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Executives Leadership Styles and the Preferred Decision-Making Models - Case Study Example

Executives Leadership Styles and the Preferred Decision-Making Models

Extract of sample "Executives Leadership Styles and the Preferred Decision-Making Models"

The paper "Executive’s Leadership Styles and the Preferred Decision-Making Models" is a wonderful example of a Management Case Study. Sony Corporation has position itself as a producer and marketer of high quality and innovative consumer electronic products (Robin, 2013). It has differentiated itself from the competitors by offering high-quality products at affordable prices. The company’s products are extensive and are appreciated by a large number of consumers across the globe. For instance, some successful products that made Sony acquire a huge market share include PlayStation and Walkman (Robin, 2013). Sony games and music businesses have been successful despite the economic recession. The company also differentiated itself by using superior technology and effective marketing strategies (Graham, 2008).

Despite the huge success of the company, Sony has been faced with intense competition across the globe (Robin, 2013). At the local level, the company faces several Japanese competitors in the industry. Large competitors of Sony include Matsushita, Toshiba, Hitachi, and Samsung in Korea. Most of the competitors launched cheaper products that were imitative in nature. In order to position itself strategically in the market, Sony offered unique and high technology products but at 30 percent high prices compared to the rivals (Robin, 2013). In order to solve the challenge of pricing, the company decided to argue its products with unbranded products and sell unbranded components to other manufacturers. This strategy was very successful in cost reduction and automation although it was different from Sony's previous strategic plan (Robin, 2013).

The strong strategic position of Sony was also due to Japan's economic success. Japanese economic miracle led to the growth of several companies like Toyota, Mitsubishi and Sony Corporation (Robin, 2013). The strength of yen led to exporting difficulties. However, Sony was protected from this due to international production. In addition, although the strength of the yen was problematic to companies, it favored Sony’s acquisition in the United States. Sony is not only the leading brand in Japan, but has overtaken other brands in other countries to become the leading brand.

In recent years, Sony has undergone several changes aimed at improving its strategic position. The company has empowered its employees and management to participate in the change process. Managers are given the opportunity to look for creative ideas and solutions for present problems (Gershon and Kanayama, 2002). In order to solve the challenges facing the company and position itself on top of the competitors, the company underwent management changes. When Idei took charge as the company’s CEO, he announced a major restructuring of the company’s divisions into three major groups including home network company, personal IT network Company and Core Technology and Network Company (Robin, 2013).

Research and other operations were transferred to these network companies in order to improve decision making autonomy. Investors and stakeholders responded positively to the restructuring (Robin, 2013). However, these changes showed limited results and led to a financial crisis. This led to management change when Howard Stringer was appointed the chairman. However, the financial damage was too much and led to Hirai taking office as the new CEO. Hirai established a five-point strategic revival plan to save Sony from destruction. He intended to turn around the television business, expand the company’s operations in emerging markets, strengthen core areas such as video cameras and game business, create new business and increase its innovation and realign the company’s portfolio and optimize resources (Robin, 2013).

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what is a case study and how is it differentiated from other styles of research


case studies.

Home Psychology homework help Report Issue

Due Date: Mar 21, 2018 23:59:59 Max Points: 100

Part 1: Case Studies

Pick four stages to illustrate early childhood development. Pick two from Erickson’s Stage Theory and two from Piaget’s theory of development. Create one case study for each of the chosen stages, which is a total of four case studies.

Label each case study with the theorist/stages relevant to it.

Each case study should be a minimum of 250 words.

For each case study, include how you as a therapist would plan to work with someone at the identified stage.

Part 2: Summary

Include a 250-500-word summary that explains the similarities and differences between Piaget’s and Erickson’s theories.

APA style is not required, but solid academic writing and a title page is expected.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are not required to submit this assignment to Turnitin.

This assignment assesses the following programmatic competency: 3.4: Demonstrate understanding of human growth and development and how they impact counseling efforts.

This assignment meets the following CACREP Standard: 2.F.3.h. A general framework for understanding differing abilities and strategies for differentiated interventions.

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Difference Between

Difference Between Case Study and Research

May 23, 2011 Posted by Olivia

Case Study vs Research

Those involved in completing their thesis are often required to write both case studies as well as research papers. Many students cannot differentiate between a case study and research with the result that they suffer from poor grades from their teachers. There is a great difference in writing styles of the two, and also their content. This article will help one to appreciate the differences between a case study and a research paper.

