Welcome to White Rose eTheses Online

White rose etheses online.

Welcome to White Rose eTheses Online, a shared repository of electronic theses from the University of Leeds, the University of Sheffield and the University of York.

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Student from the University of Leeds, Sheffield or York? Need to upload your thesis? Start by creating an account , or login to your account

If you are unsure if this is the right place for you, check the FAQs .

Recent additions for Leeds , Sheffield , York or all recent additions .

What is White Rose eTheses Online?

This repository gives access to theses awarded by the Universities of Leeds, Sheffield and York. The available repository content can be accessed for free, without the need to log on or create an account, as per the instructions of the depositing author. We also make the content available through aggregator sites via harvesting mechanisms.

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Submitting your thesis for examination

When you are preparing to submit your thesis for examination, take some time to familiarise yourself with the deadlines involved as well as the required format for submission.

Please see the Guide to the thesis submission process on the Policies and Procedures page of the SES website for more information on the processes explained on this webpage.   

To complete the thesis submission, you need to upload a PDF copy of your thesis to GRAD. You are invited to upload a Covid-19 impact statement alongside your thesis which discusses any impacts of Covid-19 on your research plans, and the choices made to respond to this.  Please use the template provided which is available on the Research degree assessment page of the For Students website . This should be uploaded to GRAD alongside your thesis submission.  

Thesis format regulations

When you are preparing to submit your thesis, please take time to read the Guide to the thesis examination process which includes information on: 

  • entering for examination and completing the relevant examination entry workflow in GRAD. 
  • the content and layout of your thesis (including font size, margins, pagination, referencing styles, illustrative materials, abbreviations) 
  • the presentation of the title page and the statements which must be included in your thesis
  • thesis length requirements, and what to do if you think you might exceed them 
  • including work from any jointly-authored publication in your thesis (please see the Guidelines on the Use of Solely or Jointly-Authored Publications within a Thesis Submission on the Policies and Procedures page of the SES website )
  • advice on what to expect before, during and after the viva 
  • advice on eThesis preparation and presentation 
  • including supplementary material alongside your thesis submission (please see the Policy on Inclusion of supplementary material within a thesis submission for examination on the Policies and Procedures page of the SES website ) 
  • submission of a thesis in a language other than English (applies only to candidates registered in the School of Languages, Cultures & Societies) (please see the policy on the Policies and Procedures page of the SES website ) 

Alternative format thesis including published material

This model of submission is currently only available to postgraduate researchers (PGRs) registered in the in the Faculties of Environment, EPS (Engineering Schools only), Biological Sciences, Medicine and Health or Arts, Humanities and Cultures. PGRs in these faculties who wish to consider this route to submission must first discuss this with their supervisory team. This model of thesis can only be submitted where the supervisory team supports this format of submission and is satisfied it is appropriate and meets the protocol in place for that faculty. Please see the Faculty Protocols for the format and presentation of an alternative style of doctoral thesis including published material on the Policies and Procedures page of the SES website .  

Dual Award PhDs

If you are registered on a Dual Award PhD, there may be particular expectations for your thesis and/or viva, depending on your programme of study. Please consult our Dual Award Guidance below, which includes further information for each of the Dual Awards and which sets out any additional examination information you may need to be aware of. 

Dual Award Guidance - General Guidance for all awards

University of Leeds – University of Copenhagen   University of Leeds – University of Coimbra   University of Leeds – University of Ljubljana   University of Leeds – Lulea Technical University  

Guidance to follow:

University of Leeds – Nanjing University  University of Leeds – Beijing Jiaotong University  University of Leeds – Petroleum University of China (QingDao Campus) (UPC)  University of Leeds – Southwest Jiaotong University (SWJTU)

Deadline for submission

You should aim to submit your thesis within the standard period of study for the research degree programme upon which you are registered. However, you must submit your thesis for examination by the maximum time limit for your programme. Your standard period of study and maximum time limit dates are visible on your GRAD record. If difficulties arise you must talk to your Graduate School as soon as possible for advice. See the Examination process overview page of the For Students website for more information on the submission timings on your deadline date.

Submitting your thesis early

In some cases you may be able to submit your thesis early, before the end of your standard period of study. Your Director of Postgraduate Research Studies (DPGRS) must submit a recommendation to the Graduate Board’s Programmes and Examinations Group for a reduction to your period of study. Early submission of the thesis can only be made where it is supported by your supervisor and your DPGRS if: 

(a) the thesis is complete and ready for submission and  

(b) it has been read by your supervisor in its entirety  

Your supervisor must confirm in writing that they have read your thesis and that their view is that it is ready to be examined. There are limits to the length of the reduction that can be approved. Please see further information about the limits and the process to be followed on the How long does a research degree take? page of the For Students website . 

