degree level (PhD, MA, MS, etc), and the semester of graduation. You will then be notified when you are able to access the survey.
  • The Survey of Earned Doctorates is the definitive source of information on the nation’s new research doctorates. Sponsored by the National Science Foundation and five other federal agencies and conducted by RTI, the SED is critical to the understanding in what specialty areas doctorates are produced and their post-graduation employment plans.
  • Results are used by government as well as academic institutions to make decisions about graduate education funding, developing new programs and supporting existing ones.
  • Michigan State University REQUIRES verification of completion of the survey. When you submit your survey, a notification of completion will automatically be sent to the Graduate School office. It is recommended that at the end of the survey, you also have a copy of the “certificate of completion” emailed to your personal email for your records.
  • The registration URL for the survey is:  https://sed-ncses.org . You will receive an email with a PIN and password as well as the URL to the survey upon registering.
  • Confidentiality Assurance: The information provided in the survey questionnaire remains confidential and is safeguarded in accordance with the Privacy Act of 1974 and the NSF Act of 1950, as amended. The survey data are reported only in aggregate form or in a manner that does not identify information about the individual.
  • Questions about the survey may be directed to RTI at  [email protected]  or at 1-877-256-8167.
  • You may submit your document to ProQuest once you have successfully defended your thesis or dissertation and you have made the corrections that your committee wishes you to make.  Do not submit your document prior to your defense. 
  • Go to  www.etdadmin.com/grad.msu  and follow the directions for submitting your thesis/dissertation to Michigan State University via ProQuest.
  • When creating your account be sure to use an email address that you use regularly. In order to continue the submission process, you will be asked to “confirm” your account using the email address you provided. This is the email address that all correspondence from the Graduate School regarding your document will go.
  • Once you “confirm” your account, you are ready to begin the submission process. Please be sure you are on the Michigan State University website within ProQuest. 
  • The submission steps are listed on the left side of the screen in the ProQuest website. As each step is completed, a check mark will appear in the appropriate box indicating that you have completed that step. In order to make your initial submission, you must go through each step of the process.
  • Once you submit to ProQuest, your electronic submission will be reviewed by a Michigan State University Graduate School Administrator for possible formatting revisions and/or required paperwork before it is “officially” accepted and delivered to ProQuest for publishing.
  • You may expect a response with necessary corrections or paperwork from the Graduate School within two business days from the time we receive your electronic submission (or resubmission). NOTE: Response times increase dramatically closer to deadline dates.
  • Once all corrections have been made and all necessary paperwork has been turned in to the Graduate School, your document will be accepted and delivered to ProQuest for publishing.
  • Please contact ProQuest directly at 800-521-0600 with any technical questions regarding your submission or any questions regarding an order you placed.
  • If you wish to have ProQuest file a copyright on your behalf, the current fee is $75.00 and must be paid to ProQuest when you create your submission.  You must be the sole author of the entire document for ProQuest to file for a copyright on your behalf.
  • For information regarding a publication hold/embargo on your thesis/dissertation please go to the Embargo link .

Michigan State University Wordmark

  • Call us: (517) 353-3220
  • Contact Information
  • Privacy Statement
  • Site Accessibility
  • Call MSU: (517) 355-1855
  • Visit: msu.edu
  • MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer.
  • Notice of Nondiscrimination
  • Spartans Will.
  • © Michigan State University

Student & Academic Services will be closed for winter break from December 21, 2023 through January 3, 2024. If you need assistance, please submit a help ticket , and we will respond when we return. 

Happy holidays!

Dissertations and Theses

Main navigation.

Congratulations on being close to the finish line with your dissertation or thesis.

After you’ve applied to graduate and enrolled, dissertations and theses may be submitted online through the Dissertation & Thesis Center in Axess.  

Once you finish submitting your dissertation or thesis in Axess, and it has been approved by the university, the submission is considered final and no further changes are permitted. 

The electronic submission process is free of charge and allows you the ability to check your pre-submission requirements and when ready, upload a digital copy of your dissertation or thesis. 

You can learn more about the center on the How to Use the Dissertation & Thesis Center webpage.

  • FAQs: Dissertation & Theses
  • How to Submit Your Signature Page
  • How to Use the Dissertation & Thesis Center
  • How to Request to Use Copyrighted Material

Note: The online submission process is not available for master's theses or undergraduate honors theses. Please consult with your department directly regarding submission procedures.

Follow these guides to ensure you meet all the requirements for submitting your dissertation or thesis. 

  • Prepare Your Work for Submission
  • Submit Your Dissertation or Thesis
  • Steps After Submission

Submission Deadlines for Conferral

You must apply to graduate and enroll before you can access the Dissertation & Thesis Center in Axess.

The Dissertation & Thesis Center opens to submissions on the first day of instruction each quarter for which the student has applied to graduate.

The quarterly deadlines are set as late in the quarter as possible, providing the time necessary for review of the dissertation or thesis, including review of final degree requirements by the Registrar's Office and the departments. 

You are strongly encouraged to submit your work at least two weeks prior to the deadline to ensure that all requirements can be met in time for the conferral of your degree. 

After the final reader approves the dissertation, it typically takes about seven (7) business days for the university to process the submission.  

Deadlines by Quarter

Dissertation deadlines are strictly enforced.  No exceptions are made. By noon on the final submission deadline date, all of the following steps must be completed:           

  • The student enrolls and applies to graduate;
  • The student confirms the names of reading committee members in Axess, and designates a Final Reader;
  • The student submits reading committee signatures;
  • The student completes the necessary University Milestones;
  • The student’s candidacy is valid through degree conferral;
  • The student submits the final dissertation or thesis in Axess;
  • The designated Final Reader certifies the final draft of the dissertation or thesis submitted in Axess.

For help, contact the Student Services Center .                                                                        

For faculty and staff information on Dissertations, visit Inside Student Services.

This site requires JavaScript to work properly.

How do i activate javascript in this web browser.

  • Your account
  • University of Basel

University Library

  • Search & find
  • Subject areas
  • Collections
  • News & Events
  • Register | Borrow | Order
  • Opening hours
  • Work spaces | Study areas
  • Open Science | Publishing | Digital Research
  • Training sessions
  • Copy | Print | Digitise
  • Acquisition request
  • Informationen auf Ukrainisch
  • Library catalogues
  • Databases | E-journals | E-books
  • Open Access Content
  • Digital Collections
  • New acqusitions
  • Digital collections
  • Historical holdings
  • The University Library Basel as cantonal library
  • University Main Library
  • University Medical Library
  • University Religion Library
  • University Library Rosental
  • University Business and Economics Library - Swiss Economic Archives
  • Libraries in Basel
  • Job vacancies | apprenticeships
  • Publications
  • Regulations | Fees
  • Donating | sponsoring
  • Basel Library Network
  • Exhibitions
  • Newsletter abonnieren

[Translate to English:] Banner E-Dissertationen

Instructions for doctoral students E-Dissertations

Publication.

The University of Basel’s electronic dissertations are publicly available in the edoc institutional repository and are recorded in the library catalogue. For archiving purposes, they are also saved by the Swiss National Library.

Persistent link : E-dissertations are provided with a "Digital Object Identifier" (DOI) and a "Uniform Resource Name" (URN). These links remain valid even if the file is migrated to a different server. Every dissertation from 1980 onwards can also be published retrospectively in electronic format.

Contact and support

diss-ub@ clutter unibas.ch

Preliminary clarification

Images: Images in freely-accessible e-dissertations must comply with personal rights and with copyright. If you did not create an image yourself, you must clarify whether the rights owner agrees to publication on the Internet. If people or private spaces are pictured, these people or the owner of the spaces must agree to the publication. Images that do not fulfil these legal requirements may be replaced in the electronic version with a symbolic image with a reference to the printed version, after consultation with diss-ub@ clutter unibas.ch .

Curriculum vitae: A CV may be omitted from the electronic version for data privacy reasons.  

Choice of licence: E-dissertations published on edoc are freely accessible. Copyright remains with the author. The edoc policies (in particular the data policy) apply to the use by third parties of documents published on edoc.  Optionally you can declare the usage rights directly in your dissertation with a Creative Commons licence. Creative Commons licences offer a standardised method for granting users rights to a work. Check the information about Creative Commons licences . If you decide on a CC licence (the University Library recommends CC-BY), add a note to the title page: for examples see pages 2 and 3 of sample title pages .

Please note that you can only create a Creative Commons licence if the dissertation does not contain any parts that were or will be published by a publisher under a more restrictive licence.

Publisher publications and patents:

  • Cumulative dissertations / published articles: If a dissertation contains journal articles or other published articles, the specific copyright conditions must be adhered to. In many cases, permission (generally free of charge) to use the publisher’s PDF in the dissertation must be obtained via the Copyright Clearance Center (a link to the CCC is often included with a journal article: “Rights and permissions“). If this is not possible, then you can find out from SHERPA/RoMEO or ultimately from the journal itself, which version (manuscript) may be used in the dissertation.  There may be an embargo period that can be observed by selecting an appropriate publication date in edoc (see also Delayed publication under Electronic submission steps ).
  • The dissertation or parts of it will be published later by a publisher: The specific conditions must be clarified before submitting the manuscript to a publisher or to a journal. Parallel use in a dissertation is often permitted, but not always. If necessary, the conditions can be adhered to by choosing an appropriate publication date in edoc (see also Delayed publication under Electronic submission steps ).

Supplementary material, research data: Large tables, video material and other research data that are not integrated into the dissertation’s PDF file, should be saved in a repository for research data in accordance with the FAIR Data Principles (e.g. on Zenodo ) and should be referenced in the text, if possible with a DOI . The entry of the reference URL in edoc as a “Related URL“ with the URL type “Supplementary Data“ is recommended. For additional information see: researchdata.unibas.ch .

Electronic submission step by step

  • Full text of the dissertation: Create a PDF file (whenever possible PDF/A), which meets the technical requirements . The printout of the PDF file should correspond to the final version of the dissertation as approved by the Faculty. Add a note on the title page of your dissertation about the edoc document server: example see page 1 of the sample title page .
  • Abstract: Have an abstract of the dissertation, in the language of the document, ready for the upload. Optionally, you may add an additional abstract in German or English. If your dissertation includes an abstract, please use this one.
  • Consent: Uploading a dissertation to edoc requires the transfer of non-exclusive user rights to the University Library. Please ensure that you agree to the Declaration of consent .
  • Login: You will receive an account for the submission of your electronic dissertation from the Dean’s Office or from the University Library when you submit your printed dissertation.
  • Upload: Log in with the account that you received when you submitted your printed copy and follow the instructions on the screen.  
  • Delayed publication: Should the dissertation be published in whole or in part by a commercial publisher, or contains details of a patent, delayed electronic publication is possible. The desired publication date can be specified when uploading the PDF file to edoc and should, where possible, be within two years after the doctoral examination. Please take note of the conditions of the relevant doctoral regulations as well as the regulations of the publisher’s contract.  

E-dissertations published in edoc are passed on to the Swiss National Library and cannot be withdrawn.

