What's Your Question?
What Is a Case Study?
When you’re performing research as part of your job or for a school assignment, you’ll probably come across case studies that help you to learn more about the topic at hand. But what is a case study and why are they helpful? Read on to learn all about case studies.
Deep Dive into a Topic
At face value, a case study is a deep dive into a topic. Case studies can be found in many fields, particularly across the social sciences and medicine. When you conduct a case study, you create a body of research based on an inquiry and related data from analysis of a group, individual or controlled research environment.
As a researcher, you can benefit from the analysis of case studies similar to inquiries you’re currently studying. Researchers often rely on case studies to answer questions that basic information and standard diagnostics cannot address.
Study a Pattern
One of the main objectives of a case study is to find a pattern that answers whatever the initial inquiry seeks to find. This might be a question about why college students are prone to certain eating habits or what mental health problems afflict house fire survivors. The researcher then collects data, either through observation or data research, and starts connecting the dots to find underlying behaviors or impacts of the sample group’s behavior.
During the study period, the researcher gathers evidence to back the observed patterns and future claims that’ll be derived from the data. Since case studies are usually presented in the professional environment, it’s not enough to simply have a theory and observational notes to back up a claim. Instead, the researcher must provide evidence to support the body of study and the resulting conclusions.
As the study progresses, the researcher develops a solid case to present to peers or a governing body. Case study presentation is important because it legitimizes the body of research and opens the findings to a broader analysis that may end up drawing a conclusion that’s more true to the data than what one or two researchers might establish. The presentation might be formal or casual, depending on the case study itself.
Once the body of research is established, it’s time to draw conclusions from the case study. As with all social sciences studies, conclusions from one researcher shouldn’t necessarily be taken as gospel, but they’re helpful for advancing the body of knowledge in a given field. For that purpose, they’re an invaluable way of gathering new material and presenting ideas that others in the field can learn from and expand upon.
MORE FROM QUESTIONSANSWERED.NET
- Food & Beverages
- Marketing Examples
10+ Patient Case Study Examples in PDF | DOC
Patient case study, case study pitfalls, case for generalization, 10+ patient case study examples, 1. patient information for single case studies example, 2. sample case study base on acttual patient example, 3. ethical legal analysis of patient case study example, 4. patient audit case study example, 5. brain injury patient case study example, 6. simple patient case studies example, 7. cellulitis patient case study example, 8. not-for-profit hospital patient case study example, 9. case study of a narcoleptic patient example, 10. drugs patient case study example, 11. patient case study in doc, writing your patient case study.
1. Work on Your Introduction
2. get to know the participants, 3. perform data analyses method, 4. report the case study results, more design, free 6+ nursing flowchart examples & samples, 15+ antecedent examples, free 34+ assessment questionnaire examples, how to write a progress report examples, free 15+ investigation report samples & examples, 12+ official statement letter format examples, examples of writing a narrative summary examples, free 19+ reflective essay examples & samples, free 36+ schedule examples, free 10+ best medical questionnaires examples & templates, free 18+ progress note examples & samples, 10+ hospital swot analysis examples, related articles.
- FREE 19+ SOAP Note Examples
- 10+ Case Note Examples
- Sample Research
FREE 10+ Patient Case Study Samples & Templates in MS Word | PDF
When you want to further your understanding of something or if you need to uncover some truth, you would probably want to start that through a case study. A case study is a research method that is used to systematically gather and analyze data to determine the cause of a situation or incident. As a result, the researcher gains further understanding of the topic and creates action plans that are relevant to the topic. Case studies are common in different fields of work. In the hospital setting, a patient case study is conducted by medical professionals fo various reasons. Let’s take a further look at what a patient case study is and why it is important.
Patient Case Study
Free 10+ patient case study samples & templates in ms word | pdf, 1. patient physical case study template, 2. sample patient depression case study, 3. diabetes patient case study, 4. cardiac patient case study template, 5. sample patient case study template, 6. formal patient case study, 7. patient records case study template, 8. patient nutrition case study template, 9. basic medical database case study, 10. patient information case study, 11. clinical direct patient case study sample, what is a patient case study, how to make a patient case study, 1. know the parts of a case study, 2. gather information from the patient, 3. research on the case, 4. write the contents, 5. include figures, legends, and images, faq’s, why should i secure consent before conducting a patient case study, do i need to include a care plan, how long is a patient case study.
