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Gender mainstreaming: A strategic approach

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As a starting point, this paper recognizes the importance of gender equity for economic growth, societal well-being, and sustainable development. Moreover, the paper acknowledges that while women make up half of the world's population, most policy, program and government initiatives affect women and men differently. To address gaps in policies, implementation and impacts the authors propose a strategic approach to gender mainstreaming that strengthens inclusive policy making by adding a gender lens and tools for assessing the impact of policies on women and other under-represented groups and targets the determinants of gender inequity, based on three pillars: systematic reviews of policies, laws and regulations that limit women's economic activity; gender budgeting; and improving the quality of gender disaggregated data to support impact assessments, policy analyses, and advocacy. The commitment of the Argentine presidency to fostering a gender mainstreaming strategy across ...

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What is gender mainstreaming

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Gender mainstreaming has been embraced internationally as a strategy towards realising gender equality. It involves the integration of a gender perspective into the preparation, design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies, regulatory measures and spending programmes, with a view to promoting equality between women and men, and combating discrimination.

Key concepts 

Gender mainstreaming ensures that policy-making and legislative work is of higher quality and has a greater relevance for society, because it makes policies respond more effectively to the needs of all citizens – women and men, girls and boys. Gender mainstreaming makes public interventions more effective and ensures that inequalities are not perpetuated.

Gender mainstreaming does not only aim to avoid the creation or reinforcement of inequalities, which can have adverse effects on both women and men. It also implies analysing the existing situation, with the purpose of identifying inequalities, and developing policies which aim to redress these inequalities and undo the mechanisms that caused them.

At European level, the EU Institutions are in charge of implementing gender mainstreaming, whereas at national level, it is up to the governments of Member States. However, it is not only the responsibility of specific individuals working in certain areas or units. While specific structures should be established and persons responsible appointed, the responsibility for implementing gender mainstreaming should be with the entire staff of public institutions, under the leadership of the management.

Learn more about the responsible structures in the EU institutions

Learn more about the responsible structures in the EU Member States

A political commitment for gender equality and a compatible legal framework are the basic conditions for the development of a successful gender mainstreaming strategy. In addition to concrete objectives and targets in the strategy, gender mainstreaming requires a clear action plan. Such plan should take into account the context, satisfy the necessary conditions, cover all the relevant dimensions, foresee the use of concrete methods and tools, set out the responsibilities and make sure that the necessary competences exist to achieve the anticipated results within a planned time frame.

Dimensions of gender mainstreaming

Gender mainstreaming requires both integrating a gender perspective to the content of the different policies, and addressing the issue of representation of women and men in the given policy area.

Both dimensions – gender representation and gender responsive content - need to be taken into consideration in all phases of the policy-making process.

Click on the image to see an overview of the different components of gender mainstreaming

Dimensions of gender mainstreaming

Gender representation in policy areas

Addressing the issue of representation means looking at the representation of women and men as policy beneficiaries, as well as their representation in the labour force and in the decision making processes.

Women are beneficiaries of EU policies to the same extent as men. Yet, compared to men, they are significantly underrepresented in decision-making positions. By collecting information on the representation of both sexes as users/beneficiaries, the policy measures can be better targeted and their effects on different groups better estimated.

The representation of women and men working in different policy areas varies across policy sectors and according to the type of work or functions.  For instance, women are underrepresented in the renewable energy sector (22.1 % of the workforce). They are generally employed in lower-skilled jobs (primarily in administration and communication), while more skilled and better paid jobs are primarily held by men. In the field of education, women are overrepresented as teachers at the levels of primary and lower secondary education, but their representation within decision-making positions is rather low, especially in tertiary education.

When there is an unbalanced participation of women and men in the planning and decision-making processes on policy actions, this may affect the outcomes that impact both women and men. Policies benefit from diverse perspectives: a more balanced representation of both sexes would bring in different experiences that may improve the decision-making process and overall results.

Learn more about women’s representation in the main EU policy areas

Gender mainstreaming is as much about addressing gender inequalities in society through policies, as it is about the organisations’ own ways of working.  Addressing the issue of representation within institutions also involves addressing the gender dimension of the organisational structures and the working procedures.     

Learn more about Institutional Transformation

Gender responsive content of the policies

Although numbers are important, it is pertinent to also consider how gender relates to the content of policy measures, to gain a better understanding of how women and men would benefit from them. A gender responsive policy ensures that the needs of all citizens, women and men, are equally addressed. 

