| 2015-16 NSU Undergraduate Catalog [Archived Catalog] |
Total number of hours required for minor - 18
- ENGL 3143 - Introduction to Creative Writing #
- ENGL 4853 - Creative Writing Portfolio Workshop #
Select 12 hours from:
- ENGL 3113 - Travel and Adventure Writing #
- ENGL 3693 - Short Story Workshop #
- ENGL 4153 - Poetry Writing Workshop #
- ENGL 4163 - Fiction Writing Workshop #
- ENGL 4253 - Advanced Fiction Writing Workshop #
- ENGL 4433 - Screen Writing Workshop #
- ENGL 4823 - Advanced Creative Writing Workshop #
- THTR 4513 - Playwriting #
Note: ENGL 3693, 4153, 4163, 4253, & 4433 may be repeated for up to six hours credit in the Creative Writing minor.
Students may earn 3 hours of Independent Study credit in exceptional circumstances, such as internship at a journal or press; earning a creative writing fellowship, grant, or residency; or acceptance of a substantial manuscript at a recognized press or publishing house.
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7 free online creative writing courses that you can enrol in right now
By Megha Sharma
As a form of expression , a means to escape the reality, and a medium to communicate a larger ideology, the act of writing can serve different purposes. And no matter what your reason to put pen to paper, or keys to screen, these virtual lessons could help you develop the techniques you will require on your creative journey. Here, find out all the free online courses you can join to begin now.
Creative Writing Specialisation
Covering three major creative writing genres—short story, narrative essay and memoir—the course will help you master the techniques of putting your ideas on paper as clearly as possible. So if you’ve been meaning to work some engrossing features in your already existing plot, or better highlight the setting of your story, or simply articulate in a stronger fashion, let this lesson be on your shortlist. In case you’re just starting out, the course is equally rewarding.
Write Your First Novel
Have you been wanting to pen down your thoughts and weave them into a well-written novel? Go for this virtual course where you will learn an end-to-end approach to producing a work of fiction. Through a stepwise process that will culminate in your individual production of a 50,000-word book, the learning course will provide you all the important pointers right from the top.
Writing for Young Readers: Opening the Treasure Chest
Complete with video lectures, online readings, peer reviews and guest appearances from renowned authors, the course will offer an all-inclusive guide to creative writing for students and young aspirers. Apart from that, you will also explore the cultural significance of notable works , analyse the ways in which art and words interact, and become familiar with standard elements of a narrative, that include dialogue, point of view, theme, plot and so on.
Write A Feature Length Screenplay for Film or Television
Whether your point of interest is serious dramas, romantic comedies or thrillers , the free virtual course will zoom in on every aspect of screenplay writing so you’re able to pursue the genre you want. Following in a well-structured process, you will have produced a pitch-ready script by the time the four-week programme is over. Along with learning how to create a basic idea and write loglines, you will be studying the Three Act Story Arc, and much more.
By Calin Van Paris
By Arman Khan
By Cristina Kiran Piotti
Memoir and Personal Essay: Write About Yourself Specialisation
Here, four published memoirists and essayists let you in on the tricks and tools of writing about yourself. Be prepared for professional tips, prompts, reading challenges and exercises among other interactive activities. Unlike many other courses where you will be producing a large body of work at the completion of the programme, here, you will be constructing a portfolio of work to use as valuable components later.
Sharpened Visions: A Poetry Workshop
These lessons support the school of thought that poetry isn’t just a means of expression. Rather, using it for just that, is like “using the internet just for email”. If you too are willing to think beyond that, and take up the art to bring about a change in people’s thought and ideologies, the course is for you. Learn to use the several tools of poetic composition, study the works of contemporary poets and, of course, try your own hand at the skill.
Transmedia Storytelling: Narrative worlds, emerging technologies, and global audiences
In a world that believes in not just up-skilling, but also cross-skilling, this transmedia course serves to be an extremely well-rounded one. The description on the website states, “Transmedia storytelling is the practice of designing , sharing, and participating in a cohesive story experience across multiple traditional and digital delivery platforms - for entertainment, advertising and marketing, or social change.” So learn to develop expansive narratives and optimise your writing for mobile devices, social media communities, virtual and augmented realities and more.
