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Vocabulary for IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay

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Learning new vocabulary and understanding how your Lexical resource band score is determined in the IELTS test will help you to achieve the best possible result. This vocabulary guide will show you useful tips and strategies to improve your vocabulary, and point you in the right direction of our other vocabulary guides on common IELTS writing topics .

Table of Contents

  • What is Lexical Resource?

2.1 Avoiding repetition

2.2 using common and uncommon vocabulary, 2.3 avoiding spelling mistakes, 2.4 accurately using collocations.

  • 2.5 Using topic-specific vocabulary

2.6 Communicating clearly

3.1 discovering new words, 3.2 deciding which words to practice, 3.3 reviewing new words, 1. what is lexical resource.

Vocabulary in the IELTS writing test is referred to as your Lexical resource and it makes up 25% of your overall score in both the writing and speaking parts of the exam.

Many candidates say their biggest problem when preparing for the IELTS test is their vocabulary . Have you ever found yourself trying to learn long lists of words? Or trying to cram in as many words as you can into your memory moments before the test? We are going to share some advice on the best ways to learn and remember vocabulary effectively.

2. How Your Lexical Resource Score is Decided

The examiner will mainly focus on the range and accuracy of vocabulary you use in your speaking and writing. This means that you need to:

  • Avoid repetition
  • Use a mixture of common and uncommon vocabulary
  • Avoid spelling mistakes

There are also other things the examiner will be looking for. These are:

  • Accurate use of collocations
  • Range and accurate use of topic-specific vocabulary
  • Clear communication

IELTS writing correction

Using a range of vocabulary also includes avoiding words and phrases given to you in an IELTS statement , as well as repeating your own ideas .

Being able to paraphrase is a key skill to help you avoid repetition throughout your writing and speaking.

Take a look at our guide to paraphrasing for top tips and examples.

You also need to refer back or forward to people, places and things you mention in your responses. Compare these two examples:

  • Children should be able to choose the subjects children want to study.
  • Children should be able to choose the subjects they want to study.

In the second example, we have used the pronoun ‘they’ to replace the noun ‘children’. This is a simple example, but it is often the case that test takers do not take the time to look through their work to notice the repetition of words and phrases that could be replaced with a synonym or pronoun. Five minutes at the end of the test could make a big difference.

The reason we are mentioning both common and uncommon vocabulary here is that it is unnatural to use only uncommon or academic vocabulary in your speech and writing. Have a look at these examples:

  • The threat of nuclear weapons maintains world peace.
  • The intimidation of atomic accouterments cultivates global reconciliation.

In the second example, we have run nearly every word through a thesaurus. Note how it sounds very unnatural, even though ‘uncommon vocabulary’ has been used. You need to feel confident using this language and strike a balance between common and more unusual vocabulary.

Uncommon vocabulary, like idioms and phrasal verbs , are more appropriate in the speaking section of the exam than writing. For the writing section of the exam, we suggest you avoid phrasal verbs and idioms (although some idiomatic expressions may be appropriate for writing task 2).

Spelling is important in the written section of the exam. The fewer spelling mistakes you make, the higher your score in Lexical resources could be.

Candidates often ask ‘ how many spelling mistakes ’ they can make for each band score, but the answer is not as simple as this. Basically, If you make so many spelling mistakes that it causes difficulty for the examiner to understand your writing then you will likely score a band score 5.0 in Lexical resources . If your spelling errors are very infrequent , you may be able to achieve a band score 7.0 and above .

Your spelling mistakes are something that you need to take responsibility for. A teacher can highlight your mistakes, but you need to put in the hard work to learn the correct spelling. Spelling errors are often referred to as ‘ fossilised errors ’ which means that, just like the fossil of a dinosaur, the mistake has been formed a long time ago and can only be changed through practice and repetition .

To improve your spelling you could consider:

  • Recording your mistakes in a notebook
  • Creating flashcards of common errors
  • Ask a teacher, or even a family member or friend to test you on your mistakes

Remember, it is a great idea to look at common spelling mistakes made by IELTS candidates, but some errors will be unique to you… write them down, memorise, hide the word, write… repeat . Repetition is really helpful to undo fossilised errors.

Collocation just means a frequent/common combination of words .

A typical example would be that you ‘make’ your bed (the verb ‘make’ and the noun ‘bed’ are a verb-noun collocation). However, you don’t ‘do your bed’… this is an incorrect verb-noun pairing.

Collocations are a relationship between words that need to be practiced and learned. There is no specific ‘rule’ to learn… practice makes perfect and will help you to sound more natural (as well as increase your Lexical resource score in the IELTS test.

One tip to learn collocations is to practice by topic . A common error is to try and learn long lists of collocations from memory. This will be overwhelming and often ineffective. When the exam comes and you get given a topic, you want to recall the vocabulary and collocations that are linked to the topic, not try to sift through long lists (that you will likely not remember under pressure).

2.5 Using  topic-specific vocabulary

You need to prepare yourself with vocabulary that is relevant to the topic you are given. We have put together comprehensive guides on a range of common IELTS topics to help you do just this.

Take a look at the following topics :

  • Jobs & Work
  • Government/Politics
  • Pets and Animals
  • News and Media
  • Money and Finance
  • Science and Technology
  • The Environment

Being able to communicate clearly in your writing (and speaking) means that the examiner can understand the meaning you are trying to convey.

One way that vocabulary causes confusion for the reader is the wrong choice of word. You could have used the wrong word which has made the meaning of your sentence  unclear. Some candidates often take a risk in the test and decide to use words that they are not exactly sure of the meaning of. This could result in you using the word incorrectly and causing difficulty for the reader. Don’t use the test to try using words for the first time, it is more important to communicate clearly and accurately.

Reference is often an issue, for example, you may have referred back to a previous part of your paragraph or speech using the pronoun ‘it’, but it is not clear what ‘it’ refers to.

3. Learning New Vocabulary

As soon as you have decided that you are taking your IELTS test, you should be actively looking to expand your vocabulary

We recommend that you create a book or electronic copy of all your new words and phrases.

You should also read or listen to English texts as often as you can. These texts could be:

  • Newspaper articles
  • Youtube videos (preferably with English subtitles to improve your reading skills)

Do not simply add every new word you read to your list of vocabulary. Also, be careful when using a thesaurus. It is often difficult to find exact synonyms in English, and a thesaurus will give you a long list of similar words that may not be appropriate in the context you want to use them. For example, two synonyms of‘ big ’ taken from a thesaurus of  are:

If we want to replace big in the sentence ‘ the building is big ’, it is correct to say ‘the building is enormous’ but the sentence ‘ the building is boastful ’ is not appropriate .

We recommend you always create an example sentence of new words in context and a definition . A Learner Dictionary is a great place to find clear definitions for learners of English.

A good example of new words to note down are words that you have seen a few times before in a text, but do not fully understand. The frequency of these words show that they are common in English.

A great way to learn new vocabulary is by topic . Group new words, phrases, collocations, and uncommon vocabulary linked to a common theme. This will make it much easier to remember under pressure.

Do not try to learn a list of technical language or specialist words and phrases . Although topics, such as science or technology, might come up during the test, you are not expected to have specific knowledge of these subjects. Remember, the IELTS exam is a test of your English language ability.

Reviewing new vocabulary is the key to remembering it, and a step that candidates often miss.

It would be very rare to just write down new words, look at them once and be able to recall them in the exam. You need to review new words regularly to commit them to memory .

You also need to actively use a new vocabulary: set yourself a goal of using words and phrases you have learned in real life.

