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A study of the effects of local area networks in a small business environment

Carl Joseph Chimi , University of Massachusetts Amherst

Local area networks (LANs) provide links between computing devices, such as workstations, file servers, and printers, over a relatively small geographic area (usually within a single building or organization). While computer networks have existed for almost thirty years, networking technology has only recently become available to small organizations. In the late 1980's the use of LANs has begun to mushroom, and presumably has begun to affect the organizations which use LANs. A review of the literature reveals many technical and product-oriented articles about LANs, but no previous research into the organizational effects of LANs. However, a strong tradition of studying the effects of technology on social structures exists. This dissertation describes a study which builds from this tradition. The research described herein is an exploratory study of the effects of LANs on a small business environment. The particular environment chosen, the auto parts industry, is representative of many inventory-intensive, transaction-oriented small businesses. Forty-six respondents, all auto parts retailers, were asked about their reasons for acquiring their LANs and about their level of satisfaction with their LANs. Growth trends, employment trends, and regional differences in LAN usage were also studied. In brief, the major findings of the research are the following: Acquisition and satisfaction. (1) Three clusters of factors stand out among the reasons why auto parts firms have made the investment in networking technology: financial controls, managerial controls, and external factors impinging on the firm. The financial controls cluster is the most important. (2) A high level of satisfaction with computer networks exists in the auto parts user community. (3) The reasons for the high level of user satisfaction reported in Finding 2 were examined. Users report being most satisfied with financial objectives, followed closely by managerial objectives. As a group they are less satisfied with external objectives. Growth. (4) Auto parts companies which have purchased computer networks have shown significant growth, as reflected in increases in the total number of employees since the purchase. (5) Auto parts companies which have purchased computer networks have not experienced significant changes in the number of office employees since the purchase. Employment trends. (6) In the auto parts industry, the use of unskilled, or lesser-skilled, employees on the auto parts counter is increasing and is likely to continue to increase. (7) In the auto parts industry, the number of women in non-traditional positions (such as working on the parts counter or in management) has increased in the last decade. Regional differences. (8) The proportion of stores in the metropolitan Boston area which have computer networks is significantly lower than the proportion in all other areas contacted during the interview process.

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Information Systems|Management|Computer science

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Chimi, Carl Joseph, "A study of the effects of local area networks in a small business environment" (1989). Doctoral Dissertations Available from Proquest . AAI9011710. https://scholarworks.umass.edu/dissertations/AAI9011710

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Design and implementation of a local area network utilizing Intel 310/80286 systems

James Leach

The goal of this work was to provide the foundation for a course in networking by developing the hardware and software for a token ring Local Area Network (LAN). Any course work in networking would focus on the emerging International Standards Organization (ISO) Open Systems Interconnections (OSI) model. This model provides a seven layered structure, where each layer performs some logical aspect of the communication process. Thus, the software developed would have to provide the functionality of a multiple layered design, implying multiple tasks communicating by operating system primitives. Also, a simplified design would minimize the time for those students trying to assimilate the basic work prior to embarking on the design of their own work. Within an Intel 310 system running the iRMX operating system, the LAN hardware and software were developed. The package allows reliable transfer of files to the other nodes on a token ring LAN via access by user programs to lower layers. In addition, the user has a reasonable interface to interact with the file system of the home node. Once the physical configuration of the LAN is established, the software is self-initializing and self monitoring for pathological cases. The software runs as an application task on each node, thus maintaining each Intel 310 as a general purpose development environment.

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Local area networks (Computer networks)--Design; Intel 80286 (Microprocessor); iRMX for Windows

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Computer Engineering (KGCOE)

Brown, George

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Heliotis, James

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Leach, James, "Design and implementation of a local area network utilizing Intel 310/80286 systems" (1987). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from https://repository.rit.edu/theses/4606

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Local Area Network Management

Seizing the Opportunities of eSupport

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thesis on local area networks

  • Seppo Sirkemaa 4 &
  • Reima Suomi 4  

Part of the book series: IFIP — The International Federation for Information Processing ((IFIPAICT,volume 105))

978 Accesses

Local area networks (LAN) are by definition organization-internal communication networks. Thus they are typically used, built and maintained internally. However, even this area of IT can not escape the effects of external networking. Local area network managers can draw benefits from product and service offerings from markets and electronic commerce. This article builds a taxonomy of local area management tasks, and discusses which of these can and should be outsourced to electronic markets, and which should be kept in-house. Our focus is on eSupport, also here on the delivery of local area management services through the Internet. eSupport is an important incredient in the e-applications of the Internet. The article rests on a research project of LAN management practices in ten organizations.