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Molly Keane Creative Writing Award 2023
Competition deadline: 2nd June
The Molly Keane Creative Writing Award: since 1998 the Waterford City Arts Office has been running this national annual Creative Writing Award to celebrate the rich literary life of the late Molly Keane.
Molly, pictured here in front of the Ardmore Round Tower, lived in Ardmore, Co. Waterford until she died in 1996. She started writing at a young age to ‘supplement her dress allowance’. Her first ten novels and four plays were published under the pseudonym M.J. Farrell.
She married into the Keane family of West Waterford but sadly her husband died at the age of 36. Molly ceased writing until 1981 when ‘Good Behaviour’ was published under her real name. It became a publishing sensation and was well received as a masterpiece of black comedy for which she was short-listed for the prestigious Booker Prize in 1981.
The Arts Office, Waterford City & County Council by kind permission of the Keane family is now inviting entries for a previously unpublished short story for this year’s award.
This is an open competition for people resident on the island of Ireland for a short story. The selection process will be from entries which have been previously unpublished or printed. Entries, which have received awards in other competitions, are also ineligible. It is highly advisable that entries are not currently submitted elsewhere for consideration.
- Only short stories will be accepted.
- Poetry is ineligible.
- Online submission only via Waterford Submit platform. Please click on the blue ‘APPLY’ button. You will be asked to register as a new user. This is a very straightforward process (video instructions: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Gvb8pl62lc ) and once done, just follow the application process steps. Remember to hit ‘Submit’ at the end.
- All entries should be typed, saved in PDF or Word document format and uploaded onto Waterford Submit platform.
- The limit for each piece is 2000 words.
- The exact word count should be typed at the end of the final page.
- There is no entry fee. There is no age limit.
- Previous winners of the award are ineligible to enter.
- The author’s details are to be given on the official online entry form. None of these details are to appear on the work being submitted.
- No more than one entry can be submitted by any individual. Persons using pseudonyms to enter with different email addresses will have all their entries deemed ineligible.
- The closing date for receipt of entries is Friday 2 nd June at 12 noon . Late submissions will not be accepted by the online system.
- The judges decision is final and no correspondence will be entered into regarding their decision.
While copyright will remain with the competitor, the Arts Office reserves the right to arrange the first publication and broadcast of the selected works. The right to use the stories to further publicise this award is also retained.
The winning story will be announced at an online Culture Night event in September 2023.
The winner will be awarded €250 cash plus a course of the winners choice in the Molly Keane Writers Retreat, Ardmore in 2024 to the value of €300. The writing course prize is non transferrable and there is no cash alternative.
Submission of a written piece implies the authors acceptance of the rules and conditions.
See here for further information.
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8 of the Best Courses/Programs to Learn About Breathwork Online
Breathwork can help you remain more level-headed in your day-to-day life, and there are plenty of courses to teach you the besics.
What is breathwork? Well, breathwork can be as basic as inhaling and then exhaling deeply, yet it can also be an incredibly advanced practice. But the best bit is that breathwork is an easy, natural, and free method to improve your wellness.
Breathwork can genuinely change your life for the better. Stress relief, better mental focus, and an improved outlook on life are only a couple of the emotional benefits of breathwork. To reap all the benefits of breathwork, below are some of the best online breathwork courses and programs.
The breathwork and pranayama course from Yogalap is made up of 60 lessons and over 15 hours of video. If you don't know, pranayama is an ancient but basic type of breathing practice that focuses on controlling your breath.
The course chapters start by covering things like connecting with your breath and tuning your breath. After that, you'll learn about centering your awareness, and there are even extra chapters that include guided meditations and physical exercises.
Whether you want to learn how to become a breathwork instructor or master the art of meditation and Qigong, Yogalap features a wide range of fantastic courses. Furthermore, Yogalap even offers free live sessions and yoga and breathwork retreats.
2. Alchemy of Breath
There's nothing better than a freebie to show you what is on offer, and that is exactly what Alchemy of Breath provides. All you have to do is register to join their free online breathwork sessions that founder Anthony Abbagnano hosts every Sunday.