Here are just some ideas to review new vocabulary:

  • Create flashcards
  • Make a new vocabulary notebook
  • Create a mind map
  • Put posters around your home
  • Record yourself using new vocabulary

There is no right or wrong way to review language, do what works for you .

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Useful Phrases for IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay

Here we have listed useful vocabulary and phrases you can use when writing an essay in IELTS Writing Task 2 . Instead of providing an extensive list of 100+ essay phrases for IELTS, we have narrowed it down to the most essential.

Keep the vocabulary list next to you while you practise, so you can get ideas for linking and expressing your views.

  • Over the last century ...
  • The idea that ... has its merits.
  • While this is an interesting proposal and has some merit, my own view is that it would ...
  • Despite these arguments, there is an equally strong case to be made that it would be ...
  • There is much debate about the position. I will discuss both these ... in this essay.
  • This is a complex issue and my belief is that ...
  • There are a variety of potential ways of combatting this problem.
  • However, in order to find a solution, it is first of all necessary to understand what has led to this happening.
  • Finding the right policies is not an easy task as it is a complex problem.
  • There is some dispute whether the best method of …

Stating viewpoints

background, writing correction markups

  • There are different viewpoints held in this discussion.
  • Some people argue that ..., while others think that ...
  • However, there is a large body of opinion which is opposed to …
  • It is said that three-quarters of all children ...

To add more points on a topic

  • There are several reasons why ...
  • It can also be argued that ...
  • This is certainly not an easy issue though, because ... has caused as many problems as it solves.
  • ... is the only point to be taken into consideration when ...
  • ... is an urgent problem that needs to be addressed.
  • At the same time, a lot of publicity is given to what the public consider to be ...
  • Most of the experts blame … for this problem.
  • Given that … is cheap and ..., it is not surprising that ...
  • My conclusion is therefore that ...
  • In conclusion, I believe that while there are real merits on both sides of the argument, the moral case against forcing people to work slightly outweighs any benefit to ...
  • Its benefits outweigh the drawbacks and have a positive effect on many aspects of our lives ...
  • All things considered, ...
  • My own personal view is that there is merit in both sides of the debate.
  • Finally, ...

See also: Linking Words For IELTS Writing and Speaking

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IELTS Writing Task 2 Vocabulary – Advanced words for learners

The art of effective communication lies at the heart of IELTS Writing Task 2 , and a well-crafted vocabulary serves as a key to unlocking its potential. This compilation of vocabulary offers a comprehensive toolkit to enhance the quality and depth of your essay responses. 

From thought-provoking introductions to seamlessly connected paragraphs, and impactful conclusions, this vocabulary enriches every aspect of your writing. It equips you with the means to express intricate ideas, substantiate arguments, and navigate through the intricacies of diverse topics. By integrating the IELTS writing task 2 vocabulary , you empower yourself to articulate your thoughts with precision and clarity, elevating your IELTS Task 2 performance.

ielts writing task 2 vocabulary

1. What is on the IELTS writing task 2? 

IELTS Writing Task 2 is an essay-writing task that assesses your ability to present and support an argument or opinion on a given topic. In this task, you are required to write a coherent and well-structured essay of at least 250 words . 

The task typically presents a statement or question related to a social, cultural, or contemporary issue. Your goal is to express your opinion, provide relevant examples, and support your arguments with reasons and evidence. You must address all aspects of the task, present a clear position, and offer a balanced discussion of the topic. Your essay should have an introduction, body paragraphs with supporting points, and a conclusion. The task aims to evaluate your writing skills, including your ability to organize ideas, use appropriate vocabulary and grammar, and present a well-reasoned argument.

2. IELTS writing task 2 vocabulary

2.1. ielts writing task 2 vocabulary – introduction.

Certainly, here are some vocabulary and phrases that can be useful when writing the introduction for IELTS Writing Task 2 :

  • The issue/topic under discussion is: Introduce the main subject of the essay.
  • In today’s modern society/world: Set the context for the discussion.
  • It is a well-known fact that: Begin with a common knowledge statement.
  • Nowadays/Currently: Indicate the present time frame.
  • In recent years/decades: Introduce a time period relevant to the topic.
  • There is ongoing debate/discussion about: Highlight that the topic is a subject of contention.
  • One of the most controversial topics is: Introduce a contentious subject.
  • With the advent of technology/advancements in science: Mention technological or scientific advancements relevant to the topic.
  • The concept/idea of [topic] has garnered significant attention: Highlight the relevance and attention the topic has received.
  • The purpose of this essay is to discuss/analyze/examine: Specify the purpose of your essay.
  • This essay will explore various aspects of [topic]: Indicate that you will cover different facets of the topic.
  • This essay will delve into the implications of [topic]: Mention that you will discuss the consequences or effects.
  • This essay will critically evaluate the argument that: Specify that you will critically assess a particular argument.
  • It is worth noting that: Draw attention to an important detail.
  • The aim/objective of this essay is to: Clearly state your objective.
  • This essay intends to shed light on: Indicate your intention to provide insight.
  • This essay aims to address the question of: Specify the question you will address.
  • The following paragraphs will discuss/analyze: Preview the content of your essay.
  • This essay will consider both sides of the argument: Indicate a balanced approach.
  • In the subsequent sections, the arguments for and against [topic] will be examined: Outline your approach to analyzing arguments.

Remember, the introduction is your chance to set the tone for your essay and clearly state your position or approach. Utilize these vocabulary items appropriately to craft an engaging and informative introduction for your IELTS Writing Task 2 essay.

ielts vocabulary task 2

2.2. IELTS writing task 2 vocabulary – paragraphs 

Certainly, here’s a list of vocabulary and phrases that can be useful when writing paragraphs in IELTS Writing Task 2:

Introducing Your Point:

  • First and foremost: Begin a paragraph by introducing a primary point.
  • To begin with: Start discussing a new aspect of the topic.
  • One key aspect to consider is: Introduce an important point.
  • A significant factor to note is: Highlight an essential element.
  • Another crucial point is: Introduce another important point.
  • Presenting Examples and Evidence:
  • For instance: Provide an example to support your point.
  • As an illustration: Introduce an example to clarify your argument.
  • To exemplify this: Present evidence or an example.
  • As evidence suggests: Use evidence to strengthen your argument.
  • Supporting this, [quote/refer to source]: Use a reference or quote to validate your point.

Contrasting Ideas:

  • On the other hand: Introduce a contrasting viewpoint or argument.
  • However, it’s important to consider: Acknowledge a counterargument.
  • Despite this, it’s essential to recognize: Address opposing viewpoints.
  • Nevertheless: Transition to a contrasting perspective.
  • Providing Analysis and Explanation:
  • This can be attributed to: Explain the cause of a certain phenomenon.
  • This is indicative of: Explain the significance of an observation.
  • This phenomenon can be explained by: Provide a rational explanation.
  • The reason behind this is: Explain the underlying cause.

Concluding a Point:

  • In conclusion: Sum up the main idea of the paragraph.
  • To sum up: Provide a concise summary of the point.
  • In summary: Present a brief overview of the discussion.
  • As a result: Show the consequence of the discussed point.

Transitioning to the Next Point:

  • Moving on to the next point: Transition to a new aspect of the topic.
  • Turning to the second/main point: Shift focus to another key point.
  • Next, let’s consider: Introduce the next point for discussion.

Remember to use these vocabulary items appropriately to structure your paragraphs coherently and effectively. Each paragraph should present a clear point, support it with examples or evidence, and contribute to the overall flow of your IELTS Writing Task 2 essay.

