Step 2: Devise a plan (translate).

Step 3: Carry out the plan (solve).

Step 4: Look back (check and interpret).

Consecutive EVEN integers are even integers that follow one another in order.

Consecutive ODD integers are odd integers that follow one another in order.

Practice Problems 1a - 1g: Solve the word problem.

Go to Get Help Outside the Classroom found in Tutorial 1: How to Succeed in a Math Class for some more suggestions.

- Accessibility
- Accreditation
- Emergency Information
- Equal Opportunity/ Nondiscrimination
- Form Policy
- House Bill 2504
- Legislative Appropriation Request
- Link Policy and Privacy Statement
- Online Institutional Resumes
- Open Records/Public Information Act
- Risk, Fraud and Misconduct Hotline
- State of Texas
- Statewide Search
- Texas Homeland Security
- Texas Veterans Portal
- University Organizational Chart

## 4 Problem Solving Techniques: How to Solve Problems at Work

Problems are nothing but wake-up calls for creativity. —Gerhard Gschwandtner

All life is problem solving. —Karl Popper

W hen you think about it, most jobs are all about problem solving.

Customers or clients have a problem, and it’s up to the business and employees to solve it.

## 1. Rubber duck problem solving

In software engineering, rubber duck debugging or rubber ducking is a method of debugging code.

## 2. Lateral thinking

Here’s a common brainteaser, originated in Shane Snow’s book Smartcuts :

You have only one other seat in the car.

There’s a good reason to choose any of the three.

The friend deserves your payback.

So how do you put this into practice? Let’s use a work-related example.

Assumption 1: The meetings have to be held in person.

Assumption 2: The meetings have to happen live.

Assumption 3: All team members have to be present for all meetings.

Assumption 4: These meetings are necessary to complete the project.

Now, take each of these assumptions, and see what happens when you take them out of the equation.

What would happen if the meetings were held virtually? Or using collaboration software?

Could you pre-record some of the sessions to cut down on meetings?

What if you skipped these meetings altogether, and instead…

## 3. Trial and error

The first day you walk through the park…

The next day you take your bike…

- Chemists. It’s how they discover new drugs, such as antibiotics. They simply try chemicals randomly until they find one with the desired effect.
- Gamers. Video game players often use trial and error to succeed in a game.
- Sports teams. They use it to qualify for and/or progress through the playoffs and win the championship by testing different tactics—plays, lineups, and formations—to defeat everyone along the way to victory. This is especially crucial in playoff series in which multiple wins are required to advance. A team that loses a game will have the opportunity to try new tactics to find a way to win, if they are not eliminated.
- Scientists. The scientific method is regarded as a trial and error strategy because scientists create and test hypotheses.

## 4. The 5 Whys

From there, you ask, “Why is that problem happening?”

## Face problems head-on

Hi there! Such a wonderful write-up, thanks!

You’re welcome – glad you enjoyed it!

Thanks for giving us important information

You’re welcome – glad it was helpful!

Thanks so much. This’s so helpful.

## Leave a Reply Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

- SUGGESTED TOPICS
- The Magazine
- Most Popular
- Newsletters
- Managing Yourself
- Managing Teams
- Work-life Balance
- The Big Idea
- Data & Visuals
- Reading Lists
- Case Selections
- HBR Learning
- Topic Feeds
- Account Settings
- Email Preferences

## Are You Solving the Right Problem?

Most firms aren’t, and that undermines their innovation efforts.

- Establish the need for a solution. What is the basic need? Who will benefit from a solution?
- Justify the need. Why should your organization attempt to solve this problem? Is it aligned with your strategy? If a solution is found, who will implement it?
- Contextualize the problem. What have you and others already tried? Are there internal and external constraints to implementing a solution?
- Write the problem statement. What requirements must a solution meet? What language should you use to describe the problem? How will you evaluate solutions and measure success?

InnoCentive staffer: “Why do you need the lubricant?”

InnoCentive staffer: “Why don’t you replace the machinery?”

Client’s engineer: “Because no one makes equipment that exactly fits our needs.”

## The Problem-Definition Process

Establish the need for a solution, what is the.

## Who stands to

## Justify the need

## What are the

desired benefits for the company, and how will we measure them?

## How will we

ensure that a solution is implemented?

## Contextualize the problem

What approaches have, what have others.

internal and external constraints on implementing a solution?

## Write the problem statement

## What requirements must

## Which problem solvers

## What information and

language should the problem statement include?

## What do solvers

## What incentives do

## How will solutions

be evaluated and success measured?