This free session promises to give you lifelong and powerful breathwork tools. Plus, it's only 30 minutes long. If you want to delve deeper into breathwork, Alchemy of Breath has tons of excellent online courses for a small price.
As an example, if you struggle with anxiety and need a quick session to help put you at ease, try The Lions Breath course. It is only eight minutes long and a few dollars to buy and download.
3. Yoga International
Yoga International is a great place to find online yoga classes to do from the comfort of your own home . However, it is also a great place to find online courses. One of the best online courses to learn breathwork is Yoga International's Basics of Breathing.
The course is fairly basic as it comprises an introduction and then five short and sweet lessons. In fact, you can sign up and complete the entire course in less than one hour. Once you've finished the course you'll get a certificate.
Glo's breathwork training and classes are suited for everyone, whether you want to improve your energy levels, focus better, or merely increase your awareness. You can choose breathwork classes based on which teacher you'd prefer, your skill level, and how much time you have to spare.
If you're just beginning your breathwork journey, it's a nice idea to follow along with Divya Balakrishnan's classes—as they vary from level one to two.
Alternatively, For The Love Of Pranayama is also suitable for beginners, but it is a longer session and does require a yoga block or bolster pillow. Additionally, Glo features a huge library of live and on-demand classes like electrifying online HIIT classes and online Pilates classes .
Mindbodygreen is the ultimate wellness platform to help you eat, move, and live life better. There are tons of classes to buy on its platform, with topics ranging from spirituality and meditation to personal growth and relationships.
For step-by-step instructions on how to master breathwork, try Mindbodygreen's Ultimate Guide to Breathwork. The guide includes multiple modules with 16 video lessons, guided breathwork sessions, and access to a friendly community.
Be sure to take a look at the class outline to find out more about what lessons are in store and to find out more about the instructor, breathwork healer, Gwen Dittmar.
The Breatheology platform primarily focuses on using the Breatheology Method to help you not only strengthen your lungs but improve your sleep, reduce stress, increase resilience, and so much more!
Breatheology offers essential, advanced, and instructor breathing programs from Stig Severinsen. Stig Severinsen, who is the founder of Breatheology, holds tons of impressive titles like a free diving world champion and Guinness world record holder.
In addition, there are also several completely free breathing courses from Stig that you can take advantage of. One of the must-try free courses is the Breathing Discovery Series. This series features three breathwork lessons over three days aimed at boosting your mind, body, and soul.
Udemy is an online learning platform with some of the most affordable and diverse courses. So whether you're looking for the best Excel courses or IT certification courses for beginners , Udemy has it all—including a couple of impressive breathwork courses.
Among the top-rated courses is the Power of Breath: Change Your Breath, Change Your Life from spiritual mentor Lynsie McKeown. The entire program is pretty straightforward, simple to navigate through, and is only about two hours in length.
The breakdown goes over the course content, which includes 15 lectures over six different sections. In this course, you'll be learning about everything related to breathwork—from the importance of breath to pranayama breathing practices and techniques.
Do you want to learn new skills online ? Whether you love graphic design and animation or music and photography, Skillshare is a place where you can explore a range of online courses that are best suited for creatives.
Additionally, Skillshare also boasts online lifestyle classes to boost skills like cooking, sewing, crafting, and breathwork techniques. Breathing 101, which is taught by Stephanie Erivo, is an online guide to teach you all you need to know about breathing.
This short Skillshare program features 11 lessons which begin by focusing on breathing techniques and posture, followed by breathing for fitness, breathing for relaxation, and a couple of natural breathing hacks.
Use Your Breath as a Tool to Enhance Your Wellness
You may not have heard of breathwork a few years ago, but it has become a popular wellness practice that is easy for anyone to pick up. Simply put, breathwork is breathing in a conscious, controlled way to promote and enhance your physical, mental, spiritual, and emotional well-being.
There are many different types of breathwork, from beginner-friendly practices like pranayama to more advanced breathing techniques like holotropic breathwork.
Those who practice breathwork regularly do so to improve their self-awareness, boost confidence, and get rid of negative emotions. So, with all its awesome benefits, why not try one or more of these online breathwork classes, courses, and programs?