A case study is about a person, company, a product, or an event. If you are writing about a company, you need to make it interesting by writing a few paragraphs about the company and its history. It makes sense to talk about its growth along with the course it has taken that differentiates it from its competitors. After you have introduced the company from different angles, one comes down to the real problem that he wishes to address and the reasons for taking up the problems. It is at the end of the case study that a student must make his suggestions and recommendations for the problems that he has chosen for his case study.

Research Paper

Research paper is different from a case study in the sense that a student needs to acquaint himself with various views on the subject matter. This is necessary to develop one’s own views about the subject. Obviously all this requires much reading of the subject matter from as many sources that the student can lay his hands upon. In a research paper, a student needs to refer to other researches that have taken place on the subject. A research paper also requires you to cite other authors, which forms an important part of a research.

Difference between Case Study and Research

Thus the most important difference between a case study and research is that you are not concerned with earlier reviews on the subject and start straightway with an introduction of the company. On the other hand, you not only talk about earlier reviews, you also present your own views about a topic in the end of a research paper.

Another difference between a case study and research pertains to your focus. Entire focus remains on the company that is being presented as a case study. It would be proper to term a case study as a specific case while one can make generalizations in a research paper. If you are writing about gender inequality with respect to their salaries, you may have to do a lot of research in various industries but if you take up a particular company, it becomes a case study.

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About the Author: Olivia

Olivia is a Graduate in Electronic Engineering with HR, Training & Development background and has over 15 years of field experience.

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December 21, 2017 at 12:27 am

So the early release etc etc etc that Obama admin granted at the end of his term, of several thousand incarcerated people will make for very relevant research and multiple case study on down the line?! I’m curious to know 5, 10, 15 years from now- IF ANY/ how many might reoffend and other pertinent imformation. The “relevance” is pretty basic. In my opinion.

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Writing A Case Study

Types Of Case Study

Barbara P

Understand the Basic Types of Case Study Here

Published on: Jun 22, 2019

Last updated on: Dec 19, 2022

Types of Case Study

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A case study is an effective research method that specifically studies a single case over a period of time. Writing a  case study  is a very useful form of study in the educational process.

If students have real-life examples, it can help them learn more and synthesize information in a more effective manner. Such writing projects are one of the best ways of learning in a classroom.

A case study also has different types and forms. As a rule of thumb, all of them require a detailed and convincing answer based on a thorough analysis.

So, in this article, we are going to discuss the different types of case study research methods in detail.

What is a Case Study?

Case studies are a type of research methodology. They examine subjects, projects or organizations to tell stories and try conclusions about them based on evidence gathered during the process.

It allows you not only explore new avenues but also get insight into what drives any subject’s decisions and actions. Case studies are a great way for first-year students to develop their research skills.

A case study focuses on a single project for an extended period of time, which allows students to explore the topic in depth.

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What are the Types of Case Study?

There are 6 types of case studies used for different purposes. The main purpose of case studies is to analyze problems within the boundaries of a specific organization, environment, or situation.

According to design, case studies can be divided into the following categories:

Illustrative Case Study

Exploratory case study, cumulative case study, critical instance case study, descriptive case study, intrinsic case study.

Refer to the following section for a detailed description of each type of case study with examples.

An illustrative case study is used to examine a familiar case in order to help others to understand it. It is one of the main types of case studies in research methodology and is primarily descriptive.

In this type of case study, usually, one or two instances are utilized to explain what a situation is like.

Type of Case Study Research Design

An exploratory case study is a primary project conducted before a large-scale investigation. These types of case studies are very popular in the social sciences like political science and primarily focus on real-life contexts and situations.

Typically, these are used to identify research questions and methods for a large and complex study. The main purpose of an exploratory case study is to help identify situations for the further research process.

A cumulative case study is one of the main types of case studies in qualitative research. It is used to collect information from different sources at different times.

The aim of this case study is to summarize the past studies without spending additional cost and time on new investigations. So, it is a form of data analysis.

Critical instances case studies are used to determine the cause and consequence of an event.