Uploading a PDF to GRAD

You must upload a PDF copy of your thesis to GRAD using the GRAD Thesis Submission workflow. Please see the Guide to the thesis examination process for further advice. Please contact your Graduate School in advance of your thesis submission if there are any concerns with this, for example, if there are confidentiality or commercially sensitive issues with your research. 

Practice-led research degrees

Please make sure you are fully aware of the submission requirements for your degree. You can find more information by checking the practice-led policy for your faculty or school on the Research Degrees Codes of Practice page on the SES website . 

After submission

Your thesis will be sent out to your examiners normally within 10 working days of submission, providing that it meets the University's requirements and your examination entry workflow has been approved by the Examinations Group. A GRAD email notification (to your University account) will be sent to confirm that your thesis has been sent out to your examiners, and will include advice about the next stages in the process. If Doctoral College Operations has only recently received your examination entry workflow (or your workflow has not yet been completed), if there are any issues with the length or formatting of the thesis, or if your thesis has been submitted after the maximum time limit there may be a delay in sending your thesis out for examination.  

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Submit your eThesis

You must upload your final successful PhD thesis to  White Rose eTheses Online (WREO) .

Submitting an eThesis is a great way to raise your research profile, increase the impact of your work, preserve your work for the future, and fulfil any funder open access requirements.

You should only upload your eThesis after your internal examiner has approved any editorial and presentational corrections or minor deficiencies identified at your examination.

You  must  also discuss the retention of thesis arrangements with your supervisor(s) so that, if necessary, an embargo period can be agreed.

How to upload your thesis

Follow our step-by-step guide to uploading your thesis below.

You can also find further advice and guidance on the  Student Education Service eThesis page .

Step 1: Create an account on WREO

  • Go to  White Rose eTheses Online (WREO) .
  • Select “Create Account” from the Deposit box.
  • Enter your name. This must be your  full legal name  as held in the University's registration records, including forename and all middle names.
  • Select your institution.
  • Enter your student ID number.
  • Use a  long-term email address,  not your University of Leeds student email address. You may need to be contacted about your eThesis after your student email address has expired. Choose a memorable username and password.
  • Enter the words displayed when prompted.
  • Click “register”.
  • Activate your account from the confirmation email
  • Enter your username and password.

Step 2: Add the details of your thesis

  • Select “Your thesis”.
  • Click on “Create thesis (start here)”.
  • Follow the steps on each screen, completing all of the required fields (those with a star symbol).
  • Ensure that you add a long-term email address.
  • Ensure that you  add the names of your supervisor(s) and their email address(es) . This is important so that your supervisors receive a copy of the email notification confirming the upload of the eThesis and the embargo information selected.
  • Check that the abstract displays as intended. Some fonts, scientific symbols and complicated formatting may display incorrectly.

Step 3: Upload the file

To upload a file:

  • Browse to the file on your computer and upload it.
  • Select the correct file type.
  • Select the correct content type.
  • Choose the agreed  Creative Commons licence type .
  • You can add multiple files if required.

You must  upload the final, examined and corrected version of your thesis as a single PDF file .

In all cases, one complete eThesis file is required. However, in some cases it may also be necessary to provide a redacted version of your eThesis. Further advice on when a redacted eThesis might be required, and the process to be followed, is given on the  Student Education Service eThesis page.

You should give your eThesis a standard filename that follows the format: Surname and initials, school, degree, year of submission. For example: Smith_ABC_Chemistry_PhD_2015.PDF

Step 4: Add your embargo period (if applicable)

You are expected to make your e-thesis open access immediately in WREO unless there are exceptional circumstances. For example, you may need to apply a temporary embargo if you are planning to publish part of your thesis or if there are issues of confidentiality. Any embargo should be discussed with your supervisor. To add an embargo period:

  • Choose the appropriate embargo period from the drop down menu.
  • Specify the reason for the embargo.

Step 5: Deposit item

  • Add or amend any of the details if prompted.
  • Check that you are happy with the Thesis preview.
  • Click Deposit now, or you can choose to save for later.

Once the upload process is complete you will receive confirmation via email. A confirmation email will also be sent to your supervisor(s) and to PGR and Operations staff.

If you need to make any changes to your deposit, do not create a new thesis record as this will create a duplicate record. You can edit items in your work area.

There will be a delay between the thesis being deposited and it going live. Final checks have to take place, and the pass list on which the thesis appears must be authorised before the eThesis will appear in WREO.