Declaration of consent

When uploading your dissertation, the following declaration of consent for publication of the dissertation on edoc must be accepted:

Declaration of consent for publication of a dissertation on edoc.unibas.ch

By saving your dissertation, you transfer the following non-exclusive rights of use for the document and the associated metadata to the University Library Basel:

  • the right to store it electronically and to make it publicly accessible (if necessary, after an embargo period),
  • the right to pass on the metadata (incl. abstract) to third parties and to pass the files on to cooperation partners for archiving purposes and for parallel publication, in particular to the Swiss National Library,
  • the right to make copies and to convert it to other electronic or physical formats for archiving purposes while maintaining the integrity of the content.

By saving your dissertation, you confirm the following points to the University Library Basel:

  • the activation of the work or parts thereof does not violate the legal rights of any third party. The University Library Basel must be informed immediately of any alleged or actual violation of the copyright by third parties.
  • the University Library Basel is exempt from any possible claims by third parties.
  • the submitted electronic version of the dissertation is identical to the printed legal deposit copy (exceptions are the title page and the curriculum vitae).

I have taken note of the edoc policies .

Creative Commons Licences

The edoc data policy applies as standard for the use of e-dissertations. To be transparent and grant users further rights, a Creative Commons licence can be assigned. Creative Commons is a non-profit organisation. The use of CC licences is free.  

Creative Commons offers a range of globally valid, standardised licences for the awarding of rights of use and for reproduction of a work. CC licences serve to avoid legal uncertainty regarding use and support the dissemination and re-use of research results. The appropriate licence is created from the available modules according to the modular principle.  

The use of the "Attribution" module (BY) is mandatory for all CC licences.  

In addition, the licence can be supplement by the following modules according to requirements:

  • no commercial use (NC)
  • no derivatives (ND)
  • sharing under the same conditions (SA)

Example: CC licence with the modules "Attribution" and "Share Alike".

The most common licence assigned by Open Access publishers is CC BY (Creative Commons Attribution). It enables the unlimited reproduction, dissemination, publishing, modification and commercial use of a work. BioMed Central, PLoS and an increasing number of Open Access journals use this as a standard licence.

Restrictions should be made based on an assessment of the risk (potential misuse) and output (easy dissemination). The Creative Commons Licence Chooser will support you with your choice of suitable module combination.  

Tip: You can only grant third parties rights that you yourself possess. Make sure that image rights have been clarified or use placeholders for images. If your dissertation or parts thereof (e.g. cumulative dissertation) is published by a publisher, the Creative Commons licence must not contradict the copyright conditions of the publisher’s contract.  

Additional information can be found in the ETH Library’s Research Collection Manual .

Requirements PDF-File

The PDF file of your dissertation must generally correspond to the final version of the dissertation approved by the Faculty. Possible exceptions are described in Electronic submission steps .

Please note the following when creating the PDF file:

  • All fonts used must be included in the file.
  • Encryption of the file is not permitted.

When saving the PDF file, please activate the PDF/A option. This ensures that the mentioned conditions are met. Submission of a PDF/A file supports the long-term preservation and the exact visual representation of the document.

Additional information can be found on the website of the PDF Association .

Frequently asked questions about e-dissertations

Who owns the copyright for the dissertations on edoc?

  • The copyright remains with the author. Only the non-exclusive rights of use that are specified in the Declaration of consent are transferred.
  • By choosing a Creative Commons licence additional usage rights can be transferred to the public.

What should be done if a dissertation, or parts thereof, are published by a publisher or as a patent?

  • If a dissertation contains already published articles or is published in its entirety by a publisher, the electronic version may become freely accessible at a later time that is compatible with the publisher’s contract. The desired publication date can be entered when uploading the dissertation to edoc.
  • We assume that the publication should take place by the submission deadline for the printed copies. For journal articles, this deadline is generally sufficient. For a patent or a book publication – in particular when it contains protected images – the question must be clarified with the publisher. In justified cases, the publication may be further delayed.

Quick Links

  • Geplante Unterbrüche
  • ITS ServiceDesk
  • Search the catalogue
  • Job vacancies

Social Media

  • © University of Basel
  • Legal notice
  • Data protection

Banner

Graduate Student Services: Electronic Thesis & Dissertation Submission

  • Library Hours
  • Getting Help
  • Scholarly vs. Non-scholarly Materials
  • Financial Aid & Grants
  • Jobs & Careers
  • Electronic Thesis & Dissertation Submission

CAU Electronic Theses and Dissertation Submission (ETD) Policy

AUC Woodruff Library gathers and archives master’s theses and doctoral dissertations to ensure that the scholarly works of graduate students at Clark Atlanta University are preserved and accessible.

To electronically submit theses and dissertations, authors must garner approval from Graduate Education before gaining access to the ETD Submission Tool. Final versions of approved electronic theses and dissertations (ETD) should be uploaded as a word document and adhere to copyright as stated in Clark Atlanta University’s  Guidelines for Submitting Electronic Theses and Dissertations  on the  CAU Thesis & Dissertation Website .

Electronic theses and dissertations are freely available for viewing and downloading from the library’s institutional repository (RADAR). Authors wishing to restrict access can contact  [email protected]  to request an embargo. An embargo request indicates that an author does not wish to have their work accessible for a specified period of time.

For additional information contact:  [email protected]

Submitting to ProQuest

Once it is available online, you can self-submit your thesis or dissertation to ProQuest for inclusion in the ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global database, following this guide:

https://about.proquest.com/en/dissertations/

The AUC Woodruff Library does not submit theses or dissertations on behalf of students.

ETD Submission Workflow Guide

  • ETD Workflow - Submitter's Guide The guide walks CAU graduate students through the process of submitting and revising their electronic thesis or dissertation.
  • CAU ETD Submissions site - Follow the instructions in the guide above to submit your ETD using the CAU ETD Submissions website (OJS)

Embargo Policy

Embargo policy:.

The CAU Graduate program will  only  grant an embargo if a student: 1) has a publication deal or 2) has time-sensitive research with a governing agency. If either of these purposes are relevant, the student must provide the publication deal or governing agency that will be willing to provide a letter of support. 

If there are further questions, contact:  [email protected]

What is an Embargo?

In academia, an "embargo" is a restriction placed on a thesis or dissertation that allows only the title, abstract, and citation information to be released to the public, while the full-text of work is kept hidden for a limited period of time. An Embargo typically lasts from one to five  years following the publication of a thesis or dissertation via the college or university's Institutional Repository. Since every school has a different set of rules about whether and how theses and dissertations can be embargoed, you are urged to contact the CAU Graduate Center for further information about the process and approval of an embargo request. Most theses and dissertations are not embargoed, and are made publicly available following their formal defense as part of completing a masters or doctoral degree. 

Why Embargo a Thesis or Dissertation?

  • If the author plans to publish all or part of their thesis/dissertation in the future and knows that publishers in their field consider open access electronic thesis/dissertations to be a prior publication, an embargo might be an option. The author might be concerned that making the work public will interfere with this.
  • If the author's work is based on data generated through research that will support other publications from people on the research team, like the advisor. There might be embargo options for this situation. 
  • If the author has previously published all or part of the thesis/dissertation, and the publisher is restricting public release of the work in some way. 
  • If the thesis/dissertation contains research data covered by a nondisclosure agreement for a specified period of time. 

Electronic Theses & Dissertation Tour of RADAR

Wonder where your electronic thesis or dissertation (ETD) will be housed after final submission? Interested in learning more about a Handle link that is attached to your final thesis or dissertation? Would you like to know how many page views your ETD has received since it was uploaded to RADAR? Check out this tour of RADAR to find out more hints to searching ETDs within our Institutional Repository at the Atlanta University Center Woodruff Library. 

Graduate Education at CAU

For CAU Thesis and Dissertation Information, visit:

  • http://www.cau.edu/graduatestudies/thesis-dissertation-guide.html

The timeline for ETD Submissions is available on the CAU Graduate Education website, here:

  • https://www.cau.edu/graduatestudies/_includes/files/Graduate-Education-Thesis-and-Dissertation-Deadlines-2021-2022-AY.pdf

ETD Librarian

Profile Photo

  • << Previous: FAQs
  • Last Updated: Aug 17, 2023 1:09 PM
  • URL: https://research.auctr.edu/graduatestudents

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Graduate School Updates>

The latest COVID-19 news and information is available at  Penn State's Coronavirus Information website . 

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Update

On March 11 th  the University announced that beginning March 16 th  instruction for all students will be moving to a remote delivery format. Graduate students enrolled in resident courses should plan on participating remotely, and not coming to campus specifically for face-to-face instruction. Learn more at gradschool.psu.edu/covid19 .

Internet Explorer Detected

The Penn State Graduate School website is best experienced in Firefox or Google Chrome. It is highly recommended that you use an alternative browser.

How to Submit a Doctoral Dissertation

  •  /  Complete Your Degree
  •  /  Thesis and Dissertation Information
  •  /  How to Submit a Doctoral Dissertation
  • Become familiar with the requirements by reading the Thesis and Dissertation Handbook carefully.
  • Apply to graduate on LionPATH during the semester in which you plan to graduate. Deadlines for submitting your dissertation can be viewed on the Thesis, Dissertation, Performance, and Oral Presentation Calendar  page.
  • Upload a draft of your dissertation for format review (pdf only) to the eTD website by the specified deadline. Corrections and detailed instructions will be returned to you by email.
  • Defend the dissertation and make any changes required by your committee. This can be done either before or after the format review, as long as deadlines are met.
  • Review the dissertation one final time to be sure that no further changes are needed. It will not be possible to make corrections after final approval by the Office of Theses and Dissertations. Convert the file into a pdf for eTD submission. If you cannot do this, contact the Office of Theses and Dissertations for assistance.
  • Go to the eTD website and upload the final eTD; submit supporting materials to the Office of Theses and Dissertations. (Note: It does not matter if you upload first or submit the materials first.) Supporting materials are: ProQuest/UMI Agreement, Survey of Earned Doctorates, and $95 fee. The fee can be paid at the Payment Section of the Graduate School Thesis and Dissertation Information webpage.
  • Await notification of eTD approval by email. If changes are required, you will be notified. Your eTD will be accessible on the eTD website immediately after graduation, unless you have chosen restricted access.

If bound copies are needed, contact any Multimedia & Print Center on campus or you may use an off-campus source. All copies are the author’s responsibility. The Graduate School does not provide copies.

Site Logo

Global. Rigorous. Supportive. Self-Directed.