Traditionally, government policy and legislation have been viewed as gender-neutral instruments, on the assumption that a public policy benefits all members of the public equally.

However, structural gender inequalities are still embedded in our society. Even if the laws treat women and men as equals, women still do not have equal access to and control over resources and assets.

Policies focused on the general public often impact women and men differently. If these different gender impacts are not taken into account, the policy will be gender-blind. To avoid this, it is necessary to take into account the different needs and interests of women and men, to identify gender inequalities in access to and control of resources, to consider the impact of gender based stereotypes and traditional gender roles, to anticipate different effects on women and men, and to ensure gender equality. 

Learn more about the importance of gender in the main EU policy areas

A gender impact assessment is the first step towards avoiding policies that fail to take into account a gender perspective. Such an assessment analyses the impact of a new regulation, policy or programme on the advancement of gender equality and in turn foresees implications it might have on women’s and men’s lives.

Learn how to conduct a Gender Impact Assessment

Enabling conditions for gender mainstreaming

An effective implementation of gender mainstreaming requires preparation and organisation. People in decision-making positions can make a particular difference here, as they have more power to introduce changes. 

Key elements to consider are:

  • Preparation : set up a plan for the implementation of gender mainstreaming, define steps and milestones, assign tasks and responsibilities, formalise and communicate the plan.  
  • Resources : sufficient resources need to be made available; effective gender mainstreaming requires budget and time. Think about resources for awareness-raising and capacity-building initiatives. The use of special (external) expertise might also be considered.  
  • Stakeholder involvement : close liaison with all policy stakeholders is essential throughout the policy cycle to take on board the concerns, expectations, and views of the target groups. It is recommended to cement opportunities and structures for stakeholder involvement and consultations into the policy process.  
  • Monitoring and evaluation : set in place accountability mechanisms to ensure an adequate follow-up of implementation and progress. Foresee regular reporting and share results.  
  • Knowledge generation : building up knowledge on gender equality and good practices in gender mainstreaming contributes to making the approach more effective. You can contribute to the institutional learning by collecting data and information on indicators, reporting on progress and facilitating experience exchange.  
  • Gender expertise : this expertise should be internal, but the use of special external expertise might be considered as well.

Gender Mainstreaming Cycle

A practical guide to integrating the gender perspective into a policy/programming cycle.

Integrating the gender perspective in a policy means that equality between women and men, as the overarching principle, should be taken into consideration in all decisions, in each phase of the policy-making process, by all the actors involved.

The policy process is understood as a multi-stage cycle, including defining, planning, implementing and checking (monitoring and evaluating). In many cases, these stages are turned into a cycle, with each step being repeated as changes occur. For example, when a policy is evaluated, it may reveal new problems that need to be addressed for re-programming.

The gender mainstreaming cycle presented here can be adjusted to different public policy/programming processes. The chart below refers to the specific stages of the cycle and the necessary elements that need to be given attention within each stage.  Specific gender mainstreaming methods and tools that should be used within each of the cycle stages are also included. Some methods and tools, such as consulting with stakeholders or providing gender equality training to the actors involved, can be useful in more than one stage. Moreover, it is important to remember that when dealing with data they should be sex-disaggregated. EIGE’s Gender Statistics Database is a useful tool that can be used to find reliable, comparable and up-to-date information on equality between women and men.

EIGE’s collection of  good practices  should also be consulted as it contains examples of proven approaches, policies and practices that have been effective in the implementation of gender mainstreaming strategies in the EU Member States.

For more information on the different stages of the gender mainstreaming cycle, click on each phase.

  • Gender statistics
  • Gender analysis
  • Gender impact assessment
  • Gender stakeholders consultation
  • Gender budgeting
  • Gender Procurement
  • Gender indicators

Click on a phase for details

  • Gender equality training
  • Gender-sensitive institutional transformation
  • Gender awareness-raising
  • Gender monitoring
  • Gender evaluation

The EU approach to gender mainstreaming

Gender mainstreaming is not a policy goal in itself, but a means to achieve gender equality. Equality between women and men is recognised by the EU as a fundamental right, a common value of the EU, and a necessary condition for the achievement of the EU objectives of growth, employment and social cohesion.

Since 1996, the Commission committed itself to a ‘dual approach’ towards realising gender equality. This approach involves mainstreaming a gender perspective in all policies, while also implementing specific measures to eliminate, prevent or remedy gender inequalities. Both approaches go hand in hand, and one cannot replace the other.

