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discursive writing

Discursive writing can be quite a handful to write. It can also often get interchanged with other types of essays. When it comes to writing one, you want to make sure that you choose a topic that you will be passionate about or objective about. Choosing a topic for this type of writing is of high importance because you want to make sure that you will be able to put a good amount of effort into writing your essay. You may also see book writing 

Discursive Writing

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If you are looking for a couple of information about discursive writing, this is the article for you. We have also included a couple of essay samples in PDF  that would help you out with coming up with your very own discursive essay.

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Discursive Paragraph Example

The debate surrounding the use of technology in education illustrates a profound discursive subject that invites a range of perspectives. On one hand, proponents argue that technology enhances learning by providing students with access to a wealth of information and interactive tools that were previously unimaginable. They contend that digital resources, such as educational apps and online platforms, cater to diverse learning styles and can significantly improve engagement and understanding. Furthermore, technology prepares students for a digital future, equipping them with essential skills required in the 21st-century workplace. On the other hand, critics raise concerns about the potential drawbacks of technology in education, such as decreased attention spans, the digital divide, and the potential for distractions. They argue that reliance on technology might undermine foundational skills like handwriting and mental arithmetic. Additionally, there’s an apprehension about screen time affecting children’s health and social skills. This discourse highlights the nuanced balance educators must achieve between leveraging technology to enrich education and preserving traditional learning methods that have proven effective over time.

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Discursive Speech Example

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Today, I stand before you to delve into a topic that is both pervasive and profound in its impact on modern society – the role of social media. In this digital age, social media platforms have transcended their initial purpose of connectivity, morphing into colossal entities that influence nearly every facet of our daily lives. My discourse will explore the multifaceted effects of social media, both its boons and banes, on our societal fabric.

On one hand, social media has democratized information, breaking down barriers that once hindered the free flow of knowledge. It has empowered individuals to share their stories, raise awareness on critical issues, and mobilize for social change like never before. Campaigns for social justice, environmental advocacy, and political movements have found a fertile ground on platforms like Twitter and Facebook, where a single post can spark global conversations. Furthermore, in our personal lives, social media has kept us connected to those who matter most, shrinking distances and enabling us to maintain relationships across the globe.

However, as we bask in the glow of our screens, it’s imperative to recognize the shadows cast by these platforms. The pervasive nature of social media has blurred the lines between reality and perception, often presenting a distorted view of life that can exacerbate feelings of inadequacy and anxiety among users. Cyberbullying, a byproduct of online anonymity, has emerged as a sinister threat, especially to younger users, leading to tragic outcomes and raising questions about the psychological impact of these platforms. Moreover, the dissemination of misinformation has been facilitated by social media, undermining public trust in institutions and each other, and influencing elections and public policy.

As we navigate this complex landscape, it’s crucial to foster a balanced perspective on social media. Education on digital literacy, emphasizing critical thinking and responsible online behavior, can empower users to navigate social media wisely. Furthermore, advocating for transparency and accountability from tech giants is essential in mitigating the adverse effects of their platforms.

In conclusion, social media stands as a double-edged sword, capable of both uniting and dividing, enlightening and deceiving. As members of this digital society, it’s our responsibility to wield this tool with caution and consciousness, ensuring that its impact enriches, rather than diminishes, the fabric of our society.

discursive speech example

Discursive Article Example

The Digital Age: A Double-Edged Sword for Modern Society

In the contemporary epoch, the digital age stands as a colossal testament to human ingenuity and innovation. It has revolutionized the way we communicate, work, and live, embedding itself into the very fabric of daily existence. Yet, as we navigate through this digital renaissance, it becomes increasingly evident that this new era, much like a double-edged sword, presents both profound benefits and significant challenges to modern society.

On the bright side, the digital age has democratized information, rendering it accessible to a global audience. Knowledge and data, once the privilege of the few, are now at the fingertips of many, thanks to the internet. This has empowered individuals with the tools for self-education, broadening horizons and fostering an informed citizenry. Furthermore, digital platforms have revolutionized social connectivity, enabling people to maintain relationships across vast distances and cultural divides. The business sector, too, has reaped the rewards, with technology driving efficiencies, innovation, and opening new markets that were previously beyond reach.

However, this digital utopia is not without its shadows. The proliferation of digital technology has given rise to concerns over privacy and security. Personal information, once considered private, can now be easily accessed, shared, or even misused, leading to a growing sense of vulnerability among internet users. Moreover, the anonymity afforded by online platforms has fueled a rise in cyberbullying and hate speech, challenging the boundaries of free expression. Another poignant issue is the digital divide, which exacerbates existing inequalities. While some enjoy the full benefits of the digital age, others, particularly in less developed regions, are left on the sidelines, unable to access the same opportunities for growth and development.

The impact of the digital age on mental health also warrants attention. The constant bombardment of information and the pressure to maintain a perfect image on social media can lead to anxiety, depression, and a sense of inadequacy, particularly among younger generations. Additionally, the blurring lines between work and home life in a digitalized world contribute to burnout and stress, challenging the notion of digital technology as a purely beneficial force.

In conclusion, the digital age is a multifaceted phenomenon that brings to light the best and worst of technological advancement. It has undoubtedly propelled society forward, breaking down barriers and fostering innovation. Yet, it also poses significant challenges that require careful consideration and action. Balancing the scales between harnessing the potential of digital technology and mitigating its adverse effects is imperative. As we venture further into this digital frontier, it is crucial to foster a society that is not only technologically advanced but also ethically mindful and inclusive, ensuring that the digital age benefits all of humanity.

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Browse More Templates On Discursive Writing

Sample discursive essay in pdf.

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What is the format of discursive writing?

Discursive writing follows a specific format that includes an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Here’s a brief breakdown of the format:

  • Begin with a clear and engaging introduction that presents the topic.
  • Provide background information and context.
  • Clearly state the thesis or main argument.
  • Organize the body into multiple paragraphs, each addressing a specific aspect of the topic.
  • Start each paragraph with a topic sentence that introduces the main idea.
  • Support each point with evidence, examples, and reasoning.
  • Address counterarguments and refute them if necessary.
  • Ensure smooth transitions between paragraphs.
  • Summarize the main points discussed in the body.
  • Reinforce the thesis writing or main argument.
  • Provide a concluding thought or call to action.
  • Avoid introducing new information in the conclusion.
  • Use formal and objective language.
  • Maintain a neutral tone while presenting arguments.
  • Vary sentence structure for clarity and engagement.
  • Use cohesive devices to connect ideas.
  • Include citations for any sources used.
  • Follow a specified citation style (e.g., APA, MLA).

Remember, the format may vary based on the specific guidelines provided, the type of discursive writing (argumentative essay, debate, etc.), and the intended audience. Always refer to any specific instructions or requirements given for the assignment.

Sample Discursive Writing Template

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How do you start a discursive writing?

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Starting a discursive writing piece effectively involves engaging the reader and laying a solid foundation for the exploration of the topic at hand. Here’s how to craft a compelling introduction:

  • Hook the Reader : Begin with a strong hook that piques the reader’s interest. This could be a provocative question, a surprising fact, a quote, or a brief anecdote related to your topic. The aim is to draw the reader in and make them want to learn more.
  • Introduce the Topic : Clearly state the topic of your discursive essay. Provide some background information if necessary to help the reader understand the context or significance of the issue being discussed.
  • Present the Controversy : Discursive writing explores a topic from multiple perspectives. Introduce the controversy or debate surrounding your topic. Highlight the main arguments or positions without showing bias toward any side.
  • State the Purpose : Explain the purpose of your essay. Inform the reader that you will be examining different viewpoints on the topic, weighing their merits, and perhaps drawing a conclusion based on the evidence presented.
  • Outline the Structure : Briefly outline how your essay will be structured. Mention the main points or arguments that will be explored in the body paragraphs. This gives the reader a roadmap of what to expect.