2.3. IELTS writing task 2 vocabulary – conclusion

Here’s a list of vocabulary and phrases that can be useful when writing the conclusion for IELTS Writing Task 2:

Summarizing Main Points:

  • In summary: Present a concise summary of the key points discussed.
  • To sum up: Provide an overview of the main arguments.
  • Overall: Offer a general reflection on the topic.
  • Taking everything into account: Consider all aspects discussed.
  • Reiterating Your Position:
  • In conclusion: Introduce your final thoughts on the topic.
  • To conclude: Present your final viewpoint or stance.
  • Ultimately: State the ultimate outcome or perspective.

Providing a Balanced View:

  • While both sides have valid points: Acknowledge the validity of different perspectives.
  • Balancing the arguments: Show that you’ve considered multiple viewpoints.
  • In considering these aspects: Highlight the importance of considering all aspects.

Reflecting on Implications:

  • This has implications for: Discuss the broader consequences of the topic.
  • The implications of this are significant: Highlight the importance of your discussion.
  • This highlights the importance of: Emphasize the relevance of the topic.

Making a Final Assertion:

  • In light of these arguments, it is evident that: Present a clear conclusion based on the arguments.
  • It is clear that: Express a straightforward conclusion.
  • It can be concluded that: Provide a statement of finality.

Offering a Call to Action or Future Consideration:

  • This issue demands further consideration: Suggest that the topic requires ongoing attention.
  • It is essential that we: Present a call to action or recommendation.
  • As we move forward, it’s crucial to: Suggest future considerations.

Ending on a Thoughtful Note:

  • Food for thought: Offer something for the reader to reflect upon.
  • The topic prompts us to ponder: Encourage deeper reflection on the topic.
  • The topic remains a subject of ongoing discourse: Indicate that the conversation continues.

Remember to use these vocabulary items appropriately to craft a strong conclusion that effectively summarizes your main points and leaves a lasting impression on the reader. A well-structured conclusion should restate your position, recap key arguments, and potentially suggest future implications or considerations.

>> Read more on: IELTS Writing Task 1 Vocabulary  

3. IELTS writing task 2 advanced vocabulary 

Check out now the list of advanced vocabulary that you can use in IELTS Writing Task 2 to enhance the sophistication of your language and express your ideas more eloquently:

3.1. Introduction

  • In the contemporary era: In the modern age.
  • A prevailing trend: A dominant pattern.
  • A multifaceted issue: A complex and multi-dimensional problem.
  • An intricate dilemma: A complicated challenge.
  • A pertinent concern: A relevant issue.

3.2. Presenting Arguments

  • Substantiating this viewpoint: Providing substantial evidence for this perspective.
  • It is imperative to acknowledge: It is crucial to recognize.
  • It can be surmised that: It can be inferred that.
  • This conjecture is underscored by: This assumption is supported by.
  • A compelling case can be made for: A strong argument can be formulated in favor of.

3.3. Counterarguments and Refutation

  • It is not unfounded to assert: It is not without reason to claim.
  • While this holds true to a certain extent: Although this is valid up to a point.
  • It must be conceded that: It should be acknowledged that.
  • However, this notion is counterbalanced by: Nevertheless, this idea is counteracted by.
  • Yet, it is pertinent to consider: However, it is relevant to take into account

3.4. Providing Examples and Evidence

  • To illustrate this concept: To clarify this idea.
  • An exemplar of this can be seen in: A prime example of this can be observed in.
  • This is substantiated by empirical data: This is supported by factual information.
  • A notable instance is: A significant case is.
  • Statistical evidence underscores: Statistical data emphasizes

3.5. Emphasizing Importance and Consequences

  • It bears profound implications for: It has significant consequences for.
  • This phenomenon engenders a ripple effect: This occurrence generates a chain reaction.
  • The ramifications are far-reaching: The consequences extend widely.
  • This factor carries considerable weight: This element holds significant importance.
  • This issue is fraught with potential ramifications: This topic is filled with possible consequences.

Remember that while advanced vocabulary can enhance your writing, it’s essential to use it appropriately and ensure that your sentences remain clear and coherent. Strive for clarity, precision, and coherence in your writing to effectively convey your ideas to the reader. Practice IELTS writing part 2 now!

ielts vocab

4. IELTS writing task 2 vocabulary – Linking Words, Phrases, and Paraphrasing

Here’s a list of linking words, phrases, and paraphrasing techniques that can enhance the coherence and cohesion of your IELTS Writing Task 2 essay:

Linking Words and Phrases:

  • Additionally: Furthermore, besides.
  • Moreover: Furthermore, what’s more.
  • In addition to: Besides, as well as.
  • Furthermore: Moreover, additionally.
  • On the other hand: Conversely, in contrast.
  • However: Nevertheless, nonetheless.
  • Nonetheless: However, still.
  • In contrast to: Unlike, in comparison.
  • Similarly: Likewise, in the same way.
  • Likewise: Similarly, in a similar vein.
  • Consequently: As a result, therefore.
  • As a result: Hence, thus.
  • Therefore: Consequently, accordingly.
  • In conclusion: To sum up, ultimately.
  • To summarize: In brief, in short.

Paraphrasing Techniques:

  • Rewording with Synonyms: Replace words with similar meanings.
  • Using Different Grammatical Structures: Change sentence structures while retaining the meaning.
  • Changing Verb Tenses: Modify verb tenses to convey the same information.
  • Using Passive Voice: Shift from active to passive voice or vice versa.
  • Altering Word Forms: Change nouns to verbs or adjectives to adverbs, and vice versa.
  • Replacing Clauses: Transform complex clauses into simpler ones.
  • Adjusting Word Order: Rearrange words without changing the meaning.
  • Adding Modifiers: Include adjectives, adverbs, or phrases to elaborate.
  • Substituting Part of the Sentence: Replace a phrase or clause while maintaining context.
  • Expanding or Condensing: Elaborate on a point or condense information.

These linking words, phrases, and paraphrasing techniques are instrumental in creating a smooth flow between ideas and expressing yourself more effectively in your IELTS Writing Task 2 essay. Remember to use them judiciously, ensuring your writing remains coherent and easily comprehensible.

Mastering a diverse and advanced vocabulary is pivotal to excelling in IELTS Writing Task 2. This collection of vocabulary empowers candidates to craft introductions that captivate, paragraphs that seamlessly connect ideas, and conclusions that leave a lasting impact. 

In conclusion, mastering a diverse and sophisticated vocabulary is an indispensable tool for excelling in the IELTS Writing Task 2. The ability to express your thoughts with precision and nuance not only enhances the clarity of your arguments but also portrays a strong command of the English language. By incorporating a wide range of vocabulary, from synonyms and idiomatic expressions to advanced academic terminology, you can elevate the quality of your essay and impress the examiners. Let’s do IELTS practice test today to get 9.0 IELTS!!

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Useful Words and Phrases to use in IELTS Essay

Useful expressions for writing your essay for a higher band score:.

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Useful phrases for IELTS writing task two

Home  »  IELTS writing task 2  »  Useful phrases for IELTS writing task two

useful phrases for ielts writing task 2

This tutorial contains useful phrases and vocabulary for  IELTS writing task 2 .

When students ask for general lines for writing task 2, they are looking for phrases that are going to impress the examiner but can be used flexibly.

Use these phrases for introductions, body paragraphs, and supporting sentences.  Copy and adapt them . This is perfectly legitimate, however, you absolutely must  adapt  the phrases to your essay topic in the  IELTS exam !

1. Useful phrase best for introductions

This essay will analyse this issue using the examples from… to demonstrate points and support arguments.

You will need to supply examples in accordance with your particular topic. For instance:

This essay will analyse this issue using examples from wartime countries and conflict zones to demonstrate points and support arguments.

This essay will analyse this issue using examples from Canada, Australia and Rwanda to demonstrate points and support arguments.