View and update your profile

Access your courses

Technology Help Center

Browse FAQs or Submit a Help Request

LEARNING.FIELDING.EDU

  • Academic Resources Academic Conferences & Events Calendar Catalog Degrees and Programs MyFielding Home Page WebAdvisor Self-Service
  • Library Library Home Page Library Self-Paced Course
  • Research & Writing Support Dissertation Tracking System Grammarly Office of Sponsored Programs Research, Dissertation, and IRB Turnitin Virtual Poster Sessions Writing Support Services
  • Student Services Advising Financial Aid & Scholarships One-Stop Student Center Registrar Student Assistance Program (SAP) Student Services Home Page
  • Tools & Tech Support FAQs & Help Request Form Faculty Guide to Academic Technology Email (Outlook/MS 365) Student Guide to Academic Technology Zoom Video Conferencing
  • Browse by Year
  • Browse by Subject
  • Browse by Division
  • Browse by Author

Electronic Theses and Dissertations of The Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University

Login Admin

  • ePrints Home
  • Deposit Guide
  • About Nottingham ePrints
  • Open Access Support
  • Nottingham eTheses
  • Nottingham eDissertations
  • Entertainment
  • Photography
  • Press Releases
  • Israel-Hamas War
  • Russia-Ukraine War
  • Latin America
  • Middle East
  • Asia Pacific
  • Election 2024
  • AP Top 25 College Football Poll
  • Movie reviews
  • Book reviews
  • Financial Markets
  • Business Highlights
  • Financial wellness
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Social Media

Harvard president’s resignation highlights new conservative weapon against colleges: plagiarism

Here’s the latest for January 2nd: Planes collide in Tokyo; Harvard president steps down; Top Hamas leader killed; Gunman opens fire outside Colorado Supreme Court.

FILE - Then-Edgerley Family Dean of Harvard’s Faculty of Arts and Sciences Claudine Gay addresses an audience during commencement ceremonies, May 25, 2023, on the school’s campus in Cambridge, Mass. Gay, Harvard University’s president, resigned Tuesday, Jan. 2, 2024, amid plagiarism accusations and criticism over testimony at a congressional hearing where she was unable to say unequivocally that calls on campus for the genocide of Jews would violate the school’s conduct policy. (AP Photo/Steven Senne, File)

  • Copy Link copied

People take photographs near a John Harvard statue, left, Tuesday, Jan. 2, 2024, on the campus of Harvard University, in Cambridge, Mass. Harvard University President Claudine Gay resigned Tuesday amid plagiarism accusations and criticism over testimony at a congressional hearing where she was unable to say unequivocally that calls on campus for the genocide of Jews would violate the school’s conduct policy. (AP Photo/Steven Senne)

FILE - Harvard University President Claudine Gay speaks during a hearing of the House Committee on Education on Capitol Hill, Dec. 5, 2023, in Washington. Gay resigned Tuesday, Jan. 2, 2024, amid plagiarism accusations and criticism over testimony at a congressional hearing where she was unable to say unequivocally that calls on campus for the genocide of Jews would violate the school’s conduct policy. (AP Photo/Mark Schiefelbein, File)

A passer-by walks through a gate to the Harvard University campus, Tuesday, Jan. 2, 2024, in Cambridge, Mass. Harvard University President Claudine Gay resigned Tuesday amid plagiarism accusations and criticism over testimony at a congressional hearing where she was unable to say unequivocally that calls on campus for the genocide of Jews would violate the school’s conduct policy. (AP Photo/Steven Senne)

People pause for photographs, Tuesday, Jan. 2, 2024, on the campus of Harvard University, in Cambridge, Mass. Harvard University President Claudine Gay resigned Tuesday amid plagiarism accusations and criticism over testimony at a congressional hearing where she was unable to say unequivocally that calls on campus for the genocide of Jews would violate the school’s conduct policy. (AP Photo/Steven Senne)

WASHINGTON (AP) —

The downfall of Harvard’s president has elevated the threat of unearthing plagiarism, a cardinal sin in academia, as a possible new weapon in conservative attacks on higher education.

Claudine Gay’s resignation Tuesday followed weeks of mounting accusations that she lifted language from other scholars in her doctoral dissertation and journal articles. The allegations surfaced amid backlash over her congressional testimony about antisemitism on campus.

The plagiarism allegations came not from her academic peers but her political foes, led by conservatives who sought to oust Gay and put her career under intense scrutiny in hopes of finding a fatal flaw. Her detractors charged that Gay — who has a Ph.D. in government, was a professor at Harvard and Stanford and headed Harvard’s largest division before being promoted — got the top job in large part because she is a Black woman.

File - Students make their way through the Sather Gate near Sproul Plaza on the University of California, Berkeley, campus March 29, 2022, in Berkeley, Calif. The Free Application for Federal Student Aid is available for the 2024-2025 school year, three months later than usual. (AP Photo/Eric Risberg, File)

Christopher Rufo, a conservative activist who helped orchestrate the effort, celebrated her departure as a win in his campaign against elite institutions of higher education. On X, formerly Twitter, he wrote “SCALPED,” as if Gay was a trophy of violence, invoking a gruesome practice taken up by white colonists who sought to eradicate Native Americans .

“Tomorrow, we get back to the fight,” he said on X, describing a “playbook” against institutions deemed too liberal by conservatives. His latest target: efforts to promote diversity, equity and inclusion in education and business .

“We must not stop until we have abolished DEI ideology from every institution in America,” he said. In another post, he announced a new “plagiarism hunting fund,” vowing to “expose the rot in the Ivy League and restore truth, rather than racialist ideology, as the highest principle in academic life.”

Gay didn’t directly address the plagiarism accusations in a campus letter announcing her resignation, but she noted she was troubled to see doubt cast on her commitment “to upholding scholarly rigor.” She also indirectly nodded to the December congressional hearing that started the onslaught of criticism, where she did not say unequivocally that calls for the genocide of Jews would violate Harvard policy.

Her departure comes just six months after becoming Harvard’s first Black president.

As the figureheads of their universities, presidents often face heightened scrutiny, and numerous leaders have been felled by plagiarism scandals. Stanford University’s president resigned last year amid findings that he manipulated scientific data in his research. A president of the University of South Carolina resigned in 2021 after he lifted parts of his speech at a graduation ceremony.

In Gay’s case, many academics were troubled with how the plagiarism came to light: as part of a coordinated campaign to discredit Gay and force her from office, in part because of her involvement in efforts for racial justice on campus. Her resignation came after calls for her ouster from prominent conservatives including Rep. Elise Stefanik , a Harvard alumna, and Bill Ackman , a billionaire hedge fund manager who has donated millions to Harvard.

The campaign against Gay and other Ivy League presidents has become part of a broader right-wing effort to remake higher education , which has often been seen as a bastion of liberalism . Republican detractors have sought to gut funding for public universities, roll back tenure and banish initiatives that make colleges more welcoming to students of color, disabled students and the LGBTQ+ community. They also have aimed to limit how race and gender are discussed in classrooms.

Walter M. Kimbrough, the former president of the historically Black Dillard University, said what unfolded at Harvard reminded him of an adage from his mother, a Black graduate of the University of California, Berkeley, in the 1950s.

As a Black person in academia, “you always have to be twice, three times as good,” he said.

“There are going to be people, particularly if they have any inkling that the person of color is not the most qualified, who will label them a ‘DEI hire,’ like they tried to label her,” Kimbrough said. “If you want to lead an institution like (Harvard) … there are going to be people who are looking to disqualify you.”

Reviews by conservative activists and then by a Harvard committee did find multiple shortcomings in Gay’s academic citations. In dozens of instances first published by The Washington Free Beacon, a conservative website, Gay’s work includes long stretches of prose that mirror language from other published works. A review ordered by Harvard acknowledged “duplicative language” and missing quotation marks, but it concluded the errors “were not considered intentional or reckless” and didn’t rise to misconduct.

Harvard previously said Gay updated her dissertation and requested corrections from journals.

Among her critics in conservative circles and academia, the findings are clear evidence that Gay, as the top academic at the pinnacle of U.S. higher education, is unfit to serve. Her defenders say it isn’t so clear-cut.

In highly specialized fields, scholars often use similar language to describe the same concepts, said Davarian Baldwin, a historian at Trinity College who writes about race and higher education. Gay clearly made mistakes, he said, but with the spread of software designed to detect plagiarism, it wouldn’t be hard to find similar overlap in works by other presidents and professors.

The tool becomes dangerous, he added, when it “falls into the hands of those who argue that academia in general is a cesspool of incompetence and bad actors.”

John Pelissero, a former interim college president who now works for the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics, said instances of plagiarism deserve to be evaluated individually and that it’s not always so cut and dried.

“You’re looking for whether there was intentionality to mislead or inappropriately borrow other people’s ideas in your work,” Pelissero said. “Or was there an honest mistake?”

Without commenting on the merits of the allegations against Gay, President Irene Mulvey of the American Association of University Professors said she fears plagiarism investigations could be “weaponized” to pursue a political agenda.

“There is a right-wing political attack on higher education right now, which feels like an existential threat to the academic freedom that has made American higher education the envy of the world,” Mulvey said.

She worries Gay’s departure will put a new strain on college presidents. In addition to their work courting donors, policymakers and alumni, presidents are supposed to protect faculty from interference so they can research unimpeded.

“For presidents to be taken down like this, it does not bode well for academic freedom,” she said. “I think it’ll chill the climate for academic freedom. And it may make university presidents less likely to speak out against this inappropriate interference for fear of losing their jobs or being targeted.”

Balingit reported from Sacramento.

The Associated Press’ education coverage receives financial support from multiple private foundations. AP is solely responsible for all content. Find AP’s standards for working with philanthropies, a list of supporters and funded coverage areas at AP.org .

COLLIN BINKLEY

Harvard President Resigns Plagiarism Allegations Followed Criticism of Response to Antisemitism

Claudine Gay, Harvard’s first Black president, faced mounting controversies. She had led the university since July.

  • Share full article

e dissertation student login

Jennifer Schuessler ,  Anemona Hartocollis ,  Michael Levenson and Alan Blinder

Here’s what to know about Claudine Gay’s resignation.

Harvard’s president, Claudine Gay, announced her resignation on Tuesday, after her presidency had become engulfed in crisis over accusations of plagiarism and what some called her insufficient response to antisemitism on campus after the Hamas-led attacks on Israel on Oct. 7.

In announcing she would step down immediately, Dr. Gay, Harvard’s first Black president and the second woman to lead the university, ended a turbulent tenure that began last July. She will have the shortest stint in office of any Harvard president since its founding in 1636.

Alan M. Garber, an economist and physician who is Harvard’s provost and chief academic officer, will serve as interim president. Dr. Gay will remain a tenured professor of government and African and African American studies.

Dr. Gay became the second university president to resign in recent weeks, after she and the presidents of the University of Pennsylvania and M.I.T. appeared in a Dec. 5 congressional hearing in which they appeared to evade the question of whether students who called for the genocide of Jews should be punished.

Penn’s president, M. Elizabeth Magill, resigned four days after that hearing. Sally Kornbluth, M.I.T.’s president, has also faced calls for her resignation.

In a letter announcing her decision, Dr. Gay said that after consulting with members of the university’s governing body, the Harvard Corporation, “it has become clear that it is in the best interests of Harvard for me to resign so that our community can navigate this moment of extraordinary challenge with a focus on the institution rather than any individual.”

At the same time, Dr. Gay, 53, defended her academic record and suggested that she was the target of highly personal and racist attacks.

“Amidst all of this, it has been distressing to have doubt cast on my commitments to confronting hate and to upholding scholarly rigor — two bedrock values that are fundamental to who I am — and frightening to be subjected to personal attacks and threats fueled by racial animus,” she wrote.