Here’s an example introduction for a discursive essay on the impact of social media on society:

“In today’s digital era, social media platforms have become integral to our daily lives, connecting people across the globe in unprecedented ways. Yet, as the digital web weaves itself tighter around our routines, debates rage over its impact on society. Is social media a tool for unparalleled connection and knowledge sharing, or does it serve as a breeding ground for misinformation and social isolation? This essay delves into the multifaceted nature of social media, exploring both its positive contributions and its potential pitfalls. By examining a spectrum of viewpoints, we aim to shed light on this complex issue, offering insights into how social media shapes our modern world.”

This introduction sets the stage for a balanced exploration of the topic, inviting the reader to consider the various dimensions of the issue.

Discursive Writing Template

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What Is a Discursive Essay?

Discursive writing is a type of formal writing that discusses a certain topic. The topic can be anything from an issue, a situation, or a problem.

There are two basic types of discursive essays: persuasive essays  which aim to persuade the reader that your opinion matters, while the other one is an argumentative essay which basically tries to argue a certain topic based on facts.

There are also three main types of discursive essays:

1. For and against essays which try to discuss the two sides of an issue with justifications, examples, as well as reasons. In the last part of the essay, the writer’s opinion may be written.

2. Opinion essays ,  based on the word opinion , is a type of discursive writing that presents the writer’s personal opinion regarding a certain topic. The writer’s opinion usually appears in the introduction as well as in the summary of the essay. You may also like business writing .

3. Suggested solutions to problems aim to analyze certain problems to certain topics and discuss possible solutions to these problems. The writer’s opinion may be directly or indirectly stated in the introduction and the conclusion of the essay. You may also check out letter writing

Features of a Good Discursive Essay

Just like any other type of essays, a discursive essay has three basic parts.

1. Introduction

The introduction of a discursive essay will be the part of your essay that will discuss what the main topic of the essay will be. You may also see informational writing

2. Main Body

The main body of the essay will contain the main points of the topic. Typically, it is separated into three paragraphs where the main points will be justified or exemplified.

3. Conclusion

The closing paragraph will summarize everything that you have discussed in the earlier paragraphs wherein your opinions will be restated. You may also like article writing

Considerations with Discursive Writing

1. present each point in an organized manner.

Every paragraph in the main body of your essay should start with one of the main points that you have for your essay. Justifications should also follow the main points.

2. Catchy Statements

Catchy statements can include

  • famous quotations,
  • rhetorical questions, and
  • thought-provoking questions.

3. List Down Points

When you get started on your essay outline , make sure that you also include the main points that you have. This will help to ensure that you have included everything that needs to be included in the essay. You may also check out  reflective writing

4. Formal Language

Keep the language formal and appropriate for the writing style that you have.

The Basic DOs and DON’Ts of Discursive Writing

1. when you are writing a discursive essay, do.

  • stick to a formal writing style,
  • introduce each main point in a clear and concise statement,
  • make sure that your paragraphs are well-developed and well-written,
  • give examples for every main point,
  • write in a sequential manner,
  • properly use linking words, and
  • cite sources and references.

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2. When You are Writing a Discursive Essay, DON’T

  • make use of shortened sentences or phrases,
  • make use of informal language,
  • make use of language that is biased or emotional,
  • over-generalize,
  • be insistent on your opinions, and
  • make use of personal examples.

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Basic Discursive Writing Template

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What are the benefits of discursive writing?

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Discursive writing offers several benefits, making it a valuable form of expression and exploration. Here are some advantages:

  • Comprehensive Understanding: Discursive writing encourages writers to thoroughly explore a topic from various angles. This process fosters a deeper understanding of the subject matter.
  • Critical Thinking: Writing discursively requires analyzing multiple perspectives and considering diverse viewpoints. This enhances critical thinking skills as writers evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of different arguments.
  • Increased Tolerance: Engaging with diverse opinions in discursive writing promotes empathy and tolerance. Writers learn to appreciate different viewpoints and understand the complexities of various issues.
  • Enhanced Communication Skills: Expressing ideas in a clear and organized manner is crucial in discursive writing. This skill is transferable to other sample forms of communication, including verbal and professional communication.
  • Effective Research Skills: Discursive writing often involves research to support arguments and explore different perspectives. Writers develop research skills, including information gathering, source evaluation, and citation.
  • Versatility: Discursive writing can take various forms, including essays, articles, blog posts, and more. This versatility allows writers to adapt their skills to different genres and communication mediums.
  • Intellectual Exploration: The open-ended nature of discursive writing encourages intellectual exploration. Writers have the freedom to delve into complex issues, fostering a sense of curiosity and a desire for knowledge.
  • Improved Writing Proficiency: Regular practice of discursive writing hones writing skills. Writers become more adept at structuring arguments, using evidence effectively, and maintaining coherence throughout their writing.
  • Preparation for Argumentative Writing: Discursive writing serves as a foundation for argumentative writing. The skills developed in exploring multiple perspectives can be applied to make persuasive arguments in various contexts.
  • Encourages Lifelong Learning: Discursive writing promotes a mindset of continuous learning and inquiry. Writers develop a habit of seeking new information and staying informed about current issues.

In summary writing , discursive writing offers a multifaceted approach to exploring and understanding complex topics, contributing to the development of critical thinking, communication skills, and a well-rounded intellectual perspective.

Discursive Essay Writing Format

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Discursive Writing Frame Outline Template

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What is the difference between discursive and argumentative?

While both discursive and argumentative writing involve exploring a topic, the key distinction lies in the degree of assertiveness and persuasion. Discursive writing tends to be more exploratory and open-ended, while argumentative writing aims to make a specific point and persuade the reader to adopt a particular viewpoint.

Is discursive writing biased?

Discursive writing may exhibit bias if it selectively presents information or leans towards a particular perspective without adequately considering opposing views. It depends on the author’s approach.

Where is discursive writing used?

Discursive writing is used in various contexts, including academic essays, opinion pieces, blog posts, and article analysis . It serves as a means to explore and discuss complex topics comprehensively.

What is an example of discursive?

An example of discursive writing could be an essay discussing the ethical implications of artificial intelligence, exploring various perspectives on its impact on society, privacy, and employment.

Is a discursive essay formal or informal

A discursive essay is typically formal in nature. It requires structured reasoning, analysis of multiple viewpoints, and clear presentation of arguments, adhering to academic conventions and standards of writing.

In conclusion, discursive writing serves as a versatile tool for exploring diverse perspectives on complex topics, fostering critical thinking, and promoting a nuanced understanding of various issues.

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26 Planning a Discursive Essay

Discursive essay – description.

A discursive essay is a form of critical essay that attempts to provide the reader with a balanced argument on a topic, supported by evidence. It requires critical thinking, as well as sound and valid arguments (see Chapter 25) that acknowledge and analyse arguments both for and against any given topic, plus discursive essay writing appeals to reason, not emotions or opinions. While it may draw some tentative conclusions, based on evidence, the main aim of a discursive essay is to inform the reader of the key arguments and allow them to arrive at their own conclusion.

The writer needs to research the topic thoroughly to present more than one perspective and should check their own biases and assumptions through critical reflection (see Chapter 30).

Unlike persuasive writing, the writer does not need to have knowledge of the audience, though should write using academic tone and language (see Chapter 20).