The original version of this chapter was revised: The copyright line was incorrect. This has been corrected. The Erratum to this chapter is available at DOI: 10.1007/978-0-387-35617-4_48

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Sirkemaa, S., Suomi, R. (2003). Local Area Network Management. In: Monteiro, J.L., Swatman, P.M.C., Tavares, L.V. (eds) Towards the Knowledge Society. IFIP — The International Federation for Information Processing, vol 105. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-35617-4_30

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Design, Deployment and Implementation of Local Area Network (LAN) at BAEC Head Quarter

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2021, IJCSMC

A local area network (LAN) is a computer network within a small geographical area such as a home, school, computer laboratory, office building or group of buildings. A LAN is composed of interconnected workstations and personal computers which are each capable of accessing and sharing data and devices, such as printers, scanners and data storage devices, anywhere on the LAN. LANs are characterized by higher communication and data transfer rates and the lack of any need for leased communication lines. Communication between remote parties can be achieved through a process called Networking, involving the connection of computers, media and networking devices. When we talk about networks, we need to keep in mind three concepts, distributed processing, network criteria and network structure. The purpose of this Network is to design a Local Area Network (LAN) for a BAEC (Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission) Head Quarter and implement security measures to protect network resources and system services. To do so, we will deal with the physical and logical design of a LAN. The goal of this Network is to examine of the Local Area Network set up for a BAEC HQ and build a secure LAN system.

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Research Journal of Computer Science and Engineering

Network security is the process of taking physical and software preventative measures to protect the underlying networking infrastructure from unauthorized access, misuse, malfunction, modification, destruction, or improper disclosure, thereby creating a secure platform for computers, users, and programs to perform their permitted critical functions within a secure environment. A local area network (LAN) is a computer network within a small geographical area such as a home, school, computer laboratory, office building or group of buildings. A LAN is composed of inter-connected workstations and personal computers which are each capable of accessing and sharing data and devices, such as printers, scanners and data storage devices, anywhere on the LAN. LANs are characterized by higher communication and data transfer rates and the lack of any need for leased communication lines. A data network is an interconnected system of computers, peripherals and software over which data files and m...

thesis on local area networks

We live in age of modern science. Computer Network is the best innovation of Modern science. A local area network (LAN) is a computer network within a small geographical area such as a home, school, computer laboratory, office building or group of buildings. A LAN is composed of interconnected workstations and personal computers which are each capable of accessing and sharing data and devices, such as printers, scanners and data storage devices, anywhere on the LAN. LANs are characterized by higher communication and data transfer rates and the lack of any need for leased communication lines. A high-quality and correctly dimensioned network infrastructure is essential for all well-functional IT system. A Local Area Network based network can ensure high speed as well as high quality network. To fulfill the current requirements of AERE (Atomic Energy Research Establishment) considering its smooth operation of high speed internet service, LAN based network is the state-of-the-art network solution. A LAN network design refers to the specialized processes leading to a successful installation and operation of a network which includes determining the type of communication system(s) which will be carried over the network, the geographic layout, the transmission equipment required and the fiber network over which it will operate. The purpose of this Network is to design a Local Area Network (LAN) for AERE (Atomic Energy Research Establishment) and implement security measures to protect network resources and system services. To do so, I will deal with the physical and logical design of a LAN. The goal of this Network is to examine of the Local Area Network set up for AERE and build a secure LAN system.

Lahar Singh Nishad

Ata Ul Munim Aseel Shaikh

International Journal Cister

Elda Hamidha

Currently, the laboratory uses computers and LAN networks as school practical tools. During initial observations at SMA 2 PGRI Palembang, they found a problem, namely the large number of students and the lack of learning facilities to carry out activities in the computer room resulting in some students not being able to fully study in the room. computer due to the limited time for students to learn. In developing the system, the author will use the Network Development Life Cycle (NDLC) method for designing lan network infrastructure. Network Development Life Cycle (NDLC) is a method that relies on previous development processes such as business strategy planning, application development life cycle, and data distribution analysis. And can provide an overview of the design of computer network systems that in the future can be used as a reference for building a computer network that is good and efficient and easy to implement

Rahul Kumar

prashanth b

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asik mahmud

Kafwa Dodo , Yusuf Baha

This research is necessitated because of under-utilization of computing resources due to lack of a campus local area network in Taraba State University (TSU), Jalingo. Related literatures on design and implementation of campus local area network were reviewed. A hybrid Bus-Star topology and hierarchical model were in the design. This was achieved using Edraw Max 7.9 Network Design Software, AutoCAD, Global Positioning System (GPS) and Google Earth Pro. The research presented a comprehensive TSU–Campus LAN and recommendation for implementation to facilitate enhanced e-learning, online applications and multimedia communication services for all campus residents in TSU, Jalingo.