## This article also appears in:

## HBR’s 10 Must Reads on Nonprofits and the Social Sectors

## Step 1: Establish the Need for a Solution

## What is the basic need?

## What is the desired outcome?

## Who stands to benefit and why?

## Step 2: Justify the Need

## Is the effort aligned with our strategy?

## What are the desired benefits for the company, and how will we measure them?

## How will we ensure that a solution is implemented?

## Step 3: Contextualize the Problem

## How Well-Defined Problems Lead to Breakthrough Solutions

## How the Problem Was Defined

## The ALS Research Problem

## The Solar Flare Problem

## What approaches have we tried?

## What have others tried?

## What are the internal and external constraints on implementing a solution?

## Step 4: Write the Problem Statement

Here are some questions that can help you develop a thorough problem statement:

## Is the problem actually many problems?

## What requirements must a solution meet?

## Elements of a Successful Solution

1. A price, including installation, of no more than $20

2. Storage capacity of at least 125 gallons

3. A weight light enough for one adult to carry a half mile on rough paths

4. Material that would prevent deterioration of water quality

6. A means, such as a filter, of removing gross organic matter from the incoming rain stream

8. A method for completely draining the water and cleaning the system

## Nice-to-Have

1. An aesthetically pleasing design

2. Additional functionality so that the unit could be used for multiple purposes

## Which problem solvers should we engage?

## What information and language should the problem statement include?

## What do solvers need to submit?

## What incentives do solvers need?

## How will solutions be evaluated and success measured?

## Partner Center

We're sorry, this computer has been flagged for suspicious activity.

If you are a member, we ask that you confirm your identity by entering in your email.

You will then be sent a link via email to verify your account.

If you are not a member or are having any other problems, please contact customer support.

Thank you for your cooperation

## 4 Steps to Efficiently Solve Problems

Published On: January 26, 2021

Categories: Career, Problem Solving 0

"We cannot solve our problems with the same thinking we used when we created them." - Albert Einstein

## Categories of Problems

- People —These problems center around people, their expectations, and their interactions with other people.
- Product —These problems are related to what you produce at work. The "product" can be tangible or intangible. If you're a home builder, your product would be houses. If you're a software developer, the product would be the application you work on. If you're a sales professional, you produce sales. Problems in this category are often related to the "product" not meeting the expectations of the customer or stakeholder.
- Process —These problems are related to the processes you use at work, generally in the context of producing the work product. The problem could be the process isn't producing the desired result, the process isn't being followed, or the process doesn't account for enough scenarios.

## The Steps (and the Pre-Step)

The framework consists of four steps and a very important pre-step. The four steps are as follows:

- Analyze —Understand the root cause.
- Plan —Determine how to resolve the problem.
- Implement —Put the resolution in place.
- Evaluate —Determine if the resolution is producing the desired results.

- Is there an immediate action I need to take to reduce the impact of the problem?
- Is there a reasonable degree of likelihood I can solve this problem?
- If I can solve the problem, can I solve it in a timely manner?
- If I can solve the problem, will it make a significant difference?

Once this prioritization has been completed, you can analyze the problem.

- Why did the upgrade fail? -> The prerequisite updates weren't installed.
- Why weren't the prerequisites installed? -> The person performing the install didn't know there were prerequisites.
- Why didn't the person performing the install know there were prerequisites? -> They didn't read the release notes.
- Why didn't they read the release notes? -> The release notes aren't included or linked to from the installer.
- Why aren't the release notes included or linked to from the installer? -> Because the release notes aren't always required reading for an upgrade.

The next time you're faced with a problem at work, think TAPIE :

## IMAGES

## VIDEO

## COMMENTS

In this video I talk about a step by step process which you can follow to solve any problem. This problem solving process can be applied to

SOLVE PROBLEMS IN 4-STEPS ... A highly sought after skill, learn a simple yet effective four step problem solving process using the concept

Learn the steps you can follow to solve any math word problem.We hope you are enjoying this video! For more in-depth learning, check out

Step 1: Understand the problem. · Step 2: Devise a plan (translate). · Step 3: Carry out the plan (solve). · Step 4: Look back (check and interpret)

4-Step Process for Problem Solving. 1. Understand the problem. • Draw diagrams/sketches. • Restate problem in your own words. • List the important details.

1. Rubber duck problem solving · 2. Lateral thinking · 3. Trial and error · 4. The 5 Whys · Face problems head-on.

In this book he identifies four basic principles of problem solving. ... strategies for attacking problems in mathematics class. This is taken from the book

Step 1: Establish the Need for a Solution · Step 2: Justify the Need · Step 3: Contextualize the Problem · Step 4: Write the Problem Statement.

Devise a Plan · Look for a pattern. · Review similar problems. · Make a table, diagram or chart. · Write an equation. · Use guessing and checking.

The Steps (and the Pre-Step) · Analyze—Understand the root cause. · Plan—Determine how to resolve the problem. · Implement—Put the resolution in