Last year, the news of Dr. Gay’s appointment was widely seen as a breakthrough moment for the university. The daughter of Haitian immigrants and an expert on minority representation and political participation in government, she took office just as the Supreme Court rejected the use of race-conscious admissions at Harvard and other universities.

She also became a major target of some powerful graduates like the billionaire investor William A. Ackman , who was concerned about antisemitism and suggested on social media last month that Harvard had only considered candidates for the presidency who met “the D.E.I. office’s criteria,” referring to diversity, equity and inclusion.

Dr. Gay’s resignation came after the latest plagiarism accusations against her were circulated in an unsigned complaint published on Monday in The Washington Free Beacon, a conservative online journal that has led a campaign against Dr. Gay over the past few weeks.

The complaint added to about 40 other plagiarism accusations that had already been circulated in the journal. The accusations raised questions about whether Harvard was holding its president to the same academic standards as its students.

Lawrence H. Summers, the former U.S. treasury secretary who resigned as Harvard president under pressure in 2006, suggested that Dr. Gay had made the right decision. “I admire Claudine Gay for putting Harvard’s interests first at what I know must be an agonizingly difficult moment,” he said in an email.

Representative Virginia Foxx, a North Carolina Republican who leads the House committee that is investigating Harvard and other universities, said the inquiry would continue despite Dr. Gay’s resignation.

“There has been a hostile takeover of postsecondary education by political activists, woke faculty and partisan administrators,” Ms. Foxx said in a statement, adding, “The problems at Harvard are much larger than one leader.”

On Harvard’s campus, some expressed deep dismay with what they described as a politically motivated campaign against Dr. Gay and higher education more broadly. Hundreds of faculty members had signed public letters asking Harvard’s governing board to resist pressure to remove Dr. Gay.

“This is a terrible moment,” said Khalil Gibran Muhammad, a professor of history, race and public policy at the Harvard Kennedy School. “Republican congressional leaders have declared war on the independence of colleges and universities, just as Governor DeSantis has done in Florida. They will only be emboldened by Gay’s resignation.”

Some faculty members criticized how the secretive Harvard Corporation had handled the political onslaught and plagiarism allegations.

Alison Frank Johnson, a history professor, said she “couldn’t be more dismayed.”

“Instead of making a decision based on established scholarly principles, we had here a public hounding,” she said. “Instead of listening to voices of scholars in her field who could speak to the importance and originality of her research, we heard voices of derision and spite on social media. Instead of following established university procedure, we had a corporation granting access to self-appointed advisers and carrying out reviews using mysterious and undisclosed methods.”

Rumors about problems in Dr. Gay’s work had circulated for months on anonymous message boards. But the first widely publicized report came on Dec. 10, before Harvard’s board met to discuss Dr. Gay’s future, after her disastrous testimony in the congressional hearing.

That evening, the conservative activist Christopher Rufo published an essay in his Substack newsletter highlighting what he described as “problematic patterns of usage and citation” in Dr. Gay’s 1997 doctoral dissertation.

The Washington Free Beacon followed with several articles detailing allegations regarding her published scholarly articles, and reported two formal complaints submitted to the Research Integrity Office of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences.

In a statement on Dec. 12 saying that Dr. Gay would stay on, the board acknowledged the accusations and said it had been made aware of them in late October. The board said it had conducted an investigation and found “a few instances of inadequate citation” in two articles, which it said would be corrected. But the infractions, the board said, did not rise to the level of “research misconduct.”

Dr. Gay was already under pressure for what some had said was the university’s inadequate response to the Oct. 7 attacks on Israel.

After initially remaining silent after student groups wrote an open letter saying that Israel was “entirely responsible” for the violence, Dr. Gay and other officials released a letter to the university community acknowledging “feelings of fear, sadness, anger and more.” After an outcry over what some considered the tepid language, Dr. Gay issued a more forceful statement condemning Hamas for “terrorist atrocities,” while urging people to use words that “illuminate and not inflame.”

At the congressional hearing, Representative Elise Stefanik, Republican of New York, pelted Dr. Gay and the other university presidents with hypothetical questions.

“At Harvard,” Ms. Stefanik asked Dr. Gay, “does calling for the genocide of Jews violate Harvard’s rules of bullying and harassment? Yes or no?”

“It can be, depending on the context,” Dr. Gay replied.

That exchange, and a similar back and forth between Ms. Stefanik and Ms. Magill, rocketed across social media and infuriated many people with close ties to the universities.

Dr. Gay moved to contain the fallout with an apology in an interview that was published in The Harvard Crimson, the campus newspaper. “When words amplify distress and pain, I don’t know how you could feel anything but regret,” she said.

One week after her testimony, the Harvard Corporation issued a unanimous statement of support — after meeting late into the night — saying that it stood firmly behind her.

But there were signs that controversy might have harmed Harvard’s reputation. The number of students who applied this fall under the university’s early action program — giving them the possibility of an admissions decision in December instead of March — fell about 17 percent, the university said last month.

Reporting was contributed by Dana Goldstein , Rob Copeland , Annie Karni and Vimal Patel . Kirsten Noyes contributed research.

Dana Goldstein

Dana Goldstein

Serena Jampel, a 22-year old junior, had said in December that as a Jewish student, she did not consider critiques of Zionism on campus to be antisemitic. On Tuesday, she said she was “deeply saddened” by Claudine Gay’s resignation. “I believe that she was always trying to balance free speech and student safety, and never intended to cause harm.”

Maya Shwayder

Harvard’s campus, currently between semesters, was quiet on Tuesday, despite the intense spotlight focused on the university. Several students and professors said they did not want to talk about Claudine Gay’s resignation. One faculty member chuckled and said he couldn’t comment because he doesn’t have tenure.

Advertisement

Rabbi Hirschy Zarchi, the president of Harvard Chabad, has criticized a culture of antisemitism on campus, which he said predates Claudine Gay’s tenure. “The fact that it got more and more brazen with each passing day was the result of the lack of leadership addressing it,” he said, adding that he hopes the pressure that helped lead to Gay’s resignation will prompt other campus leaders to take action.

Anemona Hartocollis

Anemona Hartocollis

The resignation was welcomed by the Harvard Jewish Alumni Alliance, which said it represents several thousand Jewish alumni. “Claudine Gay tacitly encouraged those who sought to spread hate at Harvard, where many Jews no longer feel safe to study, identify and fully participate in the Harvard community," the group said in a statement.

Harvard faced donor pressure and a drop in early admission applications.

College presidents are not only administrators and intellectual leaders; they are the chief fund-raisers for their institutions. And Claudine Gay’s loss of support among some Harvard donors may have played a key role in her resignation on Tuesday.

Harvard’s $50.7 billion endowment is immense by any measure — the largest academic nest egg in the country. Yet it has been underperforming financially in recent years, relative to some peers. Stanford’s endowment produced returns of 4.4 percent last year, for example, compared to returns of 2.9 percent for Harvard.

The endowment is run as a nonprofit with its own board of directors, but its members are appointed by the Harvard Corporation, the same body that selected Dr. Gay as the university’s president.

Given the concerns, the ability of Harvard’s president to raise money became even more crucial. Yet Dr. Gay’s credibility eroded this fall among some powerful donors , who criticized what they saw as a sluggish response to the Oct. 7 Hamas attack on Israel.

“There is a large number of alumni who are very upset about how the administration handled this fall, and really worry the university is not set up to take outside feedback,” said Sam Lessin, a Harvard graduate and tech investor.

Some alumni donors were also dismayed to learn in recent days that early action applications to Harvard, with a Nov. 1 deadline, had dropped by 17 percent this year to a four-year low.

On Tuesday, Mr. Lessin published a statement on social media reacting to Dr. Gay’s resignation. “I am happy to see Gay out,” he wrote.

Randall Kennedy, a Harvard legal scholar and one of the university’s most prominent Black faculty members, has been a key supporter of Claudine Gay. On Tuesday, he said via text message, “I am saddened by the inability of a great university to defend itself against an alarmingly effective campaign of misinformation and intimidation.”

Jacey Fortin

Alan M. Garber, Harvard’s provost and chief academic officer, will now serve as its interim president.

Alan M. Garber, an economist and physician who is Harvard’s provost and chief academic officer, will now serve as its interim president.

The Harvard Corporation described Dr. Garber as “a distinguished and wide-ranging scholar” in a statement on Tuesday. “We are fortunate to have someone of Alan’s broad and deep experience, incisive judgment, collaborative style, and extraordinary institutional knowledge to carry forward key priorities and to guide the university through this interim period,” the Corporation said.

Dr. Garber , who was appointed provost in 2011, has a Ph.D. in economics from Harvard and an M.D. from Stanford. He is a member of the Association of American Physicians, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the National Academy of Medicine.

Lawrence H. Summers, a former Harvard president and former Treasury secretary, said in an email that Dr. Garber, “who is universally liked, admired, and respected, is a superb choice as interim president.”

In an interview with The Harvard Crimson in November, Dr. Garber said that he regretted the university’s initial statement in response to the war in Israel and Gaza. The statement was denounced by politicians, academics and Jewish groups who said that it did not condemn Hamas strongly enough, and he spoke positively about a more forceful statement that followed from Dr. Gay, which condemned Hamas for “terrorist atrocities.”

Dr. Garber added that the crisis over the university’s response to the war has been the most serious that Harvard has faced during his tenure as provost.

“The community was immediately divided, and that is not true of every crisis that we face,” he told The Crimson. “It is a combustible situation, and one in which many people are grieving.”

Dr. Garber was reportedly considered a contender to become Harvard’s 29th president, but in 2018 the post went to Lawrence S. Bacow . In 2022, Dr. Garber told the Crimson that he was “very happy” serving as the provost, and last year Dr. Gay became the university’s 30th president .

According to the Harvard Corporation, Dr. Garber will serve as president “until a new leader for Harvard is identified and takes office.”

Anemona Hartocollis contributed reporting.

Anna Betts

Al Sharpton, the civil rights leader, expressed disappointment in Claudine Gay's resignation in a statement to CNN , blaming a relentless campaign against her led by the financier Bill Ackman. “This is an attack on every Black woman in this country who’s put a crack in the glass ceiling,” Sharpton said, adding that his organization, the National Action Network, would picket outside Ackman’s New York office on Thursday.

Vimal Patel

The Israel-Hamas war has inflamed free speech skirmishes on college campuses.

The recent ousters of two Ivy League university presidents — Elizabeth Magill, of the University of Pennsylvania, and, on Tuesday, Claudine Gay of Harvard — represented victories for those who believe that pro-Palestinian protesters have gone too far in their speech.

Some Jewish students say protest slogans like “intifada revolution” and “from the river to the sea” are antisemitic and threatening — and proof of a double standard. Universities, they say, have ignored their fears and pleas for security, while creating a battalion of administrators who are devoted to diversity and equity programs and are quick to protect their students.

If universities were engulfed before the Israel-Hamas war in debates over what kinds of speech were acceptable, now they are facing a crossroads, with many longtime observers of the campus speech skirmishes perceiving this moment as a dire one for freedom of expression.