Choose Your Topic Carefully

A basic guide to choosing an assignment topic is available in Chapter 23, however choosing a topic for a discursive essay means considering more than one perspective. Not only do you need to find information about the topic via academic sources, you need to be able to construct a worthwhile discussion, moving from idea to idea. Therefore, more forward planning is required. The following are decisions that need to be considered when choosing a discursive essay topic:

  • These will become the controlling ideas for your three body paragraphs (some essays may require more). Each controlling idea will need arguments both for and against.
  • For example, if my topic is “renewable energy” and my three main (controlling) ideas are “cost”, “storage”, “environmental impact”, then I will need to consider arguments both for and against each of these three concepts. I will also need to have good academic sources with examples or evidence to support my claim and counter claim for each controlling idea (More about this in Chapter 27).
  • Am I able to write a thesis statement about this topic based on the available research? In other words, do my own ideas align with the available research, or am I going to be struggling to support my own ideas due to a lack of academic sources or research? You need to be smart about your topic choice. Do not make it harder than it has to be. Writing a discursive essay is challenging enough without struggling to find appropriate sources.
  • For example, perhaps I find a great academic journal article about the uptake of solar panel installation in suburban Australia and how this household decision is cost-effective long-term, locally stored, and has minimal, even beneficial environmental impact due to the lowering of carbon emissions. Seems too good to be true, yet it is perfect for my assignment. I would have to then find arguments AGAINST everything in the article that supports transitioning suburbs to solar power. I would have to challenge the cost-effectiveness, the storage, and the environmental impact study. Now, all of a sudden my task just became much more challenging.
  • There may be vast numbers of journal articles written about your topic, but consider how relevant they may be to your tentative thesis statement. It takes a great deal of time to search for appropriate academic sources. Do you have a good internet connection at home or will you need to spend some quality time at the library? Setting time aside to complete your essay research is crucial for success.

It is only through complete forward planning about the shape and content of your essay that you may be able to choose the topic that best suits your interests, academic ability and time management. Consider how you will approach the overall project, not only the next step.

Research Your Topic

When completing a library search for online peer reviewed journal articles, do not forget to use Boolean Operators to refine or narrow your search field. Standard Boolean Operators are (capitalized) AND, OR and NOT. While using OR will expand your search, AND and NOT will reduce the scope of your search. For example, if I want information on ageism and care giving, but I only want it to relate to the elderly, I might use the following to search a database: ageism AND care NOT children. Remember to keep track of your search strings (like the one just used) and then you’ll know what worked and what didn’t as you come and go from your academic research.

The UQ Library provides an excellent step-by-step guide to searching databases:

Searching in databases – Library – University of Queensland (uq.edu.au)

Did you know that you can also link the UQ Library to Google Scholar? This link tells you how:

Google Scholar – Library – University of Queensland (uq.edu.au)

Write the Thesis Statement

The concept of a thesis statement was introduced in Chapter 21. The information below relates specifically to a discursive essay thesis statement.

As noted in the introduction to this chapter, the discursive essay should not take a stance and therefore the thesis statement must also impartially indicate more than one perspective. The goal is to present both sides of an argument equally and allow the reader to make an informed and well-reasoned choice after providing supporting evidence for each side of the argument.

Sample thesis statements: Solar energy is a cost -effective solution to burning fossil fuels for electricity , however lower income families cannot afford the installation costs .

Some studies indicate that teacher comments written in red may have no effect on students’ emotions , however other studies suggest that seeing red ink on papers could cause some students unnecessary stress. [1]

According to social justice principles, education should be available to all , yet historically, the intellectually and physically impaired may have been exempt from participation due to their supposed inability to learn. [2]

This is where your pros and cons list comes into play. For each pro, or positive statement you make, about your topic, create an equivalent con, or negative statement and this will enable you to arrive at two opposing assertions – the claim and counter claim.

While there may be multiple arguments or perspectives related to your essay topic, it is important that you match each claim with a counter-claim. This applies to the thesis statement and each supporting argument within the body paragraphs of the essay.

It is not just a matter of agreeing or disagreeing. A neutral tone is crucial. Do not include positive or negative leading statements, such as “It is undeniable that…” or “One should not accept the view that…”. You are NOT attempting to persuade the reader to choose one viewpoint over another.

Leading statements / language will be discussed further, in class, within term three of the Academic English course.

Thesis Structure:

  • Note the two sides (indicated in green and orange)
  • Note the use of tentative language: “Some studies”, “may have”, “could cause”, “some students”
  • As the thesis is yet to be discussed in-depth, and you are not an expert in the field, do not use definitive language
  • The statement is also one sentence, with a “pivot point” in the middle, with a comma and signposting to indicate a contradictory perspective (in black). Other examples include, nevertheless, though, although, regardless, yet, albeit. DO NOT use the word “but” as it lacks academic tone. Some signposts (e.g., although, though, while) may be placed at the start of the two clauses rather than in the middle – just remember the comma, for example, “While some studies suggest solar energy is cost-effective, other critical research questions its affordability.”
  • Also note that it is based on preliminary research and not opinion: “some studies”, “other studies”, “according to social justice principles”, “critical research”.

Claims and Counter Claims

NOTE: Please do not confuse the words ‘claim’ and ‘counter-claim’ with moral or value judgements about right/wrong, good/bad, successful/unsuccessful, or the like. The term ‘claim’ simply refers to the first position or argument you put forward (whether for or against), and ‘counter-claim’ is the alternate position or argument.

In a discursive essay the goal is to present both sides equally and then draw some tentative conclusions based on the evidence presented.

  • To formulate your claims and counter claims, write a list of pros and cons.
  • For each pro there should be a corresponding con.
  • Three sets of pros and cons will be required for your discursive essay. One set for each body paragraph. These become your claims and counter claims.
  • For a longer essay, you would need further claims and counter claims.
  • Some instructors prefer students to keep the pros and cons in the same order across the body paragraphs. Each paragraph would then have a pro followed by a con or else a con followed by a pro. The order should align with your thesis; if the thesis gives a pro view of the topic followed by a negative view (con) then the paragraphs should also start with the pro and follow with the con, or else vice versa. If not aligned and consistent, the reader may easily become confused as the argument proceeds. Ask your teacher if this is a requirement for your assessment.

discursive essay sample pdf

Use previous chapters to explore your chosen topic through concept mapping (Chapter 18) and essay outlining (Chapter 19), with one variance; you must include your proposed claims and counter claims in your proposed paragraph structures. What follows is a generic model for a discursive essay. The following Chapter 27 will examine this in further details.

Sample Discursive Essay Outline 

The paragraphs are continuous; the dot-points are only meant to indicate content.

Introduction

  • Thesis statement
  • Essay outline (including 3 controlling ideas)

Body Paragraphs X 3 (Elaboration and evidence will be more than one sentence, though the topic, claim and counter claim should be succinct)

  • T opic sentence, including 1/3 controlling ideas (the topic remains the same throughout the entire essay; it is the controlling idea that changes)
  • A claim/assertion about the controlling idea
  • E laboration – more information about the claim
  • E vidence -academic research (Don’t forget to tell the reader how / why the evidence supports the claim. Be explicit in your E valuation rather than assuming the connection is obvious to the reader)
  • A counter claim (remember it must be COUNTER to the claim you made, not about something different)
  • E laboration – more information about the counter claim
  • E vidence – academic research (Don’t forget to tell the reader how / why the evidence supports the claim. Be explicit in your E valuation rather than assuming the connection is obvious to the reader)
  • Concluding sentence – L inks back to the topic and/or the next controlling idea in the following paragraph

Mirror the introduction. The essay outline should have stated the plan for the essay – “This essay will discuss…”, therefore the conclusion should identify that this has been fulfilled, “This essay has discussed…”, plus summarise the controlling ideas and key arguments. ONLY draw tentative conclusions BOTH for and against, allowing the reader to make up their own mind about the topic. Also remember to re-state the thesis in the conclusion. If it is part of the marking criteria, you should also include a recommendation or prediction about the future use or cost/benefit of the chosen topic/concept.

A word of warning, many students fall into the generic realm of stating that there should be further research on their topic or in the field of study. This is a gross statement of the obvious as all academia is ongoing. Try to be more practical with your recommendations and also think about who would instigate them and where the funding might come from.

This chapter gives an overview of what a discursive essay is and a few things to consider when choosing your topic. It also provides a generic outline for a discursive essay structure. The following chapter examines the structure in further detail.

  • Inez, S. M. (2018, September 10). What is a discursive essay, and how do you write a good one? Kibin. ↵
  • Hale, A., & Basides, H. (2013). The keys to academic English. Palgrave ↵

researched, reliable, written by academics and published by reputable publishers; often, but not always peer reviewed

assertion, maintain as fact

The term ‘claim’ simply refers to the first position or argument you put forward (whether for or against), and ‘counter-claim’ is the alternate position or argument.