Size: 13 KB
Size: 209 KB
Size: 373 KB
Size: 415 KB
Size: 376 KB
Size: 147 KB
Size: 48 KB
Size: 611 KB
Many medical professionals conduct patient case studies to learn how different individuals react or cope with different health conditions. Doctors do patient case studies to help them make an accurate diagnosis of a patient’s real health condition. It ‘s like doing a root cause analysis using a justified trial and error method. Other medical professionals also conduct a patient case study according to the type of care that they need to provide to the patient. Daily interaction with the patient allows health care workers to gather relevant and useful information to plan the best care strategies for the patient.
A patient case study starts with the selection of a patient who has a health condition that is worth studying. Not all case studies are of patients with rare diseases. Most case studies are of patients with common diseases but are affected by unusual factors that are not common to that disease. The unusual or unknown factors make the study interesting and allow the researcher to further their knowledge of the topic. Patients with new and unknown diseases are in demand subjects for case studies. However, consent is required for conducting the study, especially if it is used in case study reports and medical conventions.
A thorough patient case study takes a lot of work and a lot of time. But it can be made easier if you know what to do and how to do it. Of course, you need a goal to complete the study. To help you out with writing a patient case study, here are easy-to-follow steps that will serve as your guide.
It is essential to know what parts or sections you need to make an ideal patient case study. A case study consists of a title page, abstract of the study, introduction, case presentation, management and outcome, discussion, acknowledgment, and references. You can find all of these parts in a case study template . Make an outline so that you can see what parts or sections you need to work on.
Face-to-face interaction with the patient is one way to effectively gather the information that is necessary for the study. Of course, this is in combination with effective and appropriate questions. Conducting an interview with the patient also allows the researcher to assess the patient’s condition. Checking a patient’s medical chart is another way to gather information. Here you will find laboratory results and notes from different medical professionals who handles the case.
Conduct a separate research on the patient’s condition and underlying diseases. Use reliable sources or other known publications that are relevant to the case. Highlight important information. Incorporate your research with the data information that you have gathered from the patient.
Now that you have all the information that you need, start writing the contents of each part of the patient case study. Focus on one part at a time so that you can come up with an organized and understandable content.
Use tables, charts, and other images representing data. Doing so will help make your patient case study presentation interesting and easier to understand.
Clinical trials and other research studies can only be conducted if informed consent is acquired from the patient or their guardian if they are not of legal age. It is both an ethical and legal requirement when conducting research on human participants. The consent also ensures that the patient’s medical information and identity are kept confidential.
Yes. After determining the patient’s health condition, medical professionals must provide a care plan on each identified health issues that the patient is experiencing. Doctors make care plans that focus on the treatment of the disease. Nursing care plans focus on patient education, alleviation of pain and discomfort, recovery from surgery, etc.
The length of a case study varies depending on certain factors. It is part of the instructions and preferences of an institution, whether they want a long case study or if they prefer a shorter one.
A great way to become familiar with writing a case study is by studying case study samples of patients with different health conditions. Through existing patient case study samples, you can learn a lot of things and become familiar with different case study writing styles. Choose any sample that you are interested in and download it for free!
Sample doctor note, free 7+ sample patent assignment forms in pdf, sample literature review template, free 5+ sample bubble chart templates in pdf ms word, sample mental health assessment, sample psychological report, sample video consent form, free 11+ clinical audit report templates in pdf ms word, free 10+ sample social worker resume templates in ms word ..., free 20+ sample letter of recommendation in ms word pdf, free 10+ sample physician job description templates in pdf ..., free 38+ notes samples in google docs ms word | apple pages, chief medical officer job description sample, free 10+ sample resolution agreement templates in pdf ms ..., free 10+ medicare coverage analysis templates in pdf ms word, free 8+ medical secretary job description samples in ms word ..., free 8+ sample research consent forms in pdf ms word, field note sample, free 9+ medical evaluation form samples & templates in pdf ....
An official website of the United States government
The .gov means it's official. Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.
The site is secure. The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.
- Account settings
- Browse Titles
NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2022 Jan-.