If you need further help to start writing your introductions, check our  writing task 2 tutorial  for examples of writing complex sentences.

Many students struggle with starters for writing task 2, but there is no need to memorise more than one or two. One of the best starting lines for writing task 2 is:

It is undeniable that ___(insert problem from question)___ is one of the most challenging issues in the western world.

You can adapt this slightly to become:

In the modern world… (insert problem from question)___ is one of the most challenging issues of our time.

2. A phrase best for body paragraphs showing opinions

When injecting an opposing thought, the best general line for task 2 is that instead of using only “However,” you can use:

However, it should not be forgotten  (that)… and add the opposing point. Even if you strongly disagree, you must object in a proper way and using good vocabulary as practiced in higher education.

Same idea, much higher level of vocabulary.

3. A phrase best for body paragraphs showing examples

A great way to boost your IELTS writing task 2 vocabulary (lexical resource) score is to cite examples from research or studies made, using the phrase,

“For example, a recent study by _________ showed…”

“There are also studies being performed on a global level to discover the source of these important problems. One solution proposed by the _ (insert global organisation) ___ is to_________.”

For instance:

Cite examples from research or studies made, using the phrase,

“For example, numerous studies by _________ showed that people support…”

“There are also studies being performed on a global level such as those concerning global warming, to discover the source of these important problems. One solution proposed by the _ (insert global organisation) ___ is to_________.”

For example,  a recent study by the  WTO  (or  U.K. government ) showed pressing issues…  (then supply the details of the findings).

4. Best for body paragraphs

It is fairly easy to comprehend the arguments as to why this proposal has been made.

There would be at least two facets to this proposal.

There is also, however, a strong argument not to implement this proposal.

The issue of __X__ in western / African countries has  grown  in importance over the past few  decades .

The issue of __X__ in most continents has  fallen  in importance over the past few  years .

5. Best for supporting sentences

Instead of saying “There is proof that…” you can say, instead:

There is ample evidence to suggest that…

There is ample evidence  to suggest that scientists will promptly discover…

There is ample evidence  to suggest that local governments will be implementing …

6. Best for supporting conclusions 

Give your findings a supportive introduction using the phrase:

Numerous studies have consistently found that …

Then provide your conclusion, for instance:

Numerous studies have consistently found that children from economically advanced countries…

Numerous studies have consistently found  that students who learn three languages have a reduced chance of contracting Alzheimer’s.

7. A phrase best for strengthening an argument by being specific

It’s also useful to memorise some general lines for IELTS writing task 2 that can be used flexibly anywhere in the body paragraphs.

Instead of generalising, enumerate or cite samples. For instance:

Recent electronic gadgets have…

Electronic gadgets such as the smartphone, the laptop, and the 3D printer have drastically increased worker productivity.

Serious diseases are a recurring matter…

Serious diseases such as malaria, ebola and dengue fever bring about a considerable amount of expenses.

8. Useful phrase 8 -best for conclusions

As such it can be concluded that…

This phrase is specifically useful during a closing argument, it ties together every trail of thought. Example:  As such it can be concluded that in the era and age of technology, globalisation and the need to be trendy, social media marketing can influence what consumers buy.  Therefore,  when it comes to starting your conclusion, there is no need to memorise several general lines for task 2 on different topics. This one works for every essay type and topic.

These may be little additions of 3-9 words per phrase but many little phrases go a long way toward a complete error free essay. Using the phrases above are going to be much more useful than searching for a ‘phrases for IELTS writing task 2 pdf’  or ‘common lines for IELTS essay pdf’ because we have worked hard to make sure these phrases can be used with any essay type.

Warning! When using these useful phrases for IELTS writing task two…

  • Make sure you have adapted them to your specific essay topic. General lines for task 2 are all over the internet and if you just write them down as a list you will not get credit for them.
  • To improve your grammatical range and accuracy experiment with these same structures but using different  verbs  and nouns.
  • You can find more structures by reading academic material and copying phrases you think you could adapt in your essays. Academic material is easily found by searching in Google like this:  Your topic (crime) + .edu + pdf  -this will usually pull up academic reports about your given topic. You may also find some new phrases to expand your writing task 2 vocabulary.
  • If you need need more sentence structures and don’t know how to organise all these sentence structures then have a look at the  online IELTS course here .
  • We also have a useful resource of  IELTS Writing task 2 questions  to help you prepare which contains even more phrases for writing task 2.

A quick guide on how to find useful phrases for IELTS writing task two (60 seconds!)

Now you need to take notes and exercise using the relevant examples and phrases in your own sentences for better retention. Note that these phrases need not necessarily be copied. Merely copying can cause you trouble in the future. You must make sure that the way you use the phrases and other words fit your essay perfectly to maintain coherent thought and correct grammatical structures as you would find in an English-speaking country.

  If you have questions about the IELTS writing exam don’t hesitate to send me an email at struggling -at sign- ieltspodcast.com.  

As I’ve always said, “The important thing is to take action, do something every day, and little by little, you will get there.” To master the IELTS essay, IELTS Exam test takers need to practice writing skills such as our IELTS writing tasks, essay writing, opinion essays and IELTS test.

For an introduction to how to start IELTS Writing task 2 click here .

For Band 9 IELTS writing samples, click here  and boost your band score!

IELTS writing task 2 vocabulary 

If you think that you can get through the IELTS without bumping up your vocabulary a few notches, you might find yourself disappointed. To avoid this, check out our  list  of  IELTS vocabulary .

Audio tutorial

Audio tutorial about useful vocabulary for Task 2

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Tutorials and Tips to Prepare for Task 2

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  • Band 9 Sample Essay
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  • Five Powerful Sentence Structures to use in your IELTS Writing test
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  • How to write an IELTS Essay Conclusion
  • IELTS Cohesion and Coherence
  • 3 ways to paraphrase for your Task 2 introduction
  • Marking Criteria for IELTS Writing
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Vocabulary for IELTS Essay (Writing Task 2)

Kasturika Samanta

Updated On Apr 19, 2023

ielts writing essay vocabulary

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Vocabulary for IELTS Essay (Writing Task 2)

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Vocabulary  enables every individual to express their thoughts and opinions. When a person learns a new language or takes a language proficiency examination like  IELTS , it is essential to emphasize on it. Since vocabulary or lexical resource is an evaluation criterion for the writing module, in this article, we will focus on vocabulary for IELTS essay, which is the Task 2 for IELTS Writing.

General Structure of the Essay

In IELTS, the contribution of lexical resource or vocabulary in the Speaking and Writing modules is 25% each. But before we jump into the vocabulary for IELTS essay, let us revise the structure of the essay that the candidate has to write for Task 2 .

ielts writing essay vocabulary

Introduction

The introduction should contain a general statement about the subject, the paraphrased question statement, the thesis statement, and the essay’s outline.

Body Paragraphs

The body paragraphs are crucial, since this is where ideas or opinions are developed.

The points raised in the body paragraphs are summarized in the conclusion.

In order to understand the structure in a detailed way, check out the  samples  for each of the types given above.

Vocabulary for IELTS Essay 

Now that the structure of the essay is clear, check some important  vocabulary for IELTS essay that will enable the candidate to make the most of the 25% of the Lexical Resource criterion.

Connectors/Linking Words

Connectors or linking words are used in sentences to contrast ideas, add information, provide examples, summarise, and give an explanation. Other reasons why using connectors will help in increasing the writing score are:

  • Highlight the test taker’s lexical capabilities and knowledge.
  • Establish a connection between the parts of one or more sentences.
  • Serve as a grammatical device to improve the coherence and fluency of written discourse.
  • Make it easier for the reader to understand the meaning one is trying to convey.