Browse through our Timeline to discover the milestones of gender equality in the EU.

Want to know more?

  • European Commission (2010). Communication From The Commission To The European Parliament, The Council, The European Economic And Social Committee And The Committee Of The Regions. Strategy For Equality Between Women And Men 2010-2015 (SEC(2010) 1079 / SEC(2010) 1080)
  • European Commission. (2010). Actions to implement the Strategy for Equality between Women and Men 2010-2015 . Commission Staff Working Document accompanying the Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. (SEC(2010) 1079/2)
  • European Commission. (2011). Strategy for equality between women and men 2010-2015: Publications Office of the European Union .
  • European Commission. (2015). Strategic Engagement for Gender Equality 2016-2019 : Publications Office of the European Union.
  • European Commission – DG Human Resources and Security (n.d.). Gender mainstreaming[1].
  • European Commission – DG Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities (2008). Manual for gender mainstreaming – employment, social inclusion and social protection policies
  • European Commission – DG Employment and Social Affairs (2005). EQUAL Guide on Gender Mainstreaming
  • European Commission. (1998). A Guide to Gender Impact Assessment .
  • European Commission – DG Development and Cooperation (2004). Toolkit on mainstreaming gender equality in EC Development cooperation .
  • United Nations Development Programme (2007). Gender mainstreaming in practice: a toolkit . Edited by Nadja Dolata and prepared by Astrida Niemanis, Dono Abdurazakova, Shannon Brooker, Anneli Gustafsson, Mamura Nasirova, Jafar Javan and Louise Sperl
  • Council of Europe (2009). Gender budgeting: practical implementation handbook . Prepared by Sheila Quinn
  • Council of Europe (2004). Gender mainstreaming: Conceptual framework, methodology and presentation of good practices. Final report of activities of the Group of Specialists on Mainstreaming (EG-S-MS)
  • Gender mainstreaming tools, films and other resources available at
  • Swedish Government Official Reports (2007). Gender Mainstreaming Manual – A book of practical methods from the Swedish Gender Mainstreaming Support Committee (JämStöd).
  • National Commission for the Promotion of Equality (2012). Gender Mainstreaming in Practice – Step-by-Step Guide for Gender Impact Assessment .
  • Belgian Institute for the Equality of Women and Men (2007). Equal Opportunities for men and women in public procurement contracts – A few recommendations .
  • European Commission (1998). 100 words for equality .
  • European Commission – DG Employment (2008). EU Gender Equality Law . Prepared by Susanne Burri and Sacha Prechal
  • European Commission – DG Justice (2011). Compendium of practice on Non-Discrimination/Equality Mainstreaming

About this Platform

The European Institute for Gender Equality created this Platform on Gender Mainstreaming to support the EU institutions and governmental bodies with the integration of a gender perspective in their work.

This online Platform provides insights on the relevance of gender in a variety of policy areas. It also suggests what EU officials and civil servants in the EU countries can practically do to take account of gender aspects in their daily tasks and responsibilities.

This online Platform helps to improve individual competences to mainstream gender throughout the different stages of the process of policy/programme/project development and implementation. Understanding how to design, plan, implement, monitor and evaluate policies from a gender perspective will strengthen EU policies, increase their societal relevance and responsiveness.

The focus of this online Platform is on gender as a social category. Gender as a social concept is always linked to and interwoven with other social categories like ethnicity, age, religion, sexual orientation, disability, or health status.

Gender Mainstreaming: Taking Action, Getting Results Essay

Terms definition, international human rights framework evolution, cedaw recommendations, 10 key questions tool in gender analysis, works cited.

A rights-based approach to development is an approach aimed at realizing human rights or the rights “that every human being possesses and is entitled to enjoy simply by human beings” ( Understanding Gender Concepts 29). It serves as a conceptual framework the aim of which is to protect and promote human rights by international human rights standards based on four main principles. The first is equality and equity, the second is empowerment, the third is accountability, and the last is participation. In addition to this, a rights-based approach to development also focuses on the non-discrimination of vulnerable groups. Within this approach, “human rights can be the means, the ends, the mechanism of evaluation, and the central focus of sustainable human development” (“A Rights-Based Approach to Development” 1).