The troubles of Ms. Magill and Dr. Gay, after all, did not start with the Dec. 5 congressional hearing, when they — as well as the president of M.I.T. — responded with what critics characterized as lawyerly answers when asked whether to punish students if they called for genocide.

For Ms. Magill, they began with a Palestinian writers’ conference that was held on campus in September. Donors to Penn asked her to cancel the event, which they said included antisemitic speakers, but she declined, citing the university’s commitment to free expression.

And Dr. Gay drew criticism barely two days after Hamas invaded Israel on Oct. 7, for not publicly condemning the attack or denouncing an open letter from student groups saying that they held “the Israeli regime entirely responsible for all unfolding violence.”

Steven Pinker, a cognitive psychologist at Harvard who opposes cracking down on free expression, said that speech by itself, however ugly, should not be punished. But, he said, universities have not made the best case for themselves as champions of unfettered debate.

“The problem with the university presidents saying that calls for genocide are not punishable is that they have such a risible record of defending free speech in the past that they don’t have a leg to stand on,” Dr. Pinker said in an interview.

The question is what happens from here.

Annie Karni

Annie Karni

Stefanik, whose aggressive questioning of Gay went viral, claimed credit for her exit.

Representative Elise Stefanik of New York, whose questions during a congressional hearing last month put Dr. Claudine Gay and two other prominent university administrators on the spot about antisemitism on their campuses, took a victory lap Tuesday afternoon after Dr. Gay announced her resignation as president of Harvard University.

“TWO DOWN,” Ms. Stefanik crowed on social media, accented by three red siren emojis. Last month, the president of the University of Pennsylvania, M. Elizabeth Magill, resigned just four days after she testified before Congress and evaded Ms. Stefanik’s aggressive line of questioning about whether students who called for the genocide of Jews should be punished.

The contentious exchanges between Ms. Stefanik and all three university presidents came at the tail end of a five-hour congressional hearing called by House Republicans on the rise of antisemitism on college campuses. The moment went viral, forcing the trio of presidents, including Sally Kornbluth of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, to clarify their responses and leading to a period of intense scrutiny on all three.

In Ms. Gay’s case, that prompted an examination of her past work that fueled plagiarism charges, ultimately causing her to step down on Tuesday.

Ms. Stefanik, the No. 4 Republican in the House, has counted the resignations as a political win.

“I will always deliver results,” Ms. Stefanik, a Harvard alumna, said in a statement on Tuesday. “Claudine Gay’s morally bankrupt answers to my questions made history as the most viewed congressional testimony in the history of the U.S. Congress.” Ms. Stefanik added that “this is just the beginning of what will be the greatest scandal of any college or university in history.”

In an interview with Fox News Tuesday afternoon, Ms. Stefanik promised that an ongoing congressional investigation of the universities that she announced in the wake of the hearing would continue to uncover “institution rot.” And she again claimed credit for Dr. Gay’s resignation, arguing that “this accountability would not have happened were it not for the very clear moral questions at the hearing.”

Those questions almost did not happen. During the hearing, Ms. Stefanik had already tried four times to pin down the trio of administrators. She repeatedly tried and failed to get them to agree with her that calls for “intifada” and use of slogans such as “from the river to the sea” amounted to appeals for genocide against Jews that should not be tolerated on campuses.

They had parried her grilling with lawyerly answers that, on their own, might not have made international headlines. But then they fell into something of a prosecutorial trap laid by Ms. Stefanik, refusing to answer “yes” when she asked whether calling for the genocide of Jews violated their universities’ codes of conduct on bullying and harassment.

“I thought, ‘How can I drill down on this and ask this question in such a way that the answer is an easy ‘yes?’ ”Ms. Stefanik said in an interview last month . “And they blew it.”

Ms. Stefanik, who graduated from Harvard in 2006, has clashed with her alma mater in the past. After the Jan. 6, 2021, attack at the Capitol, Harvard’s Institute of Politics removed Ms. Stefanik from its advisory board, citing her “public assertions about voter fraud in November’s presidential election that have no basis in evidence.”

Ms. Stefanik, a onetime moderate Republican who more than any other lawmaker in Congress represents to Democrats and anti-Trump Republicans the worst of what happened to the G.O.P. under the sway of Mr. Trump, at the time called her removal “a rite of passage and badge of honor.”

On Tuesday, one of Ms. Stefanik’s top advisers, Garrett Ventry, joked on social media that Ms. Stefanik was now the de facto president of Harvard University.

But she was hardly the only House Republican vying on Tuesday to claim credit for Ms. Gay’s resignation.

Representative John James, Republican of Michigan, shared on social media a clip of his own line of questioning during the hearing and wrote that Dr. Gay’s resignation came “after I questioned her just last month about what actions she’d taken to combat anti Semitism.”

Rep. Virginia Foxx, a North Carolina Republican who heads a House committee investigating Harvard, said the inquiry would continue despite Claudine Gay's resignation. “There has been a hostile takeover of postsecondary education by political activists, woke faculty and partisan administrators,” Foxx said in a statement, adding, “The problems at Harvard are much larger than one leader, and the committee’s oversight will continue.”

Many of the plagairism accusations against Claudine Gay were first published by The Washington Free Beacon, a conservative news outlet. The site’s editor-in-chief, Eliana Johnson, said in an interview on Tuesday that Harvard officials had never responded to her reporters’ questions. “They are brittle and unused to scrutiny,” she said. “We have been able to have an impact despite their total lack of transparency.”

Some of Gay’s faculty supporters have argued that the allegations against her hold less weight because they originated from ideologically motivated critics and outlets, and have argued that the type of plagiarism she is accused of largely involved language on research methodologies and reviews — not her core, original findings. Johnson rejected those defenses. “Harvard is welcome to come out and say, ‘Our standards for plagiarism don’t apply to quantitative scholars — they’re allowed to copy words and phrases.’ But those are not the standards they’ve chosen to articulate for students or uphold for students.”

Larry Summers, the former U.S. treasury secretary who also resigned his Harvard presidency under pressure in 2006, suggested that Claudine Gay had done the right thing for the university. “I admire Claudine Gay for putting Harvard’s interests first at what I know must be an agonizingly difficult moment,” he said in an email.

Rob Copeland

Rob Copeland

Claudine Gay’s resignation puts new focus on Harvard’s secretive corporation, the governing board that appointed her. Led by Penny Pritzker, a billionaire and former Obama administration official, the corporation has been all but mum during the swirl of the past few months, and Pritzker did not respond to a request for comment on Tuesday. Gay said in her resignation letter that she made her decision to step down “in consultation with members of the corporation,” but the corporation’s own subsequent statement made no mention of its role.

At least one Harvard professor is already calling for a shakeup of the board. Frank Laukien, a visiting scholar of chemistry, said Pritzker should “share accountability and resign immediately.” He wrote in an email: “We need multiple new independent members on the Harvard Corporation that are not tainted by recent events and failures, and who are not part of the long-standing cronyism at the top of Harvard.”

Jennifer Schuessler

Jennifer Schuessler

A history of the plagiarism allegations against Claudine Gay.

Claudine Gay’s resignation from Harvard came three weeks after plagiarism accusations against her emerged, an unexpected development in a turbulent stretch of presidency that began with her response to the Oct. 7 Hamas attacks on Israel.

Rumors about problems in Dr. Gay’s work had circulated for months on anonymous message boards. But the first widely publicized report came on Dec. 10, the evening before Harvard’s board met to decide whether she would keep her job, following her disastrous appearance before a Congressional committee investigating the university’s response to antisemitism. That evening, the conservative education activist Christopher Rufo published an essay in his Substack newsletter highlighting what he described as “problematic patterns of usage and citation” in her 1997 doctoral dissertation.

The Washington Free Beacon, a conservative news outlet, followed with several articles detailing numerous allegations regarding her published scholarly articles, and reported two formal complaints submitted to the Research Integrity Office of Harvard’s Faculty of Arts and Sciences, of which Dr. Gay, a political scientist, is a member.

In its statement on Dec. 12 saying Dr. Gay would stay on, the board acknowledged the allegations, which it said it had been made aware of in late October via an inquiry from The New York Post. The board said it had then conducted an investigation and found “a few instances of inadequate citation” in two articles, which it said would be corrected. But the infractions, the board said, did not rise to the level of “research misconduct.”

The plagiarism allegations blindsided many faculty, including some of the more than 700 who had signed a letter urging the Harvard Corporation, the university’s governing board, to “resist political pressures that are at odds with Harvard’s commitment to academic freedom,” including calls from external actors seeking Dr. Gay’s removal.

Initially, faculty reaction was mixed, with some saying the charges were serious and others calling the examples minor. Professors from both camps questioned the seemingly ideological nature of the effort to publicize them.

But as more allegations surfaced, faculty support for Dr. Gay began to erode, particularly as questions arose about what procedures the corporation — which normally has no involvement in scholarly matters — had used to investigate.

In a letter on Tuesday announcing her resignation, Dr. Gay, who remains a member of the faculty, defended her academic integrity, and said the campaign against her had been driven by “racial animus.”

“It has been distressing to have doubt cast on my commitments to confronting hate and to upholding scholarly rigor — two bedrock values that are fundamental to who I am,” she wrote.

It is unclear if her resignation will end any potential investigation into the complaints filed with the university.

Some politically active students said they were concerned that Claudine Gay’s resignation had been manipulated by outside forces. “Her resignation is a symptom of Harvard being almost entirely beholden to external pressure,” said Sanaa Kahloon, a junior and pro-Palestinian activist who added, “These allegations of plagiarism have been weaponized by right-wing actors to suppress free speech in higher education, and to continue to suppress free speech with respect to Palestine.”

Sarah Mervosh

Sarah Mervosh

Who is Claudine Gay?

Claudine Gay, 53, who resigned as Harvard’s president on Tuesday, took office in July, becoming the first Black president and the second woman to lead Harvard.

The daughter of Haitian immigrants, she earned an undergraduate degree in economics from Stanford University — where she would later teach — and a Ph.D. in government from Harvard.

Her career has mostly been in elite academia. Since the mid 2000s she has been a professor of government and African and African-American studies at Harvard, where her research interests have included minority representation and political participation in government.

Though allegations of plagiarism, dating back to her dissertation in 1997, surfaced publicly as Dr. Gay was engulfed in a political firestorm last month, she had in recent years moved away from academic research and into administration.

Before becoming president, she served in the high-profile role as dean of Harvard’s powerful Faculty of Arts and Sciences. The department, which includes both the university’s undergraduate program and its Ph.D. programs, is the largest of Harvard’s various divisions, with more than 1,000 faculty members.

Some colleagues saw her as a leader for the cultural moment: She helped drive a cluster of hires in ethnic studies , and oversaw several investigations into sexual harassment and misconduct allegations against faculty. She also led the department through the Covid-19 pandemic and remote learning.

But she was also seen as taking a hard line on matters of discipline, sometimes controversially.

In 2019, she issued a two-year, unpaid suspension to Roland G. Fryer, a star Black economist and recipient of a MacArthur “genius” grant, who was accused of unwelcome sexual conduct toward employees. His education research lab was also disbanded.