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Local Area Network Case Study

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Research on Background of Apple Corporation

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Rationale to Use LANs in the Organization

It is important to note that a local area network is basically a computer network within a specified area or company. The key issue related to the use of local area networks is to interconnect computer networks and ensure high data transfer rates in order to enhance telecommunication line, thus increasing the value for the costumer. LANs used in the organization include the old system used on telephone systems. However, in recent times the company has introduced a network topology, which has a unique interconnection pattern layout. In this case, the Internet protocol is standard at upper layers of local area networks. At the Apple Corporation, local area networks are connected by computers within the work station in order to execute programs. This way, the management and staff are able to access data from any computer available at work stations. Additionally, the management and the staff of the company can also transfer information using communications, which allow chat sessions and e-mail sending.

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Local Area Network

Local Area Network helps simplify networking capabilities of computers and other shared resources, such as printers and files, within an organization. One of the most commonly used local area networks is the Ethernet. It is affordable and can be used in networks that are more advanced. It comprises of wiring standards, which include signalling variants. It is connected to a shared medium and a coaxial cable. The system divides data into smaller frames in order to check errors and address destinations. In this way data is protected from damage, and in case there is any damage, it is re-transmitted and detected. It is important to note that since data sent through Ethernet is in the form of frames, the system contains data footer, header, and data section. In this way the system uses network adopters to appropriately discard and read the frame and address the sender and recipients. In order to broadcast the devices within the network, Ethernet performs preliminary detection to determine the level of transmission in progress. This simply means that Ethernet allows standard and simultaneous transmission.

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Bus topology

Bus topology can easily be compared to a backbone. This is because bus topology helps connect all required devices. It has functions, which are related to a backbone and shares information with mediums with shared communication. It helps send and broadcast messages from one device to another. The system broadcasts the message and sends it to the intended recipient. It is a very simple and easy system to install. Additionally, this system does not require too much cabling as compared to many other systems.

Ring topology

Ring topology is a system that allows communication to travel in a clockwise or anticlockwise direction. This system is implemented using a token ring, sonnet, or a FDDI. It is most commonly used on campuses and in office buildings.

Star topology

Star topology is mostly used in homes. It comprises and features a hub node from a central point connection. This system requires a lot of cabling and connections.

Tree topology

Tree topology is a combination of bus and star topologies. It is a very simple system that is simply connected to tree devices. This system greatly supports network expandability.

Mesh topology

Mesh topology comprises of route concepts. This simply means that the mesh system uses different paths to reach the destination source.

How It Works

Differences between Hubs and Switches

Switch is a device that is used to forward and filter devices between local area network’s portions and segments. Functions of hub and switch are different in many ways but are sometimes integrated into a unique and single device. It is important to note that central network in any organization requires a server to handle and equip data types, which are also known as frames. The main difference between the switch and the hub is the manner in which these devices deliver the frames. In a hub, the data or frame is broadcasted from the port regardless of the number of ports. This simply means that this device does not distinguish to which port should be sent to. Additionally, it is important to note that the hub shares bandwidth with its ports. This means that hub’s bandwidth is available to the maximum even when only one PC is being broadcasted. It is important to note that hubs are nodes that are connected to networking cables. All hyper hubs are uplinked and connected together. However, this depends on the hyper link port. Additionally, it decreases performance as the user number is increased.

On the other hand, a switch keeps MAC addresses record of most devices connected to the same. In this case, a switch can identify the system within the port from this information. In this way, every time a frame is received, the switch identifies and knows which port to send it to. This means that the user can have full access to bandwidth maximum amount. The switch drastically increases network speed from the available bandwidth. It also enhances performance of the network, web servers, and work stations when it is connected directly to 10/100Mbps. Additionally, switches intensify applications to the file server or work station if they are connected to 10/100Mbps.