A treaty body is a concept related to the implementation of human rights treaties. It is used to denote a committee that consists of several independent experts who monitor and control the ways the States parties implement the human rights treaties. A government that is a part of a particular treaty is obliged to report to a definite treaty body about its compliance with its obligations under this treaty; these reports to treaty bodies contain measures that the government has taken to comply with its obligations, as well as the difficulties that it faced at this. Apart from this, treaty bodies “also get information from NGOs, often in the form of “shadow report”, which they can use in questioning the official government report” ( Understanding Gender Concepts, p. 32).

Gender mainstreaming is a specific public policy aimed at the elimination of gender inequality. This concept, however, is applied not only in the cases of discrimination against women. Instead, gender mainstreaming is a strategy directed at ensuring both the genders with equal rights and opportunities, thus, focusing on the programs, policies, and actions implemented in different spheres and areas (political, economical, societal, etc) and monitoring their proper implementation. In other words, this is a gender perspective that brings to light “the social relations between women and men in all aspects of socio-economic activities and within social and institutional structures” ( Understanding Gender Concepts, p. 12 ). It ensures gender equality and, therefore, encourages growth and reduces poverty in society (Buvinic and King para. 6).

Gender analysis is a process of examining differences that exist in the lives of men and women to identify social and economic gender-based inequalities in their roles, as well as of defining causes of such inequalities, and contributing to corresponding policy development, thus, ensuring positive changes for women. In addition to this, gender analysis deals with the planned interventions and the implications that they have; with regards to this, its purpose is to ensure understanding of these implications within different contexts (economic, political, social, etc) and evaluate the resources that the implementation of the planned interventions requires.

The evolution of the International Human Rights Framework began with the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) that proclaimed human rights as “universal, inalienable, and indivisible” ( Understanding Gender Concepts, p. 30 ). This was followed by the establishment of the Commission on Human Rights. In the following decade, two important human rights treaties have been adopted, namely, “The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights” ( Understanding Gender Concepts, p. 31 ). A definite number of countries had to sign these for them to take effect, which was achieved during the third decade in 1976. In the decade that followed this, the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) took effect (1981), after which a World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna was held by the UN in the last decade in 1993.

All these stages of development had certain implications for the UN member states. For instance, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted in 1948 obligated all the UN member states to uphold certain standards that it set. Moreover, after signing the two covenants, the UN member states acknowledged women’s rights and liberties, as well as took responsibility to protect them from different forms of discrimination ( Understanding Gender Concepts, p. 31 ). This contributed greatly to the emancipation of women in these countries, and, consequently, gender equality. In addition, by signing the treaties, the UN member states obliged themselves to follow the laws and provisions of these treaties, which contributed to the development of the human rights law content in these countries and the adoption of new laws protecting human rights and ensuring gender equality.

Numerous examples are proving that these events have tangibly affected gender equality in several world countries. Judging from my own experience, I can state that there is hardly a position in the modern world that is gender-dependent. When searching for a job, I was offered the most unexpected vacancies, which proved to me that gender equality was present in society. These days, males can work as cooks, models, and even babysitters, while women can occupy the positions of engineers, programmers, and police officers. Women can obtain education in any of the world universities, irrespective of how technical their orientation is. Moreover, women can take upon themselves the role of the head of the family who supports it financially, whereas men can raise children. This proves that the evolution of human rights has strongly affected gender equality.

Recommendation 24 of CEDAW has been adopted to explain to the Committee Article 12 of this convention. This article deals with women’s rights to health and their reproductive rights. Concerning it, gender equality should be ensured in the sphere of health care granting men and women equal access to medical services; besides, women are to be ensured with “appropriate services in connection with pregnancy, confinement and the post-natal period, granting free services where necessary, as well as adequate nutrition during pregnancy and lactation” ( Understanding Gender Concepts, p. 41 ). Therefore, general Recommendation 24 of CEDAW became especially important for those involved in a reproductive health area.

This and several other Recommendations of CEDAW covered important issues of reproductive health. For instance, Recommendation 24 obligated the governments to “remove punitive measures imposed on women who undergo abortion” ( Understanding Gender Concepts, p. 42 ). Owing to other Recommendations of CEDAW, women got access to numerous reproductive health services. Some of the brightest examples are family planning that allows preventing unwanted pregnancy and artificial insemination that allows women with certain reproduction problems to have children. One more way in which these recommendations relate to RH issues is the possibility of women learning more about childbirth, care, rearing, etc. Several hospitals currently offer free-of-charge courses for future mothers, as well as specialist consultations and recommendations for those who have AIDS or got AIDS during pregnancy. Thus, CEDAW made RH an inalienable human right.