The main reason for this type of case study is to investigate one or more sources with unique interest and sometimes with no interest in general. A critical case study can also be used to question a universal assertion.

When you have a hypothesis, you can design a descriptive study. This type of report starts with describing what you are studying. It aims is to find connections between the subject being studied and a theory.

After making these connections, the study can be concluded. The results of the descriptive case study will usually suggest how to develop a theory further.

A descriptive report would use the quantitative data as a starting point for more in-depth research.

Intrinsic studies are more common in psychology. This type of case study can also be conducted in healthcare or social work. So, if you were looking for types of case study in sociology, or type of case study in social research, this is it.

The focus of intrinsic studies is on a unique individual. These types can sometimes study groups close to the researcher as well.

The aim of such studies is not only to understand the subject better, but also their history and how they interact with everything around them. Basically, studying the subject with the perspective of their suroundings is what is needed for this type of case study.

Here is a PDF example to help you learn more about different types of case studies.

Types of Case Study PDF

Now you know the different types of case study methods in research. Make sure you follow the right  case study format  for great results.

Remember each type is defined in general terms but keep in mind that many aspects of a case study such as data collection and analysis, qualitative research questions, etc. are dependent on the researcher and what the study is looking to address.

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Types of Subjects of Case Study

In general, there are six types of case studies and 5 types of subjects they address. Every case study whether exploratory, critical, or cumulative, fits into the following subject categories.

This type of study focuses on one subject or individual and can use several research methods to determine the outcome.

This type of study takes into account a group of individuals. This could be a group of friends, coworkers, or family.

The main focus of this type of study is the place. It also takes into account how and why people use the place.


This study focuses on an organization or company. This could also include the company employees or people who work in an event at the organization.

This type of study focuses on a specific event. It could be societal or cultural and examines how it affects the surroundings.

Review some  case study examples  online before starting working on a specific type of case study. These examples will help you understand how a specific case study is conducted.

Case studies are being used more and more in colleges and universities to help students understand how a hypothetical event can influence a person, group, or organization in real life.

Writing a case study can be tricky and complicated especially when you are facing an urgent deadline. That’s why our  legitimate essay writing service  is here to provide you a full case study writing service.

Not everyone can handle the case study writing assignment easily. It is even scary to think that your time and work could be wasted if you don't do the case study paper right. So, it is better to get help from our  paper writer  who can write a professional case study for you.

Place your  order now  and get your case study done in the best way.

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Dr. Barbara is a highly experienced writer and author who holds a Ph.D. degree in public health from an Ivy League school. She has worked in the medical field for many years, conducting extensive research on various health topics. Her writing has been featured in several top-tier publications.

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Other assessments: Case studies

  • Scientific writing style
  • Case studies
  • Journal critique
  • Research proposals
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“For knowledge you will use in the real world - in business, for example, or in engineering or medicine - the "what" [to think] isn't sufficient. You must know how to apply the knowledge to the real world.” William Ellet, The Case Study Handbook

Case study assignments are common in some disciplines. Their main purpose is to show that you can relate theory to real-life situations. You also need to be able to recommend practical solutions to real-life problems.

This page is dedicated to writing case studies for undergraduate assignments, it does not tackle case studies as a research method/approach.

What is a case study?

A case study is an assignment where you analyse a specific case (organisation, group, person, event, issue) and explain how the elements and complexities of that case relate to theory . You will sometimes have to come up with solutions to problems or recommendations for future action.

You may be asked to write a case study as an essay, as part of a longer assignment or as a report.

Examples of cases

icon of building

An organisation.  For example a company, a business, a school, a sports club, a health body.

icon of group

A group. For example a class of pupils, an individual team within an organisation, a project group, a sports club.

icon of one person

An individual.  For example a patient, a client, a specific student/pupil, a manager/leader.

icon of calendar

An event.  For example a sporting occasion, a cultural event, a news story, an historical event.

icon of exclamation mark in triangle

An issue.  For example a dilemma, problem, critical event, change of practice.

Analysing a case

What are you being asked to do.

