• Erasmus+ ECOffee Consumers

dissertation on circular economy

Circular Economy Thesis Library

Circular economy research and education @ unu-merit / mgsog + ucm.

Bachelor’s (#9) and Master’s Theses (#14) on Circular Economy

*Access via UM VPN

Food, Food Loss and Waste, Measurement (#3)

Schiffer L. (2018).  Measurement of Food Loss and Waste: A Multi-Sectoral Argumentative Analysis , UNU-MERIT/MGSoG Maastricht University,   Maastricht,   The  Netherlands,  70 pages,  Second Reader: Bart Kleine Deters

Van esch s. (2018). food waste policy integration: changes in food waste policy integration in the european union governance , unu-merit/mgsog , maastricht university,   maastricht,   the  netherlands,  88 pages, supervisor: victor osei kwadwo, gresele v.  (2016). the meat issue: is it really environmentally friendly a discussion based on the environmental impacts of the production, consumption and waste management of meat, university college maastricht, maastricht university, the netherlands,  2016,  supervisor:  dr. serdar türkeli .

Clothing, Textile and Fashion Industry (#3)

Camacho J.V. (2019). Experimenting for a Circular Business Model: Experiences from the Clothing Industry , International Center of Integrated Assessment and Sustainable Development (ICIS), Maastricht University, The Netherlands, 82 pages, Supervisors: Prof. René Kemp & Florian Goldschmeding

Schmidt c.g.  (2018).  circular economy: a sustainable alternative for the textile industry , unu-merit/mgsog maastricht university, maastricht, the  netherlands, 85 pages,  second reader: dr. pui-hang wong, böllhoff b . (2019). a circular system for the fashion industry: business case or trend,  university college maastricht, maastricht university, the netherlands, 46 pages, supervisor: dr. serdar türkeli.

Plastics, Plastic Packaging, Bioplastics (#4)

Nyoike W. (2018).  Status and Prospects of Alternatives to Plastic Use in Different World Regions: Case of Plastic Packaging ,  UNU-MERIT/MGSoG , Maastricht University,   Maastricht,   The  Netherlands,   89 pages,  Second Reader: Julia Reinold

Rodríguez l.m. (2019). burying opportunities: business and policy perspectives on circular economy transition in plastic production and consumption in costa rica, a q-methodology study, university college maastricht, maastricht university, the netherlands, 36 pages, supervisor: dr. serdar türkeli, ​ küster e. (2019).  solving the plastic dilemma: assessing policy strategies for the transition to a circular economy for plastic packaging, the cases of england and germany, university college maastricht, maastricht university, the netherlands, 44 pages, supervisor: dr. serdar türkeli, ​ rasche c.  (2017). can bioplastics become the new black: a socio-technical system analysis of bioplastics in the context of transitioning towards a circular bioeconomy in the european union,  university college maastricht , maastricht university, the netherlands, 45 pages, supervisor:  dr. serdar türkeli.

Waste Electric Electronic Equipment (WEEE) (#2)

Yang M . (2018). Utilization of data in the policy making : a case study of WEEE management , UNU-MERIT/MGSoG Maastricht University,  Maastricht, The  Netherlands, 109 pages, Supervisor: Ruediger Kuehr,   Second Reader:  Dr. Serdar Türkeli

Törmälä,  e. (2018). circuits to circulation waste electrical and electronic equipment in transitioning to a circular economy in the european union, university college maastricht, maastricht university, the netherlands, 31 pages, supervisor:  dr. serdar türkeli.

​ Institutions, Assessment, Measurement (#11)

Dascarolis C. (2020). Designing Education for Circular Economy Transition: A Qualitative Meta-synthesis and fs/QCA Analysis , SBE Emerging Markets, Maastricht University,  Maastricht, The  Netherlands, 77 pages, Supervisor: Dr. Serdar Türkeli

Paliukėnaitė a . (2020). the circular economy in european cities: fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis. unu-merit/mgsog maastricht university,  maastricht, the  netherlands, 77 pages, supervisor: dr. serdar türkeli, delporte s. (2020). social media content design: a tool to engage the youth in circular economy practices. unu-merit/mgsog maastricht university,  maastricht, the  netherlands, 143 pages, supervisor: dr. serdar türkeli, haddad c. r . (2018).  configurational conditions of circular economic performance in the eu-28: a fuzzy set analysis approach , unu-merit/mgsog maastricht university,  maastricht, the  netherlands, 109 pages,  second reader: michelle gonzález amador, kably n.  (2017). fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis as a new method for policy evaluation: green growth in the eu15, efficiency and circularity , unu-merit/mgsog  maastricht  university,   maastricht,   the  netherlands,   107  pages,  second reader: emmanuel mensah, ​ dufourmont  j . (2016).   data  and participatory  challenges  in transition  to a circular  economy  in european  cities , unu-merit/mgsog  maastricht  university,   maastricht,   the  netherlands,   107  pages,  second reader: iulia falcan, ​ dechamps y.  (2016).  the circular economy in singapore: a sectoral and institutional analysis , unu-merit/mgsog maastricht university, maastricht, the netherlands, 113 pages, second reader: iulia falcan, clay t.  (2016).  the technological and financial challenges in transition toward a circular economy ,   unu-merit/mgsog maastricht university, maastricht, the netherlands, 92 pages, second reader: iulia falcan, flamand g . (2019). a paradigm shift in dutch environmental management values, university college maastricht, maastricht university, the netherlands, 46 pages, supervisor: dr. serdar türkeli, schots t.  (2018). the future of consumer goods is circular, but how to get there, university college maastricht, maastricht university, the netherlands, 44 pages, supervisor: dr. serdar türkeli, peake a.  (2016). is circular economy the solution to the tragedy of commons, university college maastricht, maastricht university, the netherlands,  2016, supervisor: dr. serdar türkeli.

*Updated frequently, for B.Sc. capstone theses, please contact authors.

Partner sites

  • Maastricht University
  • School of Governance

dissertation on circular economy

More information

TU Delft Research Portal Logo

  • Help & FAQ

Business innovation towards a circular economy: An ecosystem perspective

  • Responsible Marketing and Consumer Behavior

Research output : Thesis › Dissertation (TU Delft)

Bibliographical note

This output contributes to the following UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Access to Document

  • 10.7480/abe.2020.22
  • Jan Konietzko_PhD thesis Final published version, 9.68 MB Licence: CC BY


  • Business Earth and Planetary Sciences 100%
  • Circular Economy Earth and Planetary Sciences 100%
  • Ecosystem Earth and Planetary Sciences 100%
  • ecosystems INIS 100%
  • economy INIS 100%
  • business INIS 100%
  • Strategy Earth and Planetary Sciences 75%
  • Economy Earth and Planetary Sciences 50%

T1 - Business innovation towards a circular economy

T2 - An ecosystem perspective

AU - Konietzko, J.C.

N1 - A+BE | Architecture and the Built Environment No 1 (2021)

N2 - We currently live in a carbon intensive linear economy. On the basis of burning fossil fuels, we take, make and waste an increasing amount of materials. This has pushed us against serious planetary boundaries. Radical reductions in environmental impact are needed over the coming decades. Entire economies and societies will have to reorganize. A promising candidate to support this reorganizing is a circular economy. It cuts waste, emissions and pollution, and it keeps the value of products, components and materials high over time. Companies can innovate towards a circular economy by following five key resource strategies: narrow, slow, close, regenerate, and inform. This thesis explores these strategies – through case research and a design science approach. It shows that an ecosystem perspective is necessary to implement these strategies – and provides tools and methods that can help to put an ecosystem perspective into action. This can help companies to develop circular ecosystem value propositions: that propose a positive collective outcome, fulfill user needs in exciting ways, and minimize environmental impact.

AB - We currently live in a carbon intensive linear economy. On the basis of burning fossil fuels, we take, make and waste an increasing amount of materials. This has pushed us against serious planetary boundaries. Radical reductions in environmental impact are needed over the coming decades. Entire economies and societies will have to reorganize. A promising candidate to support this reorganizing is a circular economy. It cuts waste, emissions and pollution, and it keeps the value of products, components and materials high over time. Companies can innovate towards a circular economy by following five key resource strategies: narrow, slow, close, regenerate, and inform. This thesis explores these strategies – through case research and a design science approach. It shows that an ecosystem perspective is necessary to implement these strategies – and provides tools and methods that can help to put an ecosystem perspective into action. This can help companies to develop circular ecosystem value propositions: that propose a positive collective outcome, fulfill user needs in exciting ways, and minimize environmental impact.

U2 - 10.7480/abe.2020.22

DO - 10.7480/abe.2020.22

M3 - Dissertation (TU Delft)

SN - 978-94-6366-351-9

PB - A+BE | Architecture and the Built Environment

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

  • View all journals
  • My Account Login
  • Explore content
  • About the journal
  • Publish with us
  • Sign up for alerts
  • Review Article
  • Open access
  • Published: 23 February 2024

The appeal of the circular economy revisited: on track for transformative change or enabler of moral licensing?

  • Hans Eickhoff   ORCID: orcid.org/0000-0003-1416-456X 1  

Humanities and Social Sciences Communications volume  11 , Article number:  301 ( 2024 ) Cite this article

580 Accesses

3 Altmetric

Metrics details

The proposal of an economy that is circular and without the need for material or energy input has an irresistible appeal to those who recognize the precautionary concept of planetary boundaries and acknowledge that resources are limited. Thus, in the public discourse, its narrative outperforms other lines of arguments when it comes to keeping radical critics of destructive extractivism and the growth imperative in check and averting discussion of degrowth, post-growth, or other systemic alternatives by larger segments of the population and government bodies. Moreover, the myth of a circular economy has the additional benefit that it can win over parts of the environmental movement that is apprehensive of radical and transformative change, particularly in the urban milieus of a middle class that enjoys the privileges of the current social order. In this paper, I argue that the circular economy narrative tends to hinder the necessary systemic transformation while entailing a wide range of specific measures that deserve to be recognized for their merit.

Similar content being viewed by others

dissertation on circular economy

Advancing a slum–circular economy model for sustainability transition in cities of the Global South

Matthew Abunyewah, Michael Odei Erdiaw-Kwasie, … Festival Godwin Boateng

dissertation on circular economy

Radical changes are needed for transformations to a good Anthropocene

Timon McPhearson, Christopher M. Raymond, … Kati Vierikko

dissertation on circular economy

Perceptions of degrowth in the European Parliament

Giorgos Kallis, Riccardo Mastini & Christos Zografos


Now that the narrative of recycling has lost its luster, the circular economy has become the new buzzword for sustainability advocates. After decades of promoting reuse and recycling, a growing amount of waste ended up feeding into a flourishing recycling industry without tackling the problem of production-associated emissions or increased consumption of raw materials (Alfredsson et al., 2018 ). In contrast, a sustainable and circular economy would allow a progressive reduction in resource input by creating closed loops, guaranteeing the well-being of future generations, while creating jobs and saving energy (Geissdoerfer et al., 2017 ; Stahel, 2016 ). This proposal was also picked up by political actors like the European Commission which framed the circular economy as a regenerative growth model for a sustainable economic system (European Commission, 2020 ), a framework which however has been criticized as inconsistent and imprecise on the ground that it does not reckon with the inability to use natural resources many times over without the need to extract them anew, and thus struggles with a low degree of circularity (Kovacic et al., 2020 ). On the backdrop of unabated man-made climate change (IPCC, 2023 ), deteriorating biodiversity and ecosystem functions (IPBES, 2019 ), and the coming of a new geological epoch termed the Anthropocene to substitute the relative stability of the Holocene (Crutzen and Stoermer, 2000 ; Steffen et al., 2007 ), it must be discussed if the circular economy proposal will entail sufficient transformative change of the existing socioeconomic metabolism which is indispensable to overcome the current conundrum (Krausmann et al., 2018 ). Furthermore, I argue that the apparent logic and beauty of the circular economy concept indeed obfuscates the need for a radical reduction and redistribution of energy (Millward-Hopkins et al., 2020 ) and overall consumption (Wiedmann et al., 2020 ), including the renunciation of continued exploitation of raw materials from formerly colonized geographies (Alcoff, 2022 ) that upholds an unsustainable ‘imperial’ mode of living (Brand et al., 2017 ).