AI Writing Detection Capabilities - Frequently Asked Questions
How do Turnitin’s AI writing detection capabilities work?
1. does turnitin offer a solution to detect ai writing .
Yes. Turnitin has released its AI writing detection capabilities to help educators uphold academic integrity while ensuring that students are treated fairly.
We have added an AI writing indicator to the Similarity Report. It shows an overall percentage of the document that AI writing tools, such as ChatGPT, may have generated. The indicator further links to a report which highlights the text segments that our model predicts were written by AI. Please note, only instructors and administrators are able to see the indicator.
While Turnitin has confidence in its model, Turnitin does not make a determination of misconduct, rather it provides data for the educators to make an informed decision based on their academic and institutional policies. Hence, we must emphasize that the percentage on the AI writing indicator should not be used as the sole basis for action or a definitive grading measure by instructors.
2. How does it work?
When a paper is submitted to Turnitin, the submission is first broken into segments of text that are roughly a few hundred words (about five to ten sentences). Those segments are then overlapped with each other to capture each sentence in context.
The segments are run against our AI detection model and we give each sentence a score between 0 and 1 to determine whether it is written by a human or by AI. If our model determines that a sentence was not generated by AI, it will receive a score of 0. If it determines the entirety of the sentence was generated by AI it will receive a score of 1.
Using the average scores of all the segments within the document, the model then generates an overall prediction of how much text in the submission we believe has been generated by AI. For example, when we say that 40% of the overall text has been AI-generated, we’re 98% confident that is the case.
Currently, Turnitin’s AI writing detection model is trained to detect content from the GPT-3 and GPT-3.5 language models, which includes ChatGPT. Because the writing characteristics of GPT-4 are consistent with earlier model versions, our detector is able to detect content from GPT-4 (ChatGPT Plus) most of the time. We are actively working on expanding our model to enable us to better detect content from other AI language models.
3. What parameters or flags does Turnitin’s model take into account when detecting AI writing?
GPT-3 and ChatGPT are trained on the text of the entire internet, and they are essentially taking that large amount of text and generating sequences of words based on picking the next highly probable words. This means that GPT-3 and ChatGPT tend to generate the next word in a sequence of words in a consistent and highly probable fashion. Human writing, on the other hand, tends to be inconsistent and idiosyncratic, resulting in a low probability of picking the next word the human will use in the sequence.
Our classifiers are trained to detect these differences in word probability and are adept to the particular word probability sequences of human writers.
4. How was Turnitin’s model trained?
Our model is trained on a representative sample of data that includes both AI-generated and authentic academic writing. While creating our sample dataset, we took into account statistically under-represented groups like second-language learners, English users from non-English speaking countries, students at colleges and universities with diverse enrollments, and less common subject areas such as anthropology, geology, sociology, and others.
5. Can I check past submitted assignments for AI writing?
Yes. Previously submitted assignments can be checked for AI writing detection if they’re re-submitted to Turnitin. Only assignments that are submitted after the launch of our capability (4th April 2023) are automatically checked for AI writing detection.
6. What languages are supported?
English. For the first iteration of Turnitin’s AI writing detection capabilities, we are able to detect AI writing for documents submitted in long-form English only.
7. What will happen if a non-English paper is submitted?
If a non-English paper is submitted, the detector will not process the submission. The indicator will show an empty/error state with ‘in-app’ guidance that will tell users that this capability only works for English submissions at this time. No report will be generated if the submitted content is not in English.
8. Can my institution get access to AI detection to be able to trial this new capability?
Yes, admins can set-up test accounts and allow instructors to use and assess the feature. If you’re an existing TFS customer, your admin will be able to create a sub-account and enable AI writing for only that account for testing purposes.
If you’re an Originality, Similarity or Simcheck customer, you can request test accounts by contacting your account manager or CSM.
New customers should speak to a Turnitin representative about getting a test account.
9. Can I or my admin suppress the new indicator and report if we do not want to see it?
Yes, admins have the option to enable/disable the AI writing feature from their admin settings page. Disabling the feature will remove the AI writing indicator & report from the Similarity report and it won’t be visible to instructors and admins until they enable it again.