Case study: 33-year-old female presents with chronic sob and cough.
Sandeep Sharma ; Muhammad F. Hashmi ; Deepa Rawat .
Last Update: June 21, 2022 .
- Case Presentation
History of Present Illness: A 33-year-old white female presents after admission to the general medical/surgical hospital ward with a chief complaint of shortness of breath on exertion. She reports that she was seen for similar symptoms previously at her primary care physician’s office six months ago. At that time, she was diagnosed with acute bronchitis and treated with bronchodilators, empiric antibiotics, and a short course oral steroid taper. This management did not improve her symptoms, and she has gradually worsened over six months. She reports a 20-pound (9 kg) intentional weight loss over the past year. She denies camping, spelunking, or hunting activities. She denies any sick contacts. A brief review of systems is negative for fever, night sweats, palpitations, chest pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain, neural sensation changes, muscular changes, and increased bruising or bleeding. She admits a cough, shortness of breath, and shortness of breath on exertion.
Social History: Her tobacco use is 33 pack-years; however, she quit smoking shortly prior to the onset of symptoms, six months ago. She denies alcohol and illicit drug use. She is in a married, monogamous relationship and has three children aged 15 months to 5 years. She is employed in a cookie bakery. She has two pet doves. She traveled to Mexico for a one-week vacation one year ago.
Allergies: No known medicine, food, or environmental allergies.
Past Medical History: Hypertension
Past Surgical History: Cholecystectomy
Medications: Lisinopril 10 mg by mouth every day
Vitals: Temperature, 97.8 F; heart rate 88; respiratory rate, 22; blood pressure 130/86; body mass index, 28
General: She is well appearing but anxious, a pleasant female lying on a hospital stretcher. She is conversing freely, with respiratory distress causing her to stop mid-sentence.
Respiratory: She has diffuse rales and mild wheezing; tachypneic.
Cardiovascular: She has a regular rate and rhythm with no murmurs, rubs, or gallops.
Gastrointestinal: Bowel sounds X4. No bruits or pulsatile mass.
- Initial Evaluation
Laboratory Studies: Initial work-up from the emergency department revealed pancytopenia with a platelet count of 74,000 per mm3; hemoglobin, 8.3 g per and mild transaminase elevation, AST 90 and ALT 112. Blood cultures were drawn and currently negative for bacterial growth or Gram staining.
Impression: Mild interstitial pneumonitis
- Differential Diagnosis
- Aspiration pneumonitis and pneumonia
- Bacterial pneumonia
- Immunodeficiency state and Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
- Carcinoid lung tumors
- Viral pneumonia
- Chlamydial pneumonia
- Coccidioidomycosis and valley fever
- Recurrent Legionella pneumonia
- Mediastinal cysts
- Mediastinal lymphoma
- Recurrent mycoplasma infection
- Pancoast syndrome
- Pneumococcal infection
- Small cell lung cancer
- Confirmatory Evaluation
CT of the chest was performed to further the pulmonary diagnosis; it showed a diffuse centrilobular micronodular pattern without focal consolidation.
On finding pulmonary consolidation on the CT of the chest, a pulmonary consultation was obtained. Further history was taken, which revealed that she has two pet doves. As this was her third day of broad-spectrum antibiotics for a bacterial infection and she was not getting better, it was decided to perform diagnostic bronchoscopy of the lungs with bronchoalveolar lavage to look for any atypical or rare infections and to rule out malignancy (Image 1).
Bronchoalveolar lavage returned with a fluid that was cloudy and muddy in appearance. There was no bleeding. Cytology showed Histoplasma capsulatum .
Based on the bronchoscopic findings, a diagnosis of acute pulmonary histoplasmosis in an immunocompetent patient was made.
Pulmonary histoplasmosis in asymptomatic patients is self-resolving and requires no treatment. However, once symptoms develop, such as in our above patient, a decision to treat needs to be made. In mild, tolerable cases, no treatment other than close monitoring is necessary. However, once symptoms progress to moderate or severe, or if they are prolonged for greater than four weeks, treatment with itraconazole is indicated. The anticipated duration is 6 to 12 weeks total. The response should be monitored with a chest x-ray. Furthermore, observation for recurrence is necessary for several years following the diagnosis. If the illness is determined to be severe or does not respond to itraconazole, amphotericin B should be initiated for a minimum of 2 weeks, but up to 1 year. Cotreatment with methylprednisolone is indicated to improve pulmonary compliance and reduce inflammation, thus improving work of respiration.   