She also spoke out against Ronald S. Sullivan Jr., a high-profile criminal defense attorney and Black law professor whose decision to represent the disgraced film producer Harvey Weinstein in 2019 stirred controversy on campus . Professor Sullivan, who said at the time that representing unpopular defendants was a key tenet of the legal profession and an opportunity for conversation with students, was later removed from the student residential house he oversaw after the university conducted a “climate review” of his leadership in the house.

Dr. Gay, a supporter of diversity in hiring and an expert on minority representation and political participation in government, took the reins just as the Supreme Court rejected the use of race-conscious admissions at Harvard and other universities around the nation.

She was selected from a pool of more than 600 nominations.

Penny Pritzker, the senior fellow of the Harvard Corporation who led the presidential search committee, praised Dr. Gay at the time for her “rare blend of incisiveness and inclusiveness,” bringing both a “bedrock commitment to free inquiry and expression, as well as a deep appreciation for the diverse voices and views that are the lifeblood of a university community.”

Some faculty members were disappointed by Gay’s resignation.

On Tuesday, some faculty members expressed deep dismay with what they described as a political campaign against Dr. Gay, Harvard and higher education more broadly. Hundreds of them had signed public letters asking Harvard’s governing board to resist pressure to remove Dr. Gay.

“This is a terrible moment,” said Khalil Gibran Muhammad, a professor of history, race and public policy at the Harvard Kennedy School. “Republican Congressional leaders have declared war on the independence of colleges and universities, just as Governor DeSantis has done in Florida. They will only be emboldened by Gay’s resignation.”

Some faculty members criticized how the secretive Harvard Corporation, the university’s governing body, had handled the political onslaught and plagiarism allegations.

“Instead of making a decision based on established scholarly principles, we had here a public hounding,” she said. “Instead of listening to voices of scholars in her field who could speak to the importance and originality of her research, we heard voices of derision and spite on social media. Instead of following established university procedure, we had a Corporation granting access to self-appointed advisers and carrying out reviews using mysterious and undisclosed methods.”

Melani Cammett, a professor of international relations, said she hoped “that Harvard can move forward in a way that limits politicized interference.”

“I also hope that we move towards a position of institutional neutrality that truly protects academic freedom and integrity,” she said.

House Republicans were stepping over each other to claim credit for Claudine Gay’s resignation. While it was Rep. Elise Stefanik, Republican of New York, whose questions during a Dec. 7 hearing led to the answers that ultimately helped topple two Ivy League administrators, Representative John James of Michigan shared a clip of his own line of inquiry on social media and wrote that Gay’s departure came “after I questioned her just last month about what actions she’d taken to combat antisemitism.”

Christopher Rufo, a conservative education activist who was among the first to widely publicize the plagiarism accusations against Claudine Gay, took credit for her resignation in a post on social media: “My strategies, however unorthodox, have proven successful at exposing corruption, changing public opinion, and moving institutions."

Rep. Elise Stefanik, the New York Republican who led the most aggressive questioning of Claudine Gay during a Dec. 5 hearing on antisemitism, called the resignation “long overdue” in a social media post, adding that “our robust Congressional investigation will continue to move forward to expose the rot in our most 'prestigious' higher education institutions and deliver accountability to the American people.”

Sean Plambeck

Sean Plambeck

Alan M. Garber, a physician and economist who is the university’s provost, will serve as interim president. Harvard’s governing board said it would begin the search for a new president “in due course.”

The New York Times

A statement from Harvard’s governing board.

The following letter was signed by the Fellows of Harvard College, the university’s governing board.

Dear Members of the Harvard Community,

With great sadness, we write in light of President Claudine Gay’s message announcing her intention to step down from the presidency and resume her faculty position at Harvard.

First and foremost, we thank President Gay for her deep and unwavering commitment to Harvard and to the pursuit of academic excellence. Throughout her long and distinguished leadership as Dean of Social Science then as Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences — where she skillfully led the F.A.S. through the Covid-19 pandemic and pursued ambitious new academic initiatives in areas such as quantum science and inequality — she demonstrated the insight, decisiveness, and empathy that are her hallmark. She believes passionately in Harvard’s mission of education and research, and she cares profoundly about the people whose talents, ideas, and energy drive Harvard. She has devoted her career to an institution whose ideals and priorities she has worked tirelessly to advance, and we are grateful for the extraordinary contributions she has made — and will continue to make — as a leader, a teacher, a scholar, a mentor, and an inspiration to many.

We are also grateful to Alan M. Garber, Provost and Chief Academic Officer, who has served with distinction in that role for the past 12 years — and who has agreed to serve as Interim President until a new leader for Harvard is identified and takes office. An economist and a physician, he is a distinguished and wide-ranging scholar with appointments at Harvard Medical School, Harvard’s Faculty of Arts and Sciences, the Harvard Kennedy School of Government, and the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. We are fortunate to have someone of Alan’s broad and deep experience, incisive judgment, collaborative style, and extraordinary institutional knowledge to carry forward key priorities and to guide the university through this interim period.

These past several months have seen Harvard and higher education face a series of sustained and unprecedented challenges. In the face of escalating controversy and conflict, President Gay and the Fellows have sought to be guided by the best interests of the institution whose future progress and well-being we are together committed to uphold. Her own message conveying her intention to step down eloquently underscores what those who have worked with her have long known — her commitment to the institution and its mission is deep and selfless. It is with that overarching consideration in mind that we have accepted her resignation.

We do so with sorrow. While President Gay has acknowledged missteps and has taken responsibility for them, it is also true that she has shown remarkable resilience in the face of deeply personal and sustained attacks. While some of this has played out in the public domain, much of it has taken the form of repugnant and in some cases racist vitriol directed at her through disgraceful emails and phone calls. We condemn such attacks in the strongest possible terms.

The search for a new president of the university will begin in due course. We will be in further touch about the process, which will include broad engagement and consultation with the Harvard community in the time ahead.

For today, we close by reiterating our gratitude to President Gay for her devoted service to Harvard, as well as to Provost Garber for his willingness to lead the university through the interim period to come. We also extend our thanks to all of you for your continuing commitment to Harvard’s vital educational and research mission — and to core values of excellence, inclusiveness, and free inquiry and expression. At a time when strife and division are so prevalent in our nation and our world, embracing and advancing that mission — in a spirit of common purpose — has never been more important. We live in difficult and troubling times, and formidable challenges lie ahead. May our community, with its long history of rising through change and through storm, find new ways to meet those challenges together, and to affirm Harvard’s commitment to generating knowledge, pursuing truth, and contributing through scholarship and education to a better world.

The Israel-Hamas war led to rising polarization on Harvard’s campus. Many Jewish students believed that Claudine Gay was slow to denounce the Oct. 7 atrocities by Hamas and to quell disruptive demonstrations. They reported increasing antisemitic taunts and were dismayed when Gay told a congressional committee that whether Harvard students would be punished for urging genocide against Jews would depend on the context.

Josh Kaplan, a sophomore majoring in computer science, welcomed Gay’s resignation. “It is the beginning of the rehabilitation our university needs. I, along with many other Harvard students, look forward to the next president working to repair the university’s image and combat the hateful antisemitism and bigotry we have seen on our campus.”

The reaction on Harvard’s campus was muted, since students are on winter break. But some heralded her resignation. “I think it is, if anything, too late,” said Alex Bernat, a junior, adding, “I’m glad she finally came to terms with the need for Harvard to have new leadership.”

Read Claudine Gay’s resignation letter.

It is with a heavy heart but a deep love for Harvard that I write to share that I will be stepping down as president. This is not a decision I came to easily. Indeed, it has been difficult beyond words because I have looked forward to working with so many of you to advance the commitment to academic excellence that has propelled this great university across centuries. But, after consultation with members of the Corporation, it has become clear that it is in the best interests of Harvard for me to resign so that our community can navigate this moment of extraordinary challenge with a focus on the institution rather than any individual.

It is a singular honor to be a member of this university, which has been my home and my inspiration for most of my professional career. My deep sense of connection to Harvard and its people has made it all the more painful to witness the tensions and divisions that have riven our community in recent months, weakening the bonds of trust and reciprocity that should be our sources of strength and support in times of crisis. Amidst all of this, it has been distressing to have doubt cast on my commitments to confronting hate and to upholding scholarly rigor — two bedrock values that are fundamental to who I am — and frightening to be subjected to personal attacks and threats fueled by racial animus.

I believe in the people of Harvard because I see in you the possibility and the promise of a better future. These last weeks have helped make clear the work we need to do to build that future — to combat bias and hate in all its forms, to create a learning environment in which we respect each other’s dignity and treat one another with compassion, and to affirm our enduring commitment to open inquiry and free expression in the pursuit of truth. I believe we have within us all that we need to heal from this period of tension and division and to emerge stronger. I had hoped with all my heart to lead us on that journey, in partnership with all of you. As I now return to the faculty, and to the scholarship and teaching that are the lifeblood of what we do, I pledge to continue working alongside you to build the community we all deserve.

When I became president, I considered myself particularly blessed by the opportunity to serve people from around the world who saw in my presidency a vision of Harvard that affirmed their sense of belonging — their sense that Harvard welcomes people of talent and promise, from every background imaginable, to learn from and grow with one another. To all of you, please know that those doors remain open, and Harvard will be stronger and better because they do.

As we welcome a new year and a new semester, I hope we can all look forward to brighter days. Sad as I am to be sending this message, my hopes for Harvard remain undimmed. When my brief presidency is remembered, I hope it will be seen as a moment of reawakening to the importance of striving to find our common humanity — and of not allowing rancor and vituperation to undermine the vital process of education. I trust we will all find ways, in this time of intense challenge and controversy, to recommit ourselves to the excellence, the openness, and the independence that are crucial to what our university stands for — and to our capacity to serve the world.

Sincerely, Claudine Gay

What to know about the latest plagiarism accusations against Claudine Gay.

New plagiarism allegations that surfaced on Monday against Claudine Gay threatened to mire Harvard deeper in debate over what constitutes plagiarism and whether the university would hold its president and its students to the same standard.

The accusations were circulated through an unsigned complaint published Monday in The Washington Free Beacon, a conservative online journal that has led a campaign against Dr. Gay over the past few weeks.

The new complaint added additional accusations of plagiarism to about 40 that had already been circulated in the same way, apparently by the same accuser.

Dr. Gay has strongly defended her work. “I stand by the integrity of my scholarship,” she said in a statement on Dec. 11, when the initial plagiarism charges were being circulated by conservative activists online and the Harvard Corporation was considering whether she should remain as president. “Throughout my career, I have worked to ensure my scholarship adheres to the highest academic standards,” Dr. Gay said.

The documents by the unnamed accuser that The Free Beacon links to on its website show 39 examples in the first complaint, rising to 47 in total in the second complaint. Separately, Harvard’s investigations have found instances of inadequate citation in her dissertation and at least two of her articles.

She has not been accused of stealing big ideas, but rather of copying language in the papers of other scholars, with small changes to substitute words or phrases or to arrange them differently. Often the language in question is technical boilerplate.

The new complaint against Dr. Gay is preceded by a five-page chronology, written in a tone ranging from somber to sarcastic — under the jaunty salutation, “Happy New Year!” The chronology notes that the unnamed accuser submitted the first batch of allegations to Harvard on Dec. 19.