It is important be sure about the purpose of analysing the case before you begin. Refer back to your assignment brief and make sure you are clear about this. It could be:

Examining the case

In order to be thoroughly familiar with the case you are going to need to read through* the case several times during the analysis process. Start by simply reading it without asking too many questions in your mind. Get a feel for it as a whole. After that, you will need to read through it several times to identify the following:

You will now need to read additional material to help you analyse. In business, for example, you will perhaps want to read the financial statements for the company you are investigating; in nursing, the background of the treatment for the disorder from which “your” patient is suffering.

* Sometimes cases are presented to you as videos to watch. In which case you are going to have to watch it many times!

Theoretical approaches

You may have to ask yourself which theoretical approaches that you have covered in your course are relevant to the particular case you have before you. In some instances this may be obvious but in others it may be less so. A theoretical approach is useful as it can give you  specific questions to answer ; specific things to look for. For example, in business, this may take the form of a SWOT analysis - Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats) or you may look at the Porter's Five Forces model. There are similar models in other disciplines which you may have been introduced to already - or the brief may tell you which to use.

No obvious theoretical approach?

If you have not been provided with a theoretical approach don't worry. You can still ask questions. For example: 

icon of full picture

What is this case study about in general? What is the big picture - the main issue that this case study is an example of?

icons of jigsaw pieces

What specific issues are associated with it? What makes this case interesting?

icon of thought

What do I already know about these issues?

icon of link

How do they link with the theories we have studied? (See below)

icon showing alternative paths

What alternative approaches to dealing with the issues would be appropriate?

icon showing drop and ripplies

If an alternative approach were used, what impact might it have?

Linking to theory

The most crucial element about a case study is your ability to link the real world example to theory. This gives you more insight into both because

Real life is complex and messy. Do not expect it to nicely fit into theories which are by their very nature best guesses (albeit well researched) and generalisations. However, you will have been given the case specifically because it does relate to some theories you have learned or need to be aware of.

So you need to:

Now consider some or all of the questions below:

Armed with the answers to many of these questions, you are ready to start writing up your case study.

Writing up your case study

The most common ways to write up a case study are as essays or reports . The main differences between the two will be how you structure your work.

Structuring a case study essay

Case study essays usually have to answer a specific question using examples from your case study. They are written in continuous prose (a series of paragraphs with no subheadings). They should be structured much like any other essay with an introduction, main body and conclusion. 


This needs to have three things:

These do not have to be in that particular order but they do all need to be included.

Generally you will organise this thematically . Each paragraph needs to make a point and then use information from your case to illustrate and back up that point . You will also bring in theory (other reading) to strengthen your argument. It is acceptable to start with the example from your case and then show how this links to theory and the conclusion this leads you to; however, it is best if you first let your reader know the point you are making, as then they are not having to second guess this until the end of the paragraph. 

Each point in your main body should be leading back to the position statement you made in the introduction.

What are the main lessons you learned from the case study? How well did the theory fit with the real world example? Have you been asked to provide solutions or recommendations? If so, give them here.

Reference list

Include all the sources you have cited in your essay.

Structuring a case study report

These can vary between disciplines so check your assignment guidance. A typical case study would include:

Table of contents

See our MS Word pages  or our MS Office Software SkillsGuide for instructions on how to create these automatically.

Executive summary - optional, check if required

Give an overview of your whole report including main approaches, findings and recommendations. This is a bit like the abstract of a journal article.


These depends on what you were asked to do but could include:

Appendices if required

Recommended books and ebooks from our collection, related books and ebooks from our collection.

Cover Art

Recommended external resources


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  1. Executives Leadership Styles and the Preferred Decision-Making Models Case Study

    Executives Leadership Styles and the Preferred Decision-Making Models - Case Study Example. Summary The paper "Executive's Leadership Styles and the Preferred Decision-Making Models" is a wonderful example of a Management Case Study

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    Label each case study with the theorist/stages relevant to it. Each case study should be a minimum of 250 words. Home Psychology homework help Report Issue Due Date: Mar 21

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    To this end, were studied different difficulties in the domains of memory, phonology, grammar, and syntax differentiated the learning styles as well as the strategies of each case

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    A case study is an effective research method that specifically studies a single case over a period of time. Writing a case study is a very useful form of study in the educational process

  6. Case studies

    Case study assignments are common in some disciplines. This page is dedicated to writing case studies for undergraduate assignments, it does not tackle case studies as a research method/approach. You may be asked to write a case study as an essay