The use of the 10 Key Questions Tool in gender analysis has long been underestimated. Nevertheless, the application of this tool for namely this type of analysis is more than useful. Its greatest benefit is that it allows carrying out gender analysis at two levels: policy level and family level. In any of these cases, the 10 Key Questions Tool allows identifying important indicators that should be used to measure progress when performing a gender analysis of a definite problem, stating dimensions in a gender-sensitive way, as well as measuring these dimensions in a gender-sensitive way.

Thus, for example, when carrying out a gender-sensitive analysis of the problem of unwanted pregnancy in a certain country, this tool allows analyzing the situation and identifying the causes of the problem, which will further help to identify “goal, purpose, outputs, and activities for this problem” ( Using Gender Analysis and Indicators, p. 33 ). This will allow working out solutions to the existing problem within each family that faces it. At the same time, this will require certain policies to be outlined and implemented (for instance, modifying family planning protocols and providing additional family planning services for the population) and certain activities to be done to make these policies effective. In this way, this tool can be successfully used for conducting gender-sensitive analysis at family and policy levels.

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  • “Smart Economics.” Finance and Development 44.2 (2007).
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IvyPanda. (2021, December 25). Gender Mainstreaming: Taking Action, Getting Results.

"Gender Mainstreaming: Taking Action, Getting Results." IvyPanda , 25 Dec. 2021,

IvyPanda . (2021) 'Gender Mainstreaming: Taking Action, Getting Results'. 25 December.

IvyPanda . 2021. "Gender Mainstreaming: Taking Action, Getting Results." December 25, 2021.

1. IvyPanda . "Gender Mainstreaming: Taking Action, Getting Results." December 25, 2021.


IvyPanda . "Gender Mainstreaming: Taking Action, Getting Results." December 25, 2021.

Speech: “Gender mainstreaming is crucial”—Lakshmi Puri

Date: Tuesday, 13 June 2017

Mr. President, distinguished delegates, ladies and gentlemen,

2017 marks 20 years since the adoption of the ECOSOC Agreed Conclusions on mainstreaming a gender perspective into all policies and programmes in the United Nations system (1997/2), recognizing that the goal of gender equality would not be achieved without a systematic and consistent process of gender mainstreaming which would allow assessing the implications for women and men of any planned action, including legislation, policies or programmes, in all areas and at all levels.

Twenty years back, the Council promoted gender mainstreaming as “a strategy for making women’s as well as men’s concerns and experiences an integral dimension of the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies and programmes in all political, economic and societal spheres so that women and men benefit equally, and inequality is not perpetuated.”

Over the years, intergovernmental resolutions in the ECOSOC and the General Assembly have sought to advance gender mainstreaming in the UN system. For example, every year the Council adopts by consensus the gender mainstreaming resolution, and the new Quadrennial Comprehensive Policy Review has also given strong mandates for gender mainstreaming.

The context of the 2030 Agenda has made the Council’s guidance more relevant than ever before. Member States’ commitment to the full, effective and accelerated implementation of the historic gender equality related intergovernmental norms and standards, and the commitments made in sustainable development, peace and security, human rights and humanitarian action in the last 5 years. This demands the system to be fit for purpose, including through the effective implementation of the gender mainstreaming strategy in all policies and programmes to ensure concrete gender equality outcomes, especially at the country level.

Mr. President, distinguished delegates,

We have come a long way since 1997. We have seen a significant increase in political will and commitment to gender mainstreaming with established institutional arrangements, such as gender units, gender specialists and gender focal points in the UN system and elsewhere.

Initiatives have been undertaken to develop the capacity to identify and address relevant gender perspectives in all areas of our work, at both normative and operational levels. Gender perspectives are being incorporated into planning, budgeting and reporting processes.

The United Nations continues to support Governments, at their request, to develop gender-sensitive policies and strategies and to take gender perspectives into consideration in all areas of collaboration. Considerable support is also given to capacity development.

Assessing gender mainstreaming

Yet at times a less than stellar picture of gender mainstreaming has been presented. It has been viewed as unclear and as a replacement for standalone programmes for gender equality and the empowerment of women. These myths must be quickly dispelled.

Gender mainstreaming and standalone gender equality programmes are not mutually exclusive, and for us to arrive at gender equality a twin-track approach remains necessary. The twin-track approach is about consistent and visible policy prioritization and targeted programs and about gender mainstreaming in all key policies, programmes and institutions. Agenda 2030 follows this approach.