Academic Writing Skills Copyright © 2021 by Patricia Williamson is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License , except where otherwise noted.

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How To Write Discursive Essays

  • Essay Writing Lower Secondary

How To Write Discursive Essays

1. What is a Discursive Essay?

A discursive essay is an essay which involves a discussion. You’re encouraged to examine different perspectives on the issue so that the discussion you provide is a balanced one! You are on the right track if your essay sheds light on the issue by looking at it from different viewpoints.

But before you go on reading… You might want to download a pdf copy of this article as it is quite long!

Click the blue download button, enter your email, and the pdf file will be delivered to your inbox! (Remember to check spam!)

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2. How do I Identify a Discursive Essay Topic?

Let’s take a look at some of the discursive essay topics from past year papers:

2021 O-Level: “Young people are changing the world for the better.” What is your opinion?

  • 2019 O-Level: “Most young people today are obsessed with fame and imitating celebrities.” What are your views?

In recent years, “What is your opinion?” and “What are your views?” are common signposts used to indicate a discursive essay topic. However, there are also instances where such questions are not used. Consider:

  • 2012 O-Level: People all over the world are living longer. What are the advantages and disadvantages of their increased life expectancy?
  • 2010 O-Level: What important lessons in life are learned away from school?

So note that the question can still indicate discursive writing even when it does not contain “What is your opinion?” or “What are your views?”

3. What is the Difference Between a Discursive Essay, an Argumentative Essay and an Expository Essay?

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Now that we’ve cleared that up, let’s look at the differences in requirements for a discursive and an argumentative essay.

Argumentative: you are required to take an explicit stand on the issue. Your essay is structured in a manner that argues towards this stand. When writing an argumentative essay, your goal is to persuade, to convince the reader to be in support of your stand.

Discursive: you are not required to take an explicit stand on the issue. In other words, you do not need to pick a side. You may choose to pick a side; that’s perfectly fine! Just note that the goal here is not to persuade or to convince; it is to provide the reader with a balanced discussion by examining the issue from various viewpoints.

Now that you’ve learnt how to identify a discursive question and gotten a better idea of what it requires, let’s look at how to plan a discursive essay.

4. How do I Approach or Structure a Discursive Essay?

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Some essays require  a binary approach , meaning to say you tackle the issue by addressing the positive and the negative aspects of the question at hand. 

Here is how you can plan your body paragraphs for such topics:

Now, it’s your turn! Try planning an outline for the following topics:

  • 2017 O-Level: It is often said that people
  • are too concerned with getting things and spending money. What is your opinion? 

On the other hand, there are topics which are not suited for such a binary approach. Consider questions such as:

  • Give 3 x features (1 per body paragraph)
  • Give 3 x important lessons (1 per body paragraph)

vector image of balance

5. How do I Brainstorm Ideas for a Discursive Essay to Achieve a Balanced Discussion?

Give yourself 10 minutes to do a proper planning. It’s useful to approach the issue at hand by exploring its significance and relevance in different spheres and domains : Education, Ethics or Morals, Technology, Law etc.

Instead of giving 3 different points from an education perspective, why not broaden your scope and look at the issue from not just an educational perspective, but also a technological perspective and an ethical perspective?

This is what makes for a matured, holistic response. 

Let’s use the following topic as an example:

vector image of man working

If you run out of ideas, you can also examine two sides of a coin in a single domain. For example, you’ll see that in the example, that for the technological sphere, there are instances of youths making and  not changing the world for the better.  

Now that the brainstorming is done, let’s put pen to paper and start writing!

6. How do I Write an Introduction for a Discursive Essay?

  • Share an insight or observation regarding the issue. Why is this issue worth discussing? What are the implications of the issue? You can also use 5W1H questions to help you generate ideas.
  • Define your scope of discussion and if needed, define the keywords in the topic by setting out what is meant by, for instance, “young people” and “for the better”.

You can ask yourself these questions to help you with your intro:

  • Who are “young people”?
  • In which domains are youths making significant impact?
  • Why do some people believe that they are making the world a better place?
  • Why do other people not trust youth to positively impact the world?
  • What is my thesis?

Simply answer these questions + include your thesis. Voila, you have a solid introduction!

7. How do I Write the Body Paragraphs for a Discursive Essay?

Students, you must have heard of the PEEL method by now. We introduce the POINT in the first sentence, ELABORATE on the point, then substantiate with EVIDENCE or EXAMPLES , and finally, we round it all off by LINKING back to the point.

It sounds easy enough, doesn’t it?

vector image of good job

Each body paragraph should only discuss one main idea , and only one! Introduce the main idea in your topic sentence (the first sentence of your body paragraph), not after you’ve given your example or when you’re wrapping up the paragraph.

A good topic sentence is straightforward and clear .

Here is an example of a coherent and concise topic sentence:  

  • In the sphere of education, youth activists are making positive changes by advocating to make education available to girls in less developed societies.

After you have crafted your topic sentence, it’s time to elaborate on your main point. A well-developed body paragraph elaborates by delving deeper into the main point and substantiating with relevant examples or evidence.

For our point on “education”, consider asking and answering the following questions:

  • Education imparts knowledge and skills to girls, which then grants more employment opportunities. In turn, they break free from the poverty cycle.
  • Don’t stop here! Make sure to link back to the idea of “making the world a better place”.
  • This means lower poverty rates in the world and society also benefits from the contributions that the girls go on to make in the workforce.

Important Reminders:

vector image of warning sign

a. Your essay  must not be example-driven ! It must always be point-driven. 

b. Remember to make the link from your examples/ evidence back to your topic sentence. This illustrates the relevance and strength of your evidence and reinforces your main point. 

For our example, a coherent body paragraph could look like this: 

8. How to Write a Conclusion for a Discursive Essay?

vector image of man lifting a star

Many students just reiterate the points in conclusion. But that is… you guessed it, boring. Last impression lasts!   You want to provide an insight to this issue to demonstrate your maturity of thought. Apart from summarising your points, link your conclusion back to the introduction so that your essay comes a full circle. You can also use a quote or thought-provoking question for readers to make their own conclusion.

Students, this is how you tackle a discursive essay. Try applying these tips to one of the topics above!

Visit other related articles on Writing Samurai:

How to write argumentative essays.

  • 7 Exam-Smart Tips For Language Editing
  • 9 Tips for English Summary Writing
  • Practice Past Years O-Level English Essay Questions
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discursive essay sample pdf

How to Write a Discursive Essay: Awesome Guide and Template

discursive essay sample pdf

Interesting fact: Did you know that the term "discursive" is derived from the Latin word "discursus," which means to run about or to traverse? This reflects the nature of a discursive essay, as it involves exploring various perspectives, moving through different points of view, and presenting a comprehensive discussion on a given topic.

In this article, you will find out about a discursive essay definition, learn the difference between a discourse and an argumentative essay, gain practical how-to tips, and check out a discursive essay example.  

What Is a Discursive Essay

A discursive essay definition is a type of formal writing that presents a balanced analysis of a particular topic. Unlike an argumentative essay, which takes a firm stance on a single perspective and seeks to persuade the reader to adopt that viewpoint, a discursive essay explores multiple sides of an issue. 

The goal of a discursive essay is to provide a comprehensive overview of the subject, presenting different arguments, counterarguments, and perspectives in a structured and organized manner.

This type of essay encourages critical thinking and reasoned discourse. It typically includes an introduction that outlines the topic and sets the stage for the discussion, followed by a series of body paragraphs that delve into various aspects of the issue. The essay may also address counterarguments and opposing viewpoints. 

Finally, a discursive essay concludes by summarizing the key points and often leaves room for the reader to form their own informed opinion on the matter. This form of writing is commonly assigned in academic settings, allowing students to demonstrate their ability to analyze complex topics and present a well-reasoned exploration of diverse viewpoints. In case you find this type of composition too difficult, just say, ‘ write my paper ,’ and professional writers will take care of it. 

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Difference Between a Discursive Essay and an Argumentative

The main difference between discursive essays and argumentative lies in their overall purpose and approach to presenting information.