Histoplasmosis, also known as Darling disease, Ohio valley disease, reticuloendotheliosis, caver's disease, and spelunker's lung, is a disease caused by the dimorphic fungi Histoplasma capsulatum native to the Ohio, Missouri, and Mississippi River valleys of the United States. The two phases of Histoplasma are the mycelial phase and the yeast phase.
Histoplasmosis is caused by inhaling the microconidia of Histoplasma spp. fungus into the lungs. The mycelial phase is present at ambient temperature in the environment, and upon exposure to 37 C, such as in a host’s lungs, it changes into budding yeast cells. This transition is an important determinant in the establishment of infection. Inhalation from soil is a major route of transmission leading to infection. Human-to-human transmission has not been reported. Infected individuals may harbor many yeast-forming colonies chronically, which remain viable for years after initial inoculation. The finding that individuals who have moved or traveled from endemic to non-endemic areas may exhibit a reactivated infection after many months to years supports this long-term viability. However, the precise mechanism of reactivation in chronic carriers remains unknown.
Infection ranges from an asymptomatic illness to a life-threatening disease, depending on the host’s immunological status, fungal inoculum size, and other factors. Histoplasma spp. have grown particularly well in organic matter enriched with bird or bat excrement, leading to the association that spelunking in bat-feces-rich caves increases the risk of infection. Likewise, ownership of pet birds increases the rate of inoculation. In our case, the patient did travel outside of Nebraska within the last year and owned two birds; these are her primary increased risk factors. 
Non-immunocompromised patients present with a self-limited respiratory infection. However, the infection in immunocompromised hosts disseminated histoplasmosis progresses very aggressively. Within a few days, histoplasmosis can reach a fatality rate of 100% if not treated aggressively and appropriately. Pulmonary histoplasmosis may progress to a systemic infection. Like its pulmonary counterpart, the disseminated infection is related to exposure to soil containing infectious yeast. The disseminated disease progresses more slowly in immunocompetent hosts compared to immunocompromised hosts. However, if the infection is not treated, fatality rates are similar. The pathophysiology for disseminated disease is that once inhaled, Histoplasma yeast are ingested by macrophages. The macrophages travel into the lymphatic system where the disease, if not contained, spreads to different organs in a linear fashion following the lymphatic system and ultimately into the systemic circulation. Once this occurs, a full spectrum of disease is possible. Inside the macrophage, this fungus is contained in a phagosome. It requires thiamine for continued development and growth and will consume systemic thiamine. In immunocompetent hosts, strong cellular immunity, including macrophages, epithelial, and lymphocytes, surround the yeast buds to keep infection localized. Eventually, it will become calcified as granulomatous tissue. In immunocompromised hosts, the organisms disseminate to the reticuloendothelial system, leading to progressive disseminated histoplasmosis.  
Symptoms of infection typically begin to show within three to17 days. Immunocompetent individuals often have clinically silent manifestations with no apparent ill effects. The acute phase of infection presents as nonspecific respiratory symptoms, including cough and flu. A chest x-ray is read as normal in 40% to 70% of cases. Chronic infection can resemble tuberculosis with granulomatous changes or cavitation. The disseminated illness can lead to hepatosplenomegaly, adrenal enlargement, and lymphadenopathy. The infected sites usually calcify as they heal. Histoplasmosis is one of the most common causes of mediastinitis. Presentation of the disease may vary as any other organ in the body may be affected by the disseminated infection. 
The clinical presentation of the disease has a wide-spectrum presentation which makes diagnosis difficult. The mild pulmonary illness may appear as a flu-like illness. The severe form includes chronic pulmonary manifestation, which may occur in the presence of underlying lung disease. The disseminated form is characterized by the spread of the organism to extrapulmonary sites with proportional findings on imaging or laboratory studies. The Gold standard for establishing the diagnosis of histoplasmosis is through culturing the organism. However, diagnosis can be established by histological analysis of samples containing the organism taken from infected organs. It can be diagnosed by antigen detection in blood or urine, PCR, or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The diagnosis also can be made by testing for antibodies again the fungus. 