Reinvigorating gender mainstreaming

There should be no confusion as to why gender mainstreaming is crucial and what is needed to ensure it. We need political will and commitment from the very top, but above all we need human and financial resources to deliver for all women and girls.

The work on gender mainstreaming and enhancing gender equality needs better funding. Underinvestment in gender continues to impede results yet it remains the norm. The number of staff working on gender issues at least 50 per cent of their time stands at only 3.5 per cent of UN staff. This is not enough to make a difference. UN entities need to ensure that resources, both human and financial, are earmarked in their respective budgets. It cannot be business as usual if we want to step it up for gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls.

Nothing propels implementation more than effective accountability mechanisms. In this light the UN-System Wide Action Plan constitutes a significant breakthrough. It has propelled progress, accelerated gender mainstreaming in the institutions of the UN system and yielded a clearer and more consistent picture of system-wide strengths and challenges related to gender mainstreaming.

Similarly, the UNCT Performance Indicators for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (also known as “The UNCT Gender Mainstreaming Scorecard”) function as an accountability mechanism at the country level.

At this juncture, five years after the inception of the innovation of the UN-SWAP and about a decade after the initiation of the Scorecard, both are due for update and alignment. In this vein, we now look forward to the launching and full implementation of both the updated UN-SWAP and the UNCT SWAP Scorecard in the beginning of 2018. 

I now have the pleasure to introduce the report of the Secretary-General (E/2017/57) on “Mainstreaming a gender perspective into all policies and programmes in the United Nations system”, prepared pursuant to resolution 2016/2, which requested the Secretary-General to report on gender mainstreaming, including on progress in the implementation of the United Nations System-wide Action Plan on Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women.

  • This year, 65 entities, departments and offices reported under the UN-SWAP. The number of reporting entities was 55 in 2012, which was the first year of implementation of the UN-SWAP.
  • In its five years of its implementation, the compliance against UN SWAP indicators has more than doubled. During the reporting period, the performance areas of capacity development, capacity assessment and knowledge generation and communication recorded the largest gains. 
  • In 2016, 78 per cent of all reporting entities met or exceeded the requirements for the gender policies and plans indicator. An additional six entities have committed to developing or implementing policies in 2017, which suggests a projected compliance rate of 88 per cent by the end of 2017.
  • Gender policies and plans remain one of the strongest drivers of institutional change. We have consistently seen that entities with gender policies outperform those without.

There are, however, some troubling trends worthy of note as well.

  • First, the current rate of progress is insufficient. The UN system will not meet all performance requirements by the 2017 deadline, set by the Chief Executives Board for Coordination. Some of this lies in the area of parity where progress is dependent on factors beyond normal ranges of control, such as retirements.
  • Second, we have observed that the rate of progress itself has slowed. Intensified efforts therefore remain necessary.
  • Third, efforts need to be focused on adequate resource allocation without which all indicators will progressively start to suffer and gains lost.
  • And finally, for the fifth consecutive year, resource allocation emerged as the weakest indicator.
  • The role of UN Country Teams, supported by gender theme groups is critical to ensuring gender mainstreaming in country level programming

Key results in 2016 include:

  • Gender remained the number one area of focus of joint programmes, with almost 110 joint gender programmes implemented out of a total of 380.
  • All regional UN Development Groups (UNDG) are supported by gender working groups that strive to enhance joint action on gender equality and the empowerment of women at the regional level.
  • A total of 97 interagency working groups on gender provided policy, technical and capacity-building support to the UN country teams in their effort to enhance gender mainstreaming.
  • In Somalia, for example, the gender theme group developed a Gender Accountability Framework to support the United Nations Integrated Mission improve synergies and collaboration in the areas of leadership, advocacy, programming and reporting for gender equality.
  • Gender perspectives are increasingly being reflected in UN common country programming.
  • The United Nations Development Assistance Frameworks (UNDAFs) continue to show an increasing focus on gender equality. In 2016, 91 per cent of the 27 UNDAFs rolled out in 2016 contained at least one outcome level result that support gender equality and the empowerment of women.