10. Will the addition of Turnitin’s AI detection functionality to the Similarity report change my workflow or the way I use the Similarity report?
No. This additional functionality does not change the way you use the Similarity report or your existing workflows. Our AI detection capabilities have been added to the Similarity report to provide a seamless experience for our customers.
11. Will the AI detection capabilities be available via LMSs such as Moodle, Blackboard, Canvas, etc?
Yes, users will be able to see the indicator and the report via the LMS they’re using. We have made AI writing detection available via the Similarity report. There is no AI writing indicator or score embedded directly in the LMS user interface and users will need to go into the report to see the AI score.
12. Does the MS Teams integration support the AI writing detection feature?
AI writing detection is only available to instructors using the new Turnitin Feedback Studio integration . Since the MS Teams Assignment Similarity integration does not offer an instructor view due to Turnitin not receiving user metadata, AI writing detection is unavailable.
If an instructor using the Similarity integration has a concern that a report may have been written with an AI writing tool, they can request that their administrator use the paper lookup tool to view a full report.
13. How is authorship detection within Originality different from AI writing detection?
Turnitin’s AI writing detection technology is different from the technology used within Authorship (Originality). Our AI writing detection model calculates the overall percentage of text in the submitted document that was likely generated by an AI writing tool. Authorship, on the other hand, uses metadata as well as forensic language analysis to detect if the submitted assignment was written by someone other than the student. It will not be able to indicate if it was AI written; only that the content is not the student’s own work.
AI detection results & interpretation
1. what does the percentage in the ai writing detection indicator mean .
The percentage indicates the amount of qualifying text within the submission that Turnitin’s AI writing detection model determines was generated by AI. This qualifying text includes only prose sentences, meaning that we only analyze blocks of text that are written in standard grammatical sentences and do not include other types of writing such as lists, bullet points, or other non-sentence structures.
This percentage is not necessarily the percentage of the entire submission. If text within the submission is not considered long-form prose text, it will not be included.
2. What is the accuracy of Turnitin’s AI writing indicator?
We only flag something as AI-written when we are 98% sure it is written by AI. This is because we want to make sure we don't falsely flag something as AI-generated that isn't. This means, however, that we will likely miss up to 15% of text written by AI, with a less than 1% false positive rate (incorrectly identifying fully human-written text as AI-generated).
For example, if we identify that 50% of a document is written by AI, we are 98% sure that at least 50% is written by AI with a less than 1% false positive rate, but it could contain as much as 65% AI writing.
The above rates have been determined by our model in our lab using data that was carefully collected and verified in a controlled lab environment, but we know that real world use will differ from the lab tests. To take this into account,we’ve tuned our AI detector to minimize false positives on authentic text, even if it means we might miss some instances of AI writing.
3. The percentage shown sometimes doesn’t match the amount of text highlighted. Why is that?
Unlike our Similarity Report, the AI writing percentage does not necessarily correlate to the amount of text in the submission. Turnitin’s AI writing detection model only looks for prose sentences contained in long-form writing. Prose text contained in long-form writing means individual sentences contained in paragraphs that make up a longer piece of written work, such as an essay, a dissertation, or an article, etc. The model does not reliably detect AI-generated text in the form of non-prose, such as poetry, scripts, or code, nor does it detect short-form/unconventional writing such as bullet points, tables, or annotated bibliographies.
This means that a document containing several different writing types would result in a disparity between the percentage and the highlights.
4. What do the different indicators mean?
Upon opening the Similarity Report, after a short period of processing, the AI writing detection indicator will show one of the following:
- Blue with a percentage between 0 and 100: The submission has processed successfully. The displayed percentage indicates the amount of qualifying text within the submission that Turnitin’s AI writing detection model determines (with 98% of precision based on data collected and verified in a controlled lab environment) was generated by AI. As noted previously, this percentage is not necessarily the percentage of the entire submission. If text within the submission was not considered long-form prose text, it will not be included. To explore the results of the AI writing detection capabilities, select the indicator to open the AI writing report. The AI writing report opens in a new tab of the window used to launch the Similarity Report. If you have a pop-up blocker installed, ensure it allows Turnitin pop-ups.