Even if not endorsed by classical economic theory, economic activity operates within the natural environment and is subject to the laws of nature that set limits to human endeavor. Without naming the proposal of a circular economy explicitly, Boulding ( 1966 ) introduced the concept of the Earth System as a closed loop where material entropy that occurs outside of natural processes can only be countered by constant energy input. Yet, under the premises of the Laws of Thermodynamics, the energy contained in a closed system is unchangeable, and irreversible spontaneous processes will increase entropy in the sense of homogeneous distribution of energy or matter to a maximum (Sandler and Woodcock, 2010 ; Starikov, 2021 ). Drawing on these considerations, the economist Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen scrutinized the relevance of the Second Law of Thermodynamics (the Entropy Law) for the economic process and emphasized that it operates on a unidimensional timeline where energy is dissipated and natural resources are depleted, which renders a growth economy, or even a steady-state economy, impossible in the long-term (Georgescu-Roegen, 1971 ).

The ideas of Boulding and Georgescu-Roegen inspired the concept of Degrowth that proposes a radical transformation of the societies in the global North to reduce their ecological metabolism and resource avidity (Bonaiuti, 2018 ; Kallis et al., 2012 , 2018 ; Kerschner, 2010 ). While critics observe that Georgescu-Roegen might have misinterpreted the Second Law of Thermodynamics drawing an improper analogy between the entropy of energy and the entropy of material substance, his work is still a valid contribution to the economic discussion about the theoretical impossibility of full recycling due to the distinction between stocks—non-renewable in any circumstances—and funds which are renewable if exploited at a sufficiently low rate (Khalil, 2004 ).

Envisioning a circular economy and the concept of the perpetuum mobile

When Leonardo da Vinci postulated the impossibility of a perpetuum mobile within the physical conditions of planet Earth (Bera, 2021 ), he could not have imagined that a similar concept would be resurrected five centuries later. But the ancient dream of humanity to create an apparatus that would work incessantly without the additional input of human labor, or an external source of energy or material, awoke to new life: the congenial concept of a circular economy promises to transform waste into wealth and to warrant the pursuit of exponential—yet sustainable—economic growth forever. But while the idea of a circular economy has become increasingly popular, it still draws, albeit not explicitly, on prior concepts of industrial ecology and industrial symbiosis that support the sustainable development agenda (Cecchin et al., 2021 ).

Before the industrial revolution set off, global economic activity was almost entirely circular but the advent of mass production and the increasing use of fossil fuels that promoted more effective extraction of other natural resources transformed circularity into a linear process that started to deplete natural resources and created large amounts of waste (Bali Swain and Sweet, 2021 ). More than 50 years ago, the report on the Limits to Growth , commissioned by the Club of Rome and compiled by a team of international scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Meadows et al., 1972 ), unmasked the unsustainability of the make-use-dispose process of the linear economy, and it became necessary to create a renewed public perception regarding waste management and resource use (Blomsma and Brennan, 2017 ), if the fundamentals of the capitalist economy were to remain unquestioned. Hence, framing waste as a resource (Zaman, 2022 ) not only created the opportunity for collective action and research, based on an experience of shared ideas and values but also granted the possibility to encompass resource use and waste production within the limits of the current economic system.

Scrutinizing the circular economy and conceptualizing it as an umbrella concept that connects previously unrelated constructs to create a new paradigm, can create an understanding of its consolidation as a new narrative that is characterized by continuing to branch out and becoming more and more complex over time (Blomsma and Brennan, 2017 ). As Hirsch and Levin ( 1999 ) point out, an umbrella construct can be particularly useful in fields that lack a solid theoretical background but where its validity tends to be less challenged by a nonacademic constituency. Understanding the circular economy as an umbrella concept could therefore contribute to decoding the popularity of the circular economy proposal, despite its shortcomings and inconsistencies that have been detailed.

In their revision of the circular economy concept, Kirchherr et al. ( 2017 ) mustered a plethora of 114 definitions which in itself illustrates its heterogeneity and the need to resort to frameworks like the umbrella concept to maintain the notion of a coherent explanatory model. After an iterative coding process that embraced 17 dimensions, the authors came up with a definition of the circular economy as “ an economic system that is based on business models which replace the ‘end-of-life’ concept with reducing, alternatively reusing, recycling and recovering materials in production/distribution and consumption processes, thus operating at the micro level (products, companies, consumers), meso level (eco-industrial parks) and macro level (city, region, nation and beyond), with the aim to accomplish sustainable development, which implies creating environmental quality, economic prosperity and social equity, to the benefit of current and future generations ” (Kirchherr et al., 2017 : pp. 224–225). Additionally, they underscored the necessity of renouncing subverted definitions of the circular economy that are mostly framed as a path to economic prosperity and are pushing the social and environmental goals into the background while not recognizing ‘Reduce’ as a top priority to surpass only incremental improvements and to bring about effective and transformative change. Indeed, only three of the 114 definitions that were analyzed entail all elements of the final definition. Consequently, the imperative of reduction clashes with the business models of the real economy that are built on the pursuit of growth and profit, within the framework of the capitalist market economy, thus hampering the ‘strong’ sufficiency practices that would be in line with the comprehensive definition of a circular economy that Kirchherr et al. ( 2017 ) bring forward. This dilemma is unscored by a study in a sample of 150 companies that proactively communicate their commitment to sustainability and sufficiency but refrain from actually encouraging the refusal to consume (Bocken et al., 2022 ).

Even if acknowledging the concept of a circular economy as a useful contribution towards socioeconomic system change, measuring the effective reduction of environmental and social damage that it promotes must be tackled, particularly when excessive resource use is not adequately priced and does not include additional future costs of current resource extraction (Stephan, 2022 ). Considering that the main strategies for implementing a circular economy include the preservation of the product itself and its function, retrieval of its components, and the recovery of embodied materials and energy, a framework of indicators to embrace these dimensions might consider operating under the concept of Life Cycle Thinking to analyze potential (present and future) impacts and the overall burden or benefit for the environment in comparison to linear processes (Moraga et al., 2019 ). However, reports on interventions at different levels (micro, meso, and macro) do generally not consider the ‘use phase’ of the life cycle and information on systemic interactions between interventions on different levels is scarce which is particularly unfortunate as the results of interventions on the product level can foster large and unintended rebound effects on the societal or macro level (Makov and Vivanco, 2018 ).

Limits to a sustainable circular economy

The concept of planetary boundaries aims to define precautionary safeguards for the functioning of the Earth system that should not be surpassed without setting off the risk of abrupt and non-linear environmental shifts that endanger and threaten the safe operating space for humanity (Rockström et al., 2009 ). Currently, possibly six out of nine planetary boundaries have been breached, including biosphere integrity and climate change (Richardson et al., 2023 ), which is consistent with the warnings on the rapid deterioration of biodiversity and ecosystem function by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES, 2019 ) and the 2023 Synthesis Report on Climate Change by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 2023 ) that alerts on the effects of human-caused climate change on weather and climate extremes which will continue to intensify.

While socioeconomic and (unfavorable) Earth Systems trends have been accelerating since the industrial revolution, mainly due to the activity of OECD countries and, more recently, due to the emerging economies of the so-called BRICS countries, including Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (Steffen et al., 2015 ), the General Assembly of the United Nations approved the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (United Nations, 2015 ), comprising 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets. Also, the “New Circular Economy Action Plan for a cleaner and more competitive Europe”, that was adopted by the European Commission to accelerate the transformations required by the European Green Deal (European Commission, 2020 ) refers explicitly to the Agenda for Sustainable Development. Yet, in both documents, the notion of sustainability remains rather vague and undefined, being “sustainable” mostly used as an axiomatic justification for policy proposals and goals otherwise deemed desirable such as, for instance, poverty eradication, food security, or economic growth.

Also, seemingly unambiguous definitions of sustainable systems as something that survives or persists (Costanza and Patten, 1995 ) do not give real meaning to the concept as long as they leave out other dimensions of sustainability such as time, space, or scope. Following Salas‐Zapata and Ortiz‐Muñoz ( 2019 ), the purposes and meanings that can be ascribed to sustainability include (1) a set of social‐ecological criteria that guide human action, (2) a vision of humankind that is realized through the convergence of the social and ecological objectives of a particular reference system, (3) an object, thing or phenomenon that happens in certain social‐ecological systems, or (4) an approach that entails the incorporation of social and ecological variables into the study of an activity, process or human product (Salas‐Zapata and Ortiz‐Muñoz, 2019 : p. 159). The scope of sustainability might therefore be delimited at the level of values (1) and at the macro (2), meso (3), and micro (4) levels. But additionally, the time horizon can be either short (election cycle), medium (lifetime of current generations), or long-term (future generations), while the spatial scale is local, regional, or global. Thus, only using a definition of ‘strong’ sustainability (Spash, 2017 ) that encompasses a comprehensive scope of social-ecological values and systems on a long-term and global scale shall be consistent with the need for guaranteeing a safe operating space for humanity that is faced with challenges such as climate (in)stability, biodiversity loss, or the endangered balance of the Earth system.

Critics of the concept of sustainable development point out that even apparent progress toward its goals generally conceals ongoing environmental devastation (Bendell, 2022 ; Zeng et al., 2020 ). Furthermore, the aim of ensuring sustainable consumption and production patterns (SDG 12) seems impossible to attain without effectively reducing production and consumption instead of relying on increased efficiency (which has well-known rebound effects), while the pursuit of economic growth (SDG 8) actually hinders the accomplishment of SDG 12 (Bengtsson et al., 2018 ). Analyzing the impact of economic growth (SDG 8) on resource consumption Hickel ( 2019 ) emphasized that (any) GDP growth would require the decoupling of resource use at a far superior rate than has been achieved historically to effectively reduce the global material footprint (Parrique et al., 2019 ; Tilsted et al., 2021 ; Ward et al., 2016 ). Following a similar line of argument in her critique of SDG 8 that is based on the unsustainability of economic growth, Chertkovskaya ( 2023 ) proposes a reframing of the sustainable development agenda into a well-being agenda where human well-being and the need to reduce resource throughput could inform the envisioned socio-ecological transformation.

Besides the antagonism between SDG 8 and 12, in complex dynamic systems like the Sustainable Development Agenda where policies towards a specific goal act on the capacity to accomplish others, it may be expected that these effects are detrimental and create undesirable tradeoffs (Kroll et al., 2019 ), or even induce unwanted feedback loops, in particular when those goals that would reduce human impact on the Earth system are not prioritized within the framework (Skene, 2021 ). Supporting this observation, a system-based analysis of local and national policies in Brazil that were informed by the concept of sustainable development concluded that the results were at least inconsistent, both on the economic and the ecological level, while only social goals were (partially) achieved (Donaires et al., 2019 ).

A reality check on the circularity of the global economy shows that currently only 8.6% can be considered circular, down from 9.1% just two years before, while global material consumption exceeded for the first time 100 Gt of raw materials in 2019, up from 28.6 Gt in 1972 when the Club of Rome’s report on the Limits to Growth was first published (Circle Economy, 2022 ). Hence, overall material consumption roughly quadrupled while the world population doubled during the same period (Worldometers.info, 2022 ) and thus decoupled from population growth, a trend that has been observed for more than a hundred years (Marín-Beltrán et al., 2022 ). Furthermore, the circular economy does not necessarily lead to a reduction in the use of critical primary raw materials because a shift to different raw materials elsewhere in the life cycle can be observed (Schaubroeck, 2020 ). In this context, the World Bank Group recognizes that by 2050 the transition to purportedly renewable energy production will require over 3 billion tons of minerals and metals, notably graphite, lithium, and cobalt, corresponding to an increase of up to 500%, to stay within the climate goals of the Paris Agreement, while in regard to suitable minerals like copper and aluminum even doubling the rate of recycling would not meet demand (Hund et al., 2020 ).