Types of research degree

We offer a range of postgraduate research degrees which provide training in research, enhanced employment opportunities and the chance to develop advanced skills and expertise.

For more information about supervisory expertise and research projects available, contact the postgraduate research admissions teams directly.

Research degrees at Leeds

A doctorate is one of the highest degrees awarded by universities in the UK. You will be required to submit a thesis consisting of evidence of originality and independent critical ability, which is considered suitable for publication. You will also be required to defend your thesis before a panel of expert examiners appointed by the University.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

A PhD is awarded on the successful completion of a programme of supervised research. It is assessed via a final thesis (of up to 100,000 words) and a viva voce (an oral examination). The standard period of study for a full-time PhD is three years, and for part-time five years.

Doctor of Medicine (MD)

The Doctor of Medicine is for fully qualified medical doctors. It is similar to a PhD, but often contains a component of clinical research and can sometimes be completed more quickly. This degree normally takes two years full time or three years part time.

Professional Doctorates

Professional Doctorates are specifically designed to meet the needs of practising professionals. Although they involve a significant number of advanced courses, a major part of the programmes involves undertaking a thesis in a similar way to the more traditional PhD. The normal duration is three years full time and five years part time except for the Doctor of Clinical Psychology programme which is full-time only.

  • Doctor of Education (EdD)
  • Doctor of Clinical Psychology (DClinPsychol) apply via the Clearing House
  • Doctor of Paediatric Dentistry (DPaedDent)

The Integrated Degrees of Doctor of Philosophy and Master

The integrated degree of PhD and Master combines specialist advanced courses, training and skills courses and research study. This integrated approach gives you a learning environment in which to broaden and deepen your subject knowledge while providing the opportunity for inter-disciplinary study to extend your expertise in new directions.

Integrated degrees normally take four years full time. Several are part of an Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) funded Centre for Doctoral Training. Find out more about Centres for Doctoral Training at Leeds.

Master of Philosophy (MPhil)

The Master of Philosophy (MPhil) is awarded on the successful completion of a programme of supervised research. It is assessed via a final thesis (of up to 60,000 words) and a viva voce (an oral examination). The standard period of study for a full-time PhD is two years and for part-time four years.

You will be required to submit a thesis consisting of evidence of  an independent contribution to knowledge and scholarship, and sufficient material which is considered suitable for publication. You will also be required to defend your thesis before a panel of expert examiners appointed by the University. This is referred to as a viva.

Masters degrees by research

If you're intending to pursue a career that requires an understanding of research, then this could be the degree for you. It gives you the opportunity to experience research within one year full time, (or two years part time) and to present a thesis, so it is the perfect spring board for a PhD programme. 

The following Masters degrees by research are available:

  • Master of Arts (MA)
  • Master of Education (MEd)
  • Master of Science (MSc)
  • Master of Science (Engineering) (MSc Eng)

Split-site PhD programmes 

Candidates of exceptionally high quality are able to apply to study for a split-site PhD, spending some periods of study in Leeds and other periods of study in a research institute or commercial or industrial organisation.

The fees for split-site programmes are set as a percentage of the home/EU or international fees . 

In the first instance you must contact your postgraduate research admissions team to find out whether they offer split-site degrees and for full details of their requirements.

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  1. Theses

    Theses cannot be taken out of the libraries. Search White Rose eTheses Online for online theses from the universities of Leeds, Sheffield, and York. Digital copies of Leeds theses may also be available through the Electronic Theses Online Service provided by the British Library. Some theses may be unavailable as the research is commercially ...

  2. Welcome to White Rose eTheses Online

    Welcome to White Rose eTheses Online, a shared repository of electronic theses from the University of Leeds, the University of Sheffield and the University of York. Please note: the White Rose Office will be closed for the Christmas break from Friday 22nd Dec 2023 to Tuesday 2nd Jan 2024 inclusive.

  3. For Students

    Dual Award Guidance - General Guidance for all awards. University of Leeds – University of Copenhagen. University of Leeds – University of Coimbra. University of Leeds – University of Ljubljana. University of Leeds – Lulea Technical University. Guidance to follow: University of Leeds – Nanjing University. University of Leeds ...

  4. Leeds University Library

    We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us.

  5. Guide to the thesis examination process for Postgraduate

    You must upload one PDF copy of your thesis to GRAD on or before your maximum time limit. DCO makes your thesis available to examiners, normally within 10 working days of submission. Within 3 months of your thesis being sent for examination - Attend for oral examination (viva) You must complete an oral examination.