- Gray with no percentage displayed (- -): The AI writing detection indicator is unable to process this submission. This can be due to one, or several, of the following reasons: - The submission was made before the release of Turnitin’s AI writing detection capabilities. The only way to see the AI writing detection indicator/report on historical submissions is to resubmit them. - The submission does not meet the file requirements needed to successfully process it for AI writing detection. In order for a submission to generate an AI writing report and percentage, the submission needs to meet the following requirements: - File size must be less than 100 MB - File must have at least 150 words of prose text in a long-form writing format - Files must not exceed 15,000 words - File must be written in English - Accepted file types: .docx, .pdf, .txt, .rtf
- Error ( ! ): This error means that Turnitin has failed to process the submission. Turnitin is constantly working to improve its service, but unfortunately, events like this can occur. Please try again later. If the file meets all the file requirements stated above, and this error state still shows, please get in touch through our support center so we can investigate for you.
5. What can I do if I feel that the AI indicator is incorrect? How does Turnitin’s indicator address false positives?
If you find AI written documents that we've missed, or notice authentic student work that we've predicted as AI-generated, please let us know! Your feedback is crucial in enabling us to improve our technology further. You can provide feedback via the ‘feedback’ button found in the AI writing report.
Sometimes false positives (incorrectly flagging human-written text as AI-generated), can include lists without a lot of structural variation, text that literally repeats itself, or text that has been paraphrased without developing new ideas. If our indicator shows a higher amount of AI writing in such text, we advise you to take that into consideration when looking at the percentage indicated.
In a longer document with a mix of authentic writing and AI generated text, it can be difficult to exactly determine where the AI writing begins and original writing ends, but our model should give you a reliable guide to start conversations with the submitting student.
In shorter documents where there are only a few hundred words, the prediction will be mostly "all or nothing" because we're predicting on a single segment without the opportunity to overlap. This means that some text that is a mix of AI-generated and original content could be flagged as entirely AI-generated.
Please consider these points as you are reviewing the data and following up with students or others.
6. Will students be able to see the results?
The AI writing detection indicator and report are not visible to students.
7. Does the AI Indicator automatically feed a student’s paper into a repository?
No, it does not. There is no separate repository for AI writing detection. Our AI writing detection capabilities are part of our existing similarity report workflow. When we receive submissions, they are compared and evaluated via our proprietary algorithms for both similarity text matching and the likelihood of being AI writing (generated by LLMs). Customers retain the ability to choose whether to add their student papers into the repository or not.
When AI writing detection is run on a submission, the results are shared on the similarity report - unless suppressed – and results regarding the percentage AI writing identified by the detector, along with the segments identified highly likely written by AI – are retained as part of the similarity report.
8. What is the difference between the Similarity score and the AI writing detection percentage? Are the two completely separate or do they influence each other?
The Similarity score and the AI writing detection percentage are completely independent and do not influence each other. The Similarity score indicates the percentage of matching-text found in the submitted document when compared to Turnitin’s comprehensive collection of content for similarity checking.
The AI writing detection percentage, on the other hand, shows the overall percentage of text in a submission that Turnitin’s AI writing detection model predicts was generated by AI writing tools.
9. Why do I see the AI Writing score and the corresponding report on the similarity report prior to April 4?
Our AI writing detection capabilities are part of our existing similarity report workflow to detect unoriginal writing. While we released AI writing detection capabilities on April 4, 2023, prior to launch, we were preparing for the release and running our AI writing detector on a sampling of papers as part of our QA testing. This allowed us to confirm our readiness for release on April 4. As a result, you may see the AI writing score along with the corresponding report on some similarity reports submitted between March 8, 2023 and April 4, 2023.
10. Does the Turnitin model take into account that AI writing detection technology might be biased against particular subject-areas or second-language writers?
Yes, it does. One of the guiding principles of our company and of our AI team has been to minimize the risk of harm to students, especially those disadvantaged or disenfranchised by the history and structure of our society. Hence, while creating our sample dataset, we took into account statistically under-represented groups like second-language learners, English users from non-English speaking countries, students at colleges and universities with diverse enrollments and less common subject areas such as anthropology, geology, sociology, and others.