Pulmonary histoplasmosis in asymptomatic patients is self-resolving and requires no treatment. However, once symptoms develop, such as in our above patient, a decision to treat needs to be made. In mild, tolerable cases, no treatment other than close monitoring is necessary. However, once symptoms progress to moderate or severe or if they are prolonged for greater than four weeks, treatment with itraconazole is indicated. The anticipated duration is 6 to 12 weeks. The patient's response should be monitored with a chest x-ray. Furthermore, observation for recurrence is necessary for several years following the diagnosis. If the illness is determined to be severe or does not respond to itraconazole, amphotericin B should be initiated for a minimum of 2 weeks, but up to 1 year. Cotreatment with methylprednisolone is indicated to improve pulmonary compliance and reduce inflammation, thus improving the work of respiration.
The disseminated disease requires similar systemic antifungal therapy to pulmonary infection. Additionally, procedural intervention may be necessary, depending on the site of dissemination, to include thoracentesis, pericardiocentesis, or abdominocentesis. Ocular involvement requires steroid treatment additions and necessitates ophthalmology consultation. In pericarditis patients, antifungals are contraindicated because the subsequent inflammatory reaction from therapy would worsen pericarditis.
Patients may necessitate intensive care unit placement dependent on their respiratory status, as they may pose a risk for rapid decompensation. Should this occur, respiratory support is necessary, including non-invasive BiPAP or invasive mechanical intubation. Surgical interventions are rarely warranted; however, bronchoscopy is useful as both a diagnostic measure to collect sputum samples from the lung and therapeutic to clear excess secretions from the alveoli. Patients are at risk for developing a coexistent bacterial infection, and appropriate antibiotics should be considered after 2 to 4 months of known infection if symptoms are still present. 
If not treated appropriately and in a timely fashion, the disease can be fatal, and complications will arise, such as recurrent pneumonia leading to respiratory failure, superior vena cava syndrome, fibrosing mediastinitis, pulmonary vessel obstruction leading to pulmonary hypertension and right-sided heart failure, and progressive fibrosis of lymph nodes. Acute pulmonary histoplasmosis usually has a good outcome on symptomatic therapy alone, with 90% of patients being asymptomatic. Disseminated histoplasmosis, if untreated, results in death within 2 to 24 months. Overall, there is a relapse rate of 50% in acute disseminated histoplasmosis. In chronic treatment, however, this relapse rate decreases to 10% to 20%. Death is imminent without treatment.
- Pearls of Wisdom
While illnesses such as pneumonia are more prevalent, it is important to keep in mind that more rare diseases are always possible. Keeping in mind that every infiltrates on a chest X-ray or chest CT is not guaranteed to be simple pneumonia. Key information to remember is that if the patient is not improving under optimal therapy for a condition, the working diagnosis is either wrong or the treatment modality chosen by the physician is wrong and should be adjusted. When this occurs, it is essential to collect a more detailed history and refer the patient for appropriate consultation with a pulmonologist or infectious disease specialist. Doing so, in this case, yielded workup with bronchoalveolar lavage and microscopic evaluation. Microscopy is invaluable for definitively diagnosing a pulmonary consolidation as exemplified here where the results showed small, budding, intracellular yeast in tissue sized 2 to 5 microns that were readily apparent on hematoxylin and eosin staining and minimal, normal flora bacterial growth.
- Enhancing Healthcare Team Outcomes
This case demonstrates how all interprofessional healthcare team members need to be involved in arriving at a correct diagnosis. Clinicians, specialists, nurses, pharmacists, laboratory technicians all bear responsibility for carrying out the duties pertaining to their particular discipline and sharing any findings with all team members. An incorrect diagnosis will almost inevitably lead to incorrect treatment, so coordinated activity, open communication, and empowerment to voice concerns are all part of the dynamic that needs to drive such cases so patients will attain the best possible outcomes.
- Review Questions
- Access free multiple choice questions on this topic.
- Comment on this article.
Histoplasma. Contributed by Sandeep Sharma, MD
This book is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ ), which permits others to distribute the work, provided that the article is not altered or used commercially. You are not required to obtain permission to distribute this article, provided that you credit the author and journal.