Ageing material stocks accumulated in buildings, infrastructure, and machinery, which have increased 23-fold since the beginning of the 20th century and continue to grow, represent another challenge for the circular economy concept and require continuous energy and material flows for maintenance, dismantling, and (re)construction with a current recycling rate of just 12%, and an anticipated need for disposal of 35% over the period from 2010 to 2030 due to the end of their service lifetimes (Krausmann et al., 2017 ). Against this backdrop, only a substantially lower level of material stocks would allow achieving a global reduction in greenhouse gas emissions to keep global warming at bay (Krausmann et al., 2020 ). Thus, circularity must be combined with the concept of longevity to overcome inherent limitations and address material turnover, in an effort to increase eco-efficient resource use (Figge et al., 2018 ), while rebound effects due to efficiency gains need to be addressed comprehensively (Zink and Geyer, 2017 ). Moreover, the attempt to avoid landfill within the European Union and to comply with the goal of a circular economy often displaces the treatment of waste towards the global South, feeding into international recycling networks that burden people and environments with cleaning up a problem that they did not cause (Gregson et al., 2015 ).

Overall, critical reviews of the circular economy point out the flaws of definition and the uncertain overall results, but also the neglect of established knowledge and issues of feasibility, including the limitations due to unaccounted secondary energy and material input due to inefficient limited repurposing or recycling potential (Corvellec et al., 2022 ; Cullen, 2017 ). But, additionally, the underlying “ideological agenda” that includes the emphasis on entrepreneurship, business models, and the infinite possibility of technical solutions also derives its strength from the seductive appeal of the circle as the archetype of perfection and completeness, thus turning the metaphor mythical and irresistible (Corvellec et al., 2022 ).

The unsustainable charm of pro-environmental behavior

The umbrella concept of the circular economy relates closely to the concept of lifestyle in high-income countries of the global North. As laid out by Mikael Jensen ( 2007 ), the concept of lifestyle can be defined on four levels, from global to individual, and entails the notion of consumer identity which, besides the manifestations of national, cultural, and subcultural identities, expresses identity on an individual level through the process and type of material consumption. Products perceived as environmentally friendly and fairly traded embody a message of ethical concern and humanitarian consciousness and consumers associate them with a positive moral value that allows to dress up consumption as pro-environmental behavior. Hence, environmentally concerned people tend to achieve self-realization through “green” consumption patterns but don’t forego necessarily consumption and resource use itself, focusing instead on measures that are promoted within the concept of a circular economy, like (zero-)waste and recycling, to maintain consistent personal narratives (Connolly and Prothero, 2003 ) or to enhance their positional value in the peer community (Kesenheimer and Greitemeyer, 2021 ). As emphasized by Lorek and Fuchs ( 2019 ), this type of ‘weak’ sustainable consumption represents foremostly purchasable efficiency gains that are available to affluent consumers and occur without effective environmental gains, an observation that is also supported by Moser and Kleinhückelkotten ( 2018 ). On the contrary, ‘strong’ sustainable consumption requires embracing sufficiency and the reduction of overall consumption in high-consuming classes which could grant a dignified life for all and replace the growth paradigm (Sandberg, 2021 ; Sandberg et al., 2019 ).

Indeed, higher household income is closely associated with a greater ecological footprint (Adua, 2022 ; Alfredsson et al., 2018 ; Feng et al., 2021 ; Hardadi et al., 2021 ) and individual environmental concerns and pro-environmental behavior in the private sphere do not necessarily reduce household carbon footprint (Csutora, 2012 ; Huddart Kennedy et al., 2015 ). Thus, the example of air travel, which represents a major share of individual greenhouse gas emissions, particularly in high-income urban populations (Czepkiewicz et al., 2019 ; Ivanova et al., 2020 ) and is rarely relinquished, demonstrates that even people with internalized knowledge about climate change show a large gap between attitude and practice (Jacobson et al., 2020 ). This finding is supported by the analysis of representative datasets of the UK population which also showed no association between pro-environmental values and concerns and the reduction of non-work-related flying behavior (Alcock et al., 2017 ).

The apparent inconsistencies between pro-environmentalism, “green” lifestyle, and environmentally harmful habits like travel patterns with high climate impact seem difficult to explain at first glance. However, alongside denial mechanisms that are similar to those that erect psychological barriers to shifting from material comfort to a low-energy behavior (Stoll-Kleemann et al., 2001 ), moral disengagement triggered by aggressive advertising of long-distance travel contributes to the blanketing out of its climate effects (Stubenvoll and Neureiter, 2021 ). Additionally, the effect of moral licensing may further enable the denial of existing contradictions between material and energy consumption, associated greenhouse gas emissions, and the narrative of a sustainable circular economy. In moral psychology, ethical behavior is closely linked to the self-perceived value of moral acts that interfere with self-interest. But while past transgressions increase the resolve to engage in ethical behavior, the boost to the moral self after acting ethically can provoke subsequent licensing of egoistic and unethical attitudes, particularly when there is a conflict between self-interest and an abstract value or goal, or self-construal is based on social roles and relationships (Blanken et al., 2015 ; Mullen and Monin, 2016 ; Xiong et al., 2023 ).

Under the assumption that purchasing environmentally friendly products might prompt subsequent unethical behavior, Mazar and Zhong ( 2010 ) studied the effect of moral licensing in an experimental study on Canadian students that showed a positive association between the prospect of green consumption and high moral and social values. However, while the mere exposure to environmental-friendly products had a favorable effect on altruistic behavior, the actual purchase of these products led to a decrease in altruistic behavior and even to clearly unethical conduct. In a similar study on the potential of behavior change initiatives and policies to increase overall pro-environmental behavior (positive spillover), Clot et al. ( 2022 ) studied the effect of ”green licensing” in a group of 85 undergraduates at a UK university and concluded that licensing actually provoked a negative spillover and worse pro-environmental behavior in other domains. Additionally, engaging in moral licensing can contribute significantly to the rebound effect that is observed after efficiency gains through technological improvements, in particular regarding heating and mobility, thus expanding on a mere economic explanation of rebound (Dorner, 2019 ; Dütschke et al., 2018 ).

Complementing this argument within a larger moral self-regulation framework, Shalvi et al. ( 2015 ) emphasize that self-serving justifications act in protection of the moral self, either in advance of intentional unethical behavior, resorting to mechanisms of ambiguity, self-serving altruism, and moral licensing, or afterward, using physical or symbolic cleansing, partial confessing, and distancing with pointing to others’ moral failures. Thus, in analogy, the peril of the circular economy narrative lies in its apparent logical serenity and opportune resolution of the psychological intricacies that characterize the conflict between ‘green lifestyles’, enacted pro-environmentalism, and engrained consumption patterns, while its mainstream meanderings refrain from substantially transforming the growth economy.

Clues for transformative change

The concept of zero-waste, recycling, and a circular economy does not only operate on an individual level to justify unsustainable consumption patterns but can also be understood as an attempt to render the challenging of industrial capitalism impossible, removing it from the political sphere towards a depoliticized question of consumer behavior (Valenzuela and Böhm, 2017 ). But even when consumers turn to recycling fetishism, in a symbolic effort of redemption that suppresses the acknowledgment of wasteful behavior and intends to obtain moral permission for future consumption, the cleaves and cracks of the current global socioeconomic system become visible. Hothouse Earth pathways loom on the horizon (Steffen et al., 2018 ) and disruptive behaviors of the Earth system are not science fiction anymore but a real prospect (Bernardini et al., 2022 ). The call for environmental justice and decolonization can no longer be ignored (Sultana, 2023 ) and resounds with proposals for a degrowth future in the global North (Singh, 2019 ; Sultana, 2023 ). Thus, “ideas such as those of subsistence-living, the balance between all living beings and reciprocity, self-sufficiency, and self-reliance open the possibility for debates in which both sets of movements can contribute”, thus co-creating convivial technologies and alternative economic systems that refuse neoliberal growth narratives (Rodríguez-Labajos et al., 2019 : p. 182). Moreover, the current social and ecological crises require imagining “other ways of being, and transformative change to our economic life”, where “the social body, with a shared commitment to life in common, is a common goal that unites diverse struggles, including environmental justice and degrowth movements. The success of these diverse struggles in fostering collective subjectivity and postcapitalist alternatives will depend on the ability of these diverse movements to come together, stand in solidarity, learn from each other, and tell alternate stories about how we are to live the Anthropocene” (Singh 2019 : p. 141).

Natalie Ralph’s proposal of conceptual merging of circular economy, degrowth and conviviality design approaches might represent a first step in the direction of circular futures while reappropriating the idea of a circular economy for a framework that embraces local sourcing of raw materials, the possibility of local manufacturing, and the inclusion of users’ creativity in the design process, thus creating products that fulfill an effective need and not an artificially induced desire, are widely accessible, contribute to future sharing and learning, and can be modified or improved without restriction during an extended life cycle and repaired by an average person (Ralph, 2021 ). This proposal, however, requires engaging in a participated policy process which is critical to achieve indispensable popular support (Kongshøj, 2023 ) and will be characterized by the need to address complex problems within the uncertainties of post-normal science where decision stakes are high (Funtowicz and Ravetz, 1994 ). Hence, a circular economy discourse that aims to reach beyond variations of the R’s of waste management and resource use will necessarily have to embrace systemic socio-ecological transformation and a “plurality of alternatives” to envision participated circular futures (Calisto Friant et al., 2020 ). Alongside the acknowledgment of planetary boundaries, the formulation of societal boundaries is mandatory to enable a fair and conscious decision process that creates the conditions for a good life for all within a framework of collective self-limitation which overcomes the imperial mode of living at the expense of others (Brand et al., 2021 ).

The transformation of social structures that allows us to envision a future that entails elements of the circular economy without succumbing to its vicissitudes will possibly require the shift from market relations to human relations, within a framework of “intentional sharing and togetherness” (Jarvis 2019 : p. 270). Renouncing explicitly the idea of a consumption-orientated sharing economy, Jarvis puts forward a concept of “real places and co-present realities” that might occur in collective endeavors like co-housing or food cooperatives which, in turn, shape relational human values. This framework entails individual agency, collective intentionality and ‘we-intentions’, participatory democratic procedures, and the defense of ecosystems and ideals of social justice within practices inspired by the degrowth mindset, understood as a “radical niche innovation” to counter the dynamics of growth capitalism and to create diverse—pluriversal—pathways towards alternative practices and systemic change (Kothari et al., 2019 ; Vandeventer et al., 2019 ).

Concluding remarks

The amazing diversity of circular economy definitions seems to allow picking and choosing those that are most suited to one’s preferences and particular circumstances, without changing the dynamics of the industrial growth economy or demanding radical individual and systemic transformation. Thus, the utopia of circularity apparently sanctions the maintenance of privileged habits of conspicuous consumption, within a framework of green lifestyles and pro-environmental behaviors, to end up reinforcing the status quo of unsustainable exploitation of the Earth’s resources while only a small—and diminishing—fraction of materials is reused or recycled, and global consumption continues unabated. Psychological mechanisms like moral licensing can hinder transformative behavioral change even in groups that exhibit high moral standards and acknowledge the predicament of the destruction of the biosphere, particularly when its members enjoy the economic privileges that entitle them to an environmentally destructive lifestyle. In contrast, ‘strong’ sustainability and an all-embracing circular economy require prioritizing ‘Reduce’ without losing sight of social and environmental justice. Thus, without a paradigm shift in overall societal goals from economic growth towards sustainable and regenerative practices, the current conflict between self-interest, interwoven with dominating societal norms, and consistent pro-environmental behavior remains irresoluble, except in fringe groups that operate outside of the mainstream society and either are driven by strong moral values or bound to vernacular lifestyles that are directly threatened by the industrial growth economy.