The United Nations system is making steady progress in gender mainstreaming including in the context of the UN-SWAP. Nevertheless, critical gaps exist. To address them, may I highlight some priority actions that are also foundational and without which continued and adequately paced progress may be more elusive:

  • First, sustain political commitment and leadership at the highest levels. It remains an essential condition for progress towards and realization of gender equality and the empowerment of women.
  • Second, ensure provision of adequate human and financial investments to support gender mainstreaming within and across entities. While accountability and compliance is central, support rendered for its attainment is equally so.
  • Third, enhance operational coherence, capacity and expertise of UN country teams on the systematic and comprehensive mainstreaming of gender in country-level common programming frameworks, particularly the United Nations Development Assistance Framework.
  • Fourth, intensify support to produce gender statistics and robust data, which is fundamental for supporting gender mainstreaming as well as monitoring implementation of global and national commitments on gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls.
  • Fifth, strengthen gender mainstreaming across the development, peace and humanitarian agendas.
  • Finally, increase tracking for financial allocations and expenditures for gender equality, using gender markers to identify resource gaps and commit to specific targets.
  • UN Women views the Council’s resolution before you today as an important political commitment to gender mainstreaming. This year’s resolution provides very strong actions for the UN system to continue to work collaboratively and be accountable for accelerating the full and effective mainstreaming of a gender perspective in the UN system, including in the context of the gender-responsive implementation of the 2030 Agenda.
  • In this regard, UN Women looks forward to the Council’s adoption of the resolution “Mainstreaming a gender perspective into all policies and programmes of the United Nations system”.
  • ‘One Woman’ – The UN Women song
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  1. (PDF) Gender Mainstreaming Plan for Gender-Responsive Public Schools

    essay on gender mainstreaming

  2. PPT

    essay on gender mainstreaming

  3. Gender Mainstreaming: Taking Action, Getting Results

    essay on gender mainstreaming

  4. (PDF) A critical analysis of Gender Mainstreaming as a strategy for

    essay on gender mainstreaming

  5. Gender Roles Essay Example for Free

    essay on gender mainstreaming

  6. Gender Mainstreaming in Disaster Risk Reduction Free Essay Example

    essay on gender mainstreaming


  1. CESA Gender Mainstreaming Webinar 2

  2. Gender Mainstreaming Die wahren Absichten

  3. Talk on Gender Mainstreaming

  4. Gender-Mainstreaming, Gleichbehandlung

  5. Die Genderrevolution Teil 2

  6. Gender Mainstreaming showreel


  1. What is gender mainstreaming?

    Gender mainstreaming is an approach to policy-making that takes into account both women's and men's interests and concerns. The concept of gender mainstreaming was first introduced at the 1985 Nairobi World Conference on Women. It was established as a strategy in international gender equality policy through the Beijing Platform for Action ...


    The essential of Gender mainstreaming in Programmes 1. Sex disaggregated data must be gathered. This reveals quantifiable differences between women and men in relation to poverty, income, education, health and participation levels, amongst others, and helps to better understand the context. 2.

  3. (PDF) A critical analysis of Gender Mainstreaming as a strategy for

    Gender Mainstreaming: a depoliticising project. While the concept of gen der mainstreaming offers compelli ng propositions as a. strategy towards the realisation of gender equali ty, li terature i ...

  4. PDF Handbook on Gender Mainstreaming

    Handbook on Gender Mainstreaming for Gender Equality Results 36. Gender analyses at country level should cover the following issues:87. Inequalities at national and subnational levels. In terms of rights, roles, and access to resources, services and development opportunities, as well as employment and income.


    Gender mainstreaming is an approach to both programming and institutional change in support of the implementation of global commitments on gender equality and women's empowerment.16 Implementing a gender mainstreaming strategy, therefore, requires sys - tematic integration of gender perspectives in policies, programmes and thematic issues.

  6. Gender mainstreaming: A strategic approach

    Drawing on the existing body of analytical work and the lessons of experience from various governments, this paper proposes a strategic approach to gender mainstreaming that targets the determinants of gender inequity and is based on three pillars: 1. Systematic reviews of policies, laws and regulations that limit women's economic activity; 2.

  7. Handbook on gender mainstreaming for gender equality results

    The year 2022 marks the 25th anniversary of the adoption of the United Nations Economic and Social Council's agreed conclusions on gender mainstreaming, an opportune moment to reflect on the gender mainstreaming strategy, and offer guidance on its effective implementation at national, regional, and global levels.

  8. PDF From Concept to Action: Gender Mainstreaming in Operational Activities

    Promotion of gender equality is the goal of gender mainstreaming. It is important to establish clearly from the start that gender mainstreaming is not an end in itself - but rather a means to an ...

  9. What is gender mainstreaming

    English. Gender mainstreaming has been embraced internationally as a strategy towards realising gender equality. It involves the integration of a gender perspective into the preparation, design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies, regulatory measures and spending programmes, with a view to promoting equality between women and ...