  • Discursive: The primary purpose of a discursive essay is to explore and discuss various perspectives on a given topic. How to write a discursive essay is about providing a comprehensive overview of the subject matter by presenting different arguments, opinions, and viewpoints without necessarily advocating for a specific stance.
  • Argumentative: In contrast, an argumentative essay is designed to persuade the reader to adopt a particular viewpoint or take a specific action. It presents a clear and focused argument in favor of the writer's position, often addressing and refuting opposing views.

Tone and Language:

  • Discursive: The tone of a discursive essay is generally more balanced and objective. It allows for a more open exploration of ideas, and the language used is often neutral and formal.
  • Argumentative: An argumentative essay tends to have a more assertive tone. The language is focused on presenting a compelling case from the writer's perspective, and there may be a sense of conviction in the presentation of evidence and reasoning.
  • Discursive Essay: A discursive essay typically follows a more flexible structure. It may present multiple points of view in separate sections, allowing for a free-flowing exploration of the topic.
  • Argumentative Essay: When learning how to write an argumentative essay, students usually follow a more rigid structure, with a clear introduction, thesis statement, body paragraphs that present evidence and arguments, and a conclusion that reinforces the writer's stance.

Conclusion:

  • Discursive Essay: The conclusion of a discursive essay often summarizes the main points discussed and may leave room for the reader to form their own opinion on the matter.
  • Argumentative Essay: The conclusion of an argumentative essay reinforces the writer's position and may include a call to action or a clear statement of the desired outcome.

While both types of essays involve critical thinking and analysis, the key distinction lies in their ultimate goals and how they approach the presentation of information. 

Types of Discursive Essay

Before writing a discursive essay, keep in mind that they can be categorized into different types based on their specific purposes and structures. Here are some common types of discursive essays:

purpose of discursive essay

Opinion Essays:

  • Purpose: Expressing and supporting personal opinions on a given topic.
  • Structure: The essay presents the writer's viewpoint and provides supporting evidence, examples, and arguments. It may also address counterarguments to strengthen the overall discussion.

Problem-Solution Essays:

  • Purpose: Identifying a specific problem and proposing effective solutions.
  • Structure: The essay introduces the problem, discusses its causes and effects, and presents possible solutions. It often concludes with a recommendation or call to action.

Compare and Contrast Essays:

  • Purpose: Analyzing similarities and differences between two or more perspectives, ideas, or approaches.
  • Structure: The essay outlines the key points of each perspective, highlighting similarities and differences. A balanced analysis is provided to give the reader a comprehensive understanding.

Cause and Effect Essays:

  • Purpose: Exploring the causes and effects of a particular phenomenon or issue.
  • Structure: The essay identifies the primary causes and examines their effects or vice versa. It may delve into the chain of events and their implications.

Argumentative Essays:

  • Purpose: Presenting a strong argument in favor of a specific viewpoint.
  • Structure: The essay establishes a clear thesis statement, provides evidence and reasoning to support the argument, and addresses opposing views. It aims to persuade the reader to adopt the writer's perspective.

Pro-Con Essays:

  • Purpose: Evaluating the pros and cons of a given issue.
  • Structure: The essay presents the positive aspects (pros) and negative aspects (cons) of the topic. It aims to provide a balanced assessment and may conclude with a recommendation or a summary of the most compelling points.

Exploratory Essays:

  • Purpose: Investigating and discussing a topic without necessarily advocating for a specific position.
  • Structure: The essay explores various aspects of the topic, presenting different perspectives and allowing the reader to form their own conclusions. It often reflects a process of inquiry and discovery.

These types of discursive essays offer different approaches to presenting information, and the choice of type depends on the specific goals of the essay and the preferences of the writer.

How to Write a Discursive Essay

Unlike other forms of essay writing, a discursive essay demands a unique set of skills, inviting writers to navigate through diverse perspectives, present contrasting viewpoints, and weave a tapestry of balanced arguments. 

You can order custom essay right now to save time to get ready to delve into the art of crafting a compelling discursive essay, unraveling the intricacies of structure, language, and critical analysis. Whether you're a seasoned essayist or a novice in the realm of formal writing, this exploration promises to equip you with the tools needed to articulate your thoughts effectively and engage your audience in thoughtful discourse. 

discursive essay aspects

Discursive Essay Format

The format of a discursive essay plays a crucial role in ensuring a clear, well-organized, and persuasive presentation of multiple perspectives on a given topic. Here is a typical discursive essay structure:

1. Introduction:

  • Hook: Begin with a captivating hook or attention-grabbing statement to engage the reader's interest.
  • Contextualization: Provide a brief overview of the topic and its relevance, setting the stage for the discussion.
  • Thesis Statement: Clearly state the main argument or the purpose of the essay. In a discursive essay, the thesis often reflects the idea that the essay will explore multiple viewpoints without necessarily taking a firm stance.

2. Body Paragraphs:

  • Topic Sentences: Start each body paragraph with a clear topic sentence that introduces the main point or argument.
  • Presentation of Arguments: Devote individual paragraphs to different aspects of the topic, presenting various arguments, perspectives, or evidence. Ensure a logical flow between paragraphs.
  • Address Counterarguments: Acknowledge and address opposing viewpoints to strengthen the overall credibility of your essay.
  • Supporting Evidence: Provide examples, statistics, quotations, or other forms of evidence to bolster each argument.

3. Transitions:

  • Logical Transitions: Use transitional phrases and words to ensure a smooth and logical flow between paragraphs and ideas. This helps readers follow your line of reasoning.

4. Conclusion:

  • Restate Thesis: Summarize the main argument or purpose of the essay without introducing new information.
  • Brief Recap: Provide a concise recap of the key points discussed in the body paragraphs.
  • Closing Thoughts: Offer some closing thoughts or reflections on the significance of the topic. You may also leave room for the reader to consider their own stance.

5. Language and Style:

  • Formal Tone: Maintain a formal and objective tone throughout the essay.
  • Clarity and Coherence: Ensure that your ideas are presented clearly and that there is coherence in your argumentation.
  • Varied Sentence Structure: Use a variety of sentence structures to enhance readability and engagement.

6. References (if applicable):

  • Citations: If you use external sources, cite them appropriately according to the citation style required (e.g., APA, MLA).

Remember, flexibility exists within this format, and the specifics may vary based on the assignment requirements or personal writing preferences. Tailor the structure to suit the demands of your discourse and the expectations of your audience.

Introduction

A discursive essay introduction serves as the gateway to a thought-provoking exploration of diverse perspectives on a given topic. Here's how to structure an effective discursive essay introduction:

  • Begin with a compelling hook that captures the reader's attention. This could be a striking statistic, a thought-provoking quote, a relevant anecdote, or a rhetorical question. 
  • Offer a brief context or background information about the topic. This helps orient the reader and sets the stage for the discussion to follow. 
  • Clearly state the purpose of the essay. This often involves indicating that the essay will explore various perspectives on the topic without necessarily advocating for a specific stance. 
  • Provide a brief overview of the different aspects or arguments that will be explored in the essay. 
  • Conclude the introduction with a clear and concise thesis statement. 

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Writing a discursive essay involves crafting the body of your discursive essay. The number of paragraphs in the body should correspond to the arguments presented, with an additional paragraph dedicated to the opposing viewpoint if you choose to disclose both sides of the argument. If you opt for this approach, alternate the order of the body paragraphs—supporting arguments followed by counterarguments.

Each body paragraph in your discursive essay should focus on a distinct idea. Begin the paragraph with the main idea, provide a concise summary of the argument, and incorporate supporting evidence from reputable sources.

In the concluding paragraph of the body, present potential opposing arguments and counter them. Approach this section as if engaging in a debate, strategically dismantling opposing viewpoints.

While composing the body of a discursive essay, maintain a cohesive narrative. Although individual paragraphs address different arguments, refrain from titling each paragraph—aim for a seamless flow throughout the essay. Express your personal opinions exclusively in the conclusion.