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thesis on local area networks

Comparison between the Cabling (UTP, STP, or Fibre Optic) Used in the Organization

A cable is a channel or medium through which data or information travels or is sent from one network device to another. Each network uses different cables in relation to user needs and network’s topology. The unshielded twisted network cable comes in two different types namely: unshielded and shielded. The unshielded twisted device is the most common and popular. It has four different pairs of wires within the packet or jacket. Each twist per inch within each pair is used to limit and reduce interference from electrical devices and other adjacent pairs. The untwisted shielding pair connector is a plastic connector that is inserted only one way. The difference between the two is the copper pair twisting tightness.

Shielded twisted pair or STP cable is common and popular in environments with electrical interference, for example, electrical frequency or radio interference. These cables have a metal shield that blocks the outside interference from computers and fluorescent lights amongst many others. This cable uses a token ring topology. Coaxial cabling has a plastic layer, which is essential in providing insulation between conductors.

Fibre optic cables have outer insulating jackets, which are made from unique TVC or teflon. The fibre helps prevent breakage and strengthens the cable. Additionally, the fibre centre is shielded and cushioned using plastic coating. Another characteristic that is different from other cables is that the core fibre is made of plastic fibres or glass. The fibre optic cable is highly effective. This is because it has the ability to transmit signals over longer distances as compared to other cables. It is also important to note that fibre optic connectors are used as St Connectors. This is because it is easier to connect in concealed and hidden spaces.

Apple Corporation is an international company that uses the best local area networks in order to achieve the best results in the market. Local area networks in this case have helped improve communication and technology within the company. Local area networks help simplify networking capabilities. They also help protect data from damage. The system uses different topologies and cables in relation to data types, types of networks, and company needs. Live Chat Order now

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    Implementation and Analysis of Wireless Local Area Networks for High-Mobility Telematics Farhan Muhammad Aziz Thesis submitted to the Faculty of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Electrical Engineering Dr. Brian D. Woerner (Chair)

  3. PDF Evaluation of Wireless Local Area Networks

    This thesis is an in-depth evaluation of the current wireless Local Area Network (LAN) technologies. Wireless LANs consist of three technologies; they are infrared light, microwave, and spread spectrum. ... The local area network (LAN) evolution began with the introduction of the first microcomputer in the early 1980s. It took almost thirty ...

  4. A study of the effects of local area networks in a small business

    Chimi, Carl Joseph, "A study of the effects of local area networks in a small business environment" (1989). Doctoral Dissertations Available from Proquest. AAI9011710. Local area networks (LANs) provide links between computing devices, such as workstations, file servers, and printers, over a relatively small geographic area (usually within a ...

  5. PDF Evolutionary Design of Local Area Networks

    This study presents the evolutionary design of a local area network. In the last few years network managers have been faced with rapidly advancing technology and increased demand on LAN bandwidth from users. The purpose of this study is to assist network managers in decision making when developing a mid-size LAN.

  6. PDF Building a Secure Local Area Network

    the network when a need for growth arises and also the network might perform unex-pected functions as the network expands in size. In addition to that, lack of hierarchy makes network troubleshooting and expansion difficult. Figure 1 below shows flat net-work design for a local area network. [1,122] Figure 1. Flat Network Topology Design.

  7. PDF Performance Analysis of Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs)

    Performance Analysis of Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) by Eng. Tamer Mohamed Samir Khattab A thesis submitted to the Faculty of Engineering at Cairo University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE in ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATIONS ENGINEERING Under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Mahmoud T. El-Hadidi

  8. Evolution and Impact of Wi-Fi Technology and Applications: A ...

    The IEEE 802.11 standard for wireless local area networking (WLAN), commercially known as Wi-Fi, has become a necessity in our day-to-day life. Over a billion Wi-Fi access points connect close to hundred billion of IoT devices, smart phones, tablets, laptops, desktops, smart TVs, video cameras, monitors, printers, and other consumer devices to the Internet to enable millions of applications to ...

  9. "Design and implementation of a local area network utilizing Intel 310

    The goal of this work was to provide the foundation for a course in networking by developing the hardware and software for a token ring Local Area Network (LAN). Any course work in networking would focus on the emerging International Standards Organization (ISO) Open Systems Interconnections (OSI) model. This model provides a seven layered structure, where each layer performs some logical ...