11. How can I use the AI indicator percentage in the classroom with students?
Turnitin’s AI detection indicator shows the percentage of text that has likely been generated by an AI writing tool while the report highlights the exact segments that seem to be AI-written. The final decision on whether any misconduct has occurred rests with the reviewer/instructor. Turnitin does not make a determination of misconduct, rather it provides data for the educators to make an informed decision based on their academic and institutional policies.
12. Can I download the AI report like the Similarity report?
No. At this time the functionality to download the AI report is not available. However, we are actively working on developing this capability, and we should be able to add it as a functionality in the near-term.
Scope of detection
1. which ai writing models can turnitin’s technology detect .
The first iteration of Turnitin’s AI writing detection capabilities have been trained to detect models including GPT-3, GPT-3.5, and variants. Our technology can also detect other AI writing tools that are based on these models such as ChatGPT. We’ve completed our testing of GPT-4 (ChatGPT Plus), and the result is that our solution will detect text generated by GPT-4 most of the time. We plan to expand our detection capabilities to other models in the future.
2. Which model is Turnitin’s AI detection model based on?
Our model is based on an open-source foundation model from the Huggingface company. We undertook multiple rounds of carefully calibrated retraining, evaluation and fine-tuning. What we must emphasize really is that the unique power of our model arises from the carefully curated data we've used to train the model, leveraging our 20+ years of expertise in authentic student writing, along with the technology developed by us to extract the maximum predictive power from the model trained on that data. In training our model, we focused on minimizing false positives while maximizing accuracy for the latest generation of LLMs ensuring that we help educators uphold academic integrity while protecting the interests of students.
3. Is your current model able to detect GPT-4 generated text?
Yes it does, most of the time. Our AI team has conducted tests on GPT-4 using our released detector to compare its performance and understand the differences between GPT-3.5 (on which our model is trained), and GPT-4. The result is that our detector will detect text generated by GPT-4 most of the time, but we don’t have further, consistent guidance to share at this time. The free version of ChatGPT is still operating on GPT-3.5, while the paid version, ChatCPT Plus, is operating on GPT-4.
4. How will Turnitin be future-proofing for advanced versions of GPT and other large language models yet to emerge?
We recognize that Large Language Models (LLMs) are rapidly expanding and evolving, and we are already hard at work building detection systems for additional LLMs. Our focus initially has been on building and releasing an effective and reliable AI writing detector for GPT-3 and GPT-3.5, and other writing tools based on these models such as ChatGPT. Recently, we conducted tests on GPT-4, the model on which ChatGPT Plus is based, and found that our detection capabilities detected AI-generated text in most cases.
5. Will the AI percentage change over time as the detector and the models it is detecting evolve?
Yes, as we iterate and develop our model further, it is likely that our detection capabilities will also change, affecting the AI percentage. However, for a submitted document, the AI percentage will change only if it's re-submitted again to be processed.
6. Can Turnitin detect if text generated by an AI writing tool (ChatGPT, etc.) is further paraphrased using a paraphrasing tool? Will it flag the content as AI-generated even in this instance?
Our detector is trained on the outputs of GPT-3, GPT-3.5 and ChatGPT, and modifying text generated by these systems will have an impact on our detectors’ abilities to identify AI written text. In our AI Innovation Lab, we have conducted tests using open sourced paraphrasing tools (including different LLMs) and in most cases, our detector has retained its effectiveness and is able to identify text as AI-generated even when a paraphrasing tool has been used to change the AI output.
7. Does Turnitin have plans to build a solution to detect when students paraphrase content either themselves or through tools such as Quillbot, etc.,?
Turnitin has been working on building paraphrase detection capabilities – ability to detect when students have paraphrased content either with the help of paraphrasing tools or re-written it themselves – for some time now, and the technology is already producing the desired results in our AI Innovation Lab. In the instance when the student is using a word spinner or an online paraphrasing tool, the student is just running content through a word spinner which uses AI to intentionally subvert similarity detection, not using generative AI tools such as ChatGPT to create content.
We have plans for a beta release in 2023, and we will be making paraphrase detection available to instructors at institutions that are using TFS with Originality and Originality for an additional cost. It will be released first in our TFS with Originality product.