In one paragraph, the accuser, who seems to be familiar with Harvard’s policies on plagiarism, explains why he or she was unwilling to be identified by name: “I feared that Gay and Harvard would violate their policies, behave more like a cartel with a hedge fund attached than a university, and try to seek ‘immense’ damages from me and who knows what else.”

The New York Post has reported that it approached Harvard with plagiarism accusations against Dr. Gay in October, and said that Harvard responded through a defamation lawyer.

The accuser goes on to wonder why Harvard was so intent on exposing him or her: “Did Gay wish to personally thank me for helping her to improve her work even if I drove her harder than she wanted to be driven?”

The sentence is an allusion to a phrase in the acknowledgments of Dr. Gay’s 1997 dissertation, where she says that her family “drove me harder than I sometimes wanted to be driven.”

It is one of the phrases she is accused of copying, from the acknowledgments of a 1996 book, “Facing Up to the American Dream: Race, Class, and the Soul of the Nation,” by the Harvard political scientist Jennifer L. Hochschild, who was thanking another academic.

A timeline of Claudine Gay’s tenure as president.

Claudine Gay had served as president of Harvard University only since July, but had faced criticism on two fronts: her response to rising tensions on campus over the Israel-Gaza war, and questions about possible plagiarism in her academic work.

On Tuesday, she resigned her position as president, writing in a letter to the university community that “it has become clear that it is in the best interests of Harvard for me to resign so that our community can navigate this moment of extraordinary challenge with a focus on the institution rather than any individual.”

Dec. 15, 2022

Harvard University announces that Dr. Gay, the school’s dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, will become president the following year. The daughter of Haitian immigrants, she will be the university’s first Black leader and the second woman to hold the position. Dr. Gay received an undergraduate degree in economics from Stanford University and a Ph.D. in government from Harvard.

July 1, 2023

Dr. Gay, 53, officially begins in the job. A supporter of diversity in hiring and an expert on minority representation and political participation in government, she takes the reins just as the Supreme Court rejected the use of race-conscious admissions at Harvard and other universities around the nation.

The day after the Hamas attack on Israel, a coalition of more than 30 student groups at Harvard publishes an open letter, saying it holds “the Israeli regime entirely responsible for all unfolding violence.” The letter receives intense backlash .

Dr. Gay and Harvard’s leadership come under fire for not publicly condemning the Hamas attack or denouncing the letter from the student groups. Amid rising pressure from alumni and donors, university leaders including Dr. Gay issue a statement expressing heartbreak over the death and destruction from the war while calling for “an environment of dialogue and empathy.”

Dr. Gay releases another letter , this time more forcefully condemning the “terrorist atrocities perpetrated by Hamas," as well as denouncing the letter from the student groups. “While our students have the right to speak for themselves, no student group — not even 30 student groups — speaks for Harvard University or its leadership,” she says in the letter.

A campaign targets students affiliated with the groups that signed the open letter. A truck with a digital billboard — paid for by a conservative group — circles Harvard Square, flashing students’ photos and names under the headline “Harvard’s Leading Antisemites.” Dr. Gay releases another statement , this time in a video format, in which she states that Harvard rejects hate.

Harvard receives an inquiry from The New York Post about what it later describes as “anonymous allegations” of plagiarism in Dr. Gay’s work.

At a Sabbath dinner at Harvard Hillel, Dr. Gay announces the formation of an advisory group to help her “develop a robust strategy for confronting antisemitism on campus.” She also condemns the phrase “from the river to the sea,” a slogan that pro-Palestinian activists use as a call for liberation but that many Jews see as a call for violence against them.

According to the university, the Harvard Corporation appoints an independent panel of three experts on this day to conduct a review of Dr. Gay’s papers that were referenced in the anonymous allegations.

After coming under criticism for weeks over what detractors said were tepid responses to rising antisemitism on campus, Dr. Gay writes a letter to members of the larger Harvard community addressing the tensions. “Harvard rejects all forms of hate, and we are committed to addressing them,” she writes. “Let me reiterate what I and other Harvard leaders have said previously: Antisemitism has no place at Harvard.”

The Office for Civil Rights of the U.S. Education Department announces an investigation into allegations of antisemitism at Harvard.

Dr. Gay, along with the presidents of M.I.T. and the University of Pennsylvania, testifies at a congressional hearing that House Republicans convened to address issues of bias against Jewish students. During the hearing, Representative Elise Stefanik, Republican of New York, asks: “Does calling for the genocide of Jews violate Harvard’s rules of bullying and harassment? Yes or no?”

Dr. Gay replies, “It can be, depending on the context.” She adds: “Antisemitic rhetoric, when it crosses into conduct that amounts to bullying, harassment, intimidation, that is actionable conduct, and we do take action.”

Following heavy criticism of the presidents’ responses at the hearing, Dr. Gay apologizes in an interview with The Harvard Crimson , the campus newspaper. “What I should have had the presence of mind to do in that moment was return to my guiding truth, which is that calls for violence against our Jewish community — threats to our Jewish students — have no place at Harvard, and will never go unchallenged,” Dr. Gay says.

Allegations about plagiarism in Dr. Gay’s 1997 doctoral dissertation are publicly raised in a newsletter by the conservative activist Christopher Rufo.

A group of 14 faculty members begin circulating a petition opposing Dr. Gay’s removal . It quickly garners hundreds of signatures.

The Washington Free Beacon, a conservative media outlet, publishes its own investigation of Dr. Gay’s academic papers, identifying what it said were issues with four of them published between 1993 and 2017, including the doctoral dissertation.

Harvard’s governing board, the Harvard Corporation, acknowledges that Dr. Gay had made mistakes but decides that she would remain in her job . In its statement, the Corporation briefly addresses the allegations about her scholarship. It says an independent inquiry investigated her published work and found two papers needing additional citations, but no “research misconduct.”

Facing mounting questions over possible plagiarism in Dr. Gay’s scholarly work, Harvard says that it found two additional instances of insufficient citation in Dr. Gay’s 1997 doctoral dissertation — examples of “duplicative language without appropriate attribution.” The university says Dr. Gay will update her dissertation correcting those instances.

That same day, a congressional committee investigating Harvard sends a letter to the university demanding all of its documentation and communications related to the allegations.

Faced with a new round of accusations over plagiarism in her scholarly work, Ms. Gay announces her resignation , becoming the second Ivy League leader to lose her job in recent weeks amid a firestorm intensified by their widely derided congressional testimony regarding antisemitism on campus.

Anemona Hartocollis , Sarah Mervosh , Jennifer Schuessler , Vimal Patel , Dana Goldstein , Jeremy W. Peters , Rob Copeland , and Stephanie Saul contributed reporting.

Because of an editing error, an earlier version of this article misstated the time when Harvard began an investigation about Dr. Gay’s work. It was Nov. 2, not in October.

An earlier version of this article contained a photo caption that misstated the organization that hosted the event at which Dr. Gay spoke. She spoke at a Sabbath dinner hosted by Harvard Chabad, not Harvard Hillel (though she also appeared at another event hosted by Harvard Hillel).

How we handle corrections

  • Pre-Markets
  • U.S. Markets
  • Cryptocurrency
  • Futures & Commodities
  • Funds & ETFs
  • Health & Science
  • Real Estate
  • Transportation
  • Industrials

Small Business

Personal Finance

  • Financial Advisors
  • Options Action
  • Buffett Archive
  • Trader Talk
  • Cybersecurity
  • Social Media
  • CNBC Disruptor 50
  • White House
  • Equity and Opportunity
  • Business Day Shows
  • Entertainment Shows
  • Full Episodes
  • Latest Video
  • CEO Interviews
  • CNBC Documentaries
  • CNBC Podcasts
  • Digital Originals
  • Live TV Schedule
  • Trust Portfolio
  • Trade Alerts
  • Meeting Videos
  • Homestretch
  • Jim's Columns
  • Stock Screener
  • Market Forecast
  • Options Investing

Credit Cards

Credit Monitoring

Help for Low Credit Scores

All Credit Cards

Find the Credit Card for You

Best Credit Cards

Best Rewards Credit Cards

Best Travel Credit Cards

Best 0% APR Credit Cards

Best Balance Transfer Credit Cards

Best Cash Back Credit Cards

Best Credit Card Welcome Bonuses

Best Credit Cards to Build Credit

Find the Best Personal Loan for You

Best Personal Loans

Best Debt Consolidation Loans

Best Loans to Refinance Credit Card Debt

Best Loans with Fast Funding

Best Small Personal Loans

Best Large Personal Loans

Best Personal Loans to Apply Online

Best Student Loan Refinance

All Banking

Find the Savings Account for You

Best High Yield Savings Accounts

Best Big Bank Savings Accounts

Best Big Bank Checking Accounts

Best No Fee Checking Accounts

No Overdraft Fee Checking Accounts

Best Checking Account Bonuses

Best Money Market Accounts

Best Credit Unions

All Mortgages

Best Mortgages

Best Mortgages for Small Down Payment

Best Mortgages for No Down Payment

Best Mortgages with No Origination Fee

Best Mortgages for Average Credit Score

Adjustable Rate Mortgages

Affording a Mortgage

All Insurance

Best Life Insurance

Best Homeowners Insurance

Best Renters Insurance

Best Car Insurance

Travel Insurance

All Credit Monitoring

Best Credit Monitoring Services

Best Identity Theft Protection

How to Boost Your Credit Score

Credit Repair Services

All Personal Finance

Best Budgeting Apps

Best Expense Tracker Apps

Best Money Transfer Apps

Best Resale Apps and Sites

Buy Now Pay Later (BNPL) Apps

Best Debt Relief

All Small Business

Best Small Business Savings Accounts

Best Small Business Checking Accounts

Best Credit Cards for Small Business

Best Small Business Loans

Best Tax Software for Small Business

Best Tax Software

Best Tax Software for Small Businesses

Tax Refunds

All Help for Low Credit Scores

Best Credit Cards for Bad Credit

Best Personal Loans for Bad Credit

Best Debt Consolidation Loans for Bad Credit

Personal Loans if You Don't Have Credit

Best Credit Cards for Building Credit

Personal Loans for 580 Credit Score or Lower

Personal Loans for 670 Credit Score or Lower

Best Mortgages for Bad Credit

Best Hardship Loans

All Investing

Best IRA Accounts

Best Roth IRA Accounts

Best Investing Apps

Best Free Stock Trading Platforms

Best Robo-Advisors

Index Funds

Mutual Funds

New FAFSA launches after a long delay — but with 'some minor issues,' Education Department says

thumbnail

  • A simplified Free Application for Federal Student Aid finally became available over the weekend.
  • However, there are some "issues" with the soft launch, according to the U.S. Department of Education.
  • Even if students do successfully submit a completed 2024–25 FAFSA form, that information won't be sent to schools until late January, the Education Department also said, which could potentially delay financial aid award offers from colleges.

American University president on rising college costs: We have to focus on the value proposition

A simplified  Free Application for Federal Student Aid is finally online after a significant delay .