  10. PDF Architectures and Algorithms for Future Wireless Local Area Networks

    ArchitecturesandAlgorithmsforFutureWireless LocalAreaNetworks PETERDELY DepartmentofComputerScience,KarlstadUniversity Abstract FutureWirelessLocalAreaNetworks(WLANs ...

  11. PDF Local Area Networking Handbook

    This thesis provides Navy shore based commands with sufficient information on local area networking to 1) decide if they need a LAN, 2) determine what their networking requirements are, and 3) select a LAN that satisfies their requirements. LAN topologies, transmission media, and medium access methods are discussed.

  12. PDF Design Considerations of Implementing a Mobile Wireless Local Area Network

    wireless local area network, and introduces the technical details of building up a video camera surveillance system over mobile wireless local area network. Summary and outlook to this thesis comes in the end chapter, and details of some technical documents and technology concepts will be described in Appendix.

  13. PDF Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN): Security Risk Assessment and ...

    Local Area Network (WLAN) is a choice to reckon in various sectors, including business, education, government, public and individual. IEEE 802.11 dominates the wireless networking technology. This can be attributed to the low cost of the hardware and high ... This thesis assesses the security risks associated with WLANs that limits its deployment

  14. [PDF] On Wireless Local Area Networks

    This thesis reports on research into WLANs, especially IEEE 802.11 networks, and presents `H-RCA', a highly adaptive and collision-aware rate control algorithm that gives similar and accurate predictions when the clients in the wireless network are symmetrically loaded. Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) have been widely developed during this decade, due to their mobility and exibility ...

  15. Named Data Networking in Local Area Networks

    The Named Data Networking (NDN) is a new Internet architecture that changes the network semantic from packet delivery to content retrieval and promises benefits in areas such as content distribution, security, mobility support, and application development. While the basic NDN architecture applies to any network environment, local area networks ...

  16. 30852 PDFs

    A twelve-channel local-area-network (LAN) wavelength-division multiplexing (LWDM) filter is proposed and demonstrated with a uniform channel spacing of 4.5 nm (800 GHz) in the O-band of 1270 ...

  17. (PDF) An introduction to local area networks

    Local area networks use this low-east, high-speed transmission capabality as the basis for a general-purpose data transfer network. There are two basic issues in local area network design. First ...

  18. PDF Theses and Dissertations Thesis Collection

    This thesis presents a research study of local area network compatibility issues. Todays high performance and successful LANs must use hardware and software that is compatible with the network technology used. Compatibility, for the purposes ofthis thesis, means the ability to. between systems.

  19. Local Area Network Management

    Abstract. Local area networks (LAN) are by definition organization-internal communication networks. Thus they are typically used, built and maintained internally. However, even this area of IT can not escape the effects of external networking. Local area network managers can draw benefits from product and service offerings from markets and ...

  20. Design of a local area network

    Contribute to the Repository We are seeking early adopters of the repository at the St. Augustine campus. If you wish to start a community or collection, you can contact the DSpace development team at The Alma Jordan Library, St. Augustine, at extensions 84243, 82241, 82215 or email UWISpace

  21. Design, Deployment and Implementation of Local Area Network (LAN) at

    A local area network (LAN) is a group of computers and associated devices that share a common communications line or wireless link [2]. Usually, the server has applications and data storage that are shared in common by multiple computer users. A local area network may serve as few as two or three users (for example, in a home network) [3].

  22. Teaching models and local-area networks

    The introduction and integration of school-based local-area network (LAN) technology is increasing annually. Teachers and administrators who support LANs cite economics, more efficient and effective use of computer resources, easier management of software and overall ease-of-use as some of the major advantages (Reinhold 1989).

  23. PDF Local Area Network Security

    Date of the bachelor's thesis 29 Nov 2013 Author(s) Cheng Hu Degree programme and option Information Technology Name of the bachelor's thesis Intranet Security ... Due to low Local Area Network security level will probably leave ex-ploits and loopholes that could be utilized by attackers and eventually lead to data loss or credential

  24. (PDF) Local Area Network Design proposal

    Local Area Netw ork Design. Konsta ntinos Bazo ukis. k.bazoukis@mc -class.gr. Network design proposal for Derwent College. 1. Introduction and Requirements of the Report. This re port aim s to c ...

  25. Local Area Network and Business

    Local area networks in this case have helped improve communication and technology within the company. Local area networks help simplify networking capabilities. They also help protect data from damage. The system uses different topologies and cables in relation to data types, types of networks, and company needs.