- Cite this Page Sharma S, Hashmi MF, Rawat D. Case Study: 33-Year-Old Female Presents with Chronic SOB and Cough. [Updated 2022 Jun 21]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2022 Jan-.
In this Page
- Bulk download StatPearls data from FTP
- PMC PubMed Central citations
- PubMed Links to PubMed
Similar articles in PubMed
- Review Palliative Chemotherapy: Does It Only Provide False Hope? The Role of Palliative Care in a Young Patient With Newly Diagnosed Metastatic Adenocarcinoma. [J Adv Pract Oncol. 2017] Review Palliative Chemotherapy: Does It Only Provide False Hope? The Role of Palliative Care in a Young Patient With Newly Diagnosed Metastatic Adenocarcinoma. Doverspike L, Kurtz S, Selvaggi K. J Adv Pract Oncol. 2017 May-Jun; 8(4):382-386. Epub 2017 May 1.
- Review Breathlessness with pulmonary metastases: a multimodal approach. [J Adv Pract Oncol. 2013] Review Breathlessness with pulmonary metastases: a multimodal approach. Brant JM. J Adv Pract Oncol. 2013 Nov; 4(6):415-22.
- A 50-Year Old Woman With Recurrent Right-Sided Chest Pain. [Chest. 2022] A 50-Year Old Woman With Recurrent Right-Sided Chest Pain. Saha BK, Bonnier A, Chong WH, Chenna P. Chest. 2022 Feb; 161(2):e85-e89.
- Suicidal Ideation. [StatPearls. 2022] Suicidal Ideation. Harmer B, Lee S, Duong TVH, Saadabadi A. StatPearls. 2022 Jan
- A 51-Year-Old Woman With Rapidly Progressive Dyspnea. [Chest. 2021] A 51-Year-Old Woman With Rapidly Progressive Dyspnea. Stern KM, Ries S, Beltran A, Youssef FA. Chest. 2021 Apr; 159(4):e251-e255. Epub 2021 Apr 6.
- Case Study: 33-Year-Old Female Presents with Chronic SOB and Cough - StatPearls Case Study: 33-Year-Old Female Presents with Chronic SOB and Cough - StatPearls
Your browsing activity is empty.
Activity recording is turned off.
Turn recording back on
Connect with NLM
National Library of Medicine 8600 Rockville Pike Bethesda, MD 20894
Web Policies FOIA HHS Vulnerability Disclosure
Help Accessibility Careers
When you’re performing research as part of your job or for a school assignment, you’ll probably come across case studies that help you to learn more about the topic at hand. But what is a case study and why are they helpful? Read on to lear...
Case studies are important because they help make something being discussed more realistic for both teachers and learners. Case studies help students to see that what they have learned is not purely theoretical but instead can serve to crea...
Examples of a case study could be anything from researching why a single subject has nightmares when they sleep in their new apartment, to why a group of people feel uncomfortable in heavily populated areas. A case study is an in-depth anal...
However this case study seeks to describe and explain what occurred with a patient who had a “simple” orthopedic injury that did not recover after following the
Patient case studies report of cases that escape the ordinary in a hospital that has seen a manifold of plights. Write your case study bearing the following
documented by medical assistant) ... neighbor recently fell and is now in a nursing home.
for example, who consults with a physician or oncologist in Regina, may.
Focus on asking the right questions to elicit as much information as possible from the patient without taking their history. Part 2: Past medical History:.
Patient Case Study · FREE 10+ Patient Case Study Samples & Templates in MS Word | PDF · 1. Patient Physical Case Study Template · 2. Sample Patient Depression Case
Clinical Pharmacy Guide: Cancer Drug Treatment Assessment and Review 5th Edition. Example Case Studies. CONTENTS: Example Case Study 1a:
History of Present Illness: A 33-year-old white female presents after admission to the general medical/surgical hospital ward with a chief complaint of
The important things to get across in this case are: • Recognise that the patient is deteriorating. • Recognise the pulse and blood pressure
Identify clinical findings and significant ... Patient has just been discharged from a.
Examples of Patient Engagement in Care ... http://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/pseries/CCN/gold_shadlen_review.pdf