So, here are some important connectors/linking words that candidates can use for the mentioned purpose:

For Expressing Opinion

  • In my opinion…
  • I strongly agree with the idea that/I strongly opine that…
  • I’d like to point out that …
  • I am convinced that …/I am certain that …
  • As far as I’m concerned, …
  • From my viewpoint,… / From my perspective …
  • My own view on the matter is…
  • It seems to me that…
  • It appears that…

For Showing Contrast

  • On the contrary …
  • Alternatively…
  • Nevertheless/Nonetheless …
  • In spite of …/ In spite of the fact…/ Despite the fact …
  • In contrast to this…

For Outlining Facts

  • The fact is that …
  • It is obvious that …/It is clear that …
  • There is no doubt that …
  • This proves that …

For Providing Examples

  • For example…/For instance
  • …could be a good example here.
  • As an example…
  • To illustrate…
  • With respect to…

For Conclusion

  • To sum up…
  • In short…
  • In a word…
  • To put it simply…
  • That is to say…
  • To repeat in short…
  • To summarise…

For more such connectors/linking words with examples, click on this  link .

Related Vocabulary to Increase your IELTS Band Score

Beside connectors, there are various other lexical resources that a candidate can use to enhance his/her writing skills for IELTS Writing Task 2.

Sometimes, students need a comprehensive activity-based workbook that can not only teach them new words but also ways to apply them in the right context. Keeping that in mind, IELTSMaterial has created a  vocabulary workbook . This master book comprises topic-specific vocabulary , related exercises, a student space to make important notes or add words they have learnt from other sources, and many more.

Apart from the ones mentioned above, given below are some important resources that an aspirant can use while preparing for  IELTS essays .

  • Advanced Vocabulary  – It is a word list (A-Z) comprising words, their meanings and their usage to help the candidate score a band score of 7.5 and above.
  • Topic Specific Vocabulary – IELTS essays are generally based on broad topics which are commonly repeated, like  environment ,  crime ,  government , etc. Test-takers can use these words or phrases while answering their Task 2 for IELTS.
  • List of important collocations  – A collocation is a grouping of two or more frequently occurring words. Native English speakers use these combinations as they simply sound “correct”. So, incorporating collocations in writing will definitely boost your writing score.
  • Synonyms and Antonyms  – Repetition of words is regarded as a faux pas in IELTS Writing (and Speaking as well). Therefore, learn  synonyms and antonyms  from various sources to avoid any kind of repetition and showing off your word power appropriately.

As vocabulary is vital for a good score in IELTS Writing and Speaking, candidates should take time to brush up their word power on a daily basis. Ways to do that is to prepare their own vocabulary list for each topic, go through various articles and fiction, follow various sources for  word of the day , buy  vocabulary specific books , etc.

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Kasturika Samanta

Kasturika Samanta

Kasturika is a professional Content Writer with over three years of experience as an English language teacher. Her understanding of English language requirements, as set by foreign universities, is enriched by her interactions with students and educators. Her work is a fusion of extensive knowledge of SEO practices and up-to-date guidelines. This enables her to produce content that not only informs but also engages IELTS aspirants. Her passion for exploring new horizons has driven her to achieve new heights in her learning journey.

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Linking structures

Using a wide range of vocabulary will help you to gain higher score at IELTS.

Don't fear: you don't have to learn all of these phrases. Just choose a few that you like and practice using them in your writing.

See also Vocabulary to describe graphs .

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Vocabulary for IELTS: Word Lists, Exercises & Pronunciation

IELTS vocabulary lessons with word lists, practice exercises and pronunciation. Learn word lists for common topics and how to pronounce words correctly in English. Vocabulary  is 25% of your marks for IELTS writing and speaking and also plays a key role in listening and reading. You need to develop your English language vocabulary if you wish to crack IELTS.

Vocabulary for IELTS Topics

Below are IELTS topics for improving your English language vocabulary.

  • Advertising
  • Art: Paintings
  • Body Language
  • CORONAVIRUS
  • Extra Practice
  • Clothes: Casual and Formal
  • Education: School & University
  • Environmental Problems
  • Food: Vegetables
  • Government 
  • Musical Instruments
  • People: Parts of the Face
  • Plants: Speaking Part 1 Topic
  • Urban Planning: Ideas, Vocab & Model Speaking Answers

Paraphrasing Successfully

Improve your IELTS vocabulary score by learn useful tips for paraphrasing in IELTS. You need to learn to paraphrase correctly and avoid errors to get a good score in all skills, particularly IELTS writing. Knowing which words to repeat and which words to paraphrase is essential.

Paraphrasing Video: How to paraphrase and avoid errors

Uncountable Nouns

Get a list of over 100 common uncountable nouns with practice exercises. This is an essential page to view before your IELTS test. The most common vocabulary mistake in IELTS is with uncountable nouns.

Common Uncountable Nouns List

Spelling: US vs UK English Words

Learn about the differences in spelling between UK English and US English. For the IELTS writing test, you ought to choose one type of spelling and not mix them. Click below:

UK & US Spelling Differences

Idioms count for your score of vocabulary. They are informal and should not be used in writing. But you can use some of them in IELTS speaking.

  • Eat Your Greens Idiom: Video lesson

Individual Words for IELTS

Improve your vocabulary by learning the exact meaning of words and how to use them correctly. These lessons are either words lists or lessons which focus on how to use a particular word correctly. For students aiming to reduce the number of errors in their writing and speaking, these lessons are essential.

  • Detrimental: Practice Lesson
  • Lacking in / Lack of: Practice Lesson
  • Academic Reading Vocabulary List 1
  • Common / Popular Definition lesson 

Vocabulary Lessons for IELTS Writing

  • Line Graph Vocabulary
  • Map Vocabulary and Useful Language: 1
  • Practice with Linking Words for Essay Writing

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GT Essay Writing Vocabulary – Part 1

‘GT Essay Writing Vocabulary’ section comprises the necessary vocabulary lists to enhance your lexicon resources. The important vocabularies are categories and come with examples. You should use these words and phrases in your essay answers to achieve a higher band score. Vocabulary (also known as lexical resources) determines 25% of your marks in your GT Essay Writing.

Let us first examine the format of the IELTS GT essay. You can use this format as a blueprint for developing your IELTS Essay.

Introduction:

(Note: Paraphrase the topic and use synonyms and give a general idea on the topic. If the essay asks you to give your opinion, this is perhaps the best place to do so. Always analyse the essay topic and plan what you are going to write before you start writing.)

Body Paragraphs:

Ideally, 2 or 3 body paragraphs. Each paragraph should focus on a distinctive idea or argument and should include an example/ evidence and extra details.

Conclusion:

The conclusion should be 2-3 sentences and should restate what the essay is about with your position or some thoughts or suggestions for the future.

Vocabulary for the Essay Introduction:

Ideally, the introduction part has two parts – General idea on the topic and your opinion/position on the topic .

Useful vocabulary/phrases to start your essay:

  • These days…/ Nowadays…/ In this day and age… / In this modern era…
  • One of the most controversial issues today relates to…
  • … is a hotly-debated topic that often divides opinion.
  • People are divided in their opinion regarding…
  • Many/some people believe/opine/argue/claim that…
  • Whether …. or …. is a controversial issue…
  • We live in an age when many of us are…
  • It is universally accepted that…
  • It goes without saying that…/ There is no denying that…
  • It is often said that…

Example 1: In recent years, children, like adults, have become increasingly exposed to technology. While some child psychologists have insisted that this is a good thing for their cognitive development, others have alleged that it has an overwhelmingly detrimental impact on children.