Data availability

Data sharing is not applicable to this research as no data was generated or analyzed.

Adua L (2022) Super polluters and carbon emissions: Spotlighting how higher-income and wealthier households disproportionately despoil our atmospheric commons. Energy Policy 162:112768. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2021.112768

Article   CAS   Google Scholar  

Alcock I, White MP, Taylor T, Coldwell DF, Gribble MO, Evans KL, Corner A, Vardoulakis S, Fleming LE (2017) ‘Green’ on the ground but not in the air: pro-environmental attitudes are related to household behaviours but not discretionary air travel. Glob Environ Change 42:136–147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.11.005

Article   PubMed   PubMed Central   Google Scholar  

Alcoff LM (2022) Extractivist epistemologies. Tapuya: Lat Am Sci Technol Soc 5:2127231. https://doi.org/10.1080/25729861.2022.2127231

Article   Google Scholar  

Alfredsson E, Bengtsson M, Brown HS, Isenhour C, Lorek S, Stevis D, Vergragt P (2018) Why achieving the Paris Agreement requires reduced overall consumption and production. Sustain Sci Pract Policy 14:1–5. https://doi.org/10.1080/15487733.2018.1458815

Bali Swain R, Sweet S (2021) Sustainable consumption and production: introduction to circular economy and beyond. In: Bali Swain R, Sweet S (eds.). Sustainable consumption and production, volume II: vol. II. pp. 1–16). Cham: Springer International Publishing. pp. 1–16

Bendell J (2022) Replacing sustainable development: potential frameworks for international cooperation in an era of increasing crises and disasters. Sustainability 14(13):8185. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14138185

Bengtsson M, Alfredsson E, Cohen M, Lorek S, Schroeder P (2018) Transforming systems of consumption and production for achieving the sustainable development goals: moving beyond efficiency. Sustain Sci 13:1533–1547. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11625-018-0582-1

Bera RK (2021) On scientific theories and their impact on society. SSRN Electron J 1979:1–35. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3912391

Bernardini AE, Bertolami O, Francisco F (2022) Chaotic behaviour of the earth system in the Anthropocene. 1–18. https://doi.org/10.48550/arXiv.2204.08955

Blanken I, van de Ven N, Zeelenberg M (2015) A meta-analytic review of moral licensing. Pers Soc Psychol Bull 41:540–558. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167215572134

Article   PubMed   Google Scholar  

Blomsma F, Brennan G (2017) The emergence of circular economy: a new framing around prolonging resource productivity. J Ind Ecol 21:603–614. https://doi.org/10.1111/jiec.12603

Bocken NMP, Niessen L, Short SW (2022) The sufficiency-based circular economy—an analysis of 150 companies. Front Sustain 3:1–18. https://doi.org/10.3389/frsus.2022.899289

Bonaiuti M (2018) Are we entering the age of involuntary degrowth? Promethean technologies and declining returns of innovation. J Clean Prod 197:1800–1809. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.02.196

Boulding K (1966) The economics of the coming spaceship earth. In: Jarrett H (ed.). Environmental quality in a growing economy. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. pp. 3–14

Brand U, Boos T, Brad A (2017) Degrowth and post-extractivism: two debates with suggestions for the inclusive development framework. Curr Opin Environ Sustain 24:36–41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2017.01.007

Brand U, Muraca B, Pineault É, Sahakian M, Schaffartzik A, Novy A, Streissler C, Haberl H, Asara V, Dietz K, Lang M, Kothari A, Smith T, Spash C, Brad A, Pichler M, Plank C, Velegrakis G, Jahn T, Görg C (2021) From planetary to societal boundaries: an argument for collectively defined self-limitation. Sustain Sci, Pract Policy 17:264–291. https://doi.org/10.1080/15487733.2021.1940754

Calisto Friant M, Vermeulen WJV, Salomone R (2020) A typology of circular economy discourses: navigating the diverse visions of a contested paradigm. Resour, Conserv Recycl 161:104917. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2020.104917

Cecchin A, Salomone R, Deutz P, Raggi A, Cutaia L (2021) What is in a name? The rising star of the circular economy as a resource-related concept for sustainable development. Circ Econ Sustain 1:83–97. https://doi.org/10.1007/s43615-021-00021-4

Chertkovskaya E (2023) From economic growth to socio-ecological transformation: rethinking visions of economy and work under SDG 8. In: Partzsch L (ed.). The environment in global sustainability governance. Bristol University Press. pp. 197–216

Circle Economy (2022) The Circularity Gap Report 2022. Circle Economy, Amsterdam

Google Scholar  

Clot S, Della Giusta M, Jewell S (2022) Once good, always good? Testing Nudge’s spillovers on pro environmental behavior. Environ Behav 54:655–669. https://doi.org/10.1177/00139165211060524

Connolly J, Prothero A (2003) Sustainable consumption: consumption, consumers and the commodity discourse. Consum Mark Cult 6:275–291. https://doi.org/10.1080/1025386032000168311

Corvellec H, Stowell AF, Johansson N (2022) Critiques of the circular economy. J Ind Ecol 26(2):421–432. https://doi.org/10.1111/jiec.13187

Costanza R, Patten BC (1995) Defining and predicting sustainability. Ecol Econ 15:193–196. https://doi.org/10.1016/0921-8009(95)00048-8

Crutzen PJ, Stoermer EF (2000) The “Anthropocene. IGBP Newsl 41:17–18. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.10614-1

Csutora M (2012) One more awareness gap? The behaviour–impact gap problem. J Consum Policy 35:145–163. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10603-012-9187-8

Cullen JM (2017) Circular economy: theoretical benchmark or perpetual motion machine? J Ind Ecol 21:483–486. https://doi.org/10.1111/jiec.12599

Czepkiewicz M, Árnadóttir Á, Heinonen J (2019) Flights dominate travel emissions of young urbanites. Sustainability 11:6340. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226340

Donaires OS, Cezarino LO, Caldana ACF, Liboni L (2019) Sustainable development goals—an analysis of outcomes. Kybernetes 48:183–207. https://doi.org/10.1108/K-10-2017-0401

Dorner Z (2019) A behavioral rebound effect. J Environ Econ Manag 98:102257. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeem.2019.102257

Dütschke E, Frondel M, Schleich J, Vance C (2018) Moral licensing—another source of rebound? Front Energy Res 6:1–10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2018.00038

European Commission (2020) A new circular economy action plan: for a cleaner and more competitive Europe. COM/2020/98 final. European Commission

Feng K, Hubacek K, Song K (2021) Household carbon inequality in the U.S. J Clean Prod 278:123994. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.123994

Figge F, Thorpe AS, Givry P, Canning L, Franklin-Johnson E (2018) Longevity and circularity as indicators of eco-efficient resource use in the circular economy. Ecol Econ 150:297–306. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.04.030

Funtowicz SO, Ravetz JR (1994) Uncertainty, complexity and post-normal science. Environ Toxicol Chem 13:1881–1885. https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.5620131203

Geissdoerfer M, Savaget P, Bocken NMP, Hultink EJ (2017) The circular economy—a new sustainability paradigm? J Clean Prod 143:757–768. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.12.048

Georgescu-Roegen N (1971) Cambridge. The entropy law and the economic process. Harvard University Press

Chapter   Google Scholar  

Gregson N, Crang M, Fuller S, Holmes H (2015) Interrogating the circular economy: the moral economy of resource recovery in the EU. Econ Soc 44:218–243. https://doi.org/10.1080/03085147.2015.1013353

Hardadi G, Buchholz A, Pauliuk S (2021) Implications of the distribution of German household environmental footprints across income groups for integrating environmental and social policy design. J Ind Ecol 25:95–113. https://doi.org/10.1111/jiec.13045

Hickel J (2019) The contradiction of the sustainable development goals: Growth versus ecology on a finite planet. Sustain Dev 27:873–884. https://doi.org/10.1002/sd.1947

Hirsch PM, Levin DZ (1999) Umbrella advocates versus validity police: a life-cycle model. Organ Sci 10:199–212. https://doi.org/10.1287/orsc.10.2.199

Huddart Kennedy E, Krahn H, Krogman NT (2015) Are we counting what counts? A closer look at environmental concern, pro-environmental behaviour, and carbon footprint. Local Environ 20:220–236. https://doi.org/10.1080/13549839.2013.837039

Hund K, La Porta D, Fabregas T, Laing T, Drexhage J (2020) Minerals for climate action: The mineral intensity of the clean energy transition. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank

IPBES (2019) Global assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (Brondizio E, Diaz S, Settele J, HT Ngo HT (eds.)). IPBES Secretariat, Bonn

IPCC (2023) Climate change 2023—synthesis report: a report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. IPCC

Ivanova D, Barrett J, Wiedenhofer D, Macura B, Callaghan M, Creutzig F (2020) Quantifying the potential for climate change mitigation of consumption options. Environ Res Lett 15:093001. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ab8589

Article   ADS   CAS   Google Scholar  

Jacobson L, Åkerman J, Giusti M, Bhowmik A (2020) Tipping to staying on the ground: internalized knowledge of climate change crucial for transformed air travel behavior. Sustainability 12:1994. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12051994

Jarvis H (2019) Sharing, togetherness and intentional degrowth. Prog Hum Geogr 43:256–275. https://doi.org/10.1177/0309132517746519

Jensen M (2007) Defining lifestyle. Environ Sci 4:63–73. https://doi.org/10.1080/15693430701472747

Kallis G, Kerschner C, Martinez-Alier J (2012) The economics of degrowth. Ecol Econ 84:172–180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.08.017

Kallis G, Kostakis V, Lange S, Muraca B, Paulson S, Schmelzer M (2018) Research on degrowth. Annu Rev Environ Resour 43:291–316. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-environ-102017-025941

Kerschner C (2010) Economic de-growth vs. steady-state economy. J Clean Prod 18:544–551. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2009.10.019

Kesenheimer JS, Greitemeyer T (2021) Greenwash yourself: the relationship between communal and agentic narcissism and pro-environmental behavior. J Environ Psychol 75:101621. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2021.101621

Khalil EL (2004) The three laws of thermodynamics and the theory of production. J Econ Issue 38:201–226. https://doi.org/10.1080/00213624.2004.11506672

Kirchherr J, Reike D, Hekkert M (2017) Conceptualizing the circular economy: an analysis of 114 definitions. Resour Conserv Recycl127:221–232. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2017.09.005

Kongshøj K (2023) Social policy in a future of degrowth? Challenges for decommodification, commoning and public support. Humanit Soc Sci Commun 10:850. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-023-02255-z

Kothari A, Salleh A, Escobar A, Demaria F, Acosta A (eds.) (2019) Pluriverse: a post-development dictionary. Tulika Books, New Dehli

Kovacic Z, Strand R, Völker T (2020) The circular economy in Europe. Routledge, Abingdon

Krausmann F, Lauk C, Haas W, Wiedenhofer D (2018) From resource extraction to outflows of wastes and emissions: The socioeconomic metabolism of the global economy, 1900–2015. Glob Environ Change 52:131–140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2018.07.003

Krausmann F, Wiedenhofer D, Haberl H (2020) Growing stocks of buildings, infrastructures and machinery as key challenge for compliance with climate targets. Glob Environ Change 61:102034. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2020.102034

Krausmann F, Wiedenhofer D, Lauk C, Haas W, Tanikawa H, Fishman T, Miatto A, Schandl H, Haberl H (2017) Global socioeconomic material stocks rise 23-fold over the 20th century and require half of annual resource use. Proc Natl Acad Sci 114:1880–1885. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1613773114

Article   ADS   CAS   PubMed   PubMed Central   Google Scholar  

Kroll C, Warchold A, Pradhan P (2019) Sustainable development goals (SDGs): are we successful in turning trade-offs into synergies? Palgrave Commun 5:140. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-019-0335-5

Lorek S, Fuchs D (2019) Why only strong sustainable consumption governance will make a difference. In: Mont O (ed.). A research agenda for sustainable consumption governance. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham. pp. 19–34