Key guidelines for writing the body of a discursive essay:

  • Remain Unbiased: Prioritize objectivity. Evaluate all facets of the issue, leaving personal sentiments aside.
  • Build Your Argumentation: If you have multiple arguments supporting your viewpoint, present them in separate, well-structured paragraphs. Provide supporting evidence to enhance clarity and credibility.
  • Use an Alternate Writing Style: Present opposing viewpoints in an alternating manner. This means that if the first paragraph supports the main argument, the second should present an opposing perspective. This method enhances clarity and research depth and ensures neutrality.
  • Include Topic Sentences and Evidence: Commence each paragraph with a topic sentence summarizing the argument. This aids reader comprehension. Substantiate your claims with evidence, reinforcing the credibility of your discourse.

By adhering to these principles, you can construct a coherent and well-supported body for your discursive essay.

Conclusion 

Writing an effective conclusion is crucial to leaving a lasting impression on your reader. Here are some tips to guide you in crafting a compelling and impactful conclusion:

  • Begin your conclusion by summarizing the key points discussed in the body of the essay. 
  • Remind the reader of your thesis statement, emphasizing the primary purpose of your discursive essay. 
  • Address the broader significance or implications of the topic. 
  • Explain why the issue is relevant and underscore the importance of considering multiple perspectives in understanding its complexity.
  • Reiterate the balanced nature of your essay. Emphasize that you have explored various viewpoints and arguments without necessarily taking a firm stance.
  • Reinforce the idea that your goal was to present a comprehensive analysis.
  • If applicable, suggest possible recommendations or solutions based on the insights gained from the essay.
  • Encourage the reader to reflect on the topic independently. 
  • Pose open-ended questions or invite them to consider the implications of the arguments presented. 
  • Resist the temptation to introduce new information or arguments in the conclusion.
  • Keep the tone of your conclusion professional and thoughtful. 
  • Conclude your essay with a strong, memorable closing statement.
  • Carefully review your conclusion to ensure clarity and coherence. Edit for grammar, punctuation, and overall writing quality to present a polished final product.

By incorporating these tips into your discursive essay conclusion, you can effectively summarize your arguments, leave a lasting impression, and prompt thoughtful reflection from your readers. Consider using our term paper writing service if you have to deal with a larger assignment that requires more time and effort.

Yays and Nays of Writing Discourse Essays

In learning how to write a discursive essay, certain do's and don'ts serve as guiding principles throughout the writing process. By adhering to these guidelines, writers can navigate the complexities of presenting arguments, counterarguments, and nuanced analyses, ensuring the essay resonates with clarity and persuasiveness.

  • Conduct thorough research on the topic to ensure a well-informed discussion.
  • Present multiple perspectives on the issue, exploring various arguments and viewpoints.
  • Maintain a balanced and neutral tone. Present arguments objectively without expressing personal bias.
  • Structure your essay logically with a clear introduction, body, and conclusion. Use paragraphs to organize your ideas effectively.
  • Topic Sentences:
  • Include clear topic sentences at the beginning of each paragraph to guide the reader through your arguments.
  • Support your arguments with credible evidence from reputable sources to enhance the credibility of your essay.
  • Use transitional words and phrases to ensure a smooth flow between paragraphs and ideas.
  • Engage in critical analysis. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of different arguments and viewpoints.
  • Recap key points in the conclusion, summarizing the main arguments and perspectives discussed in the essay.
  • Carefully proofread your essay to correct any grammar, spelling, or punctuation errors.
  • Don't express personal opinions in the body of the essay. Save personal commentary for the conclusion.
  • Don't introduce new information or arguments in the conclusion. This section should summarize and reflect on existing content.
  • Don't use overly emotional or subjective language. Maintain a professional and objective tone throughout.
  • Don't rely on personal opinions without sufficient research. Ensure that your arguments are supported by credible evidence.
  • Don't have an ambiguous or unclear thesis statement. Clearly state the purpose of your essay in the introduction.
  • Don't ignore counterarguments. Acknowledge and address opposing viewpoints to strengthen your overall argument.
  • Don't use overly complex language if it doesn't add to the clarity of your arguments. Strive for clarity and simplicity in your writing.
  • Don't present ideas in a disorganized manner. Ensure that there is a logical flow between paragraphs and ideas.
  • Don't excessively repeat the same points. Present a variety of arguments and perspectives to keep the essay engaging.
  • Don't ignore the guidelines provided for the essay assignment. Follow any specific instructions or requirements given by your instructor or institution.

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Discursive Essay Examples

Discursive essay topics.

Writing a discursive essay on a compelling topic holds immense importance as it allows individuals to engage in a nuanced exploration of diverse perspectives. A well-chosen subject encourages critical thinking and deepens one's understanding of complex issues, fostering intellectual growth. 

The process of exploring a good topic enhances research skills as writers delve into varied viewpoints and gather evidence to support their arguments. Moreover, such essays contribute to the broader academic discourse, encouraging readers to contemplate different facets of a subject and form informed opinions.

  • The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Employment.
  • Should Social Media Platforms Regulate Content for Misinformation?
  • Exploring the Ethics of Cloning in Contemporary Science.
  • Universal Basic Income: A Solution for Economic Inequality?
  • The Role of Technology in Shaping Modern Education.
  • Nuclear Energy: Sustainable Solution or Environmental Risk?
  • The Effects of Video Games on Adolescent Behavior.
  • Cybersecurity Threats in the Digital Age: Balancing Privacy and Security.
  • Debunking Common Myths Surrounding Climate Change.
  • The Pros and Cons of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs).
  • Online Education vs. Traditional Classroom Learning.
  • The Impact of Social Media Influencers on Consumer Behavior.
  • The Ethics of Animal Testing in Medical Research.
  • Universal Healthcare: Addressing Gaps in Healthcare Systems.
  • The Role of Government in Regulating Cryptocurrencies.
  • The Influence of Advertising on Body Image and Self-Esteem.
  • Renewable Energy Sources: A Viable Alternative to Fossil Fuels?
  • The Implications of Space Exploration on Earth's Resources.
  • Is Censorship Justified in the Arts and Entertainment Industry?
  • Examining the Impact of Globalization on Cultural Identity.
  • The Morality of Capital Punishment in the 21st Century.
  • Should Genetic Engineering be Used for Human Enhancement?
  • Social Media and Its Influence on Political Discourse.
  • Balancing Environmental Conservation with Economic Development.
  • The Role of Gender in the Workplace: Achieving Equality.
  • Exploring the Impact of Fast Fashion on the Environment.
  • The Benefits and Risks of Autonomous Vehicles.
  • The Influence of Media on Perceptions of Beauty.
  • Legalization of Marijuana: Addressing Medical and Social Implications.
  • The Impact of Antibiotic Resistance on Global Health.
  • The Pros and Cons of a Cashless Society.
  • Exploring the Relationship Between Technology and Mental Health.
  • The Role of Government Surveillance in Ensuring National Security.
  • Addressing the Digital Divide: Ensuring Access to Technology for All.
  • The Impact of Social Media on Political Activism.
  • The Ethics of Animal Rights and Welfare.
  • Nuclear Disarmament: Necessity or Utopian Ideal?
  • The Effects of Income Inequality on Societal Well-being.
  • The Role of Education in Combating Systemic Racism.
  • The Influence of Pop Culture on Society's Values and Norms.
  • Artificial Intelligence and Its Impact on Creative Industries.
  • The Pros and Cons of Mandatory Vaccination Policies.
  • The Role of Women in Leadership Positions: Breaking the Glass Ceiling.
  • Internet Privacy: Balancing Personal Security and Data Collection.
  • The Impact of Social Media on Youth Mental Health.
  • The Morality of Animal Agriculture and Factory Farming.
  • The Rise of Online Learning Platforms: Transforming Education.
  • Addressing the Digital Gender Gap in STEM Fields.
  • The Impact of Global Tourism on Local Cultures and Environments.
  • Exploring the Implications of 3D Printing Technology in Various Industries.