Example 2: It goes without saying that the lack of proper education and employment opportunities are the main causes of the rising crime rates in many countries.

Example 3: Many people consider that handwriting skills are no longer significant in this era of computers. According to them, children should not invest time to hone their handwriting skills, especially when they will most likely type instead of write in their professional life.

Note: You can, however, start an essay without using such phrases. Following are two examples that denote how to do that:

Example 1: The global phenomenon of urbanisation from the beginning of industrialisation to the present day has brought opportunity and prosperity, albeit at a cost in the quality of life. With an increasing city population, the complexity of the challenges also increases.

Example 2: Social Networking sites, for instance, Facebook and Twitter, are thought by some to have a detrimental effect on individual people as well as society and local communities.

Useful vocabulary/phrases to state your opinion:

You should state your opinion after the general statement in the introduction part. If the essay asks you to give your opinion, this is a must. If the essay asks you to discuss both views (and does not ask you to give your opinion), you can give your opinion here or state it later at the conclusion part.

  • In my opinion…
  • I feel that…/I understand…/I suppose…/ I think…/ I believe…
  • From my point of view…
  • I somewhat agree/ disagree with the idea that… (partial agreement/disagreement)
  • I agree/ disagree that.. (agreement/ disagreement)
  • I strongly agree/disagree with the idea that… (strong agreement/ disagreement)
  • I strongly opine that…
  • Personally speaking…
  • According to me…
  • In my view…
  • My own view on the matter is…
  • I would like to point out that…
  • As far as I am concerned…
  • Personally, I think that…
  • To my way of thinking…
  • From my perspective…
  • My two cents go for…
  • It seems to me that…
  • I cannot deny that…
  • I must admit that…
  • In my experience…
  • It appears that…
  • To my mind…
  • As I see it…

Example 1: Institutions are now focusing more on introducing innovative assessment techniques and technology has accelerated this trend. I strongly believe that the transformation is essential for the proper evaluation and will help students become academically successful.

Example 2: With the population blast and the development of the through-away society, waste management has become a significant concern for many. In many cases, citizens do not participate in garbage recycling and I believe that rigorous laws are required to force them to salvage the debris they produce.

Useful vocabulary/phrases for expressing Agreement/ Disagreement:

While writing an agreement/ disagreement type IELTS essay you need to clearly express whether you agree or disagree (sometimes partially agree) with a given statement or opinion. You can use the following expression to express your agreement or disagreement. Some expressions given below are meant to show that you agree, partially agree or disagree with an opinion or statement.

  • I quite agree that….
  • I agree with the opinion that…..
  • I am quite inclined to the opinion that…..
  • I concur with the group who believe that…..
  • I accept that…..
  • I consent that…..
  • I approve the idea…..
  • I am in agreement…..
  • I accept the fact that…..
  • I strongly agree….. (Strong agreement)
  • I could not agree more….. (Strong agreement)
  • I completely agree that….. (Strong agreement)
  • I totally agree with the given idea that….. (Strong agreement)

Partial Agreement:

  • To some extent…
  • Up to a point, I agree…
  • I somewhat agree that…
  • I agree with this view partially…
  • To a certain extent, I agree that…
  • To a certain extent it is true but…

Disagreement:

  • My own opinion contradicts…..
  • I disagree with the statement…..
  • I disagree with the opinion that….
  • I disagree with the group of people…..
  • I disapprove that…..
  • I strongly disagree….. (Strong disagreement)
  • I completely disagree with….. (Strong disagreement)
  • I quite oppose the opinion that….. (Strong disagreement)
  • However, my opinion is different….. (Strong disagreement)
  • I quite disagree with the idea that…. (Strong disagreement)
  • I totally do not accept the fact that….. (Strong disagreement)
  • I totally disagree with the given idea that….. (Strong disagreement)

Example 1: I agree that virtual communication has a damaging effect on our relationship as well as on our local community.

Example 2: I somewhat agree that such sports allow youngsters to mature emotionally, learn teamwork and help gain self-confidence.

Example 3: I quite disagree with the idea that a single global language is the best way to eradicate cultural barriers.

Useful phrases/vocabulary to end the Introduction:

(Discuss both views type essay)

  • In this essay, I am going to examine this question from both points of view.
  • Let us examine both views before reaching a concrete decision.
  • The following paragraphs discuss whether …… or …… and reach a reasonable conclusion.
  • The following essay takes a look at both sides of the argument.

(Agree/disagree type essay)

  • I oppose the view and my reasons will be explained in the following paragraphs.
  • I will support this view with arguments in the following paragraphs.

(Advantages and disadvantages type essay)

  • This essay outlines the advantages and disadvantages of this trend.
  • Thus the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages…

(Problem and Solution type essay)

  • Let us examine the reasons for this and propose a solution to this.
  • This essay deals with the reason behind this problem and proposes a solution.

Example 1: One of the most controversial issues today relates to the absolute freedom of the press. In this essay, I am going to examine this question from both points of view.

Example 2: This essay explains why the high-speed rails are the transportations of the future and why governments should allocate more money for developing railways.

Note: You can, however, simply state your opinion and directly go to the first body paragraph without stating what the essay or paragraphs are about.

Example : Consumers often make fallacious decisions in purchasing commodities in order to attain contentment and satisfaction. Consequently, people are burdened with debt. Financial literacy, in my opinion, could be a silver bullet for this problem. [ No such phrase has been used in this example ]

Vocabulary for the Essay Body Paragraphs:

Your GT IELTS essay should expand to 2 or 3 body paragraphs. Each paragraph should focus on an argument and provide evidence or example to support the argument. Body paragraphs without examples often end up scoring lower.

Useful phrases/vocabulary to start the first body paragraph:

  • First…/ Firstly…/ First of all…/ First and foremost…
  • It is true that…
  • On the one hand…
  • To begin with…/ To start with…/ Initially…/ To commence with…
  • In the first place…
  • It is worth considering…
  • Let us take a look at…
  • Though it is true that… ( This expression is usually used to point out the opposite view that you disagree with)
  • Many support the view that…/ Some people believe that…/ According to many…

Example 1: To begin with , the advocates of more pleasant adulthood believe that happiness is truly enjoyed when someone realises how this is shared with people around us.

Example 2: In the first place , a country becomes more engaging and develops rapidly when its population includes a mixture of cultures.

Example 3: It is worth considering that group sports clearly require individuals to perform a diverse range of rapid mental calculations.

Note: You should state the main point (topic sentence) at the beginning of a body paragraph and then expand it with more details in the rest of the paragraph. Then give an example or experience to make it more evident.

Useful phrases/vocabulary to start the subsequent body paragraph(s):

  • Second(ly)… / Third(ly)…
  • Next…/ After that…/ Again…
  • Also…/ Besides…
  • Likewise…/ In addition…
  • Consequently…
  • What’s more…/ Furthermore…/ Moreover…/ on top of that…
  • Other people think that…/ Other people believe that…
  • Apart from that…
  • On the other hand…
  • Last but not least…
  • Finally…

Example 1: Moreover , being a sportsperson or movie start does not guarantee an automatic money flow as the rewards are most frequently collected by the successful ones.

Example 2: Secondly , doing what someone likes keeps him motivated and therefore leads to a better career growth.

Example 3: Finally , businesses can reach more customers, strangers can meet online to share ideas, and, most importantly, people are now more cognizant of others’ struggles and are able to help, with the development of such networking platforms.