  10. PDF UNIDO Guide to Gender Analysis and Gender Mainstreaming the Project Cycle

    6.4 Gender capacities and gender parity within implementation teams..... . 34 6.5 Key gender mainstreaming activities for project/programme implementation..... . 34 7. Gender-Responsive Monitoring, Reporting and Evaluation


    GENDER MAINSTREAMING STRATEGY - DEFINITION. "...the process of assessing the implications for women and men of any planned action, including legislation, policies or programmes, in all areas and at all levels. It is a strategy for making women's as well as men's concerns and experiences an integral dimension of the design, implementation ...

  12. Essay On Gender Mainstreaming

    Essay On Gender Mainstreaming. 1541 Words7 Pages. Gender mainstreaming appeared in the context of international development as an additional approach to help reduce inequalities and improve women's condition. Unlike stand-alone, mostly women-centered, initiatives that seek to tangibly improve the situation of particular groups or individuals ...

  13. Gender and Development: The Challenge of Mainstream

    allows gender awareness to become adapted by these same institutions (i.e. gender mainstreaming) but risks not truly bringing the transformation needed. In the final part of my essay, I argue the importance of halting the "Sanctity of Culture," a phrase coined by feminist economist, Naila Kabeer (1999). I further this analysis by

  14. PDF Guidance Note Gender Mainstreaming Principles, Dimensions and

    Appendix B2: Key U.N. statements on mainstreaming gender and promoting the participation of women in counter-terrorism and PVE 70 Appendix B3: WPS UN Commitments F: USEFUL RESOURCES78 Appendix C: GENDER MAINSTREAMING PRINCIPLES 79 Equal Participation and Inclusion 79 Attending to Gender Difference and Inequalities 79 Non-Exclusivity 79

  15. Decoding Gender Mainstreaming: Gender Policy Frameworks In an Era of

    Case Study: UNHCR Good Practices in Gender Mainstreaming. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees' (UNHCR) 2001 policy report, UNHCR Good Practices in Gender Mainstreaming, provides a telling example of how GM has been conceptualized and utilized within a specific agency. The report is commendable in that it admits that the tools it ...

  16. Gender Mainstreaming: Taking Action, Getting Results Essay

    Gender mainstreaming is a specific public policy aimed at the elimination of gender inequality. This concept, however, is applied not only in the cases of discrimination against women. Instead, gender mainstreaming is a strategy directed at ensuring both the genders with equal rights and opportunities, thus, focusing on the programs, policies ...

  17. Gender and Development: The Challenge of Mainstream The ...

    Patricia Nilsson, Gender and Development, Consilience, No. 10 (2013), pp. 125-135

  18. Gender mainstreaming: A global strategy for achieving gender equality

    Gender mainstreaming is the intergovernmentally agreed global strategy for achieving gender equality. This brochure highlights approaches to and strategies for gender mainstreaming. The brochure also features infographics and a list of relevant resources.

  19. Understanding The Concept Of Gender Mainstreaming Sociology Essay

    The idea of gender mainstreaming was formally featured in 1995 at the Fourth Conference on women which was held in Beijing. The UN Economic and Social Council defined the concept of gender mainstreaming as: "Mainstreaming a gender perspective is the process of assessing the implications for women and men of any planned action, including ...

  20. Gender Mainstreaming Challenges and Opportunities in Government

    gender mainstreaming is not put into practice in the study setting as expected by the government though there are policy and legal contexts as well as strategic documents pertaining to gender mainstreaming. These gender discrepancies, grievances, and the subsequent disadvantaged position of women in socio-economic conditions initiated the ...

  21. Speech: "Gender mainstreaming is crucial"—Lakshmi Puri

    Remarks by UN Women Deputy Executive Director Lakshmi Puri at the ECOSOC Coordination and Management Session of 2017, on 7 June in New York. Mr. President, distinguished delegates, ladies and gentlemen, 2017 marks 20 years since the adoption of the ECOSOC Agreed Conclusions on mainstreaming a gender perspective into all policies and programmes ...

  22. Understanding The Concept Of Gender Mainstreaming Sociology Essay

    The idea of gender mainstreaming was formally featured in 1995 at the Fourth Conference on women which was held in Beijing. The UN Economic and Social Council defined the concept of gender mainstreaming as: "Mainstreaming a gender perspective is the process of assessing the implications for women and men of any planned action, including ...