Makov T, Vivanco DF (2018) Does the circular economy grow the pie? The case of rebound effects from smartphone reuse. Front Energy Res 6:1–11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2018.00039

Marín-Beltrán I, Demaria F, Ofelio C, Serra LM, Turiel A, Ripple WJ, Mukul SA, Costa MC (2022) Scientists’ warning against the society of waste. Sci Total Environ 811:151359. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.151359

Article   ADS   CAS   PubMed   Google Scholar  

Mazar N, Zhong C-B (2010) Do green products make us better people? Psychol Sci 21:494–498. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797610363538

Meadows DH, Meadows DL, Randers J, Behrens III WW (1972) The limits to growth. Universe Books, New York

Millward-Hopkins J, Steinberger JK, Rao ND, Oswald Y (2020) Providing decent living with minimum energy: a global scenario. Glob Environ Change 65:102168. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2020.102168

Moraga G, Huysveld S, Mathieux F, Blengini GA, Alaerts L, Van Acker K, de Meester S, Dewulf J (2019) Circular economy indicators: what do they measure? Resour, Conserv Recycl 146:452–461. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2019.03.045

Moser S, Kleinhückelkotten S (2018) Good intents, but low impacts: diverging importance of motivational and socioeconomic determinants explaining pro-environmental behavior, energy use, and carbon footprint. Environ Behav 50:626–656. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916517710685

Mullen E, Monin B (2016) Consistency versus licensing effects of past moral behavior. Annu Rev Psychol 67:363–385. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010213-115120

Parrique T, Barth J, Briens F, Kerschner C, Kraus-Polk A, Kuokkanen A, Spangenberg JH (2019) Decoupling debunked: Evidence and arguments against green growth as a sole strategy for sustainability. European Environmental Bureau

Ralph N (2021) A conceptual merging of circular economy, degrowth and conviviality design approaches applied to renewable energy technology. J Clean Prod 319:128549. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.128549

Richardson K, Steffen W, Lucht W, Bendtsen J, Cornell SE, Donges JF, Drüke M, Fetzer I, Bala G, von Bloh W, Feulner G, Fiedler S, Gerten D, Gleeson T, Hofmann M, Huiskamp W, Kummu M, Mohan C, Nogués-Bravo D, Rockström J (2023) Earth beyond six of nine planetary boundaries. Sci Adv 9:1–17. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.adh2458

Rockström J, Steffen W, Noone K, Persson Å, Chapin FS, Lambin EF, Lenton TM, Scheffer M, Folke C, Schellnhuber HJ, Nykvist B, de Wit CA, Hughes T, van der Leeuw S, Rodhe H, Sörlin S, Snyder PK, Costanza R, Svedin U, Foley JA (2009) A safe operating space for humanity. Nature 461:472–475. https://doi.org/10.1038/461472a

Rodríguez-Labajos B, Yánez I, Bond P, Greyl L, Munguti S, Ojo GU, Overbeek W (2019) Not so natural an alliance? Degrowth and environmental justice movements in the global South. Ecol Econ 157:175–184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.11.007

Salas‐Zapata WA, Ortiz‐Muñoz SM (2019) Analysis of meanings of the concept of sustainability. Sustain Dev 27:153–161. https://doi.org/10.1002/sd.1885

Sandberg M (2021) Sufficiency transitions: a review of consumption changes for environmental sustainability. J Clean Prod 293:126097. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.126097

Sandberg M, Klockars K, Wilén K (2019) Green growth or degrowth? Assessing the normative justifications for environmental sustainability and economic growth through critical social theory. J Clean Prod 206:133–141. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.09.175

Sandler SI, Woodcock LV (2010) HistoricaL Observations on Laws of Thermodynamics. J Chem Eng Data 55:4485–4490. https://doi.org/10.1021/je1006828

Schaubroeck T (2020) Circular economy practices may not always lead to lower criticality or more sustainability; analysis and guidance is needed per case. Resour, Conserv Recycl 162:104977. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2020.104977

Shalvi S, Gino F, Barkan R, Ayal S (2015) Self-serving justifications. Curr Dir Psychol Sci 24:125–130. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721414553264

Singh NM (2019) Environmental justice, degrowth and post-capitalist futures. Ecol Econ 163:138–142. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2019.05.014

Skene KR (2021) No goal is an island: the implications of systems theory for the sustainable development goals. Environ Dev Sustain 23:9993–10012. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-020-01043-y

Spash CL (ed.) (2017) Routledge handbook of ecological economics. Routledge, Abingdon

Stahel WR (2016) The circular economy. Nature 531:435–438. https://doi.org/10.1038/531435a

Starikov EB (2021) How many laws has thermodynamics? What is the sense of the entropy notion? Implications for molecular physical chemistry. Monatshefte Für Chem—Chem Monthly 152:871–879. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00706-021-02803-w

Steffen W, Broadgate W, Deutsch L, Gaffney O, Ludwig C (2015) The trajectory of the Anthropocene: the great acceleration. Anthropocene Rev 2:81–98. https://doi.org/10.1177/2053019614564785

Steffen W, Crutzen PJ, McNeill JR (2007) The Anthropocene: are humans now overwhelming the great forces of nature. Ambio 36:614–621. https://doi.org/10.1579/0044-7447

Steffen W, Rockström J, Richardson K, Lenton TM, Folke C, Liverman D, Summerhayes CP, Barnosky AD, Cornell SE, Crucifix M, Donges JF, Fetzer I, Lade SJ, Scheffer M, Winkelmann R, Schellnhuber HJ (2018) Trajectories of the Earth System in the Anthropocene. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 115:8252–8259. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1810141115

Stephan G (2022) Circular economy: illusion or first step towards a sustainable economy: a physico-economic perspective. Sustainability 14:4778. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14084778

Stoll-Kleemann S, O’Riordan T, Jaeger CC (2001) The psychology of denial concerning climate mitigation measures: evidence from Swiss focus groups. Glob Environ Change 11:107–117. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0959-3780(00)00061-3

Stubenvoll M, Neureiter A (2021) Fight or flight: how advertising for air travel triggers moral disengagement. Environ Commun 15:765–782. https://doi.org/10.1080/17524032.2021.1899956

Sultana F (2023) Whose growth in whose planetary boundaries? Decolonising planetary justice in the Anthropocene. Geo: Geogr Environ 10:1–9. https://doi.org/10.1002/geo2.128

Tilsted JP, Bjørn A, Majeau-Bettez G, Lund JF (2021) Accounting matters: revisiting claims of decoupling and genuine green growth in Nordic countries. Ecol Econ 187:107101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2021.107101

United Nations (2015) Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (A/RES/70/1). United Nations. https://doi.org/10.1201/b20466-7

Valenzuela F, Böhm S (2017) Against wasted politics: a critique of the circular economy. Ephemera: Theory Polit Organ 17:23–60

Vandeventer JS, Cattaneo C, Zografos C (2019) A degrowth transition: pathways for the degrowth niche to replace the capitalist-growth regime. Ecol Econ 156:272–286. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.10.002

Ward JD, Sutton PC, Werner AD, Costanza R, Mohr SH, Simmons CT (2016) Is decoupling GDP growth from environmental impact possible? PLoS ONE 11:e0164733. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0164733

Article   CAS   PubMed   PubMed Central   Google Scholar  

Wiedmann T, Lenzen M, Keyßer LT, Steinberger JK (2020) Scientists’ warning on affluence. Nat Commun 11:3107. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16941-y

Worldometers.info. (2022) World Population by Year. Retrieved May 29, 2022, from https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/world-population-by-year/

Xiong S, Wang K, Zhang L, Xiao H (2023) “I” get license but “we” keep consistent: the role of self-construal in subsequent pro-environmental decision. Curr Psychol 42:14886–14902. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-022-02773-0

Zaman A (2022) Zero-waste: a new sustainability paradigm for addressing the global waste problem. In: ThE Vision Zero handbook. Springer International Publishing, Cham pp. 1–24

Zeng Y, Maxwell S, Runting RK, Venter O, Watson JEM, Carrasco LR (2020) Environmental destruction not avoided with the sustainable development goals. Nat Sustain 3:795–798. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-020-0555-0

Zink T, Geyer R (2017) Circular economy rebound. J Ind Ecol 21:593–602. https://doi.org/10.1111/jiec.12545

Download references

Author information

Authors and affiliations.

Interdisciplinary Centre of Social Sciences (CICS.NOVA), Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities (NOVA FCSH), Lisbon, Portugal

Hans Eickhoff

You can also search for this author in PubMed   Google Scholar


The author is solely responsible for the conception and writing of the manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Hans Eickhoff .

Ethics declarations

Competing interests.

The author declares no competing interests.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by the author.

Informed consent

Additional information.

Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ .

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article.

Eickhoff, H. The appeal of the circular economy revisited: on track for transformative change or enabler of moral licensing?. Humanit Soc Sci Commun 11 , 301 (2024). https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-024-02815-x

Download citation

Received : 14 August 2023

Accepted : 12 February 2024

Published : 23 February 2024

DOI : https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-024-02815-x

Share this article

Anyone you share the following link with will be able to read this content:

Sorry, a shareable link is not currently available for this article.

Provided by the Springer Nature SharedIt content-sharing initiative

Quick links

  • Explore articles by subject
  • Guide to authors
  • Editorial policies

dissertation on circular economy

Do a more advanced search »

Search for dissertations about: "circular economy"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 128 swedish dissertations containing the words circular economy .

1. Life Cycle Costing : Supporting companies towards a circular economy

Author : Marianna Lena Kambanou ; Mattias Lindahl ; Tomohiko Sakao ; Giuditta Pezzotta ; Linköpings universitet ; [] Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER ; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY ; life cycle costing ; total cost of ownership ; circular strategies ; products as a service ; through life costing ; life cycle management ; circular economy ;

Abstract : Increased consumption has resulted in the depletion of non-renewable resources and an explosion in waste. A circular economy proposes to sustain economic growth but decouple it from resource consumption by keeping products and materials in the economy. READ MORE

2. Circular design in practice: Towards a co-created circular economy through design

Author : Giliam Dokter ; Chalmers tekniska högskola ; [] Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER ; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY ; HUMANIORA ; HUMANITIES ; collaboration ; circular economy ; design for sustainability ; co-design ; design practice ; architecture ; co-creation ; circular business models ; circular design ; circularity ; industrial design ;

Abstract : In the efforts to stimulate sustainable development, the circular economy represents the most recent attempt to reduce the pressure on the environment by attaining harmony between the economy, environment and society. In theory, this is accomplished by establishing ‘closed-loop’ flows of resources in a way that enables businesses and society to reap benefits from maintaining products, components and materials at their highest utility and value, while simultaneously reducing the generation of waste. READ MORE

3. Circular Manufacturing Systems : A development framework with analysis methods and tools for implementation

Author : Farazee M A Asif ; Amir Rashid ; Peter Hopkinson ; KTH ; [] Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER ; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY ; Circular economy ; circular manufacturing systems ; resource conservative manufacturing ; ResCoM ; system dynamics ; Production Engineering ; Industriell produktion ;

Abstract : The society today lives on the philosophy of ‘take-make-use-dispose.’ In the long run, this is not sustainable as the natural resources and the waste carrying capacity of the earth are limited. Therefore, it is essential to reduce dependency on the natural resources by decoupling the growth from the consumption. READ MORE

4. Fungi-based biorefinery model for food industry waste : progress toward a circular economy

Author : Pedro Souza Filho ; Satinder Kaur Brar ; Högskolan i Borås ; [] Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER ; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY ; filamentous fungi ; circular economy ; biorefinery ; food industry ; fungal biomass ; bioplastic ; resource recovery ; Resource Recovery ; Resursåtervinning ;

Abstract : The food industry, one of the most important industrial sectors worldwide, generates large amounts of biodegradable waste with high organic load. In recent years, the traditional management methods to treat this waste (e.g., landfilling) have been considered not suitable because they do not exploit the potential of the waste material. READ MORE