However, as part of a "soft launch," the new FAFSA form has only been periodically available. It's likely few, if any, of the millions of students applying to college for the 2024-25 academic year have been able to successfully submit an application, according to higher education expert Mark Kantrowitz.

"I am convinced that nobody has been able to submit the form," he said.

"Congress required the FAFSA to be available before Jan. 1, 2024. They missed that deadline," Kantrowitz said.

More from Personal Finance: This strategy can help you meet New Year's resolution goals Student loan borrowers won't face missed payments penalties Fewer students are enrolling in college

"Leading up to and as part of the soft launch, we have identified some minor issues," the U.S. Department of Education said in a statement Sunday . "We are aware of these issues and are working to resolve them."

For now, Kalman Chany, a financial aid consultant and author of The Princeton Review's "Paying for College," advises students and families not to panic. "If you are having access issues, it is better to wait," he said.

"They had to have something available even if it wasn't ready for prime time."

Even if students do submit a completed 2024–25 FAFSA form early this year, that information won't be sent to schools until late January, the Department of Education also said, "so you will have ample time to fill out the form and do not need to rush to complete the form during the soft launch."

With the delayed timeline, colleges might still be able to get financial aid award offers done by late March or early April, according to Kantrowitz. "Otherwise, it will be a complete disaster," he said. "Families will not be able to get financial aid offers in a timely manner. Already, students who applied early action or early decision do not have award offers."

What's changed with the new FAFSA

Not only has the timing changed, but the simplified form now also uses a calculation called the "Student Aid Index" to estimate how much a family can afford to pay.

Under the new system, more low- and moderate-income students will have access to federal grants, but the changes will reduce eligibility for some wealthier families.

And, as part of the FAFSA simplification, families will no longer get a break for having multiple children in college at the same time, effectively eliminating the " sibling discount ."

They had to have something available even if it wasn't ready for prime time. Kalman Chany author of The Princeton Review's "Paying for College"

For now, the new FAFSA also relies on old consumer price index figures from 2020, which don't account for the recent runup in inflation . That could mean many students "will get less financial aid than they deserve," Kantrowitz said.

"It is a pretty big deal," he said. "We are talking about thousands of additional dollars that families will have to pay for college."

All families of four in this application cycle with adjusted available income over $35,000 will be affected by the failure to make inflationary adjustments, with middle- and higher-income students the hardest hit, according to Kantrowitz. There will be less of an effect on lower-income students whose expected family contribution was already $0.  

For example, a typical family in New York with adjusted available income of $100,000 could be expected to contribute $12,943 instead of $9,162 toward their annual college costs — a difference of nearly $4,000 in aid, according to calculations by Kantrowitz.

Subscribe to CNBC on YouTube.

comscore

IMAGES

  1. Adding students in Zearn, how students log in, and join new class with prior account

    e dissertation student login

  2. Students Login Page

    e dissertation student login

  3. One of three login forms I've designed for this project. This one is

    e dissertation student login

  4. Canvas: Student Login Guide

    e dissertation student login

  5. here

    e dissertation student login

  6. Dissertation Tutor Boost Student Skills With Online Dissertation

    e dissertation student login

VIDEO

  1. CV: Education

  2. Preparing for Masters at Oxford

  3. How a master's or PhD dissertation gets examined

  4. How to make Dissertation? Complete Details about Dissertation / Thesis for Bachelors/ Masters Degree

  5. Second Language (L2) Incidental Vocabulary Aquisition Through Reading

  6. Dissertation Writing 101: Why You Have To Let Go #shorts

COMMENTS

  1. ETD Administrator

    ProQuest ETD Administrator makes it easy for students and institutions to publish dissertations and theses. Using our simple web-based system, students can submit dissertations & theses online, and graduate administrators can manage the process.

  2. Submitting your ETD

    ETD Administrator is a site for students to submit their ETD (electronic thesis or dissertation) for publishing. The ETD homepage provides a high-level view of the submission process. Here is a summary: You create your submission, a process during which you: Provide your contact information Provide a PDF version of your manuscript

  3. Home

    This webinar will walk through the step-by-step process a student will go through as they submit their dissertation or thesis. It will identify resources and guidelines, ordered steps for submission, publication and copyright options, payment, and completion of submission. Duration: 21 minutes ETD Administrator -- Administration Webinar

  4. Electronic Theses and Dissertations @ Baylor University: Home

    Since Fall 2005, the Graduate School at Baylor University has required that all theses and dissertations be electronic only and submitted online to the Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Collection in the BEARdocs institutional repository. The purpose of this guide is primarily to provide general information related to ETD issues and information about the process of submitting ETDs to BEARdocs.

  5. Thesis/Dissertation

    Students whose theses or dissertations describe work for which patent protection might be appropriate should contact Jesse Kindra at CoMotion ([email protected] or 206 616-9658) prior to submitting their work to ProQuest and choosing access restrictions. Depending on the circumstances, a student may choose to completely withhold access for one ...

  6. PDF Help Menu for e-Disseertation Submission

    1. Introduction Students who are registered for P.G in the affiliated Institutions under The Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University has to submit e-Dissertation before Final Exam with Approval. 2. Student Registration for Login 2.1 Login Figure 2.1 - Login Step 1: Click the link "New Student Registration" in the Login screen

  7. Electronic Theses and Dissertation Submissions

    Home Thesis/Dissertation Office, 466 West Circle Drive, 2nd floor, Chittenden Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824 Phone: 517-353-3220; Email: [email protected]. The links below provide instructions on what needs to be completed and approved by the Graduate School in order to graduate.

  8. Dissertations and Theses

    The student completes the necessary University Milestones; The student's candidacy is valid through degree conferral; The student submits the final dissertation or thesis in Axess; The designated Final Reader certifies the final draft of the dissertation or thesis submitted in Axess.

  9. E-dissertations

    E-dissertations Instructions for doctoral students E-Dissertations Publication The University of Basel's electronic dissertations are publicly available in the edoc institutional repository and are recorded in the library catalogue. For archiving purposes, they are also saved by the Swiss National Library.

  10. Electronic Thesis & Dissertation Submission

    The CAU Graduate program will only grant an embargo if a student: 1) has a publication deal or 2) has time-sensitive research with a governing agency. If either of these purposes are relevant, the student must provide the publication deal or governing agency that will be willing to provide a letter of support.

  11. How to Submit a Doctoral Dissertation

    Go to the eTD website and upload the final eTD; submit supporting materials to the Office of Theses and Dissertations. (Note: It does not matter if you upload first or submit the materials first.) Supporting materials are: ProQuest/UMI Agreement, Survey of Earned Doctorates, and $95 fee.

  12. What Are the Steps to the Dissertation Process?

    The Dissertation Guidebook is one of the essential navigation tools Walden provides to its doctoral candidates. A vital portion of the document details the 15 required steps that take a dissertation from start to finish. Read along with Walden students to learn more about that process: Premise. The dissertation premise is a short document that ...

  13. MD/MS

    Kind attention to the dissertation submission students for MD/MS Degree Course. KINDLY UPLOAD THE SOFT COPY OF YOUR THESIS IN CMS -2 ,AT THE INSTITUTION LOGIN BY THE CANDIDATES WHO ARE ELIGIBLE FOR MAY 2022 MD/MS (BROAD SPECIALITY) EXAMINATIONS ON OR BEFORE 18.02.2022. Click here to view the HELP Document Click here to Register

  14. Welcome to the Official Website of the Tamilnadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical

    e-dissertation 1. medical. 2. dental 3. indian medicine and homoeopathy 4. allied health sciences. e-dissertation 1. medical. 2. dental 3. indian medicine and homoeopathy 4. allied health sciences ...

  15. LEARNING.FIELDING.EDU

    Student Email Accounts. Activate your new Fielding Email Account! As of October 31, 2023, Fielding NO LONGER USES GMAIL for communication with students. All communication from the university will go to your Outlook account. Outlook is part of your new Microsoft 365 account with Fielding.

  16. Home

    E-Access to dissertations submitted by Post-Graduate, Doctoral and Super Specialty students from the year 2005 onwards is now available. Please use the Search Option below and select Course or Institution or Title Keywords to narrow your Search. TITLE INSTITUTION COURSE

  17. OATD

    OATD.org aims to be the best possible resource for finding open access graduate theses and dissertations published around the world. Metadata (information about the theses) comes from over 1100 colleges, universities, and research institutions . OATD currently indexes 6,811,813 theses and dissertations. About OATD (our FAQ).

  18. Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University

    Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University

  19. Welcome to EPrints@Tamil Nadu Dr MGR Medical University

    Login; Create Account; Electronic Theses and Dissertations of The Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University Repository Information:: Latest ...

  20. - Nottingham ePrints

    dissertations submitted as part of taught courses (full text of these is only accessible to logged-in UoN users). Deposit items in the Repository Follow the procedure shown in the Deposit Guide. (To deposit a thesis or dissertation, first select "Nottingham eTheses" or "Nottingham eDissertations" before selecting Deposit Guide). Policies

  21. E -dissertation for Md/Ms Degree Courses

    e -dissertation for md/ms degree courses - submission -extended upto 15-03-2022 THE TAMIL NADU Dr. MGR MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, CHENNAI - 600 032 DATE: 17-02-2022

  22. Library

    Library Repository Fee from each Post Graduate student and Research Scholar when they submit their Thesis/Dissertation to the University. 500/-. 90/-. 590/-. The above fees shall come into effect from 07.05.2019. G.S.T. with effect from 17.06.2019. (Students are requested to give address of gmail account only also check your inbox/spam for all ...

  23. PDF CMS2.0

    6WHS 273 ZLOO EH UHFHLYHG E\ WKH 6WXGHQW LQ WKH UHJLVWHUHG HPDLO LG 273 IURP 6WXGHQW (PDLO ,G WR HQWHU E\ WKH VWXGHQW )LJXUH 273 IURP (PDLO ,G WR HQWHU E\ WKH VWXGHQW ... Microsoft Word - CMS2.0 - e-Dissertation - Student Login Author: L J S Max Created Date:

  24. Harvard president quits: Claudine Gay resignation highlights new

    FILE - Then-Edgerley Family Dean of Harvard's Faculty of Arts and Sciences Claudine Gay addresses an audience during commencement ceremonies, May 25, 2023, on the school's campus in Cambridge, Mass. Gay, Harvard University's president, resigned Tuesday, Jan. 2, 2024, amid plagiarism accusations and criticism over testimony at a congressional hearing where she was unable to say ...

  25. Harvard Finds More Instances of 'Duplicative Language' in Claudine Gay

    By Jennifer Schuessler. Dec. 20, 2023. Harvard University, in the face of mounting questions over possible plagiarism in the scholarly work of its president, Claudine Gay, said on Wednesday that ...

  26. Harvard's President Resigns

    The resignation of Dr. Gay marked an abrupt end to a turbulent tenure that began in July. Her stint was the shortest of any president in the history of Harvard since its founding in 1636. She was ...

  27. New FAFSA launches after a long delay, but with issues

    However, there are some "issues" with the soft launch, according to the U.S. Department of Education. Even if students do successfully submit a completed 2024-25 FAFSA form, that information ...