By the way, we have another great collection of narrative essay topics to get your creative juices flowing.

Wrapping Up

Throughout this guide, you have acquired valuable insights into the art of crafting compelling arguments and presenting diverse perspectives. By delving into the nuances of topic selection, structuring, and incorporating evidence, you could hone your critical thinking skills and sharpen your ability to engage in informed discourse. 

This guide serves as a roadmap, offering not just a set of rules but a toolkit to empower students in their academic journey. As you embark on future writing endeavors, armed with the knowledge gained here, you can confidently navigate the challenges of constructing well-reasoned, balanced discursive essays that contribute meaningfully to academic discourse and foster a deeper understanding of complex issues. If you want to continue your academic learning journey right now, we suggest that you read about the IEEE format next.

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Unpacking sample questions and discursive writing samples

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Discursive essay IELTS task 2

IELTS discursive essay

Home  »  IELTS academic task 2 » Discursive essay IELTS task 2

Writing a discursive essay can be a part of your  task 2 exam , therefore you want to make sure you know how to do it to the best of your abilities. To help you get there we have created a step-by-step plan explaining how to structure your discursive essay in order to reach your target band score.

A discursive essay will look at both sides, whereas an argumentative essay takes a stance, a position, and will argue for this position.

An argumentative essay can be used for a lot of IELTS essay answers, however if you see the ‘discuss both views, and give your opinion’ then you should be writing a discursive essay.

Definition of discursive essay?

A discursive essay explores different opinions on a specific topic or idea.

The writer gives reasons and facts to support each argument he talks about. He then may provide his own opinion based on his exploration of these different perspectives.

How to structure a discursive essay?

When writing a discursive essay for your exam, for a band 7 or above the general consensus is around 350 -400 words, within a time frame of 40 minutes.

We recommend splitting your discursive essay into four paragraphs. This way you’ll get around ten minutes to prepare and write each paragraph.

Paragraph one: introduction

You should always begin your discursive essay with an introduction.

Structure your introduction like this: 1. A background statement. 2. A more detailed background statement. 3. A summary of the opinions (for and against) this topic.

Electric cars will fully replace petrol and diesel-fuelled cars in the future. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

1. A background statement about the topic:

Electric cars are currently being developed by many well-known automotive companies.

2. A more detailed background statement about the topic:

Many people still question whether electric cars are a feasible replacement for petrol and diesel-fueled vehicles.

3. A summary of the opinions (for and against) this topic:

In this essay I will explore the opinions for and against the use of electric cars and their replacement of petrol and diesel-fuelled cars.

Paragraph two: argument/opinion 1 (for the topic)

In paragraph two you can discuss the first argument/opinion (the argument for the topic).

Structure paragraph two like this: 1. Opinion / argument 1 (for the topic) 2. One example to support this opinion/argument 3. A concluding sentence summing up the opinion/argument 1

Try to use connectors like:

  • On one hand
  • Some people believe
  • It is true that

1. Opinion/argument 1: On one hand, electric cars are environmentally friend. They require no non-renewable energy and are clean to run and maintain on the road. 2. One example to support this opinion/argument: To support this opinion, recent studies show that the use of electric cars helps to minimize pollution in urban and rural areas. 3. A concluding sentence summing up the opinion/argument 1: Clearly, electric cars are one way to tackle ecological concerns and support a ‘greener’ environment.

TIP: A lot of students get confused about giving personal examples. The question prompt is misleading! Give examples that you know of, not examples from your personal experience.

These examples help you develop your argument and act as supporting evidence for your position.

It is fine to mention external sources such as a ‘a recent scientific report’, ‘an academic paper from Russia’, etc. Here is a full tutorial all about giving examples .

Paragraph three: argument/opinion 2 (against the topic)

In paragraph three write about the opinion/argument 2 (usually going against the topic).

Structure your paragraph three like this: 1. Opinion / argument 2 (against the topic) 2. One example to support this opinion/argument 3. A concluding sentence summing up the opinion/argument 2

Use phrases like:

  • On the other hand
  • Other people believe that

1. Opinion/argument 2 ( against the topic): On the other hand, electric cars are inconvenient to maintain and to dispose of. 2. One example to support this opinion/argument: The driver of an electric vehicle must recharge his car approximately every 100 kilometres. In addition, the plutonium battery of an electric car is toxic to the environment and must be safely disposed of through expensive means. 3. A concluding sentence summing up the opinion/argument 2: In brief, scientists are still exploring ways to produce these types of vehicles so that they are easier to manufacture, maintain and use safely.

Paragraph four: concluding paragraph

The last paragraph of your discursive essay should contain a summary of both previous opinions, and be ended with the writer’s opinion.

The last paragraph should be structured like this:

1. Summary of both previous opinions. Use key phrases like:

  • To summarize
  • To provide a recap of the two perspectives

2. The writer’s opinion. Use language like:

  • In my opinion
  • I feel strongly that

3. Suggestion and Conclusion

1. Summary of both previous opinions: To sum up, it’s evident that there are both pros and cons in the development of electric vehicles. 2. The writer’s opinion: Despite the expense of development and the inconvenience of recharging electric cars, I still believe strongly that it is well worth the investment to continue research and production of these vehicles. 3. Suggestion and Conclusion: To conclude, we should remain open, supportive to the use of electric cars and to their development in the future.

TIP: Avoid informal language such as contractions and casual language patterns.

YES: It is said diesel fuelled cars are far superior for rural areas.

NO: It’s said diesel fuelled cars just totally crush it in rural areas.

The full example of a discursive essay written following our structure

Electric cars are currently being developed by many well-known automotive companies. Many people still question whether electric cars are a feasible replacement for petrol and diesel-fuelled vehicles. In this essay, I will explore the opinions for and against the use of electric cars and their replacement of petrol and diesel-fuelled cars. On one hand, electric cars are environmentally friend. They require no non-renewable energy and are clean to run and maintain on the road. To support this opinion, recent studies show that the use of electric cars helps to minimize pollution in urban and rural areas. Clearly, electric cars are one way to tackle ecological concerns and support a ‘greener’ environment. On the other hand, electric cars are inconvenient to maintain and to dispose of. The driver of an electric vehicle must recharge his car approximately every 100 kilometres. In addition, the plutonium battery of an electric car is toxic to the environment and must be safely disposed of through expensive means. In brief, scientists are still exploring ways to produce these types of vehicles so that they are easier to manufacture, maintain and use safely. To sum up, it’s evident that there are both pros and cons in the development of electric vehicles. Despite the expense of development and the inconvenience of recharging electric cars, I still believe strongly that it is well worth the investment to continue research and production of these vehicles. To conclude, we should remain open, supportive to the use of electric cars and to their development in the future.

For an introduction on how to start IELTS writing task 2 click here :

For more practice, take a look at our task 2 sample essays , a band 9 IELTS essay or our essay correction service to help you improve your band score!

Useful Tips

  • To get ideas and opinions for the essays you write you need to fill your head with news about current events, alternatively you can read my answers and ideas in the section below.
  • Good grammar is by far more important than the exam skills. It is impossible to get points for Task Response if the examiner cannot understand what has been written. Getting feedback on your writing is the fastest way to improve.
  • Reviewing recent task two questions can help build your ‘essay idea muscle’. Academic papers are also useful but can be difficult to absorb quickly (unless you just read the summary or conclusion!).