5. Industrial Networks : Purposes and Configurations in the Circular Economy

Author : Daniel Berlin ; Andreas Feldmann ; Cali Nuur ; Arni Haldorsson ; KTH ; [] Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER ; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY ; Sustainability ; Circular Economy ; Circular Supply Chain ; Supply Chain Management ; Industrial Networks ; Hållbarhet ; Cirkulär ekonomi ; Cirkulära försörjningskedjor ; Supply chain management ; Industriella nätverk ; Industrial Economics and Management ; Industriell ekonomi och organisation ;

Abstract : Today, it is common knowledge that mitigation of and adaptation to climate change, biodiversity loss, and pollution require sustainability transitions. An essential sustainability transition, for mitigating and adapting to resource depletion, is the shift from unsustainable to sustainable production and consumption patterns. READ MORE

Searchphrases right now

  • Insect diversity
  • User centered furniture
  • Optimization Methods
  • Javier Campillo
  • TQM implementation
  • riskfaktorer
  • Artificial neural
  • Psychodynamic therapy

Popular searches

  • semiconductor PHYSICS THESIS
  • lattice dynamics
  • prostaglandin
  • retinoic acid.
  • quality learning
  • microstructure technology

Popular dissertations yesterday (2024-03-13)

  • Computational Methods and Measurements for Direct and Inverse Scattering of Microwaves
  • Directed Energy Deposition Additive Manufacturing and Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel using Laser Beam
  • Ambient Temperature Prediction for Embedded Systems using Machine Learning
  • Planning and Control of Safety-Aware Plug & Produce
  • Cost- and Performance-Aware Resource Management in Cloud Infrastructures
  • Head and Neck Cancer : Factors Affecting Tumour Growth
  • Distributed Control of HVDC Transmission Grids
  • Sustainable Management of Wire-based Infrastructure : On the Multifaceted Challenges of Infrastructure Management in the Swedish Context
  • Dynamic modeling of MEA-based CO2 capture in biomass-fired CHP plants
  • Bee foraging and pollination : Consequences of spatial and temporal variation in flower resources
  • Popular complementary terms: essays, phd thesis, master thesis, papers, importance, trend, impact, advantages, disadvantages, role of, example, case study.

See yesterday's most popular searches here . Dissertations.se is the english language version of Avhandlingar.se .

Book cover

International Conference of Progress in Digital and Physical Manufacturing

ProDPM 2021: Progress in Digital and Physical Manufacturing pp 138–151 Cite as

Product Design for the Circular Economy: A Design Process for Footwear

  • Dirk Loyens   ORCID: orcid.org/0000-0001-5999-7093 28 , 30 ,
  • Shujoy Chakraborty   ORCID: orcid.org/0000-0001-6099-6012 29 &
  • Diogo Pimenta 28  
  • Conference paper
  • First Online: 15 June 2023

243 Accesses

Part of the book series: Springer Tracts in Additive Manufacturing ((STAM))

The European Green Deal promotes a roadmap to a carbon-neutral Europe by 2050 [ 1 ]. An essential part of this plan is the transition to a circular economy (CE): a production and consumption model based on two complementary loops similar to biological cycles in nature [ 2 ]. This new economic model offers opportunities for change in every phase of the value chain, including Design [ 3 , 4 ]. Moreover, through its transdisciplinary nature, Design might even be the primary driver of change [ 5 ]. Therefore, it is crucial to adapt the design process because it impacts value creation in the manufacturing industry. This research will build this argument from the perspective of the footwear design sector.

Within the footwear sector, the ecological impact of products has been a management concern for the last decade. Attention has been mainly on environmentally friendly production and the use of recycled materials [ 6 ]. However, within the framework of the CE model, this narrow attention needs to be broadened. The action of this reexamination can be located in the design process [ 7 ], and the consequence of adapting this process to the industry demands might be an opportunity to contribute to carbon neutrality.

Using a research through design [ 8 ] approach, this paper describes a design process through the author’s role of orienting a master dissertation degree project and demonstrates how a product designer can adapt a classical analysis-synthesis design process model to act within the CE model context. The investigation presents the sport shoe circular design process model by testing the application of the design principles from the Ellen McArthur Foundation (EMF) design process model [ 9 ] and arrives at a sports shoe circular product design (CPD) proposal. Therefore, the applied research project positions itself in the footwear design sector within the fashion industry [ 10 ].

The contribution of this paper is to research design process theory [ 7 , 11 ] to arrive at a novel process model emerging from classical design but adapted to the emerging CE future. Through design pedagogy, the authors indicate how design higher education can orient classical design students to onboarding into the CE and CPD movement.

  • Circular Product Design
  • Footwear Design
  • Design Process

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution .

Buying options

  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Pacto ecológico europeu. [Text]. Comissão Europeia - European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/info/strategy/priorities-2019-2024/european-green-deal_pt . Accessed 24 Mar 2021/03/24

Ellen Macarthur Foundation - What is a circular economy? https://www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/circular-economy/concept . Accessed 20 June 2021

den Hollander, M.C., Bakker, C.A., Hultink, E.J.: Product design in a circular economy: development of a typology of key concepts and terms: key concepts and terms for circular product design. J. Ind. Ecol. 21 , 517–525 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1111/jiec.12610

Article   Google Scholar  

Lahti, T., Wincent, J., Parida, V.: A definition and theoretical review of the circular economy, value creation, and sustainable business models: where are we now and where should research move in the future? Sustainability 10 , 2799 (2018). https://doi.org/10.3390/su10082799

Motta, A., Loyens, D.: Product design in a circular economy. In: Senses & Sensibility: Design Beyond Borders and its Affiliated Conference Rhizomes, pp. 83–88. Unidcom/IADE (2017)

Google Scholar  

Korhonen, J., Honkasalo, A., Seppälä, J.: Circular economy: the concept and its limitations. Ecol. Econ. 143 , 37–46 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.06.041

Jones, J.C.: Design Methods. Wiley, New York (1992)

Frankel, L., Racine, M.: The complex field of research: for design, through design, and about design. In: Durling, D., et al. (eds.) Design and Complexity - DRS International Conference 2010, 7–9 July, Montreal, Canada (2010). https://dl.designresearchsociety.org/drs-conference-papers/drs2010/researchpapers/43

Ellen Macarthur Foundation - Circular Design. https://www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/explore/circular-design . Accessed 20 June 2021

Pimenta, D.: Economia Circular no Design de Produto: Aplicação no Design de Calçado. Master’s thesis. ESAD Matosinhos (2020). https://comum.rcaap.pt/handle/10400.26/33137

Dubberly, H.: How do you design? Dubberly Design Office, Online (2004)

European Parliament Research Service (EPRS): The Ecodesign Directive - European Implementation Assessment, Brussels (2017). ISBN 9789284622252

Jacometti, V.: Circular economy and waste in the fashion industry. Laws 8 , 27 (2019). https://doi.org/10.3390/laws8040027

Remy, N., Speelman, E., Swartz, S.: Style that’s sustainable: a new fast-fashion formula. McKinsey Global Institute (2016). Accessed 20 June 2021

Karuppiah, K., Sankaranarayanan, B., Ali, S.M., Jabbour, C.J.C., Bhalaji, R.K.A.: Inhibitors to circular economy practices in the leather industry using an integrated approach: implications for sustainable development goals in emerging economies. Sustain. Prod. Consumption 27 , 1554–1568 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.spc.2021.03.015

UN dpicampaigns: Take Action for the Sustainable Development Goals. https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals/ . Accessed 21 June 2021

Shahbazi, S., Jönbrink, A.K.: Design guidelines to develop circular products: action research on Nordic industry. Sustainability 12 , 3679 (2020). https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093679

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. Closing the loop — An EU action plan for the circular economy, COM(2015) 614. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/resource.html?uri=cellar:8a8ef5e8-99a0-11e5-b3b7-01aa75ed71a1.0012.02/DOC_1&format=PDF . Accessed 21 June 2021

Geissdoerfer, M., Savaget, P., Bocken, N.M.P., Hultink, E.J.: The circular economy – a new sustainability paradigm? J. Clean. Prod. 143 , 757–768 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.12.048

Blomsma, F., Brennan, G.: The emergence of circular economy: a new framing around prolonging resource productivity: the emergence of circular economy. J. Ind. Ecol. 21 , 603–614 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1111/jiec.12603

Tapia, C., Bianchi, M., Pallaske, G., Bassi, A.M.: Towards a territorial definition of a circular economy: exploring the role of territorial factors in closed-loop systems. Eur. Plann. Stud., 1–20 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1080/09654313.2020.1867511

Sumter, D., de Koning, J., Bakker, C., Balkenende, R.: Circular economy competencies for design. Sustainability 12 , 1561 (2020). https://doi.org/10.3390/su12041561

Bocken, N.M.P., de Pauw, I., Bakker, C., van der Grinten, B.: Product design and business model strategies for a circular economy. J. Ind. Prod. Eng. 33 , 308–320 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1080/21681015.2016.1172124

Koberg, D., Bagnall, J.: The universal traveler: a soft-systems guide: to creativity, problem-solving, and the process of reaching goals. News Horizon Edition. Crisp Learning, Menlo Park (1994)

Blackler, A., Swann, L., Chamorro-Koc, M., Mohotti, W.A., Balasubramaniam, T., Nayak, R.: Can we define design? Analyzing twenty years of debate on a large email discussion list. She Ji J. Des. Econ. Innov. 7 , 41–70 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sheji.2020.11.004

Stoll, H.W.: Product Design Methods and Practices. Marcel Dekker, New York (1999)

Book   Google Scholar  

Reswick, J.B.: What constitutes valid research? Qualitative vs. quantitative research. TAD 3 , 255–257 (1994). https://doi.org/10.3233/TAD-1994-3403

Cagan, J., Vogel, C.M.: Creating Breakthrough Products: Innovation from Product Planning to Program Approval. Prentice-Hall PTR, Upper Saddle River (2002)

John Maeda - Design in Tech Report 2019. https://designintech.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/dit2019_v00.pdf . Accessed 21 June 2021

Calvo-Porral, C., Lévy-Mangin, J.-P.: The circular economy business model: examining consumers’ acceptance of recycled goods. Adm. Sci. 10 , 28 (2020). https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci10020028

Conlon, S.: The rise of fashion renting, The Guardian (2020). Accessed 21 June 2021. https://www.theguardian.com/fashion/2020/sep/20/the-rise-of-fashion-rental-scarlett-conlon

Download references

Author information

Authors and affiliations.

ESAD-IDEA, ESAD, Matosinhos, Portugal

Dirk Loyens & Diogo Pimenta

ITI-LARSyS, University of Madeira, Funchal, Portugal

Shujoy Chakraborty

uniMAD, ESMAD, Polytechnic of Porto, Vila do Conde, Portugal

Dirk Loyens

You can also search for this author in PubMed   Google Scholar

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Shujoy Chakraborty .

Editor information

Editors and affiliations.

Mechanical Engineering Department, School of Technology and Management, Polytechnic Institute of Leiria, Leiria, Portugal

Joel Oliveira Correia Vasco

Henrique de Amorim Almeida

Computer Engineering Department, School of Technology and Management, Polytechnic Institute of Leiria, Leiria, Portugal

Anabela Gonçalves Rodrigues Marto

Carlos Alexandre Bento Capela

Flávio Gabriel da Silva Craveiro

Civil Engineering Department, School of Technology and Management, Polytechnic Institute of Leiria, Leiria, Portugal

Helena Maria Coelho da Rocha Terreiro Galha Bártolo

Luis Manuel de Jesus Coelho

Mário António Simões Correia

Milena Maria Nogueira Vieira

Rui Miguel Barreiros Ruben

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2023 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this paper

Cite this paper.