Useful phrases/vocabulary to give an example:

  • For instance…/ For example…/ As an example…/ An example is…
  • To show an example…/ To give an example…/ To cite an example…
  • Particularly…/ In particular…
  • …could be a good/ideal example here
  • To illustrate…/ To paraphrase…
  • When it comes to…
  • Like…/ Such as…
  • With respect to…/ In terms of…
  • Research has found that…
  • As an evidence…
  • A case…

Example 1: The Hong Kong Space Museum, for instance , has monthly exhibitions on different issues and professional docents are employed to take visitors on a guided tour around the museum.

Example 2: For example , interactive videos, pictures and reviews of a place help people decide for a trip and enjoy their stay. Booking hotels, paying for tickets, managing a tour guide is just few mouse clicks away.

Example 3: To illustrate , a survey conducted by Canadian Traffic Authority in 2015 outlines that 85% early morning commuters travel either for job/ school or for shopping.

Vocabulary to show the comparison:

  • Also…
  • Just as…
  • Likewise…
  • Similarly…
  • Similar to…
  • In the same way…
  • At the same time…

Example 1: Likewise , time invested in developing handwriting skills improves their cognitive as well as language skills.

Example 2: In the same way , group study enables students to obtain information that they could not acquire in isolation.

Vocabulary to show the contrast:

  • Unlike…
  • Even so…
  • However…
  • Oppositely…
  • Meanwhile…
  • Then again…
  • Even though…
  • Alternatively…
  • While…/ Whilst…
  • In contrast to this…
  • Although…/Though…
  • Despite the fact that…
  • Nevertheless…/ Nonetheless…
  • On the contrary…
  • On the flip side…
  • Despite… / In spite of…/ In spite of the fact that…

Example 1: On the contrary , people who love their jobs can easily excel in their fields of work and achieve better results than those who put the salary in the first place.

Example 2: Meeting someone face-to-face, on the other hand , demands a person’s time and energy, and it requires an urge to meet the person.

Example 3: However , teaching people about the history and tradition of a country is one of the fundamental reasons we have museums in the first place.

Useful Vocabulary/phrases to draw the Essay conclusion:

  • To conclude…
  • In conclusion…
  • In general…
  • All in all…
  • Overall…
  • By and large…
  • To elucidate…
  • On the whole…
  • To summarise…
  • To conclude with…
  • All things considered…
  • To draw the conclusion…
  • Taking everything into account…
  • Taking everything into consideration…
  • Weighing up both sides of the argument…

Example 1: In conclusion , people learn both from their success and failure and to build a prosperous nation, we must learn from our history. Without the knowledge of our history, scientific discoveries cannot bring a wide range of advantages to a nation.

Example 2: To draw the conclusion , learners can disregard handwriting only at their peril. It is a skill that will stand them in good stead throughout their lives. It is hoped that parents and teachers will realize the importance of handwriting before it is too late.

Example 3: On the whole , if the governments are really keen on improving the health of their citizens, they must address the real cause of diseases. In other words, by simply making housing affordable for all and controlling air pollution, the government can protect its people from illnesses. Prevention, after all, is better than cure.

Next  » GT Essay Writing Vocabulary – Part 2

What the ‘GT Essay Writing Vocabulary – Part 2’ section covers:

» Vocabularies/ Phrases to introduce more ideas/ evidence or examples. » Vocabularies/ Phrases to show reasons and results. » Vocabulary to make a point or argument stronger by adding emphasis. » Vocabulary for Adding more information to an argument. » Useful phrases/vocabulary to present time or sequence.

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Useful Vocabulary for Writing an IELTS Graph Essay

ielts graph vocabulary - image by Magoosh

When it comes to IELTS writing task 1, 25% of your marks are for the range of words you use. That means IELTS graph vocabulary is a very important component to review as you prepare for the Writing Task 1. You can start by checking out this IELTS writing task 1 vocabulary guide . And below, I’ll provide an overview of words and useful phrases to incorporate into your writing so that you can get top marks on the lexical resource category and a high band score overall. Basically, the better your IELTS writing chart vocabulary, the higher score you’ll get. It’s not hard, but there is a clear formula to doing well.

How to Use IELTS Graph Vocabulary in Writing Task 1

Because IELTS writing task 1 involves describing a graph or chart of some type, it will help to have a handle on IELTS writing chart vocabulary — words and phrases that help you write about the information on the chart or graph.

ielts writing essay vocabulary

How are graphs described in IELTS? Let’s walk through the best vocabulary for the task, step by step.

1. Start With Introduction Phrases

Often ESL students start their essay with ‘The graph shows…’. While this is fine, the verb ‘shows’ could be replaced by a more exciting and high-level vocabulary word. Here are four different prompts to start your essay:

Get a higher IELTS score? Start your online IELTS prep today with Magoosh.

  • The graph illustrates the trends in…
  • The graph reveals information about the changes in…
  • The graph provides the differences between…
  • The graph presents how X has changed over a period of…
  • DO NOT write the word below or above in your introduction. i.e. The graph above/below shows…

2. Add Suitable Adverbs

Adverbs help express a relation of place, time, circumstance, manner, cause, and degree, and can greatly add some color and interest to your writing as well as show off your range of vocabulary. Unlike adjectives (which describe nouns), adverbs describe verbs, or actions. Here’s a great list of adverbs to use:

3. Use Appropriate Synonyms

Again using a variety of nouns and verbs for words like rise and fall will help increase your overall score. Here are some suggestions:

4. Add Time Phrases

Below are some excellent time phrases with sentence examples:

Using IELTS Graph Vocabulary in a Model Essay

Look at the sample IELTS writing Task 1 graphs on the British Council website . Below is my model answer with useful words in bold:

The bar charts illustrate the trends in computer ownership, with a further classification by level of education, from 2002 to 2010.

Over the period, it can be observed that there was a significant surge in the percentage of the population that owned a computer. In the year 2002, only about 58% of the population owned a computer, whereas by 2010 , this gradually increased to where over three-quarters of individuals had a home computer.

Looking at the information by level of education reveals that higher levels of education correspond to higher levels of computer ownership in both of those years. In 2002, a significantly low percentage of the population who did not finish high school had a computer, but this figure skyrocketed by 2010, going from 15% to over 40%. There were also dramatic climbs , of approximately 30 percentage points, for those with a high school diploma or an unfinished college education (reaching 65% and 85%, respectively, in 2010).

To conclude, during the last decade, there has been a substantial growth in computer ownership across all educational levels.

Other IELTS Graph Vocabulary Resources

Keep in mind that IELTS writing task 1 may contain one of several different types of infographic: a bar chart, pie chart, line graph, diagram, etc. Regardless of the type, you’ll want to have a good handle on IELTS writing chart vocabulary.

For more specific guides to the different kinds of graphs, charts, and graphics you may find on IELTS writing task 1, check out the following resources:

  • How to Describe a Bar Chart
  • How to Describe a Pie Chart
  • How to Describe a Map
  • How to Describe a Process Diagram

You can also check out Magoosh’s IELTS linking words PDF for transitions between ideas. Hopefully you’ll start to incorporate some of these key words and phrases, as well as the above suggestions, in your IELTS Task 1 Writing. If you still don’t feel comfortable doing so, consider dedicating more time to your IELTS studies with Magoosh’s fun, engaging IELTS prep for extra practice.