Discursive Essay Topics and Answers 

The topics will be the same as all the other IELTS writing task 2 topics you will face. These include:

IELTS essay topics and answers: education

IELTS essay topics and answer: globalisation

IELTS essay topics and answer: travel and transport

IELTS essay topics and answer: employment

IELTS essay topics and answer: employment (skills)

IELTS topic and answer: education

IELTS essay topics and answer: gender issues

IELTS topic: gender issues (career)

IELTS essay topics and answer: technology

IELTS essay topic and answer: health

IELTS essay topics and answer: society

Audio tutorial

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Tutorials and Tips to Prepare for Task 2

  • How to Get Ideas for Task 2
  • Band 9 Sample Essay
  • Extremely Useful Sentences for Task 2
  • Five Powerful Sentence Structures to use in your IELTS Writing test
  • How to use comparisons in Task 2
  • Concession Paragraphs for “do I agree/disagree essays”
  • How to write an IELTS Essay Conclusion
  • IELTS Cohesion and Coherence
  • 3 ways to paraphrase for your Task 2 introduction
  • Marking Criteria for IELTS Writing
  • Topics Sentences for Your Essays
  • 7 Ways to Improve your Sentences in Your IELTS Essays
  • Grammar for IELTS Writing
  • Academic Collocations for Task 2

discursive essay sample pdf

IMAGES

  1. Discursive Essay

    discursive essay sample pdf

  2. Discursive Essay Module C

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  3. FREE 5+ Sample Discursive Writing Templates in PDF

    discursive essay sample pdf

  4. How To Write A Discursive Essay

    discursive essay sample pdf

  5. Introduction: Four Types of Discursive Writing Essay Example

    discursive essay sample pdf

  6. Discursive Essay on Tagging

    discursive essay sample pdf

VIDEO

  1. Discursive essay

  2. Syllabus 3247 Paper I Discursive Essay

  3. Discursive Essay Thoughts

  4. DISCURSIVE ESSAY || ICSE ISC Essay writing series || Learn to write discursive essays ||

  5. 20 lines on Dussehra in English

  6. Discursive Essay Writing Sample

COMMENTS

  1. PDF The Discursive Essay

    A Good Discursive Essay Has A closing paragraph summarising the main points of the essay (you restate your opinion, and/or give a balanced consideration of the topic). A main body (points are clearly stated in separate paragraphs (2 - 3) and exemplified or justified), An introductory paragraph (you clearly state the topic to be discussed),

  2. PDF Advanced Self-Access Learning Writing

    Writing Part 1 - the discursive essay Lesson summary The topic of this lesson is technology. In the lesson you will: • review the format and focus of the Writing Part 1 paper • research a topic online in English • make notes on useful ideas and vocabulary to help you write a discursive essay

  3. FREE 8+ Sample Discursive Writing Templates in PDF

    1. When You are Writing a Discursive Essay, DO. stick to a formal writing style, introduce each main point in a clear and concise statement, make sure that your paragraphs are well-developed and well-written, give examples for every main point, write in a sequential manner, properly use linking words, and.

  4. PDF Discursive Writing for the HSC

    analytical essay all the way to a loose personal conversational commentary. If we then return to the purpose of Module C as being to extend the repertoire of classroom writing we can see that to focus on the analytical essay and add a discursive element is to cut off access to the richness of texts that are available as discursive samples.

  5. Planning a Discursive Essay

    A discursive essay is a form of critical essay that attempts to provide the reader with a balanced argument on a topic, supported by evidence. It requires critical thinking, as well as sound and valid arguments (see Chapter 25) that acknowledge and analyse arguments both for and against any given topic, plus discursive essay writing appeals to ...

  6. PDF Essay Writiing

    Strategies for writing good introductions to discursive essays Sometimes more than one method can be used to start your essay. 1. The funnel method In this method, the first sentence is broad and general. It introduces your thesis, and each following sentence is narrower and more focused. Finally, it narrows down to your thesis. The

  7. How To Write Discursive Essays

    Your essay is structured in a manner that argues towards this stand. When writing an argumentative essay, your goal is to persuade, to convince the reader to be in support of your stand. Discursive: you are not required to take an explicit stand on the issue. In other words, you do not need to pick a side. You may choose to pick a side; that ...

  8. How to Write a Discursive Essay with Impact and Authority

    1. Introduction: Hook: Begin with a captivating hook or attention-grabbing statement to engage the reader's interest. Contextualization: Provide a brief overview of the topic and its relevance, setting the stage for the discussion. Thesis Statement: Clearly state the main argument or the purpose of the essay.

  9. Discursive/Expository Essays

    Discursive/Expository Essays. The discursive/expository essay is a genre of essay that requires the student to investigate an idea, evaluate evidence, expound on the idea, and set forth an argument concerning that idea in a clear and concise manner. This can be accomplished through comparison and contrast, definition, example, the analysis of ...

  10. Year 11 Exemplar Discursive Essay

    Do you know what a Band 6 discursive essay looks like? You need to see what you need to produce before you can produce one yourself, right? In this article, A Matrix student shares her Band 6 Discursive essay. Read this sample and see how a discursive response differs to a traditional persuasive response.

  11. Discursive Essay Made Easy + 12 Sample Essays

    Discursive Essay Made Easy + 12 Sample Essays - Free download as Word Doc (.doc), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. discursive essay writing

  12. Unpacking sample questions and discursive writing samples

    To support your learning and teaching of this unit access: Unpacking sample questions and discursive writing samples transcript (DOCX 76KB) ‍ Unpacking sample questions and discursive writing samples student resource (DOCX 205KB) The HSC hub was created in 2020 - some resources may contain references to 2020 conditions and dates. Please ...

  13. IELTS Writing Task 2

    When writing a discursive essay for your exam, for a band 7 or above the general consensus is around 350 -400 words, within a time frame of 40 minutes. We recommend splitting your discursive essay into four paragraphs. This way you'll get around ten minutes to prepare and write each paragraph.

  14. Discursive Writing

    In a discursive piece you are expected to discuss a given topic and present an argument related to it. There are two basic types of discursive essay. Firstly there are persuasive essays in which ...

  15. PDF Guideline for Teaching and Writing Essays and Transactional Texts

    An argumentative essay can be subjective and strong opinions are expressed. A variety of rhetorical devices and persuasive techniques should be used. The language used is emotive and can be emotional but should not be rude. The conclusion should be a strong, clear and convincing statement of the writer's opinion. 3.5 Discursive essay

  16. Discursive Essay: How to Write (With Examples!)

    Narrative Essays. A narrative essay tells a story. It is usually written in informal language, and it usually incorporates aspects of descriptive writing. It uses details to tell a story and draw the reader in. Think of all the classic fairy-tales, like Cinderella, or Goldilocks and the Three Bears. These are all examples of narrative writing.

  17. Discursive Essay Samples

    1. Discursive Essay Samples Crafting a discursive essay on the topic of "Discursive Essay Samples" may seem like a paradoxical challenge. The inherent complexity lies in the need to provide a comprehensive exploration of various perspectives while maintaining a coherent and logical structure.

  18. Discursive Essay Example

    The document provides an example of a discursive essay structure and content. It outlines that a discursive essay presents two sides of an issue and takes a stance. The example essay structure includes an introduction stating both views and a thesis, a paragraph on points for each view supported by evidence, and a conclusion restating the thesis. The sample essay then discusses whether the ...

  19. Discursive Essay Sample Essay

    Discursive Essay Sample Essay - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site.

  20. What Is A Discursive Essay

    What is a discursive essay - Free download as Word Doc (.doc / .docx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. A discursive essay presents two opposing viewpoints on a topic in a balanced manner without taking a definitive stance. It thoroughly investigates an argument by exploring the reasoning behind both perspectives to allow the reader to form their own opinion.

  21. [PDF] Sample Discursive Essay (MUET)

    Download Sample Discursive Essay (MUET) Free in pdf format. Account 157.55.39.55. Login. Register. Search. Search. Welcome to DLSCRIB. Partner Sites Youtube to Mp3 Converter About Us This project started as a student project in 2014 and was presented in 2017. Every aspect of the internet, we believe, ought to be free. As a consequence, this ...

  22. Discursive Essay Sample

    Discursive Essay Sample- Sports - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. The document discusses whether sports should be an essential part of today's society by examining both the positive and negative social impacts of sports. Positively, sports can unite people from different backgrounds in support of teams.

  23. Sample Discursive Essay (MUET)

    Sample Discursive Essay (MUET) - Free download as Word Doc (.doc / .docx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Respect must be earned through actions, not assumed based on status or identity. People naturally respect those who stay true to themselves and their principles without trying too hard to impress others. While some level of respect should be given initially ...