Loyens, D., Chakraborty, S., Pimenta, D. (2023). Product Design for the Circular Economy: A Design Process for Footwear. In: Correia Vasco, J.O., et al. Progress in Digital and Physical Manufacturing. ProDPM 2021. Springer Tracts in Additive Manufacturing. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-33890-8_13

Download citation

DOI : https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-33890-8_13

Published : 15 June 2023

Publisher Name : Springer, Cham

Print ISBN : 978-3-031-33889-2

Online ISBN : 978-3-031-33890-8

eBook Packages : Engineering Engineering (R0)

Share this paper

Anyone you share the following link with will be able to read this content:

Sorry, a shareable link is not currently available for this article.

Provided by the Springer Nature SharedIt content-sharing initiative

  • Publish with us

Policies and ethics

  • Find a journal
  • Track your research
  • Bibliography
  • More Referencing guides Blog Automated transliteration Relevant bibliographies by topics
  • Automated transliteration
  • Relevant bibliographies by topics
  • Referencing guides

Dissertations / Theses on the topic 'Circular economy'

Create a spot-on reference in apa, mla, chicago, harvard, and other styles.

Consult the top 50 dissertations / theses for your research on the topic 'Circular economy.'

Next to every source in the list of references, there is an 'Add to bibliography' button. Press on it, and we will generate automatically the bibliographic reference to the chosen work in the citation style you need: APA, MLA, Harvard, Chicago, Vancouver, etc.

You can also download the full text of the academic publication as pdf and read online its abstract whenever available in the metadata.

Browse dissertations / theses on a wide variety of disciplines and organise your bibliography correctly.

Han, Sara Li-Chou. "Circular economy fashion strategies." Thesis, Manchester Metropolitan University, 2017. http://e-space.mmu.ac.uk/620639/.

Milan, Umberto <1994&gt. "Circular economy, sustainable capitalism." Master's Degree Thesis, Università Ca' Foscari Venezia, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10579/17477.

Blomsma, Fenna. "Making sense of circular economy." Thesis, Imperial College London, 2016. http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/47907.

Türk, Ferhat, and Roman Zandi. "Circular Economy : Reuse of packaging." Thesis, KTH, Hållbar produktionsutveckling (ML), 2019. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-263323.

Minunno, Roberto. "Circular Economy of Modular Buildings." Thesis, Curtin University, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11937/82005.

Odongo, Martha Pauline Ojok, and Olivia Rose Gram Thomsen. "Circular Economy and Organisational Learning for SMEs : A study of SMEs practising circular economy in Kenya." Thesis, Malmö universitet, Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US), 2021. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-45983.

João, Diogo Fernando Custódio Duarte. "Economia circular - caso IKEA." Master's thesis, Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão, 2018. http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/17455.

Girotti, Andrea. "Packaging strategies for the Circular Economy." Master's thesis, Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna, 2017.

O’Grady, Timothy Michael. "Circular Economy of Advanced Prefabricated Buildings." Thesis, Curtin University, 2022. http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11937/89151.

Baxter, Weston L. "Designing circular possessions : exploring human-object relationships in the circular economy." Thesis, Imperial College London, 2017. http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/52779.

Brodersen, Pauline, Johanna Håkansson, and Rodrigues Coelho Viktor Pombal. "Circular Economy, the future economy model for retailers : A qualitative study on retailers understanding of Circular Economy and their sustainability work progress." Thesis, Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för marknadsföring (MF), 2020. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-95338.

Lu, Xupeng (Luke), Shuiwei (Lucy) Wang, and Jie (Jim) Hu. "Government Interventions in Developing a Circular Economy." Thesis, Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration, 2005. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-3422.

This dissertation focuses on the roles of government intervention in developing circular economy. We start with a pre-study of the theories and literature related to circular economy in the developed countries around world. Several case studies are adopted to illustrate the different measures in developing circular economy. Case studies concerning the environmental taxation, the tradable permits and the green certificate system put an emphasis on the economic role of government intervention. A case study of a circular economy in the city of Kristianstad including C4 Energy Company and waste management covers all the measures in harmonization. At last a framework of government interventions and eight proposals based on Swedish experience are tested and supported. Then a comparison between Sweden and China is carried on under a Chinese context through a case study of Chinese Eco-park. The framework is categorized into three aspects: state regulation, economic instruments and social balance mechanism. After the comparison, some modifications are done. We develop a framework and eight proposals in developing a circular economy in China.

Blissett, Robert. "Coal fly ash and the circular economy." Thesis, University of Birmingham, 2015. http://etheses.bham.ac.uk//id/eprint/6002/.

Muzaiek, Samir, and Merico João Murilo Silva. "The Circular Economy: A path to sustainability?" Thesis, Internationella Handelshögskolan, Högskolan i Jönköping, IHH, Företagsekonomi, 2019. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-44360.

Liaros, Steven. "Networks of Circular Economy Villages: Political Economic Principles and Spatial Potentials." Thesis, The University of Sydney, 2021. https://hdl.handle.net/2123/26675.

Alday, Lara Perla Patricia. "Biodegradable batteries as sustainable power sources for portable devices." Doctoral thesis, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 2018. http://hdl.handle.net/10803/664250.

Andersson, Jonas. "Towards Circular Economy: Exploring states´ incentives for change." Thesis, Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), 2019. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-22427.


Amoorizi, Varnamkhasti Kianoosh. "Competitive Business framework design toward the circular economy." Thesis, Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, 2021. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-86977.

Lam, Dennis, Jie Yang, Yong Wang, Xianghe Dai, Therese Sheehan, and Kan Zhou. "New composite flooring system for the circular economy." Techno-Press, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/10454/18598.

Lammert, L. (Laura). "Circular economy in architecture:sustainable principles for future design." Master's thesis, University of Oulu, 2018. http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:oulu-201811233096.

Gunnebrink, Emma. "Remanufacturing towards a circular economy : the practitioners' perspective." Thesis, Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi, 2019. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21997.

Da, Ronco Erica <1998&gt. "Measuring the regional dimension of the circular economy." Master's Degree Thesis, Università Ca' Foscari Venezia, 2022. http://hdl.handle.net/10579/22016.

Horikx, Lotte, and Bledar Beqiri. "Circular economy in the Nordic region – on the right path? : The effect of circular economy business practices on firms’ environmental performance." Thesis, Uppsala universitet, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, 2017. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-324860.

Mejias, Torrent Laura. "A step towards biowaste digestate valorization: process development for bt-derived biopesticides production through ssf and performace at demonstration scale." Doctoral thesis, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10803/671265.

Åkerman, Elin. "Development of Circular Economy Core Indicators for Natural Resources : Analysis of existing sustainability indicators as a baseline for developing circular economy indicators." Thesis, KTH, Industriell ekologi, 2016. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-180849.

Leroy, Luisa. "CIRCULAR ECONOMY NOW00 : How can a tool stimulate Circular Economy whereby the product development stage will be guided towards less waste generation?" Thesis, Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för design (DE), 2018. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-76331.

RIBEIRO, ROSA ANDRÉ MANUEL. "Circular Economy in the Clothing Industry : Challenges and Strategies." Thesis, KTH, Industriell marknadsföring, 2016. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-194132.

Lama, Virginia. "Environmental evaluation of carpet designs in a circular economy." Master's thesis, Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna, 2021.

Stertman, Edvin. "Perspectives on Product Policy : Towards a European Circular Economy." Thesis, Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, 2020. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-413151.

Fan, Yee Van. "Minimising Emission Footprints in Circular Economy by Process Integration." Doctoral thesis, Vysoké učení technické v Brně. Fakulta strojního inženýrství, 2019. http://www.nusl.cz/ntk/nusl-409081.

Pringle, Tegan A. "Establishing a circular economy approach for the leather industry." Thesis, Loughborough University, 2017. https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/33499.

LARSELL, AYESA MIKAELA. "Integrating Circular Economy in the Innovation Process for Startups." Thesis, KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), 2019. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-263132.

LUNETTO, VINCENZO. "Energy efficiency and circular economy implications of additive manufacturing." Doctoral thesis, Politecnico di Torino, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2897008.

Tamai, Ilaria <1996&gt. "Circular Economy: principles, legal framework and applications in China." Master's Degree Thesis, Università Ca' Foscari Venezia, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10579/17634.

Persson, Ola. "What is ciruclar economy? - The discourse of circular economy in the Swedish public sector." Thesis, Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, 2015. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-254222.

Gallart, Sirvent Pau. "Non-edible triacylglycerols as feedstock to prepare phase change materials and pressure-sensitive adhesives." Doctoral thesis, Universitat de Lleida, 2017. http://hdl.handle.net/10803/405959.

Conde, Mateos Mireia. "Estudio de viabilidad del uso de residuos procedentes de la explotación forestal del pino como una fuente sostenible y renovable de taninos." Doctoral thesis, Universitat de Lleida, 2022. http://hdl.handle.net/10803/673912.

Lidvall, Andreas, and Elina Jormakka. "Capitalizing on circular economy : A Case Study of Circular Business Model Innovation at Scandi Gruppen AB." Thesis, Internationella Handelshögskolan, Jönköping University, IHH, Företagsekonomi, 2020. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-48971.

Strahinic, Nikolina, and Hagbom Hanna. "Organizational Subculture And Circular Economy : A Case Study Of Circular Purchasing In The Municipality Of Malmö." Thesis, Malmö universitet, Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US), 2021. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-43081.

Bertassini, Ana Carolina. "Captura de valor em uma economia circular: guia para a identificação de oportunidades de valor circular." Universidade de São Paulo, 2018. http://www.teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/18/18156/tde-09112018-102145/.

Rufí, Salís Martí. "A Circular Economy Approach to Urban Agriculture: an Environmental Assessment." Doctoral thesis, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10803/671309.

Stein, Nicole [Verfasser]. "Untapped: Understanding the Consumer in Circular Economy Activities - Empirical Case Studies on Consumer Behavior and Motivation in the Context of Circular Economy / Nicole Stein." Wuppertal : Universitätsbibliothek Wuppertal, 2021. http://d-nb.info/124016565X/34.

Ubbelohde, Céline Karina E. "New economy, same challenges: Is Circular Economy enabling a sustainable and holistic transition in Europe?" Thesis, Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, 2019. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-388744.

Bechtel, Nicola, Roman Bojko, and Ronja Völkel. "Be in the Loop : Circular Economy & Strategic Sustainable Development." Thesis, Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, 2013. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:bth-1942.

Seidel, Alexandra. "Closing the Loop: Exploring IKEA’s Transition to the Circular Economy." Scholarship @ Claremont, 2018. http://scholarship.claremont.edu/pomona_theses/192.

Stugholm, Saga. "Developing an Urban Circular Economy Framework Based on Urban Metabolism." Thesis, KTH, Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, 2020. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-276571.

Grönvik, Lovisa. "Circular Economy Experiments for Established Firms : A Business Model Perspective." Thesis, KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), 2021. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-299596.

Bedoire, Fivel Johannes. "Achieving a decarbonised European steel industry in a circular economy." Thesis, KTH, Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, 2019. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-252300.

Weinesson, Linnéa. "Climate Neutral Management : Implement Circular Economy in the Construction Industry." Thesis, Karlstads universitet, Science, Mathematics and Engineering Education Research (SMEER), 2019. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-73533.


Flinders University Circular Economy Student Award 2024

Published: 13 Mar 2024 258 views

The Green Industries SA Circular Economy Student Award supports circular capacity building in the state and offers the opportunity to recognise the innovative thinking and research in the area of the circular economy for South Australian University Honours and Postgraduate students which are able to manifest into realistic solutions for accelerating South Australia’s transition to a circular economy.  

The award will be judged on students’ completed research or thesis within the past 12 months which must be original and address challenges in accelerating adoption of circular economy business models and practices. 

  • Table of Content

About Flinders University

Circular economy student award, aim and benefits of circular economy student award, requirements for circular economy student award qualification, application deadline, how to apply.