Eliot Friesen

Eliot Friesen-Meyers is the Senior Curriculum Manager for Magoosh IELTS and TOEFL. He attended Goshen College (B.A.), New York University (M.A.), and Harvard University (M.T.S.), gaining experience and skills in curriculum development, ESOL instruction, online teaching and learning, and IELTS and TOEFL test prep education. Eliot’s teaching career started with Literacy Americorps in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and later, taught ESL programs at Northeastern University, University of California-Irvine, and Harold Washington College. Eliot was also a speaker at the 2019 TESOL International Conference . With over 10 years of experience, he understands the challenges students face and loves helping them overcome those challenges. Come join Eliot on Youtube , Facebook , and Instagram . Recent blog posts Complete Guide to IELTS Writing Task 1 Complete Guide to IELTS Writing Task 2

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11 responses to “Useful Vocabulary for Writing an IELTS Graph Essay”

Sana Avatar

I would like to get sample of all types of graph eassy

Magoosh Expert

IELTS Liz offers a pretty good range of graphs and charts for IELTS Writing Task 1 (Academic) . You can also get a nice selection of these on the official IELTS websites . And last but not least, Magoosh offers a good selection of these types of questions with a Magoosh IELTS Premium subscription. 🙂

Joyce Avatar

Thank you Magoosh for the comprehensive guide. I’m a subscriber to you GMAT course and is now checking out IELTS.

Wanna ask, I read and watched many other sources that says we should not write a conclusion. However, yours did.

So, is it permissible or not permissible?

The concluding sentence is optional–if you have time to write a concluding sentence after writing and reviewing your essay, then it looks good to have a concluding sentence. If you don’t have time to write a concluding essay or you’d rather focus on other parts of your essay, then it’s totally fine to leave it out. You can read more about this in our Complete Guide to IELTS Academic Writing Task 1.

Julia P Avatar

“Growth” is not an noun? Because in the board it’s saying that it is a verb

Thanks for pointing this out! It seems like a mistake on our part. We should probably change that to “grow”. I’ll make a note for our writing team to make this change 🙂

Bharti English Classes Avatar

I appreciate you very much. Your blog on Useful Words for Writing an IELTS Graph Essay was the outstanding blog ever. You have given so much good information about the new english words & grammar in your post, which will help me in future. Always keep data like this on your website

Aakash Avatar

I have two significant questions. The first one is related to the unit of measurement in over view. Is it academic? And the second one is of conclusion. Do we need to write conclusion?

Hi Aakash, I’m afraid I don’t understand your first question. Can you please provide some more information? For your second question: a conclusion is not necessary. You can add one if you’d like, but it’s more important to spend time analyzing the graph.

Hademe Precious Avatar

This is one of the best among the essay I’ve read recently.

Thanks for the feedback! 🙂

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  1. IELTS Essay (Writing Task 2) Vocabulary

    IELTS Writing Task 2 (IELTS Essay Writing) requires a candidate to use a wide range of vocabulary. Connective words and phrases are very important to finish writing task 2 in a logical and coherent way. You must use transitional or connective words in your writing task 2 as it is considered one of the important factors for a high band score.

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    IELTS Writing vocabulary. Writing correction. IELTS vocabulary. Writing. Speaking. Maximize your score! IELTS test samples. Listening. Reading. Writing. Speaking. Speaking simulator ... Vocabulary to write essays. Vocabulary to describe graphs. Vocabulary to write letters. Academic word lists.

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    Vocabulary is equally important for reading and writing. By knowing a lot of prevalent words you will understand the reading texts better. Moreover, vocabulary is one of the four marking criteria used to assess you IELTS writing. So one of the secrets of a successful essay is a broad range of vocabulary.

  5. Vocabulary For Academic IELTS Writing Task 1 (part 1)

    Academic IELTS Writing Task 1 question requires you to use several vocabularies to present the data given in a pie/ bar/ line/ mixed graph or to describe a process or a flow chart. Being able to use appropriate vocabularies, presenting the main trend, comparing & contrasting data and presenting the logical flow of the graph ensure a high band ...

  6. Vocabulary for IELTS Writing Task 2

    April 6, 2021. in. IELTS Vocabulary. Using the right vocabulary in the IELTS Writing Task 2 is on key to success. In this post, I've gathered useful words and phrases for you to learn and use. First, we'll look at the most common vocabulary that you can use to raise your band level. Then, I'll share where you can find more IELTS resources ...

  7. IELTS writing vocabulary for band 9 essay

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  8. Vocabulary for IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay

    2.1 Avoiding repetition. Using a range of vocabulary also includes avoiding words and phrases given to you in an IELTS statement, as well as repeating your own ideas.. Being able to paraphrase is a key skill to help you avoid repetition throughout your writing and speaking.. Take a look at our guide to paraphrasing for top tips and examples.. You also need to refer back or forward to people ...

  9. Useful Phrases for IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay

    Here we have listed useful vocabulary and phrases you can use when writing an essay in IELTS Writing Task 2 . Instead of providing an extensive list of 100+ essay phrases for IELTS, we have narrowed it down to the most essential. Keep the vocabulary list next to you while you practise, so you can get ideas for linking and expressing your views.

  10. IELTS Writing Task 2: Tips, Lessons & Models

    1. IELTS Writing Task 2 Test Information. Learn about your IELTS writing task 2 test. IELTS recommend you spend no more than 40 mins on writing task 2. However, the time is yours to manage as you wish. You should write over 250 words. In the lessons below you will learn about word count and essay length.

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    2.1. IELTS writing task 2 vocabulary - introduction. Certainly, here are some vocabulary and phrases that can be useful when writing the introduction for IELTS Writing Task 2: The issue/topic under discussion is: Introduce the main subject of the essay. In today's modern society/world: Set the context for the discussion.

  12. 50 Good Vocabulary Words to use in an IELTS Essay

    List of Good Vocabulary Words for IELTS. Check this list for good vocabulary words to use in IELTS essays, given along with their meaning and an example sentence to illustrate how to use the word. Eg.: A generous grant, enabled the library to significantly aggrandize its collection of books on tape.

  13. Useful Words and Phrases to use in IELTS Essay

    The aim of this list is to enhance your vocabulary as well as IELTS essay writing skills quickly. Good luck! 1. Delve: (Verb) - To carry on intensive and thorough research for information, Investigate. Synonyms: Research, inquire, investigate, explore, examine, probe.

  14. IELTS Writing Task 1 Vocabulary List

    How to build a better vocabulary list for IELTS Writing Task 1. 1. Adjective/noun and verb/adverb examples. To really show off your vocabulary in the test, make sure you use at least TWO adjective/noun and verb/adverb examples. In the second year, there was a slight increase in sales of coffee.

  15. 8 Useful Phrases for IELTS Writing Task 2

    Same idea, much higher level of vocabulary. 3. A phrase best for body paragraphs showing examples. A great way to boost your IELTS writing task 2 vocabulary (lexical resource) score is to cite examples from research or studies made, using the phrase, "For example, a recent study by _________ showed…". "There are also studies being ...

  16. Advanced Vocabulary for IELTS Writing Task 2: Achieve a Band 9

    on. April 1, 2021. in. IELTS Vocabulary. For IELTS Writing Task 2, you can raise your band level and achieve a band 9 by using a variety of more complex vocabulary words and phrases in your essay. In this post, I'll look at advanced vocabulary for IELTS Writing Task 2 and explain how you can use IELTS Writing Task 2 vocabulary band 9 words to ...

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    Vocabulary enables every individual to express their thoughts and opinions.When a person learns a new language or takes a language proficiency examination like IELTS, it is essential to emphasize on it.Since vocabulary or lexical resource is an evaluation criterion for the writing module, in this article, we will focus on vocabulary for IELTS essay, which is the Task 2 for IELTS Writing.

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  23. Useful Vocabulary for Writing an IELTS Graph Essay

    IELTS Vocabulary. When it comes to IELTS writing task 1, 25% of your marks are for the range of words you use. That means IELTS graph vocabulary is a very important component to review as you prepare for the Writing Task 1. You can start by checking out this IELTS writing task 1 vocabulary guide. And below, I'll provide an overview of words ...