Access & licensing
1. who will get access to this solution will we need to pay more for this capability .
The first iteration of our AI writing detection indicator and report are available to our academic writing integrity customers as part of their existing licenses, so that they’re able to test the solution and see how it works. This includes customers with a license for Turnitin Feedback Studio (TFS), TFS with Originality, Turnitin Originality, Turnitin Similarity, Simcheck, Originality Check, and Originality Check+. It is available for customers using these platforms via an integration with an LMS or with Turnitin’s Core API. Please note, only instructors and administrators will be able to see the indicator and report.
Beginning January 1, 2024, only customers licensing Originality or TFS with Originality will have access to the full AI writing detection experience.
2. When can customers get access to this solution?
Turnitin’s AI writing detection capabilities are available now and have been added to the Similarity Report. Customers licensing any of the above Turnitin products should be able to see the indicator and access the AI report.
3. Is Turnitin’s AI writing detection a standalone solution or is it part of another product?
The first iteration of Turnitin’s AI writing detection capabilities is a separate feature of the Similarity Report and is available across these products: Turnitin Feedback Studio (TFS), TFS with Originality, Turnitin Originality, Turnitin Similarity, Simcheck, Originality Check, and Originality Check+. The indicator links to a report which shows the exact segments that are predicted as AI-written within the submitted content.
4. Why is AI detection not being added to other Turnitin products like Gradescope and iThenticate?
We focused our resources on, what we view, as the biggest, most acute problem and that is higher education and K12 long-form writing. We are currently investigating how we can bring AI writing detection to iThenticate customers. We do not currently have plans to add these capabilities to Gradescope, since the primary use case for Gradescope is handwritten text while for AI detection we’re focusing on typed text. However, we are happy to learn more about customer needs for AI writing detection within this product. In addition, we are not pursuing ChatGPT code detection at this time.
5. Where can I find more information about this new solution?
You can find information about Turnitin’s AI writing detection capabilities on this page .
6. I’m offended that Turnitin is making the AI writing detection free for instructors then charging for it later. It feels like Turnitin is advertising to faculty.
We made the decision to provide free access to our detection capabilities during this preview phase to support educators during this unprecedented time of rapid change. We received a significant amount of positive feedback from customers, and we acted on that feedback.
Our goal has always been to work closely with our customers to create an optimal solution for educators. We need as many educators as possible to use our AI writing detection feature quickly to gather feedback and address any gaps.
We understand that you may be apprehensive about instructors using a tool or feature that the institution may not wish to purchase in the future. However, we have invested heavily in developing and improving our AI writing detection technology over the past two years. We believe that this technology provides significant value to our customers by providing data and insights on when AI-generated content is submitted by students. This enables educators to uphold academic integrity while advancing students' learning. Nonetheless, maintaining and improving our technology requires ongoing investment as AI writing tools evolve and improve at a rapid pace over time.
The decision to move to a paid licensing structure beginning January 2024 was made to ensure that we can continue to provide high-quality AI writing detection features to our customers. This enables us to invest in further research and development and improve our infrastructure to meet the evolving needs of our customers.
7. If I opt-out of AI detection, does it mean that my students’ submissions will not be assessed by the detection tool and data retained by Turnitin?
Customers come to Turnitin to provide services that detect unoriginal writing, which, with the development of AI writing, now includes both unoriginal writing by humans and non-humans (LLMs). Our AI writing detection capabilities are part of our existing similarity report workflow. When we receive submissions, they are compared and evaluated via our proprietary algorithms for both similarity text matching and the likelihood of being AI writing (generated by LLMs). As such, suppressing the appearance of the AI writing indicator does not stop the assessment for AI writing. When AI writing detection is run on a submission, the result is shared on the similarity report, unless suppressed. When the AI writing detection is suppressed, it is simply suppressing the indicator showing the predicted percentage of AI writing; thus, the indicator will not be displayed on the similarity report, and the linking AI writing report showing the segments identified as written by AI will not be showing either. However, they are retained as part of the similarity report. Therefore when the feature is re-enabled, the AI writing score will appear on the similarity report.
This process is separate and apart from your designation of whether or not submissions can be stored in the ‘repository.’
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