Flinders University is a public university in Adelaide, South Australia. Founded in 1966, it was named in honour of navigator Matthew Flinders, who explored and surveyed the South Australian coastline in the early 19th century. Flinders is a verdant university[citation needed] and a member of the Innovative Research Universities (IRU) Group and ranks in the 10-16 bracket in Australia and 36th in the world of those established less than 50 years. Academically, the university pioneered a cross-disciplinary approach to education, and its faculties of medicine and the humanities are ranked amon... continue reading

Flinders University

Multiple Awards with a prize of $500 each.

To be eligible to apply for an Award you must:

  • Have successfully completed a Honours or a Postgraduate program with the University of Adelaide, Flinders University, or the University of South Australia within the past 12 months
  • Be willing to promote the results of your research with Green Industries SA. 

 The award will be judged on students’ completed research or thesis within the past 12 months which must be original and address challenges in accelerating adoption of circular economy business models and practices.

Contact Program Manager

For queries:

  • Program Manager: Ms Serena Yang
  • Phone: 8204 2051

For more details, visit  Flinders University website.

Scholarships You May Like

  • Postgraduate scholarships
  • Flinders University scholarships
  • Scholarships in Australia

Latest Scholarships

  • University of Kent Widening Participation Ambition Scholarship for Graduates Studies 2024
  • Brunel University London Vice-Chancellor’s Excellence Award for International Postgraduate Students 2024
  • University of Stirling Honours Year Scholarship for UK Students 2024
  • City University of London Change Makers Program in Journalism 2024
  • University of Surrey Discounts Scholarship for Surrey graduates 2024
  • City University of London Aziz Foundation Scholarships for Islamic Students in Journalism 2024
  • University of Kent Bestway Foundation Masters Scholarship 2024
  • KAS PDWA Masters Scholarship Program for West African Students 2024
  • SAB Foundation Social Innovation and Disability Empowerment Awards 2024
  • PwC Graduate Internship Program for Young Nigerian Graduates 2024
  • Best Scholarships
  • University of Southampton Presidential International Scholarship for Undergraduate or Postgraduate Students 2024
  • Commonwealth Distance-Learning Scholarships for Developing Countries 2024
  • Canadian Government NSERC Postgraduate Scholarships for PGS-Doctoral Students 2024
  • UCL Global Undergraduate Scholarship 2024
  • University of Nottingham Developing Solutions Masters Scholarship for International Students 2024
  • Bonn SDG Fellowships for Developing Countries 2024
  • University Of Glasgow African Partners Award for African Students 2024
  • University of Strathclyde Asylum Seeker Scholarship Call for Application 2024

Scholarship Tips

  • Best MBA in USA 2024 - 2025
  • H4 Visa Interview questions and answers (PDF for download)
  • Online Masters in Psychology 2024-2025
  • 26 Medical Schools In Canada For International Students
  • 32 Artificial Intelligence Free Course With Certificate
  • 20 MBBS In Abroad For Indian Students At Low Cost 2024
  • 36 Best Fashion Schools In The World
  • 35 Free Accounting Courses

Scholarships by Country to Study

  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • South Africa
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand

Scholarships by Category

  • Postgraduate
  • Undergraduate
  • College School
  • Entrepreneurs
  • Bachelors Degree
  • Women Scholarships
  • Fully Funded

Scholarships by Country of Origin

  • African Students
  • Developing Countries

Scholarships by Institution / Company

  • Flinders University
  • German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD)
  • University of Edinburgh
  • Australian National University (ANU)
  • The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS)

Scholarships by School

  • University of Melbourne
  • University Of Queensland, Australia
  • University of Kent
  • Monash University
  • Privacy Policy
  • Terms of Use


  • Undergraduate Scholarships
  • Masters Scholarships
  • MBA Scholarships
  • Ph.D Scholarships
  • Fellowship Scholarships
  • Fully Funded Scholarships
  • F1 Visa Interview Questions And Answers
  • Scholarship Application Letter
  • Letter Of Intent For Scholarship
  • Personal Statement For Masters
  • Motivation Letter For Scholarship
  • Scholarship Acceptance Letter

Other Locations

  • Scholarships in UK
  • Scholarships in Canada
  • Scholarships for Nigerian Students
  • Scholarships for African Students
  • Study Abroad Community


  1. (PDF) A Review of Circular Economy Studies in Developed Countries and

    dissertation on circular economy


    dissertation on circular economy

  3. Dissertation

    dissertation on circular economy

  4. 2006 561 Dissertation Research Proposal Sample

    dissertation on circular economy

  5. A Circular Economy

    dissertation on circular economy

  6. Principles of the circular economy [37]

    dissertation on circular economy


  1. Political Economy of Rulemaking

  2. Explaining the Circular Economy and How Society Can Rethink Progress

  3. Impact of economic reforms on the business


  1. PDF MASTER THESIS The relationship between circular economy models and

    Purpose: The aim of this project is to analyze the relationship between circular economy models and financial performance. Methodology: The sample consists of 15 companies that have been part of the Circular awards (winners, runners and finalist). The financial information has been obtained from Amadeus and comprises data from 2010 to 2018.

  2. PDF Measuring the Circular Economy

    Measuring the Circular Economy Developing a Circular Economy assessment for company level Master Thesis - 45 ECTS (GEO4-2606) Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University Master Sustainable Business and Innovation Author: Olivier Benz (5901669) Supervisor University: Dr. Laura Piscicelli Second Reader University: Dr. Ir. Jesús Rosales Carreón

  3. (PDF) Circular Economy Mainstream: an Analysis of Master Thesis and

    Circular Economy Mainstream: an Analysis of Master Thesis and Dissertations The general procedures that guide the stages of carrying out the review are presented in Figure 01, shown below.

  4. PhD Thesis Defense

    PDF | On Oct 11, 2018, Michael Saidani published PhD Thesis Defense - Circular Economy - Final Presentation | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate

  5. PDF Be in the Loop: Circular Economy & Strategic Sustainable Development

    Master's Degree Thesis Examiner: Professor Göran Broman Supervisor: Professor Karl-Henrik Robèrt Primary advisor: PhD M.Sc. Anthony Thompson Secondary advisor: M.Sc. Marco Valente Be in the Loop: Circular Economy & Strategic Sustainable Development School of Engineering Blekinge Institute of Technology Karlskrona, Sweden 2013 Nicola Bechtel


    means to address this. The transition to a circular economy requires effective waste management. This thesis explores waste management policy in the municipality of Utrecht in order to determine to what extent municipal policies are contributing to the realization of waste management in the context of a circular economy.

  7. The Lab » Circular Economy Thesis Library

    Burying Opportunities: Business and Policy Perspectives on Circular Economy Transition in Plastic Production and Consumption in Costa Rica, A Q-Methodology Study, University College Maastricht, Maastricht University, The Netherlands, 36 pages, Supervisor: Dr. Serdar Türkeli. Küster E. (2019). Solving the plastic dilemma: Assessing policy ...

  8. PDF Governing the Transition

    implications in the transition to a circular economy 81 4.1. Introduction: Circular economy in Europe 83 4.2. Conceptualizing the circular economy and the WRP 85 4.3. Methodological approach 87 4.4. WRP: System dynamics and societal implications 88 4.4.1. Key dimensions of the WRP to a CE 88 4.4.2. Practical dilemmas of WRP dynamics 89

  9. The transition towards Circular Economy: Circular Supply Chain

    In order to address the gap in the area of research for circular supply chain management, this thesis aims to provide rich and deep contextual information at improving the general understanding of ...

  10. [PDF] Circular Economy Mainstream: an Analysis of Master Thesis and

    Circular Economy Mainstream: an Analysis of Master Thesis and Dissertations. The specialized scientific production resulting from master's and doctoral research works and reports, indicates existing targets and advances in specialized research in circular economics. This study aims to develop a systematic literature review that highlights the ...

  11. Circular economy: A brief literature review (2015-2020)

    1. Introduction. Circular Economy (CE) emerged in the 1970s from the idea of reducing the consumption of inputs for industrial production, but it proves to be potentially applicable to any resource [23].Through the possibility of making human activity more resilient, using the natural cycle model, CE proposes a change in the "extraction-production-disposal" paradigm of linear economy (LE ...

  12. PDF Circular design in practice

    Therefore, this thesis set out to examine how the concept of a circular economy is currently being operationalised within design practice and explore what design knowledge, tools and methods are needed to support design practice and curricula in designing for a circular economy. The thesis builds on three studies.

  13. Business innovation towards a circular economy: An ecosystem

    Companies can innovate towards a circular economy by following five key resource strategies: narrow, slow, close, regenerate, and inform. This thesis explores these strategies - through case research and a design science approach. It shows that an ecosystem perspective is necessary to implement these strategies - and provides tools and ...

  14. PDF 'Closing the Loop'

    ambitions to transition to a circular economy (CE) in the Netherlands by 2050. Within this topic, waste management (WM) arose as a suitable area of study due to the direct link to circular concepts and the established nature of the policy field which allowed for an investigation of relative changes.

  15. The appeal of the circular economy revisited: on track for

    The proposal of an economy that is circular and without the need for material or energy input has an irresistible appeal to those who recognize the precautionary concept of planetary boundaries ...

  16. Dissertations.se: CIRCULAR ECONOMY

    Search for dissertations about: "circular economy". Showing result 1 - 5 of 127 swedish dissertations containing the words circular economy . 1. Life Cycle Costing : Supporting companies towards a circular economy. Abstract : Increased consumption has resulted in the depletion of non-renewable resources and an explosion in waste.

  17. (PDF) Recent Research Topics in Circular Economy

    The research topic of circular economy has been discussed from different perspectives and with diverse foci in theory and practice. One of them is the idea of cradle-to-cradle. McDonough et al ...

  18. Master thesis

    base that is fuelling this economy (The Ellen MacArthur Foundation, 2015b). On a national level, the SDG's and definition of the circular economy by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation have been integrated into the Dutch government-wide program to reach a circular economy before 2050 (Rijksoverheid, 2017).

  19. PDF Bachelor s Thesis

    Bachelor's Thesis CIRCULAR ECONOMY: Implications for the Swiss Fashion Retail Industry Wikimedia Commons ZHAW Zurich University of Applied Sciences School of Management and Law Johannes Scheibler, S12468203 Business Administration, General Management PiE [email protected] Muristrasse 86, 3006 Bern Submitted to: Dr. Katharina Hetze

  20. Sustainable Luxury Fashion Consumption Through a Circular Economy

    2025, has stalled in adopting a circular economy (CE) business model to raise sustainable luxury consumption in mature markets. The purpose of this qualitative, multiple case ... dissertation second committee member, for his guidance and feedback. Thanks to Dr. Kenneth Levitt, the University Research Reviewer for my committee for his support ...

  21. Product Design for the Circular Economy: A Design Process ...

    The European Green Deal promotes a roadmap to a carbon-neutral Europe by 2050 [].An essential part of this plan is the transition to a circular economy (CE): a production and consumption model based on two complementary loops similar to biological cycles in nature [].This new economic model offers opportunities for change in every phase of the value chain, including Design [3, 4].

  22. Dissertations / Theses: 'Circular economy'

    This thesis is about Circular Economy and sustainability through a retailer's perspective. There has also been a focus on researching and trying to find out if the size of the retailer matters in a sustainability perspective and to achieve a Circular Economy. The research that has been made is done with a deductive approach and a qualitative ...

  23. The Circular Economy: Benefits and Challenges for a Business

    Abstract and Figures. This bachelor thesis is aimed at exploring what the Circular Economy is and how does a circular business benefit from applying its principles and what challenges it faces in ...

  24. How can a circular economy benefit the planet?

    However, making the shift to a circular economy also requires governments to create supportive legal frameworks and policies. More and more countries and companies are now promoting recycling ...

  25. Flinders University Circular Economy Student Award 2024

    The award will be judged on students' completed research or thesis within the past 12 months which must be original and address challenges in accelerating adoption of circular economy business models and practices. Table of Content; About Flinders University; Circular Economy Student Award; Aim and Benefits of Circular Economy Student Award